Difference between revisions of "British American Tobacco"

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==Company Overview==
 
==Company Overview==
British American Tobacco is a publicly traded company based in London. In 2018, British American Tobacco operates in over 200 markets with 29 markets selling its heating, vapour, and modern oral products. <ref name="BAT_AR2019"> Annual report, British American Tobacco [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWWGJT/$file/Annual_Report_and_Form_20-F_2018.pdf], p. 5, 28 February 2019, Accessed 12 March 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco is the third largest producer in the global tobacco market, and controls 11.4 percent of the international cigarette market. Top selling brands include Pall Mall, Rothmans, Kent, Dunhill, and Lucky Strike, and these five brands account for more than half of all British American Tobacco cigarette sales.<ref>1. Euromonitor International [database on the Internet]. Cigarettes. Euromonitor International;
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British American Tobacco is the largest international tobacco company by revenue. <ref name="BAT_CAPDAYS”>  British American Tobacco website,  [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOBMSP7L/$FILE/medMDBMTG5V.pdf?openelement DELIVERING FOR TODAY & INVESTING IN THE FUTURE], 18 March 2020, p. 3, Accessed 20 March 2020 </ref>  British American Tobacco is a publicly traded company based in London. In 2018, British American Tobacco opperated in over 200 markets with 29 markets selling its heating, vapour, and modern oral products. <ref name="BAT_AR2019"> Annual report, British American Tobacco [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWWGJT/$file/Annual_Report_and_Form_20-F_2018.pdf], p. 5, 28 February 2019, Accessed 12 March 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco is the third largest producer in the global tobacco market, and controls 11.4 percent of the international cigarette market. Top selling brands include Pall Mall, Rothmans, Kent, Dunhill, and Lucky Strike, and these five brands account for more than half of all British American Tobacco cigarette sales.<ref>1. Euromonitor International [database on the Internet]. Cigarettes. Euromonitor International;
c 2017. </ref> British American Tobacco has a strong presence in Lausanne, Switzerland and at cigarette factory at Boncourt, canton Jura. <ref> [https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/politics/lobbying_switzerland--the-land-of-the-tobacco-industry/44449446 Switzerland: the land of the tobacco industry], ''Swissinfo.ch'', 3 October 2018, Accessed 14 April 2019 </ref> By August 2019, British American Tobacco revenue increased 4.6 percent to GBP 12,170 million, as good price/mix (totalling 7 percent) across the cigarette portfolio. <ref> British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO72TJQU/$FILE/medMDBELNTS.pdf?openelement BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO p.l.c.HALF-YEAR REPORT TO 30 JUNE 2019], 1 August 2019, p. 2., Accessed 5 August 2019 </ref> The company plans to cut 2,300 jobs globally as part of a new "focus on simplification and removal of management layers". <ref>[http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/INbusinessNews/~3/gSHL1abdFXM/bat-cutting-2300-jobs-as-new-ceo-bowles-spurs-changes-idINKCN1VX0ID BAT stubs out 2,300 jobs as new CEO tackles tobacco sector changes ], ''Reuters'', 12 September 2019, Accessed 9 October 2019 </ref>  
+
c 2017. </ref> British American Tobacco has a strong presence in Lausanne, Switzerland and at cigarette factory at Boncourt, canton Jura. <ref> [https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/politics/lobbying_switzerland--the-land-of-the-tobacco-industry/44449446 Switzerland: the land of the tobacco industry], ''Swissinfo.ch'', 3 October 2018, Accessed 14 April 2019 </ref> In 2019, British American Tobacco reported a revenue increase by 5.7 percent to GBP 25,877 million. {{r|BAT_YE_2019|p=2}} The company plans to cut 2,300 jobs globally as part of a new "focus on simplification and removal of management layers". <ref>[http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/INbusinessNews/~3/gSHL1abdFXM/bat-cutting-2300-jobs-as-new-ceo-bowles-spurs-changes-idINKCN1VX0ID BAT stubs out 2,300 jobs as new CEO tackles tobacco sector changes ], ''Reuters'', 12 September 2019, Accessed 9 October 2019 </ref> At the May 2020 AGM, shareholders signaled their discontent at the annual meeting by narrowly voting against an advisory vote on compensation for the company’s executives. A preliminary result of the votes indicated that about 51% of shareholders voted against the advisory, while 49 percent voted for it. <ref>[https://www.richmond.com/business/altria-shareholders-narrowly-reject-advisory-vote-on-executive-compensation-new-ceo-says-he-likes-the/article_6cb62c34-226e-5d77-8981-d7cfb87e81e5.html Altria shareholders narrowly reject advisory vote on executive compensation; new CEO says he likes the way company is positioned], ''Richmond'', 14 May 2020, 19 June 2020</ref>
  
 
===Management Board===
 
===Management Board===
  
British American Tobacco independent chairman Richard Burrows is stepping down from his role after more than nine years. <ref>[https://www.journalnow.com/news/local/bat-prepares-for-chairman-transition-new-ceo-took-over-april/article_962926a9-1c7a-5417-a7bd-07e33e28d226.html BAT prepares for chairman transition; new CEO took over April 1], ''Journal Now'', 12 April 2019, Accessed 12 April 2019 </ref> The company also announced that, after 30 years with the Company and 11 years as Finance Director, Ben Stevens has informed the Company of his intention to step down as Finance Director in August 2019. He will be succeeded as Finance Director by Tadeu Marroco, currently Director, Group Transformation. <ref> [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOB9SPD7 News release], British American Tobacco website, 28 February 2019, Accessed 21 April 2019 </ref> Luca Gentile is the new Head of External Relations and Communication of British American Tobacco Italy. <ref> [http://www.spotandweb.it/news/821708/luca-gentile-responsabile-comunicazione-british-american-tobacco.html Luca gentile responsible comunicazione British American Tobacco], ''Spot and web'',  15 July 2019, Accessed 9 August 2019 </ref> In July 2019, British American Tobacco Korea has named Kim Eui-soung as its new CEO. <ref> [http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/tech/2019/07/694_272663.html BAT Korea names new CEO], Korea Times, 22 July 2019, Accessed 9 August 2019 </ref>
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British American Tobacco independent chairman Richard Burrows is stepping down from his role after more than nine years. <ref>[https://www.journalnow.com/news/local/bat-prepares-for-chairman-transition-new-ceo-took-over-april/article_962926a9-1c7a-5417-a7bd-07e33e28d226.html BAT prepares for chairman transition; new CEO took over April 1], ''Journal Now'', 12 April 2019, Accessed 12 April 2019 </ref> The company also announced that, after 30 years with the Company and 11 years as Finance Director, Ben Stevens has informed the Company of his intention to step down as Finance Director in August 2019. He will be succeeded as Finance Director by Tadeu Marroco, currently Director, Group Transformation. <ref> British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOB9SPD7 News release], 28 February 2019, Accessed 21 April 2019 </ref> Luca Gentile is the new Head of External Relations and Communication of British American Tobacco Italy. <ref> [http://www.spotandweb.it/news/821708/luca-gentile-responsabile-comunicazione-british-american-tobacco.html Luca gentile responsible comunicazione British American Tobacco], ''Spot and web'',  15 July 2019, Accessed 9 August 2019 </ref> In July 2019, British American Tobacco Korea has named Kim Eui-soung as its new CEO. <ref> [http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/tech/2019/07/694_272663.html BAT Korea names new CEO], ''Korea Times'', 22 July 2019, Accessed 9 August 2019 </ref>
  
British American Tobacco announced that Jeremy Fowden will join the Board of the company as an independent Non-Executive Director and member of the Audit Committee and Nominations Committee with effect from 1 September 2019. <ref>[https://www.directorstalkinterviews.com/british-american-tobacco-announces-board-appointment/412789095 British American Tobacco Announces Board Appointment], ''Directors talk interviews'', 1 August 2019, Accessed 5 August 2019</ref>
 
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
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|Chief Executive
 
|Chief Executive
 
|Jack became British American Tobacco’s Chief Operating Officer for the International Business in October 2017. Joining the Group in 2004, Jack was Chairman of British American Tobacco France in 2005 before taking up the role of Managing Director of British American Tobacco Malaysia in 2007. He joined the Management Board as Regional Director for Western Europe in October 2009 before becoming Regional Director for the Americas in October 2011. He was appointed Regional Director, Asia-Pacific in January 2013, a position he continued to hold until 1 January 2018 when a new regional structure came into effect.<ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|Jack became British American Tobacco’s Chief Operating Officer for the International Business in October 2017. Joining the Group in 2004, Jack was Chairman of British American Tobacco France in 2005 before taking up the role of Managing Director of British American Tobacco Malaysia in 2007. He joined the Management Board as Regional Director for Western Europe in October 2009 before becoming Regional Director for the Americas in October 2011. He was appointed Regional Director, Asia-Pacific in January 2013, a position he continued to hold until 1 January 2018 when a new regional structure came into effect.<ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
|-
 
| Ben Stevens
 
| Finance Director
 
| Ben joined the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. in March 2008 and was appointed to the role of Finance Director in April 2008. He was previously Director of British American Tobacco’s Europe region, a position he had held since 2004. Ben has broad international experience spanning both senior finance and general management roles. He joined British American Tobacco in 1990 as Regional Finance Controller with responsibilities for Europe, East Africa and South Asia and in 1994 moved to Switzerland where he worked in a variety of marketing roles. In 1995 Ben became Chairman and Managing Director of the Pakistan Tobacco Company before being appointed Chairman and Managing Director of British American Tobacco Russia in 1997. In 1998 he returned to the UK as Head of Corporate Affairs for the newly listed British American Tobacco p.l.c. and in the following year was appointed Head of Merger Integration following the merger with Rothmans. He was appointed to the Management Board as Development Director in April 2001 where his responsibilities included corporate strategy, mergers and acquisitions and IT. Ben was elected as a member of the Board of Directors of ISS A/S on 5 April 2016. Ben, a graduate of Manchester University and the Manchester Business School, is married with two children.
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Jerome Abelman
 
|Jerome Abelman
 
|Director, Legal and External Affairs And General Counsel
 
|Director, Legal and External Affairs And General Counsel
|Jerry was appointed Director, Legal and External Affairs and General Counsel in May 2015, having joined the Management Board as Group Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Director in January 2015. He has been with the Group for over 15 years and has held a number of roles in Legal. Jerry was Regional General Counsel, Asia-Pacific from 2010 to 2014, before becoming Assistant General Counsel – Corporate and Commercial. Jerry was a member of the Board of Reynolds American Inc. (RAI) from February 2016 until the acquisition of RAI in July 2017.<ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team">British American Tobacco, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO764EM6 Management Board], British American Tobacco website, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF>
+
|Jerry was appointed Director, Legal and External Affairs and General Counsel in May 2015, having joined the Management Board as Group Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Director in January 2015. He has been with the Group for over 15 years and has held a number of roles in Legal. Jerry was Regional General Counsel, Asia-Pacific from 2010 to 2014, before becoming Assistant General Counsel – Corporate and Commercial. Jerry was a member of the Board of Reynolds American Inc. (RAI) from February 2016 until the acquisition of RAI in July 2017.<ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team">British American Tobacco website, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO764EM6 Management Board], Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Marina Bellini
 
|Marina Bellini
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|Director, Operations
 
|Director, Operations
 
|Alan was appointed to the Management Board as Group Operations Director in March 2013. He joined the Group in 1988 and has held various roles in manufacturing, supply chain and general management. Alan previously held the position of Group Head of Supply Chain. <ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|Alan was appointed to the Management Board as Group Operations Director in March 2013. He joined the Group in 1988 and has held various roles in manufacturing, supply chain and general management. Alan previously held the position of Group Head of Supply Chain. <ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
|-
 
|Giovanni Giordano
 
|Director, Group Human Resources
 
|Giovanni joined the Management Board of British American Tobacco in June 2011. He is an international human resources executive with wide experience from senior roles at Procter & Gamble and Ferrero, where he was Chief Corporate Officer. <ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Paul Lageweg
 
|Paul Lageweg
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|-
 
|-
 
|Tadeu Marroco
 
|Tadeu Marroco
|Director, Group Transformation and Deputy Finance Director
+
|Finance Director
 
|Tadeu was appointed Regional Director, Europe and North Africa in January 2018. He joined the Management Board as Director, Business Development, in September 2014 and was appointed Regional Director, Western Europe in December 2016, a position he held until 1 January 2018 when a new regional structure came into effect and Tadeu took up his current role. He joined British American Tobacco in Brazil over 20 years ago and his other previous roles include Regional Finance Controller, EEMEA, and Group Finance Controller. <ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|Tadeu was appointed Regional Director, Europe and North Africa in January 2018. He joined the Management Board as Director, Business Development, in September 2014 and was appointed Regional Director, Western Europe in December 2016, a position he held until 1 January 2018 when a new regional structure came into effect and Tadeu took up his current role. He joined British American Tobacco in Brazil over 20 years ago and his other previous roles include Regional Finance Controller, EEMEA, and Group Finance Controller. <ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Guy Meldrum
 
|Guy Meldrum
 
|Regional Director, Asia-Pacific and Middle East
 
|Regional Director, Asia-Pacific and Middle East
|Guy Meldrum was appointed Regional Director, Asia-Pacific and Middle East in January 2019. Previously Area Director, Australasia Area, Guy joined BAT in 1992 and has held several senior roles in the Group including Area Director, North Asia Area and Marketing Director, Russia.
+
|Guy Meldrum was appointed Regional Director, Asia-Pacific and Middle East in January 2019. Previously Area Director, Australasia Area, Guy joined BAT in 1992 and has held several senior roles in the Group including Area Director, North Asia Area and Marketing Director, Russia.<ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Dr. David O’Reilly
 
|Dr. David O’Reilly
|Director, REsearch and Science
+
|Director, Research and Science
 
|David was appointed Group Scientific Director in January 2012. He has been with British American Tobacco for over 20 years and has held various positions in Group Research and Development. He has led the Group’s R&D efforts to develop reduced toxicant products and has also been Head of International Public Health and Scientific Affairs, responsible for engagement with the scientific, medical and public health communities.<ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|David was appointed Group Scientific Director in January 2012. He has been with British American Tobacco for over 20 years and has held various positions in Group Research and Development. He has led the Group’s R&D efforts to develop reduced toxicant products and has also been Head of International Public Health and Scientific Affairs, responsible for engagement with the scientific, medical and public health communities.<ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|-
 
|-
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|Kingsley was appointed Regional Director, Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa in January 2018. He joined the Group in 1996 and has held a number of roles in Marketing. He was Marketing Director in Nigeria and Russia, before becoming General Manager in Russia. He was Global Brand Director responsible for the Kent and Vogue brands, before joining the Management Board in January 2012 as Deputy Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Director. In June 2012 he was appointed Director, Corporate and Regulatory Affairs. In January 2015, Kingsley became Managing Director, Next Generation Products. <ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|Kingsley was appointed Regional Director, Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa in January 2018. He joined the Group in 1996 and has held a number of roles in Marketing. He was Marketing Director in Nigeria and Russia, before becoming General Manager in Russia. He was Global Brand Director responsible for the Kent and Vogue brands, before joining the Management Board in January 2012 as Deputy Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Director. In June 2012 he was appointed Director, Corporate and Regulatory Affairs. In January 2015, Kingsley became Managing Director, Next Generation Products. <ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
 
|-
 
|-
|Kingsley Wheaton
+
|Paul Lageweg
|Chief Marketing Officer
+
|Director, New Categories
|Kingsley was appointed Regional Director, Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa in January 2018. He joined the Group in 1996 and has held a number of roles in Marketing. He was Marketing Director in Nigeria and Russia, before becoming General Manager in Russia. He was Global Brand Director responsible for the Kent and Vogue brands, before joining the Management Board in January 2012 as Deputy Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Director. In June 2012 he was appointed Director, Corporate and Regulatory Affairs. In January 2015, Kingsley became Managing Director, Next Generation Products. <ref name="BAT_our_leadership_team"/>
+
|Lageweg was appointed Director, New Categories in January 2019. In this new role on the Management Board, he is responsible for innovation, brand building and the growth of our potentially reduced-risk products (PRRPs). He has been with British American Tobacco since 2005 in various roles, including Regional Marketing Manager, Asia-Pacific and Middle East; Area Director, East Asia; and Global Head of Marketing Futures. He began my career in the world of FMCG in international roles at Unilever and then Kimberly-Clark.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
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! style="font-weight:bold; width:20%" |Name
 
! style="font-weight:bold; width:20%" |Name
 
! style="font-weight:bold; width:20%" |Position
 
! style="font-weight:bold; width:20%" |Position
! style="font-weight:bold; width:40%" |Bio <ref>British American Tobacco, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO52ADFJ Meet the Board], Accessed 21 June, 2018 </ref>
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! style="font-weight:bold; width:40%" |Bio <ref>British American Tobacco website, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO52ADFJ Meet the Board], Accessed 24 July 2020</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Richard Burrows
 
|Richard Burrows
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|Richard Burrows joined the Board of British American Tobacco as a Non-Executive Director in September 2009 and became Chairman in November 2009. He is also Chairman of the Nominations Committee.
 
|Richard Burrows joined the Board of British American Tobacco as a Non-Executive Director in September 2009 and became Chairman in November 2009. He is also Chairman of the Nominations Committee.
 
|-
 
|-
| Kieran Poynter
+
|Jack Bowles
| Senior Independent Director
+
|CEO
| Kieran Poynter became a Non-Executive Director of British American Tobacco p.l.c. in July 2010. He became Senior Independent Director in October 2016. He is Chairman of the Audit Committee and a member of the Nominations Committee.
+
|Jack joined the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. on 1 January 2019, and was appointed Chief Executive on 1 April 2019.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Sue Farr
 
| Sue Farr
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| Non-Executive Director
 
| Non-Executive Director
 
| Dimitri Panayotopoulos was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director in February 2015. He is Chairman of the Remuneration Committee and a member of the Nominations Committee.
 
| Dimitri Panayotopoulos was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director in February 2015. He is Chairman of the Remuneration Committee and a member of the Nominations Committee.
 +
|-
 +
|Jerry Fowden
 +
|Non-Executive Director
 +
|Fowden was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director on 1 September 2019. He is a member of the Audit and Nominations Committees.
 +
|-
 +
|Tadeu Marroco
 +
|Finance Director
 +
|Tadeu joined the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as Finance Director on 5 August 2019.
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
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<small>"significant" > 20 percent management control</small>
 
<small>"significant" > 20 percent management control</small>
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
! style="font-weight:bold;" | Subsidiary Name <ref>British American Tobacco, [https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1303523/000095012317002965/filename23.htm ''EX-21.1 of F-4 for British American Tobacco p l c''], May 2017, Accessed 17 September 2018</ref>
+
! style="font-weight:bold;" | Subsidiary Name <ref>British American Tobacco website, [https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1303523/000095012317002965/filename23.htm ''EX-21.1 of F-4 for British American Tobacco p l c''], May 2017, Accessed 17 September 2018</ref>
  
 
! style="font-weight:bold; width: 30%;" |State or Country of Organization
 
! style="font-weight:bold; width: 30%;" |State or Country of Organization
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===Forecast===
 
===Forecast===
  
At the start of 2019, British American Tobacco reported higher full-year adjusted sales and profit, helped by cigarette market share gains and growth in vaping devices. Excluding the impact of currency fluctuations and the 2017 acquisition of Reynolds American, the maker of Lucky Strike and Dunhill cigarettes reported adjusted 2018 revenue of GPB 25.76 billion, up 3.5 percent. <ref>[https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-brit-am-tobacco-results/british-american-tobacco-full-year-sales-profit-rise-idUKKCN1QH0R6  TITLE], Reuters, 28 February 2019, Accessed 16 April 2019 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco said it was maintaining its guidance of high single figure earnings per share growth for 2020 while expecting some impact on volume and revenue growth in the second-quarter due to the coronavirus. <ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-bat-outlook/bat-sticks-to-earnings-forecast-flags-first-signs-of-sales-weakness-idUSKBN22C0YE BAT sticks to earnings forecast, flags first signs of sales weakness], ''Reuters'', 30 April 2020, 19 May 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
===COVID-19 Response===
 +
British American Tobacco subsidiary Kentucky BioProcessing is using “proprietary, fast-growing tobacco plant technology” in pre-clinical testing on animals, being one of dozens of companies and public sector organisations worldwide racing to develop a COVID-19 vaccine. <ref>[https://www.ft.com/content/e3737752-6147-4c0e-82f2-e7df9eb9f6f8 BAT joins race to develop Covid-19 vaccine], Financial Times, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
====Czech Republic====
 +
According to a study by British American Tobacco, the border closure between the Czech Republic and Germany and Austria abolished the border tobacco trade. The 500 tobacco shops in the border area had to close. According to the company, cross-border trade accounts for up to 30 percent of the domestic market, which will mean a loss of CZK 1.8 billion per month for the state budget. <ref>[https://eurozpravy.cz/ekonomika/ceska-republika/covid-19-dopadl-na-trh-s-cigaretami-vlada-o-mesic-prodlouzila-stahovani-starsich-kolku.a55b5abf/ Covid-19 dopadl na trh s cigaretami. Vláda o měsíc prodloužila stahování starších kolků], ''Eurozpravy'', 9 April 2020, 21 April 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
====Mexico====
 +
British American Tobacco in Mexico announced the suspension of its activities in Mexico due to the spread of the Covid-19. <ref>[https://expreso.press/2020/04/04/suspenden-fabricacion-y-comercializacion-de-cigarros-por-emergencia-sanitaria-en-mexico/ SUSPENDEN FABRICACIÓN Y COMERCIALIZACIÓN DE CIGARROS POR EMERGENCIA SANITARIA EN MÉXICO], ''Expreso'', 4 April 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
====New Zealand====
 +
Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment confirmed that Imperial Tobacco in Petone, Lower Hutt could stay operational because the "ongoing supply of consumer goods needs to continue". <ref>[https://www.stuff.co.nz/business/120654996/coronavirus-cigarettes-are-essential-mbie-confirms Coronavirus: Cigarettes are essential, MBIE confirms], ''Stuff'', 29 March 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
====Russia====
 +
The production in three of Russia's largest tobacco companies, including Philip Morris Izhora, Petro LLC (owned by Japan Tobacco International) and British American Tobacco was stopped due to COVID-19. <ref>[https://tvtver.ru/news/v-rossii-iz-za-karantina-zakryty-tri-krupnejshie-fabriki-po-proizvodstvu-tabachnyh-izdelij/ В России из-за карантина закрыты три крупнейшие фабрики по производству табачных изделий], ''TV TVER'', 1 May 2020, Accessed 19 may 2020 </ref>
  
In November 2018, British American Tobacco and Imperial Brands have had GBP 8.6 billion wiped off their stock market value as the United States FDA announcement to crack down on the sale of flavoured e-cigarettes and menthol cigarettes. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/nov/12/tobacco-shares-us-bat-imperial-brands-fda-menthol-ban Tobacco shares US BAT Imperial Brands FDA mentor ban], ''The Guardian'', November 2018, Accessed 23 December 2018 </ref>  British American Tobacco shares fell 10 percent, the most in more than four years. <ref name="BAT_fore">[https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-11-12/bat-plunges-on-possible-u-s-move-to-ban-menthol-cigarettes Tobacco Shares Plunge on Possible U.S. Ban of Menthol Cigarettes], ''Bloomberg'', November 2018, Accessed 21 November 2018 </ref> As much as a quarter of the company's profits come from menthol cigarettes. <ref>[https://www.ft.com/content/f498e99c-e67f-11e8-8a85-04b8afea6ea3 Opinion: BAT/menthol cigarettes: puff baddy], ''Financial Times'', November 2018, November 2018 </ref> The company's spokesman Simon Cleverly provided a statement:
+
====Serbia====
 +
British American Tobacco donated one million dinars to the Red Cross in Vranje. <ref>[https://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2020&mm=04&dd=22&nav_category=12&nav_id=1677451 BAT donirao milion dinara Crvenom krstu u Vranju], ''B92'', 22 April 2020, Accessed 19 May 2020</ref>
  
  “We are not aware of anything that has changed to suggest the FDA would deviate from its existing multi-year comprehensive, rule-making process on flavours in tobacco products, which includes menthol... If the agency indicates it seeks “to regulate menthol cigarettes, any such proposal will have to go through the multiyear rule-making [sic] process." {{r|BAT_fore}}
+
====South Africa====
 +
British American Tobacco South Africa announced that it has decided to pursue legal action against the government over the ban on cigarette sales. President Cyril Ramaphosa said in a media briefing that the ban on cigarettes will continue under alert Level 3 while alcohol sales will be allowed. Batsa’s announcement comes after the company withdrew their decision to go ahead with legal proceedings previously. <ref>[https://citizen.co.za/business/2293273/british-american-tobacco-to-take-legal-action-over-cigarette-ban/ BAT to take legal action over cigarette ban], ''Citizen'', 29 May 2020, Accessed 3 July 2020 </ref> In June 2020, British American Tobacco started accepting "holding orders" from its customers, not actually selling cigarettes. According to a company's spokesperson: "No deliveries will be made until the sale of tobacco products is allowed. The date for delivery will depend on when the ban is lifted." <ref>[https://www.businessinsider.co.za/british-american-tobacco-is-taking-orders-to-ship-as-soon-as-cigarette-sales-are-legal-2020-6 SA’s biggest cigarette maker is now accepting orders – and some stores hope for 1 July delivery], ''Business Insider SA'', 25 June 2020, 20 July 2020 </ref>
  
In October 2018, Reuters reported British American Tobacco cut its full-year revenue target for cigarette alternatives such as vaping pens and tobacco heating devices, citing a flat market in Japan and a product recall in the United States. The expected revenue from Next-Generation products is 900 million pounds in 2018. <ref> [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brit-am-tobacco-results/british-american-tobacco-cuts-sales-target-for-new-products-idUSKCN1MQ0MU British American Tobacco cuts sales target for new products], ''Reuters'', October 2018, Accessed 18 October 2018 </ref>
+
====Spain====
 +
British American Tobacco launched glo, its heated tobacco product, in Spain where reported deaths from the COVID-19 virus are the 3rd highest in the world. <ref>[http://www.diariosigloxxi.com/texto-ep/mostrar/20200415132243/bat-espana-amplia-portafolio-lanzamiento-glo-nuevo-dispositivo-calentar-tabaco BAT España amplía su portafolio con el lanzamiento de 'glo', el nuevo dispositivo para calentar tabaco], ''Diario Sigloxxi'', 15 April 2020, Accessed 19 May 2020</ref>
  
 
==Profitability==
 
==Profitability==
  
British American Tobacco shares increased by 6.6 percent at 3,148.5 pence in mid-session trading, on course for their best day since the financial crisis. <ref> [https://www.euronews.com/2019/08/01/bat-revenue-rises-4-point-6-percent-on-higher-demand-for-tobacco-heating-products BAT shares light up as it streamlines new age brands], ''Euronews'', 1 August 2019, Accessed 5 August 2019 </ref> 
+
In 2019, British American Tobacco reported a revenue increase by 5.7 percent to GBP 25,877 million. {{r|BAT_YE_2019|p=2}}
 
 
In his first set of results as chief executive, Jack Bowles said BAT would slim down its “new categories” business into three main brands.
 
  
 
==Annual Profits==
 
==Annual Profits==
In 2018, the revenue grew by 25.2 percent in 2018 to GBP 24,492 million, largely due to the acquisition of RAI. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=14}}
 
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Fiscal year  
 
! Fiscal year  
 
''in billions GBP''
 
''in billions GBP''
! 2018 <ref>Preliminary Announcement - Year Ended 31 December 2018[https://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO72TJQU/$FILE/medMDB9SPKL.pdf?openelement British American Tobacco], Accessed 19 March 2019 </REF>
+
! 2019 {{r|BAT_YE_2019|p=2}}
 +
! 2018 <ref>Preliminary Announcement - Year Ended 31 December 2018, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO72TJQU/$FILE/medMDB9SPKL.pdf?openelement British American Tobacco], Accessed 19 March 2019 </REF>
 
! 2017 {{r|BAT_AR_2017|p=217}}
 
! 2017 {{r|BAT_AR_2017|p=217}}
 
! 2016 {{r|BAT_AR_2017|p=217}}
 
! 2016 {{r|BAT_AR_2017|p=217}}
 
! 2015 {{r|BAT_AR_2017|p=217}}
 
! 2015 {{r|BAT_AR_2017|p=217}}
! 2014 <REF>British American Tobacco, [http://www.bat.com/ar/2014/assets/downloads/BAT_Annual_Report_2014_Overview.pdf Annual Review 2014], p.3, Accessed 21 September 2018 </REF>
+
! 2014 <REF>British American Tobacco website, [http://www.bat.com/ar/2014/assets/downloads/BAT_Annual_Report_2014_Overview.pdf Annual Review 2014], p. 3, Accessed 21 September 2018 </REF>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Net Revenue
 
| Net Revenue
 +
| 25.8
 
| 24.5
 
| 24.5
 
| 20.3
 
| 20.3
Line 1,465: Line 1,481:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Profit from operations
 
| Profit from operations
 +
| 9.0
 
| 9.3
 
| 9.3
 
| 6.5
 
| 6.5
Line 1,472: Line 1,489:
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== 2018 Profits per Region (in millions GBP)===
+
=== Profits per Region (in millions GBP)===
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! '''in millions GBP'''
 
! '''in millions GBP'''
! Profit from operations {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=14}}
+
! 2019 {{r|BAT_YE_2019|p=5}}
! Adjusted profit from operations at constant rates  {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=14}}
+
! 2018 {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=14}}
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|United States
 
|United States
 +
|4,410
 
|4,006
 
|4,006
|4,686
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa
 
|Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa
 +
|1,204
 
|1,544
 
|1,544
|1,922
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Europe and North Africa  
 
|Europe and North Africa  
 +
|1,649
 
|1,905
 
|1,905
|2,217
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Asia-Pacific and Middle East
 
|Asia-Pacific and Middle East
 +
|1,753
 
|1,858
 
|1,858
|2,099
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
Line 1,602: Line 1,620:
 
===Acquisitions===
 
===Acquisitions===
  
In 2018, the Group acquired Quantus Beteiligungs-und Beratungsgesellschaft mbH, which houses the vapour retail business of High End Smoke in Germany. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=254}} On October 21, 2016, British American Tobacco CEO Nicandro Durante publicly announced an offer for the 57.8 percent of Reynolds American, Inc. that British American Tobacco did not already own. According to media reports, Reynolds American, Inc. rejected British American Tobacco’s initial buyout offer of USD 47 billion as being too low. In January 2017, Reynolds American, Inc. accepted  increased offer of USD 49 billion with the deal finalised in June of 2017.<ref>[https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/17/business/dealbook/british-american-tobacco-reynolds-cigarettes-merger.html British American Tobacco to Take Over Reynolds American in $49 Billion Deal], ''New York Times'', January 2017, Accessed 19 September 2018 </ref>
+
In 2018, the Group acquired Quantus Beteiligungs-und Beratungsgesellschaft mbH, which houses the vapour retail business of High End Smoke in Germany. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=254}} On October 21, 2016, British American Tobacco CEO Nicandro Durante publicly announced an offer for the 57.8 percent of Reynolds American, Inc. that British American Tobacco did not already own. According to media reports, Reynolds American, Inc. rejected British American Tobacco’s initial buyout offer of USD 47 billion as being too low. In January 2017, Reynolds American, Inc. accepted  increased offer of USD 49 billion with the deal finalised in June of 2017.<ref>[https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/17/business/dealbook/british-american-tobacco-reynolds-cigarettes-merger.html British American Tobacco to Take Over Reynolds American in $49 Billion Deal], ''New York Times'', January 2017, Accessed 19 September 2018 </ref>
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 1,669: Line 1,687:
 
===Investments===
 
===Investments===
  
In August 2019, British American Tobacco has established “consumer healthcare” and “consumer focused” companies under the names of Nicoventures and Nicovations. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/13/the-problem-with-selling-a-lethal-product-you-just-cant-get-the-staff The problem with selling a lethal product you just can’t get the staff], ''The Guardian'', 28 July 2019, Accessed 9 August 2019</ref>
+
In August 2019, British American Tobacco established “consumer healthcare” and “consumer focused” companies under the names of Nicoventures and Nicovations. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/13/the-problem-with-selling-a-lethal-product-you-just-cant-get-the-staff The problem with selling a lethal product you just can’t get the staff], ''The Guardian'', 28 July 2019, Accessed 9 August 2019</ref>
 +
 
 +
The government of Bangladesh holds 9.49 percent share in British American Tobacco Bangladesh. <ref> [http://www.dailyamarsangbad.com/138401/বছরে-মরছে-সোয়া-লাখ-মানুষ/ বছরে মরছে সোয়া লাখ মানুষ], Daily amarsangbad, 9 December 2019, Accessed 24 January 2020 </ref>  
  
 
Reinet Investments, which owns about 3 percent of British American Tobacco, says an increase in the value of its stake in UK insurer Pension Corporation has partially made up for the company's share decline. <ref>[https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/companies/2019-05-21-reinets-uk-pension-bet-partially-offsets-tobacco-woes/ Reinet’s UK pension bet partially offsets tobacco woes], ''Business Live'', 21 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>  
 
Reinet Investments, which owns about 3 percent of British American Tobacco, says an increase in the value of its stake in UK insurer Pension Corporation has partially made up for the company's share decline. <ref>[https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/companies/2019-05-21-reinets-uk-pension-bet-partially-offsets-tobacco-woes/ Reinet’s UK pension bet partially offsets tobacco woes], ''Business Live'', 21 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>  
Line 1,696: Line 1,716:
 
In 2015, the organization completed it's acquisition of TDR in Croatia, the leading independent cigarette manufacturer in Central Europe. British American Tobacco also acquired the rest of the shares in its Brazilian subsidiary, Souza Cruz, not currently owned by the Group and de-listed the company the same year. {{r|BAT_AR_2015|p=14}}
 
In 2015, the organization completed it's acquisition of TDR in Croatia, the leading independent cigarette manufacturer in Central Europe. British American Tobacco also acquired the rest of the shares in its Brazilian subsidiary, Souza Cruz, not currently owned by the Group and de-listed the company the same year. {{r|BAT_AR_2015|p=14}}
  
In 2015, British American Tobacco signed a vapour products technology-sharing agreement with R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. The agreement provides a framework for collaboration and mutual cross-licensing of the parties’ vapour product technologies up to 31 December 2022. British American Tobacco completed the acquisition of the CHIC Group, the market-leading Vapour Product (e-cigarette) business in Poland. {{r|BAT_AR_2015|p=5}}  
+
In 2015, British American Tobacco signed a vapour products technology-sharing agreement with R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. The agreement provides a framework for collaboration and mutual cross-licensing of the parties’ vapour product technologies up to 31 December 2022. British American Tobacco completed the acquisition of the CHIC Group, the market-leading Vapour Product (e-cigarette) business in Poland. {{r|BAT_AR_2015|p=5}}  
 
   
 
   
 
In August 2018, The Guardian reported more than GBP 1.7 billion had been directly invested in tobacco company stocks by healthcare providers, fire authorities and schools via UK council pension funds. It found Council retirement schemes in the UK are major investors in firms including British American Tobacco, [[Imperial Brands]] and [[Philip Morris International | Philip Morris International]], according to data compiled from more than 100 freedom of information requests. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/13/council-pension-funds-major-investors-tobacco-companies Council pension funds are major investors in tobacco companies], ''The Guardian'', August 2018, Accessed 16 September 2018 </REF>
 
In August 2018, The Guardian reported more than GBP 1.7 billion had been directly invested in tobacco company stocks by healthcare providers, fire authorities and schools via UK council pension funds. It found Council retirement schemes in the UK are major investors in firms including British American Tobacco, [[Imperial Brands]] and [[Philip Morris International | Philip Morris International]], according to data compiled from more than 100 freedom of information requests. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/13/council-pension-funds-major-investors-tobacco-companies Council pension funds are major investors in tobacco companies], ''The Guardian'', August 2018, Accessed 16 September 2018 </REF>
  
Tobacco companies have received more than GBP 45 million investment from the United Kingdom's Lincolnshire County Council’s pension fund. The current investment (as of January 2019) for British American Tobacco sits at GBP 24.1 million – one per cent of the total fund. <ref>[https://www.granthamjournal.co.uk/news/county-council-invests-45-million-of-its-pension-fund-in-tobacco-companies-9058351/ Lincolnshire County Council invests £45 million from pension fund in tobacco companies], ''Grantham Reporter'', January 5, 2019, Accessed 7 January 2019 </ref>
+
Tobacco companies have received more than GBP 45 million investment from the United Kingdom's Lincolnshire County Council’s pension fund. The current investment (as of January 2019) for British American Tobacco sits at GBP 24.1 million – one per cent of the total fund. <ref>[https://www.granthamjournal.co.uk/news/county-council-invests-45-million-of-its-pension-fund-in-tobacco-companies-9058351/ Lincolnshire County Council invests £45 million from pension fund in tobacco companies], ''Grantham Reporter'', 5 January 2019, Accessed 7 January 2019 </ref>
  
 
The Auckland Council has been told it might have more than $700,000 indirectly invested in British American Tobacco. The council has been told by the Janus Global Research growth fund that it might have more than $700,000 invested in the company. <ref> [https://www.radionz.co.nz/news/national/310520/akl-council-might-have-$700k-tobacco-investment Akl Council might have $700k tobacco investment], ''Radio NZ'', 9 August 2016, Accessed 23 December 2018 </ref>
 
The Auckland Council has been told it might have more than $700,000 indirectly invested in British American Tobacco. The council has been told by the Janus Global Research growth fund that it might have more than $700,000 invested in the company. <ref> [https://www.radionz.co.nz/news/national/310520/akl-council-might-have-$700k-tobacco-investment Akl Council might have $700k tobacco investment], ''Radio NZ'', 9 August 2016, Accessed 23 December 2018 </ref>
Line 1,708: Line 1,728:
  
 
===Emerging Markets===
 
===Emerging Markets===
British American Tobacco has a significant presence in emerging markets across South America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. According to the company's website emerging markets will account for 60 percent of volume in the enlarged group. Over the last 5 years, revenue per pack in emerging markets has grown at more than twice the rate compared to developed markets. With generally low cigarette pack prices and expectations of continued growth in consumer disposable income over the long term, the future profit growth opportunity remains strong. <ref>British American Tobacco,[http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAHNL68 News Release BAT announces agreement to acquire Reynolds], January 2017, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF> Nik Oliver, consumer goods analyst at UBS said in a March 2017 interview with Financial Times, British American Tobacco derives more than 50 per cent of its total revenues from emerging markets with the strongest emerging market portfolio of the company's peers. <ref>[https://www.ft.com/content/23b177f8-f8f7-11e6-bd4e-68d53499ed71 British American Tobacco chief confident of ecigarette push], ''FT'', March 2017, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF>
+
British American Tobacco has a significant presence in emerging markets across South America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. According to the company's website emerging markets will account for 60 percent of volume in the enlarged group. Over the last 5 years, revenue per pack in emerging markets has grown at more than twice the rate compared to developed markets. With generally low cigarette pack prices and expectations of continued growth in consumer disposable income over the long term, the future profit growth opportunity remains strong. <ref>British American Tobacco, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAHNL68 News Release BAT announces agreement to acquire Reynolds], January 2017, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF> Nik Oliver, consumer goods analyst at UBS said in a March 2017 interview with Financial Times, British American Tobacco derives more than 50 per cent of its total revenues from emerging markets with the strongest emerging market portfolio of the company's peers. <ref>[https://www.ft.com/content/23b177f8-f8f7-11e6-bd4e-68d53499ed71 British American Tobacco chief confident of ecigarette push], ''FT'', March 2017, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF>
  
 
===Factory Openings and Closures===
 
===Factory Openings and Closures===
  
Cigarette company Massalin Particulares, a local Argentinian subsidiary of Philips Morris International, closed its plant in October,where approximately 10 percent of its employees had worked. <ref>[https://www.merca20.com/la-crisis-del-tabaco-philip-morris-cierra-mas-plantas-en-latinoamerica/ LA CRISIS DEL TABACO: PHILIP MORRIS CIERRA MÁS PLANTAS EN LATINOAMÉRICA], Merca 20, 22 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
+
Croatian Prime Minister Andrej Plenković visited the British American Tobacco Adria factory in Kanfanar, where he discussed finding a framework that will enable production planning and pricing policy in the coming years. <ref>Croatian government website, [https://vlada.gov.hr/vijesti/plenkovic-posjetio-tvornicu-bat-ucinit-cemo-sve-da-ova-proizvodnja-ostane-u-kanfanaru/29882 Plenković posjetio tvornicu BAT: Učinit ćemo sve da ova proizvodnja ostane u Kanfanaru], 30 June 2020, Accessed 20 July 2020</ref> British American Tobacco opened a new USD 1.3 million excise bonded warehouse in Fiji. <ref>[https://www.fijivillage.com/news/British-American-Tobacco-opens-new-13m-excise-bonded-warehouse-f58xr4/ British American Tobacco opens new $1.3m excise bonded warehouse], ''Fiji Village'', 20 June 2020, Accessed 20 July 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
In 2020, British American Tobacco opened a new leaf processing facility opens in Fiji. <ref> [https://www.fijivillage.com/news/BATs-new-leaf-processing-facility-opens-in-Nadi-f48x5r/ BAT’s new leaf processing facility opens in Nadi], ''Fiji Village'', 5 June 2020, Accessed 19 June 2020 </ref> British American Tobacco announced in late 2019 that it intends to lay off 30 percent of its staff in Nicaragua. <ref>[https://www.debate.com.mx/mundo/BATCA-despedira-empleados-por-caida-de-ventas-de-cigarrillos-en-Nicaragua-20191105-0257.html BATCA despedirá empleados por caída de ventas de cigarrillos en Nicaragua], ''Debate'', 5 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref> In November 2019, Zambian finance Minister Bwalya Ng’andu officially opened the USD 2 million British American Tobacco Zambia Cigarette Manufacturing Plant in the Lusaka South Multi-Facility Economic Zone. <ref>[https://www.lusakatimes.com/2019/11/30/finance-minister-opens-a-cigarette-manufacturing-plant-in-lusaka/ Finance Minister Opens a Cigarette Manufacturing Plant in Lusaka], ''Lusaka Times'', 30 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
 +
 
 +
The British American Tobacco announced plans to set up a plant to manufacture oral nicotine pouches with zero tobacco in Kenya. <ref>[https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001375028/taxation-should-not-just-limit-use-of-tobacco-but-spur-innovations Tax should not just limit tobbaco consumption but spur innovations], ''The Star'', 14 June 2020, Accessed 3 July 2020</ref>
  
British American Tobacco’s factory in the country’s Chernihiv Oblast has stood idle after the company halted production indefinitely. The company alleges that new tax legislation will make continued operations in Ukraine impossible. But anti-smoking activists believe that BAT is simply trying to pressure the Ukrainian president to veto a bill it doesn’t like. <ref>[https://www.kyivpost.com/business/cigarette-manufacturer-stops-production-in-ukraine-over-new-tax-law.html Cigarette manufacturer stops production in Ukraine over new tax law], Kyiv Post, 21 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> JTI Ukraine resumed production at its factory in Kremenchuk  following a meeting with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky ministers and other tobacco companies. <ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/reynolds-files-for-fda-review-of-vuse-e-cigarettes-11570808409 Reynolds Files for FDA Review of Vuse E-Cigarettes], The Wall Street Journal, 11 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco’s factory in Ukraine’s Chernihiv Oblast has stood idle after the company halted production indefinitely. The company alleges that new tax legislation will make continued operations in Ukraine impossible. But anti-smoking activists believe that BAT is simply trying to pressure the Ukrainian president to veto a bill it doesn’t like. <ref>[https://www.kyivpost.com/business/cigarette-manufacturer-stops-production-in-ukraine-over-new-tax-law.html Cigarette manufacturer stops production in Ukraine over new tax law], ''Kyiv Post'', 21 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>  
  
In 2018, British American Tobacco had 55 factories, 47 of which produce cigarettes, {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=19}} including two new factories, one in Zambia(Lusaka) and one in Malaysia. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=23}} In 2018, British American Tobacco invested EUR 45 million in plant in Croatia. According to the company's director for the Adria region, Antal Bekefi, the company has been investing significant funds into research and development since 2012, investing more than USD 2.5 million for new generation products. <ref>[https://www.total-croatia-news.com/business/30874-bat-invests-45-million-euro-in-plant-in-croatia BAT invests 45 Million Euro in Plant in Croatia]''Total Croatia News'', September 2018, Accessed 30 September 2018 </ref> British American Tobacco is considering opening another factory in Malaysia. <ref> [https://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2019/04/19/bat-to-consider-opening-another-malaysian-factory-in-longer-term/ BAT to consider opening another Malaysian factory in longer term], ''The Star'', 19 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>
+
In 2018, British American Tobacco had 55 factories, 47 of which produced cigarettes, {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=19}} including two new factories, one in Zambia(Lusaka) and one in Malaysia. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=23}} In 2018, British American Tobacco invested EUR 45 million in a plant in Croatia. According to the company's director for the Adria region, Antal Bekefi, the company has been investing significant funds into research and development since 2012, investing more than USD 2.5 million for new generation products. <ref>[https://www.total-croatia-news.com/business/30874-bat-invests-45-million-euro-in-plant-in-croatia BAT invests 45 Million Euro in Plant in Croatia]''Total Croatia News'', 6 September 2018, Accessed 30 September 2018 </ref> British American Tobacco is considering opening another factory in Malaysia. <ref> [https://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2019/04/19/bat-to-consider-opening-another-malaysian-factory-in-longer-term/ BAT to consider opening another Malaysian factory in longer term], ''The Star'', 19 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>
  
The British America Tobacco Zambia Plc has constructed a cigarette manufacturing plant at a cost of USD 25 million aimed at localizing its brand portfolio in Zambia. <ref>[https://www.lusakatimes.com/2018/10/13/british-america-tobacco-constructs-a-25million-cigarette-plant/ British America Tobacco constructs a $ 25million cigarette plant], ''Lusaka Times'', October 2018, Accessed 24 November 2018 </ref>
+
British America Tobacco Zambia Plc has constructed a cigarette manufacturing plant at a cost of USD 25 million aimed at localizing its brand portfolio in Zambia. <ref>[https://www.lusakatimes.com/2018/10/13/british-america-tobacco-constructs-a-25million-cigarette-plant/ British America Tobacco constructs a $ 25million cigarette plant], ''Lusaka Times'', 13 October 2018, Accessed 24 November 2018 </ref>
  
In June 2018, British American Tobacco announced it would invest €800 million over the next five years in its factory in Ploiești, Romania. The investment, which will generate 200 new jobs in Romania, will support the expansion of innovative tobacco heating product – glo – in countries across Europe during the second half of 2018. <REF>British American Tobacco, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAZJL24 News Release BAT to invest €800 million in its Romanian factory by 2022 to support the European expansion of glo], June 2018, Accessed 23 September 2018 </REF> The unit in Ploiesti will be the third in the world (after South Korea and Russia) to produce Neosticks for glo and the first in Europe. <REF>[http://business-review.eu/investments/bats-factory-in-ploiesti-will-be-the-third-in-the-world-and-the-first-in-europe-to-produce-neosticks-for-glo-172799 BAT’s factory in Ploiesti, the third in the world and the first in Europe to produce Neosticks], ''Business Review'', June 2018, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF>
+
In June 2018, British American Tobacco announced it would invest €800 million over the next five years in its factory in Ploiești, Romania. The investment, which will generate 200 new jobs in Romania, will support the expansion of its glo product in countries across Europe during the second half of 2018. <REF>British American Tobacco website, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAZJL24 News Release BAT to invest €800 million in its Romanian factory by 2022 to support the European expansion of glo], June 2018, Accessed 23 September 2018 </REF> The unit in Ploiesti will be the third in the world (after South Korea and Russia) to produce Neosticks for glo and the first in Europe. <REF>[http://business-review.eu/investments/bats-factory-in-ploiesti-will-be-the-third-in-the-world-and-the-first-in-europe-to-produce-neosticks-for-glo-172799 BAT’s factory in Ploiesti, the third in the world and the first in Europe to produce Neosticks], ''Business Review'', 11 June 2018, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF> The company completed the buildingin June 2020. <ref>[https://www.romania-insider.com/bat-expands-factory-romania BAT expands factory in central Romania under EUR 175 mln project], ''Romania Insider'', 5 June 2020, Accessed 3 July 2020 </ref>
  
 
===Dividends===
 
===Dividends===
Line 1,764: Line 1,788:
  
 
==Products==
 
==Products==
British American Tobacco offers four core product ranges <ref name="BAT_websiteP"> British American Tobacco, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWUGEB Overview of our portfolio], Accessed 30 May 2019 </ref>   
+
British American Tobacco offers four core product ranges <ref name="BAT_websiteP"> British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWUGEB Overview of our portfolio], Accessed 30 May 2019 </ref>   
 
*Tobacco heating products
 
*Tobacco heating products
 
*Vapour products
 
*Vapour products
Line 1,781: Line 1,805:
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! ''in millions GBP''
 
! ''in millions GBP''
 +
! 2019 {{r|BAT_YE_2019|p=4}}
 
! 2018{{r|BAT_AR2019|p=34}}
 
! 2018{{r|BAT_AR2019|p=34}}
 
! Adjusting items{{r|BAT_AR2019|p=34}}
 
! Adjusting items{{r|BAT_AR2019|p=34}}
Line 1,792: Line 1,817:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Combustible portfolio
 
|Combustible portfolio
 +
|23,001
 
|15,457  
 
|15,457  
 
|NA
 
|NA
Line 1,803: Line 1,829:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Potentially reduced-risk products: Vapour
 
|Potentially reduced-risk products: Vapour
 +
|401
 
|318  
 
|318  
 
|NA  
 
|NA  
Line 1,814: Line 1,841:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Potentially reduced-risk products: THP
 
|Potentially reduced-risk products: THP
 +
|728
 
|565  
 
|565  
 
|NA
 
|NA
Line 1,825: Line 1,853:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|NPG
 
|NPG
 +
|NA
 
|883  
 
|883  
 
|NA
 
|NA
Line 1,836: Line 1,865:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|NPG: Modern Oral
 
|NPG: Modern Oral
 +
|126
 
|34  
 
|34  
 
|NA
 
|NA
Line 1,847: Line 1,877:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|NPG: Traditional Oral
 
|NPG: Traditional Oral
 +
|1,081
 
|883  
 
|883  
 
|NA
 
|NA
Line 1,858: Line 1,889:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Oral
 
|Oral
 +
|NA
 
|917  
 
|917  
 
|NA  
 
|NA  
Line 1,869: Line 1,901:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Total PRRPs
 
|Total PRRPs
 +
|1,255
 
|1,800  
 
|1,800  
 
|NA  
 
|NA  
Line 1,880: Line 1,913:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Strategic Portfolio
 
|Strategic Portfolio
 +
|16,515
 
|17,257  
 
|17,257  
 
|NA  
 
|NA  
Line 1,891: Line 1,925:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Other
 
|Other
 +
|540
 
|7,235  
 
|7,235  
 
|(180)  
 
|(180)  
Line 1,902: Line 1,937:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Revenue
 
|Revenue
 +
|25,877
 
|24,492  
 
|24,492  
 
|(180)  
 
|(180)  
Line 1,918: Line 1,954:
  
 
===Vapour Products===
 
===Vapour Products===
According to the 2018 Harm Reduction report, British American Tobacco sells its vapour products in 13 countries: Bahrain, Canada, Colombia, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Italy, Ireland, Kuwait, New Zealand, Poland, United Kingdon, and the United States. <ref name="BAT_HARMREDUCTION"> British American Tobacco website [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO964UGU/$file/Harm_Reduction_Focus_Report_2018.pdf Innovative Choices], December 2018, p.4, Accessed 20 July 2019 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco said it would "welcome" the U.S. health regulator’s move to ban popular e-cigarette flavors in the country, saying it would comply with the new guidelines aimed at curbing teenage vaping. Under a new policy that will go into effect in February, e-cigarette makers will be banned from selling pod-based e-cigarette flavors, including fruit and mint, in the United States, leaving only menthol and tobacco flavors on the market.' <ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/usa-vaping-bat/british-american-tobacco-welcomes-fda-flavor-ban-minimal-impact-seen-idUSL4N2981AY British American Tobacco welcomes FDA flavor ban; minimal impact seen], ''Reuters'', 3 January 2020, Accessed 19 February 2020</ref>
 +
 
 +
British American Tobacco is looking at introducing CBD (cannabidiol) and cannabis flavourings in their products. <ref> [https://www.itv.com/news/2020-02-10/british-american-tobacco-looking-into-cannabis-vape-flavours/ British American Tobacco looking into cannabis vape flavours], ''ITV'', 10 February 2020, Accessed 19 February 2020</ref>
 +
 
 +
According to the 2018 Harm Reduction report, British American Tobacco sells its vapour products in 13 countries: Bahrain, Canada, Colombia, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Italy, Ireland, Kuwait, New Zealand, Poland, United Kingdon, and the United States. <ref name="BAT_HARMREDUCTION"> British American Tobacco website [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO964UGU/$file/Harm_Reduction_Focus_Report_2018.pdf Innovative Choices], December 2018, p. 4, Accessed 20 July 2019 </ref>
  
 
===Oral Products===
 
===Oral Products===
Oral products are available in five countries: Finland, Norway, Sweden,Switzerland, and the United States. {{r|BAT_HARMREDUCTION|p=9}}
+
Oral products are available in five countries: Finland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. {{r|BAT_HARMREDUCTION|p=9}}
  
Russian airline passengers will be able to receive a LYFT nicotine delivery product from British American Tobacco on a dozen flights. <ref>[https://www.tks.ru/politics/2019/09/17/0010 В российских самолетах впервые раздадут изделия с никотином], ''TSK'', 17 September 2019, Accessed 10 October 2019 </ref>
+
Russian airline passengers will be able to receive a LYFT nicotine delivery product from British American Tobacco on a dozen flights. <ref>[https://www.tks.ru/politics/2019/09/17/0010 В российских самолетах впервые раздадут изделия с никотином], ''TSK'', 17 September 2019, Accessed 10 October 2019 </ref> Czech transport Company Leo Express allows for the sale of LYFT nicotine bags on board of its fleet.  <ref>[https://www.muzivcesku.cz/nikotinove-sacky-lyft-jsou-nove-v-prodeji-i-na-palubach-dopravce-leo-express/ Nikotinové sáčky LYFT jsou nově v prodeji i na palubách dopravce Leo Express], ''Muzi v Cesku'', 4 December 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref> LYFT was promoted to smokers in Czech republic during the COVID-19 quarantine as an "alternative" to smoking. [https://www.expres.cz/zpravy/kuraci-v-dobe-karanteny-sahnout-by-meli-radeji-po-nikotinovych-alternativach.A200320_152006_dx-zpravy_bpet Kuřáci v době karantény: Sáhnout by měli raději po nikotinových alternativách], ''Express'', 20 March 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
  
The U.S. Food & Drug Administration announced that, for the first time, it has authorized the marketing of products through the modified risk tobacco product pathway. The authorizations are for eight Swedish Match USA, Inc. snus smokeless tobacco products sold under the “General” brand name. The action further authorized the manufacturer to market these specific products with the claim “Using General Snus instead of cigarettes puts you at a lower risk of mouth cancer, heart disease, lung cancer, stroke, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.”<ref>FDA website, [https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-grants-first-ever-modified-risk-orders-eight-smokeless-tobacco-products FDA grants first-ever modified risk orders to eight smokeless tobacco products], 22 October 2019,  Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> Reynolds American Inc., the U.S. business unit of British American Tobacco PLC, submitted an application for some of its Vuse e-cigarettes to the Food and Drug Administration. The submission covers a group of products in its Vuse Solo line of e-cigarettes, including several different flavors. The Solo refill pods come in flavors such as melon, chai, mint and berry.  <ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/reynolds-files-for-fda-review-of-vuse-e-cigarettes-11570808409 Reynolds Files for FDA Review of Vuse E-Cigarettes], The Wall Street Journal, 11 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
+
The U.S. Food & Drug Administration announced that, for the first time, it has authorized the marketing of products through the modified risk tobacco product pathway. The authorizations are for eight Swedish Match USA, Inc. snus smokeless tobacco products sold under the “General” brand name. The action further authorized the manufacturer to market these specific products with the claim “Using General Snus instead of cigarettes puts you at a lower risk of mouth cancer, heart disease, lung cancer, stroke, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.”<ref>FDA website, [https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-grants-first-ever-modified-risk-orders-eight-smokeless-tobacco-products FDA grants first-ever modified risk orders to eight smokeless tobacco products], 22 October 2019,  Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> Reynolds American Inc., the U.S. business unit of British American Tobacco PLC, submitted an application for some of its Vuse e-cigarettes to the Food and Drug Administration. The submission covers a group of products in its Vuse Solo line of e-cigarettes, including several different flavors. The Solo refill pods come in flavors such as melon, chai, mint and berry.  <ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/reynolds-files-for-fda-review-of-vuse-e-cigarettes-11570808409 Reynolds Files for FDA Review of Vuse E-Cigarettes], ''The Wall Street Journal'', 11 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco’s U.S. subsidiary Reynolds American Inc. announced that the recently-submitted U.S. Premarket Tobacco Product Application (PMTA) for VUSE vapour products has been filed by the Food and Drug Administration for substantive scientific review, moving the application one step further through the review process. <ref>British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOBJBKWD VUSE Premarket Tobacco Product Application filed for substantive review by the FDA ], 27 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
  
 
===Heated Tobacco Products===
 
===Heated Tobacco Products===
Heated Tobacco Products by British American Tobacco are available in 16 countries: Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czechia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Greece, Russia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, South Korea, Switzerland, Ukraine and the United States. {{r|BAT_HARMREDUCTION|p=6}} The company is awaiting approval  to sell its heat-not-burn products in Malaysia. <ref> [https://www.thesundaily.my/business/bat-awaiting-approval-for-alternative-products-launch-FH801689 BAT awaiting approval for ‘alternative’ products launch], 19 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>
+
In 2019, British American Tobacco created three global brands for its “New Category product” portfolio: VUSE for vapour products; VELO for modern oral products and glo for tobacco heating products to further accelerate the growth of their New Category business.  <ref>British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOBJBMSE British American Tobacco to focus on three global new category brands to further accelerate their growth ], 28 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref> By the end of 2019, VELO will be available in 100,000 stores in the United States. <ref> British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO72TJQU/$FILE/medMDBJRGYZ.pdf?openelement 2019 Second Half Pre-Close Trading Update Conference Call and Audio Webcast November 27, 2019], p. 7, 27 November 2019, Accessed 17 December 2019 </ref> According to Štěpán Michlíček, Marketing Director of British American Tobacco for Central and Eastern Europe, 60,000 people already use heated glo products in the Czech Republic.  <ref>[https://www.investicniweb.cz/news-bat-zahrivane-produkty-glo-v-crvyuziva-uz-60-tisic-lidi/ BAT: Zahřívané produkty glo v ČR využívá už 60 tisíc lidí], ''Investicni web'', 10 December 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
 +
 
 +
Heated Tobacco Products by British American Tobacco are available in 16 countries: Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czechia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Greece, Russia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, South Korea, Switzerland, Ukraine and the United States. {{r|BAT_HARMREDUCTION|p=6}} The company is awaiting approval  to sell its heat-not-burn products in Malaysia. <ref> [https://www.thesundaily.my/business/bat-awaiting-approval-for-alternative-products-launch-FH801689 BAT awaiting approval for ‘alternative’ products launch], ''The Sun Daily'', 19 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>
  
The 2018 heated tobacco product revenue increased to GBP 565 million or GBP576 million, at constant rates. The glo brand has achieved 4.7 percent market share in Japan, and continues to grow market share in South Korea, Romania and Italy. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=12}}
+
The 2018 heated tobacco product revenue increased to GBP 565 million or GBP576 million, at constant rates. The glo brand has achieved 4.7 percent market share in Japan, and continues to grow market share in South Korea, Romania and Italy. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=12}} British American Tobacco Korea unveiled glo pro in November 2019. <ref>[http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/tech/2019/11/694_279343.html BAT Korea unveils upgraded 'glo pro'], ''Korea Times'', 26 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
  
British American Tobacco launched glo in 2015. <ref> [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWUGND Potentially reduced-risk products], British American Tobacco, Accessed 10 May 2019 </ref> Japan is also the market where heat-not-burn has had the biggest success, and the amount of cigarettes sold there has dropped by about 20 percent over two years. South Korea is currently the market with the next-biggest potential. <ref> British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWUGND Potentially reduced-risk products], Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco launched glo in 2015. Japan is also the market where heat-not-burn has had the biggest success, and the amount of cigarettes sold there has dropped by about 20 percent over two years. South Korea is currently the market with the next-biggest potential. <ref> British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWUGND Potentially reduced-risk products], Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>
  
In April 2018, The Rolling Stone Magazine profiled several British American Tobacco sponsored events around Italy that have been used to promote Glo by continuing to build an association with fashion, music, technology, and partying. <ref>[https://www.rollingstone.it/pop-life/news-rrstyle/glo-live-lopening-party-della-mostra-torinese/407962/ Glo live, l’opening party della mostra torinese], April 2018, Accessed 8 November 2018 </REF> In September 2018, British American Tobacco launched glo in Ukraine. <ref> [https://www.vapingpost.com/2018/09/25/bat-launches-glo-in-ukraine/ BAT Launches Glo in Ukraine], Vaping Post, September 2018, Accessed 8 November 2018 </REF> British American Tobacco launched new liquid-type e-cigarette Glo Sens in South Korea. <ref>[http://www.theinvestor.co.kr/view.php?ud=20190813000662 BAT launches liquid-type e-cigarette Glo Sens in Korea], ''The Investor'', 13 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref> The company says it will launch two new tobacco heating products in Japan under its glo brand. <ref> [https://in.reuters.com/article/britishamericantobacco-products/bat-launches-more-vaping-products-in-japan-to-take-on-philip-morris-idINL3N25V32S BAT launches more vaping products in Japan to take on Philip Morris], ''Reuters'', 4 September 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref> The new products, glo pro and glo nano, come with new heating technologies and slimmer sizes and will be available in Japan from October. <ref> [https://japantoday.com/category/business/bat-launches-more-vaping-products-in-japan-to-take-on-philip-morris BAT launches more vaping products in Japan to take on Philip Morris], ''Japan Today'', 6 September 2019, Accessed 12 August 2019 </ref>
+
In April 2018, Rolling Stone Magazine profiled several British American Tobacco sponsored events around Italy that have been used to promote glo by continuing to build an association with fashion, music, technology, and partying. <ref>[https://www.rollingstone.it/pop-life/news-rrstyle/glo-live-lopening-party-della-mostra-torinese/407962/ Glo live, l’opening party della mostra torinese], ''The Rolling Stone'', April 2018, Accessed 8 November 2018 </REF> In September 2018, British American Tobacco launched glo in Ukraine. <ref> [https://www.vapingpost.com/2018/09/25/bat-launches-glo-in-ukraine/ BAT Launches Glo in Ukraine], ''Vaping Post'', September 2018, Accessed 8 November 2018 </REF> British American Tobacco launched new liquid-type e-cigarette Glo Sens in South Korea. <ref>[http://www.theinvestor.co.kr/view.php?ud=20190813000662 BAT launches liquid-type e-cigarette Glo Sens in Korea], ''The Investor'', 13 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref> The company says it will launch two new tobacco heating products in Japan under its glo brand. <ref> [https://in.reuters.com/article/britishamericantobacco-products/bat-launches-more-vaping-products-in-japan-to-take-on-philip-morris-idINL3N25V32S BAT launches more vaping products in Japan to take on Philip Morris], ''Reuters'', 4 September 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref> The new products, glo pro and glo nano, feature new heating technologies, slimmer sizes and will be available in Japan from October 2019. <ref> [https://japantoday.com/category/business/bat-launches-more-vaping-products-in-japan-to-take-on-philip-morris BAT launches more vaping products in Japan to take on Philip Morris], ''Japan Today'', 6 September 2019, Accessed 12 August 2019 </ref> As of November 2019, 60,000 people use heated glo products in the Czech Republic. <ref>[https://www.investicniweb.cz/news-bat-zahrivane-produkty-glo-v-crvyuziva-uz-60-tisic-lidi/ BAT: Zahřívané produkty glo v ČR využívá už 60 tisíc lidí], ''Investicni web'', 10 December 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
  
In a press release from December 2018, British American Tobacco announced it is introducing a new vaping device in the United Kingdom market, called [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-11/bat-launches-high-tech-vape-in-the-u-k-to-fend-off-juul-iqos Vype iSwitch]. <ref> [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-11/bat-launches-high-tech-vape-in-the-u-k-to-fend-off-juul-iqos Launches High-Tech Vape in the U.K. to Fend Off Juul, IQOS], ''Bloomberg'', December 2018, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref> The iSwitch comes in a standard version, which retails for about GBP 30 (USD 38), and an upscale version, the Maxx, which sells for about  GBP 50. <ref> [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-11/bat-launches-high-tech-vape-in-the-u-k-to-fend-off-juul-iqos BAT Launches High-Tech Vape in U.K. to Fend Off Juul, IQOS], ''Bloomberg'', 11 December 2018, Accessed 17 December 2019 </ref> In December 2018, Vype ePen 3 launched in New Zealand. <ref>[http://www.voxy.co.nz/lifestyle/5/328235 Vype ePen 3 launches in New Zealand - BAT NZ], ''Voxy.co.nz'', 11 December 2018, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref> In September 2018, U.S. Food and Drug Administration determined that British American Tobacco hasn’t produced adequate data to show its Camel smokeless tobacco pouches are a less risky alternative to cigarettes. <ref>[https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-09-11/camel-snus-tobacco-pouches-not-seen-as-better-option-for-smokers Yet Another Smoking Alternative Isn't Better for You Than Cigarettes],''Bloomberg'', September 2018, Accessed 5 September 2018 </REF> In February 2019, British American Tobacco launched Vype iSwitch and Vype iSwitch Maxx with ‘Puretech’ technology that incorporates an ultra-slim stainless steel blade that heats the e-liquid to create vapour. <ref> [https://www.betterretailing.com/bat-launches-vype-iswitch-and-vype-iswitch-maxx  BAT launches Vype iSwitch and Vype iSwitch Maxx], ''Better Retailing'', 16 February 2019, Accessed 18 April 2019 </ref> In 2019, British American Tobacco New Zealand launched Vype in New Zealand. <ref> Tobacco Control, [https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/early/2019/07/16/tobaccocontrol-2019-054967.info BAT(NZ) draws on cigarette marketing tactics to launch Vype in New Zealand], 17 July 2019, Accessed 12 August 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco is set to introduce nicotine snus pouches in Kenya. <ref> [https://www.capitalfm.co.ke/business/2019/07/bat-to-launch-smoke-free-cigarrettes-in-kenya/ BAT to launch smoke-free cigarettes in Kenya], ''Capital FM'', 19 July 2019, Accessed 9 August 2019 </ref>
+
In a press release from December 2018, British American Tobacco announced it is introducing a new vaping device in the United Kingdom market, called [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-11/bat-launches-high-tech-vape-in-the-u-k-to-fend-off-juul-iqos Vype iSwitch]. The iSwitch comes in a standard version, which retails for about GBP 30 (USD 38), and an upscale version, the Maxx, which sells for about  GBP 50. <ref> [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-11/bat-launches-high-tech-vape-in-the-u-k-to-fend-off-juul-iqos BAT Launches High-Tech Vape in U.K. to Fend Off Juul, IQOS], ''Bloomberg'', 11 December 2018, Accessed 17 December 2019 </ref> In December 2018, Vype ePen 3 launched in New Zealand. <ref>[http://www.voxy.co.nz/lifestyle/5/328235 Vype ePen 3 launches in New Zealand - BAT NZ], ''Voxy'', 11 December 2018, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref> In 2020, British American Tobacco is getting ready to introduce the product in the Czech Republic. <ref>[https://www.irozhlas.cz/ekonomika/cigarety-philip-morris-zahrivany-tabak-tabakove-vyrobky_2001151919_tzr Tabákový byznys: Češi kupují víc výrobků na zahřívaný tabák, spotřeba klasických cigaret klesá], ''irozhlas'', 15 January 2020, Accessed 19 February 2020 </ref> In September 2018, The U.S. Food and Drug Administration determined that British American Tobacco had not produced adequate data to show its Camel smokeless tobacco pouches were a less risky alternative to cigarettes. <ref>[https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-09-11/camel-snus-tobacco-pouches-not-seen-as-better-option-for-smokers Yet Another Smoking Alternative Isn't Better for You Than Cigarettes], ''Bloomberg'', September 2018, Accessed 5 September 2018 </REF> In February 2019, British American Tobacco launched Vype iSwitch and Vype iSwitch Maxx with ‘Puretech’ technology that incorporates an ultra-slim stainless steel blade that heats the e-liquid to create vapour. <ref> [https://www.betterretailing.com/bat-launches-vype-iswitch-and-vype-iswitch-maxx  BAT launches Vype iSwitch and Vype iSwitch Maxx], ''Better Retailing'', 16 February 2019, Accessed 18 April 2019 </ref> In 2019, British American Tobacco New Zealand launched Vype in New Zealand. <ref> Tobacco Control, [https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/early/2019/07/16/tobaccocontrol-2019-054967.info BAT(NZ) draws on cigarette marketing tactics to launch Vype in New Zealand], 17 July 2019, Accessed 12 August 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco is set to introduce nicotine snus pouches in Kenya. <ref> [https://www.capitalfm.co.ke/business/2019/07/bat-to-launch-smoke-free-cigarrettes-in-kenya/ BAT to launch smoke-free cigarettes in Kenya], ''Capital FM'', 19 July 2019, Accessed 9 August 2019 </ref> The Vype ePod won best e-cigarette at the 2020 Product of the Year Awards in the United Kingdom, for the second consecutive year. <ref>[http://www.retailtimes.co.uk/vype-epod-wins-product-of-the-year-2020/ Vype ePod wins Product of the Year 2020], ''Retail Times'', 24 January 2020, Accessed 19 February 2020</ref>
  
 
To date, British American Tobacco published 25 peer-reviewed articles on heated tobacco products. In 2018, the company presented at 24 scientific conferences and external meetings. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=28}} The company carried out a series of tests tests to prove that its vaping products produce ‘greatly reduced mutagenicity, cytotoxicity and effects on wound healing as compared to cigarette smoke.’ <ref>[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-03/raba-bnv031119.php BAT's novel vaping product shows minimal toxicity in laboratory tests], ''Eureka'', 12 March 2019, Accessed 14 April 2019 </ref>
 
To date, British American Tobacco published 25 peer-reviewed articles on heated tobacco products. In 2018, the company presented at 24 scientific conferences and external meetings. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=28}} The company carried out a series of tests tests to prove that its vaping products produce ‘greatly reduced mutagenicity, cytotoxicity and effects on wound healing as compared to cigarette smoke.’ <ref>[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-03/raba-bnv031119.php BAT's novel vaping product shows minimal toxicity in laboratory tests], ''Eureka'', 12 March 2019, Accessed 14 April 2019 </ref>
Line 1,942: Line 1,984:
 
===Volumes===
 
===Volumes===
  
British American Tobacco half-yearly results resulted in a decline of total cigarette and "THP" volume by 3.5 percent to 336 billion sticks. <ref> British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO72TJQU/$FILE/medMDBELNTS.pdf?openelement BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO p.l.c. HALF-YEAR REPORT TO 30 JUNE 2019], 1 August 2019, p. 2, Accessed 5 August 2019 </ref> In June 2019, British American Tobacco Korea has surpassed an accumulated production of 300 billion cigarettes, reaffirming its goal to leverage Sacheon factory into a global export hub. <ref> [http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/tech/2019/06/694_271363.html BAT Korea produces more than 300 bil. cigarettes], ''Korea Times'', 27 June 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
+
In 2019, British American Tobacco reported that its total cigarette and THP volume declined 4.4 percent to 677 billion sticks, with cigarette volumes down 4.7 percent and THP volumes up 31.6 percent. In 2018, the volume was 3.5 percent lower as growth in Pakistan, Japan (driven by THP), Turkey, Poland, Romania and Egypt was more than offset by declines in the GCC, US, Russia and Brazil.{{r|BAT_AR2019|p=20}} In 2018, volume was up 0.7 percent in the Asia-Pacific and Middle East region at 228 billion sticks driven combustibles volume in Pakistan and the performance of glo in Japan and South Korea with sales of 6.5 billion sticks in the period. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=347}}
  
In 2018, the volume was 3.5 percent lower as growth in Pakistan, Japan (driven by THP), Turkey, Poland, Romania and Egypt was more than offset by declines in the GCC, US, Russia and Brazil.{{r|BAT_AR2019|p=20}} In 2018, volume was up 0.7 percent in the Asia-Pacific and Middle East region at 228 billion sticks driven by the recovery in the combustibles volume in Pakistan and the performance of glo in Japan and South Korea with sales of 6.5 billion sticks in the period. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=347}}
+
[[Philip Morris International]] and British American Tobacco have been caught drastically underreporting their production and even using their facilities to roll out black-market cigarettes. In a 2017 raid, Pakistani authorities found 1.3 million black-market cigarettes with the branding of a Philip Morris subsidiary in a van leaving one of the company’s former factories—which the tobacco giant was apparently using as an undeclared warehouse. That same year, Philip Morris International had reported a decrease in production, claiming competition from illicit manufacturers. This under-reporting has added up to a tax shortfall of as much as 47 billion rupees between 2015 and 2018. <ref> Qrius, [https://qrius.com/pakistans-tobacco-epidemic-leaves-it-in-no-state-to-fight-the-coronavirus%EF%BB%BF/ Pakistan’s tobacco epidemic leaves it in no state to fight the coronavirus], 31 March 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
  
 
====Volume of Cigarettes by Region====
 
====Volume of Cigarettes by Region====
Effective January 2018, British American Tobacco uses a new organizational structure consisting of four regions: Americas and Sub Saharan Africa (including East & Central Africa; West Africa and South Africa), Europe and North Africa (including Russia, Ukraine, Caucasus, Central Asia, Belarus, and Turkey), Asia-Pacific and Middle East and the United States of America.<ref>[https://www.bat.com/globalcompany Global Company], British American Tobacco website, Accessed 3 May 2019 </ref>
+
Effective January 2018, British American Tobacco uses a new organizational structure consisting of four regions: Americas and Sub Saharan Africa (including East & Central Africa; West Africa and South Africa), Europe and North Africa (including Russia, Ukraine, Caucasus, Central Asia, Belarus, and Turkey), Asia-Pacific and Middle East and the United States of America.<ref>British American Tobacco website, [https://www.bat.com/globalcompany Global Company], Accessed 3 May 2019 </ref>
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Year (in Billions)
 
! Year (in Billions)
 +
! 2019 {{r|BAT_YE_2019|p=4}}
 
! 2018 {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=35}}
 
! 2018 {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=35}}
 
! 2017 {{r|BAT_AR_2017|p=44-47}}
 
! 2017 {{r|BAT_AR_2017|p=44-47}}
Line 1,959: Line 2,002:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| United States
 
| United States
 +
|73
 
|77
 
|77
 
| <small>NA</small>
 
| <small>NA</small>
Line 1,967: Line 2,011:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa
 
| Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa
 +
|152
 
|157
 
|157
 
| <small>NA</small>
 
| <small>NA</small>
Line 1,975: Line 2,020:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Europe and North Africa
 
| Europe and North Africa
 +
|231
 
| 246
 
| 246
 
| <small>NA</small>
 
| <small>NA</small>
Line 1,983: Line 2,029:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Asia Pacific and Middle East
 
| Asia Pacific and Middle East
 +
|221
 
| 228
 
| 228
 
| <small>NA</small>
 
| <small>NA</small>
Line 1,992: Line 2,039:
 
| Asia-Pacific
 
| Asia-Pacific
 
| <small>NA</small>
 
| <small>NA</small>
 +
|
 
| 193  
 
| 193  
 
| 196
 
| 196
Line 2,000: Line 2,048:
 
| Americas
 
| Americas
 
| <small>NA</small>
 
| <small>NA</small>
 +
|
 
| 107
 
| 107
 
| 113
 
| 113
Line 2,008: Line 2,057:
 
| Western Europe
 
| Western Europe
 
| <small>NA</small>
 
| <small>NA</small>
 +
|
 
| 122
 
| 122
 
| 120
 
| 120
Line 2,016: Line 2,066:
 
| Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (EEMEA)
 
| Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (EEMEA)
 
| <small>NA</small>
 
| <small>NA</small>
 +
|
 
| 228  
 
| 228  
 
| 236
 
| 236
Line 2,023: Line 2,074:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Total'''
 
| '''Total'''
| '''708''' <small>(includes tobacco heating products)</small>'''   
+
| '''677 <small>(includes tobacco heating products)</small>'''   
| '''686  
+
| '''686 <small>(includes tobacco heating products)</small>'''   
<small>(includes tobacco heating products)</small>'''   
 
 
| '''665'''
 
| '''665'''
 
| '''663'''
 
| '''663'''
 
| '''667'''
 
| '''667'''
 
| '''676'''
 
| '''676'''
 +
|
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 2,062: Line 2,113:
  
 
===Social Media===
 
===Social Media===
British American Tobacco’s latest music YouTube commercial has prompted Korean health authorities to discuss new legislature to restrict advertisements of e-cigarette devices. The ad “Glo Sens X Loopy&nafla” features popular musicians. Korean health authorities strictly restrict direct advertisements of tobacco products. However, Glo Sens is not classified as tobacco but as an electronic device used to heat e-cigarette products. <ref>[http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20190823000521 British American Tobacco ad sparks discussion on ad restrictions], ''Korea Herald'', 23 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref>
+
 
 +
An analysis of social media and influencer posts found evidence of tobacco companies using #StayAtHome hashtags, creative and giveaways – including branded masks – to market e-cigarettes, vapes and heated tobacco products. <ref> [https://www.prweek.com/article/1683314/big-tobacco-using-covid-19-messaging-influencers-market-products Big Tobacco Using Covid-19 Messaging Influencers Market Products], PR Week,  15 May 2020, Accessed 3 July 2020</ref>
 +
 
 +
It found that on social media, the two largest tobacco companies – Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco – had appropriated 'Stay at home' hashtags used by governments and health authorities to market heated cigarette products, such as Glo and iQOS, and e-cigarettes, including Vype."
 +
 
 +
British American Tobacco has been nominated for a number of PR and communications industry awards across Southeast Asia, South Asia and ANZ regions. The nominations are for the comppany's Sampai Bila campaign in Malaysia. The company was nominated in these categories: Best Corporate Affairs Strategy, Best Crisis / Reputation Management Strategy, Best Event-Led PR Campaign, Best Insights-Driven PR, and Best PR-led Integrated Communications. <ref>[https://marketing-interactive.com/pr-awards-2020-shortlist PR Awards 2020 shortlist announced], ''Marketing Interactive'', 21 April 2020, Accessed 19 May 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
At the end of 2019, the United Kingdom's Advertising Standards Authority ruled that British American Tobacco must stop using any public Instagram account to promote e-cigarettes in the country, which would include the use of influencer marketing to advertise e-cigarettes. The agency also ordered British American Tobacco to remove all Instagram advertisements for Vype that were under investigation.<ref> PR Newswire website, [https://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/uk-authorities-ban-british-american-tobacco-from-promoting-e-cigarettes-on-instagram-867629331.html UK Authorities Ban British American Tobacco from Promoting E-cigarettes on Instagram], 18 December 2019, Accessed 20 January 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
British American Tobacco’s latest music YouTube commercial has prompted Korean health authorities to discuss new legislature to restrict advertisements of e-cigarette devices. The ad “Glo Sens X Loopy&nafla” features popular musicians. Korean health authorities strictly restrict direct advertisements of tobacco products. However, Glo Sens is not classified as tobacco but as an electronic device used to heat e-cigarette products. <ref>[http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20190823000521 British American Tobacco ad sparks discussion on ad restrictions], ''Korea Herald'', 23 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref> German actress Bonnie Strange wrote in an Instagram post "Feeling Vype af” that features her posing at a festival with a wisp of smoke trailing from her lips. The post promoted British American Tobacco’s vaping product Vype. <ref>[https://www.politico.eu/pro/hazy-regulations-on-vaping-e-cigarettes-vape-could-obscure-ad-sponsored-advertisement-influencer-violations/?utm_source=POLITICO.EU&utm_campaign=dd40d14719-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_11_28_04_04&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_10959edeb5-dd40d14719-190523153 Influencers cloud debate over vaping promotion ], ''Politico'', 9 December 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>  
  
 
In February 2019, Campaign For Tobacco Free Kids and Netnografica LLC published the results of a two-year investigation into how the big tobacco companies, including [[Philip Morris International|Philip Morris]], British American Tobacco, [[Japan Tobacco International|Japan Tobacco]], and [[Imperial Brands]] used social media influencers to promote their products online. <ref>[https://www.dazeddigital.com/life-culture/article/43290/1/big-tobacco-smoking-industry-young-people-social-media-influencers-instagram How the tobacco industry targets young people with social media influencers], ''Dazed & Confused'', 13 February 2019, Accessed 7 May 2019 </ref>  
 
In February 2019, Campaign For Tobacco Free Kids and Netnografica LLC published the results of a two-year investigation into how the big tobacco companies, including [[Philip Morris International|Philip Morris]], British American Tobacco, [[Japan Tobacco International|Japan Tobacco]], and [[Imperial Brands]] used social media influencers to promote their products online. <ref>[https://www.dazeddigital.com/life-culture/article/43290/1/big-tobacco-smoking-industry-young-people-social-media-influencers-instagram How the tobacco industry targets young people with social media influencers], ''Dazed & Confused'', 13 February 2019, Accessed 7 May 2019 </ref>  
Line 2,069: Line 2,129:
  
 
===Sponsorship===
 
===Sponsorship===
British American Tobacco announced a multi-year sponsorship deal with McLaren Racing. The partnership focuses around the promotion of British American Tobacco's potentially “reduced risk products”. <ref>[http://f1i.com/news/329423-mclaren-announces-global-partnership-with-british-american-tobacco.html McLaren announces global partnership with British American Tobacco!], ''F1'', 11 February 2019, 15 Accessed April 2019 </ref> The Centre for Substance Use Research has taken money from Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco. <ref> [https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/17539768.critic-of-snp-government-anti-drugs-strategy-in-row-over-tobacco-industry-funding/ Critic SNP government anti drugs strategy in row over tobacco industry funding], ''Herald Scotland'', 31 March 2019, Accessed 23 April 2019 </ref> Tobacco company branding and logos will be banned entirely from the Melbourne Grand Prix to close a loophole that was exploited by cigarette giant Philip Morris and Ferrari. <ref> [https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/new-laws-to-stamp-out-sneaky-tobacco-advertising-20190827-p52lbi.html New laws to stamp out 'sneaky' tobacco advertising], ''The Age'', 27 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref> The Australian state government has issued a ban on advertisements for vaping at the Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix at Phillip Island. <ref> [https://www.theage.com.au/national/vaping-ads-ban-rushed-through-ahead-of-phillip-island-grand-prix-20191018-p531vf.html Vaping ads ban rushed through ahead of Phillip Island Grand Prix], The Age, 18 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
+
 
 +
RJRVC is sponsoring the U.S. leg of the band’s upcoming concert tour in conjunction with its London-based parent, British American Tobacco. The Fratellis will offer ''exclusive'' access to their new song “Strangers in the Street” via Vuse Vapor’s U.S. age-restricted Instagram channel.<ref>[https://www.cspdailynews.com/tobacco/vuse-bat-sponsor-grammy-winning-band Vuse, BAT Sponsor Grammy-Winning Band], ''CSP Daily news'', 12 May 2020, Accessed 19 May 2020</ref>
 +
 
 +
In 2019, British American Tobacco announced a multi-year sponsorship deal with McLaren Racing. The partnership focuses around the promotion of British American Tobacco's “reduced risk products”. <ref>[http://f1i.com/news/329423-mclaren-announces-global-partnership-with-british-american-tobacco.html McLaren announces global partnership with British American Tobacco!], ''F1'', 11 February 2019, 15 Accessed April 2019 </ref> The Centre for Substance Use Research has taken money from Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco. <ref> [https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/17539768.critic-of-snp-government-anti-drugs-strategy-in-row-over-tobacco-industry-funding/ Critic SNP government anti drugs strategy in row over tobacco industry funding], ''Herald Scotland'', 31 March 2019, Accessed 23 April 2019 </ref> Tobacco company branding and logos will be banned entirely from the Melbourne Grand Prix to close a loophole that was exploited by cigarette giant Philip Morris and Ferrari. <ref> [https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/new-laws-to-stamp-out-sneaky-tobacco-advertising-20190827-p52lbi.html New laws to stamp out 'sneaky' tobacco advertising], ''The Age'', 27 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref> The Australian state government has issued a ban on advertisements for vaping at the Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix at Phillip Island. <ref> [https://www.theage.com.au/national/vaping-ads-ban-rushed-through-ahead-of-phillip-island-grand-prix-20191018-p531vf.html Vaping ads ban rushed through ahead of Phillip Island Grand Prix], ''The Age'', 18 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco is expanding their sponsorship of the McLaren Formula One team in 2020 to boost marketing of heated tobacco products. McLaren will provide more promotional spots on their cars next year and British American Tobacco will also be a partner for the team as it returns to full-time IndyCar competitions in the United States. <ref>[https://gulfnews.com/sport/motorsport/bat-to-expand-f1-sponsorship-with-mclaren-next-year-1.68135289 BAT to expand F1 sponsorship with McLaren next year], ''Gulf News'', 28 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref> The new McLaren Racing car for the 2020 Formula 1 season has revealed the next iteration of “dynamic branding” associated with the team’s extended and expanded deal with new principal partner British American Tobacco. The launch of the papaya and blue MCL35 car at the team’s headquarters in Woking, England revealed the tobacco brand’s ‘A Better Tomorrow’ tagline. During the season, BAT will also display its Vuse vaping brand and, for the first time, its Velo oral-nicotine products at races in some jurisdictions. <ref> [https://www.sportbusiness.com/news/mclaren-car-reveals-next-stage-in-bats-dynamic-branding/ McLaren car reveals next stage in BAT’s ‘dynamic branding’], ''Sport Business'', 13 February 2020, Accessed 19 February 2020 </ref> In 2019, British American Tobacco sponsored the Bora’s Theatre Days in Serbia. <ref>Diplomacy & Commerce, [http://www.diplomacyandcommerce.rs/bat-will-continue-to-support-the-cultural-heritage-of-vranje/ BAT will continue to support the cultural heritage of Vranje], 2 December 2019, Accessed 24 January 2020 </ref>
  
 
The PETA International Science Consortium Ltd., Imperial Brands PLC, Altria Client Services, British American Tobacco PLC, and Philip Morris International Inc have joined together to donate USD 110,000 worth of equipment that will help to replace the use of animals in respiratory testing with more human-relevant, non-animal test methods. <ref> PETA website, [https://www.peta.org/media/news-releases/peta-international-science-group-and-tobacco-companies-donate-to-save-animals/ Media], 22 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref>
 
The PETA International Science Consortium Ltd., Imperial Brands PLC, Altria Client Services, British American Tobacco PLC, and Philip Morris International Inc have joined together to donate USD 110,000 worth of equipment that will help to replace the use of animals in respiratory testing with more human-relevant, non-animal test methods. <ref> PETA website, [https://www.peta.org/media/news-releases/peta-international-science-group-and-tobacco-companies-donate-to-save-animals/ Media], 22 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref>
  
British American Tobacco Nigeria Foundation created Farmers for the Future grant aimed at giving young people the opportunity to access funds to establish viable agricultural enterprises. The scheme is an annual competition organised for final year students of Agriculture in Nigerian tertiary institutions and recent graduates. <ref>[https://punchng.com/batn-foundation-creates-n5m-grant-for-young-farmers/ BATN Foundation creates N5m grant for young farmers], ''Punch NG'', 8 September 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019</ref>
+
British American Tobacco Nigeria Foundation created the Farmers for the Future grant, aimed at giving young people the opportunity to access funds to establish viable agricultural enterprises. The scheme is an annual competition organised for final year students of Agriculture in Nigerian tertiary institutions and recent graduates. <ref>[https://punchng.com/batn-foundation-creates-n5m-grant-for-young-farmers/ BATN Foundation creates N5m grant for young farmers], ''Punch NG'', 8 September 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019</ref>
  
BAT Bangladesh deposited BDT 8.82 crore (about USD 1 million) to the Bangladesh Labour Welfare Foundation fund, under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. When BAT Bangladesh representatives handed over the check to the State Minister for Labour and Employment, the ministry promoted this news on its official Facebook page and acknowledged the company as its partner organization.<ref name="GTII_2019"> Mary Assunta, [www.globaltobaccoindex.org Global Tobacco Industry Interference Index 2019], Global Center for Good Governance in Tobacco Control (GGTC), September 2019, p.14 </ref>
+
BAT Bangladesh deposited BDT 8.82 crore (about USD 1 million) to the Bangladesh Labour Welfare Foundation fund, under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. When BAT Bangladesh representatives handed over the check to the State Minister for Labour and Employment, the ministry promoted this news on its official Facebook page and acknowledged the company as its partner organization.<ref> Mary Assunta, [http://www.globaltobaccoindex.org Global Tobacco Industry Interference Index 2019], Global Center for Good Governance in Tobacco Control (GGTC), September 2019, p. 14 </ref>
  
 
===Controversies===
 
===Controversies===
 +
 +
British American Tobacco in France launched "Vaping Days". For three days, a hundred BAT employees provided a field presence to "raise awareness" among smokers about vaping as an "alternative to tobacco". <ref> Le Journal du Vapoteur website, [http://www.journalduvapoteur.com/2019/11/british-american-tobacco-lance-les-journees-du-vapotage.html BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO LANCE : LES JOURNÉES DU VAPOTAGE], 1 December 2019, Accessed 20 January 2020 </ref>
  
 
Dutch tax authorities demand EUR 1 billion euros from British American Tobacco. The company allegedly avoided taxation in the Netherlands between 2003 and 2016. <ref>[https://www.tellerreport.com/business/2019-09-19----tax-authorities-demand-1-billion-euros-from-british-american-tobacco--.rJQPjOmbDB.html Tax authorities demand 1 billion euros from British American Tobacco], ''Teller Report'', 20 September 2019, Accessed 9 October 2019</ref>
 
Dutch tax authorities demand EUR 1 billion euros from British American Tobacco. The company allegedly avoided taxation in the Netherlands between 2003 and 2016. <ref>[https://www.tellerreport.com/business/2019-09-19----tax-authorities-demand-1-billion-euros-from-british-american-tobacco--.rJQPjOmbDB.html Tax authorities demand 1 billion euros from British American Tobacco], ''Teller Report'', 20 September 2019, Accessed 9 October 2019</ref>
  
British American Tobacco hired young models to sell its products despite having an explicit policy banning under-25s from appearing in adverts. The company paid social media influencers to star in a promotional campaign for glo, a heated tobacco device, in violation of its own marketing rules that state: “No person appearing in our advertising will be under 25." Glo recruited Bethany Cross, 21, and Amy Valentine, 24, two Instagram celebrities, for its summer ad campaign called #todayiwill. Two YouTubers, Mikey Pearce and Hobbie Stuart, and an urban climber called James Kingston, all over 25, also featured in the adverts. <ref>[https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/british-american-tobacco-used-young-instagram-stars-in-its-ads-hs6wgf5z2 British American Tobacco used young Instagram stars in its ads], 17 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco hired young models to sell its products despite having an explicit policy banning under-25s from appearing in adverts. The company paid social media influencers to star in a promotional campaign for glo, a heated tobacco device, in violation of its own marketing rules that state: “No person appearing in our advertising will be under 25." Glo recruited Bethany Cross, 21, and Amy Valentine, 24, two Instagram celebrities, for its summer ad campaign called #todayiwill. Two YouTubers, Mikey Pearce and Hobbie Stuart, and an urban climber named James Kingston, all over 25, also featured in the adverts. <ref>[https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/british-american-tobacco-used-young-instagram-stars-in-its-ads-hs6wgf5z2 British American Tobacco used young Instagram stars in its ads], ''The Times'', 17 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref>
  
 
Based on an investigation by the Tax Justice Network, British American Tobacco has been accused of shifting profits from developing countries to a UK subsidiary. The company allegedly would avoid paying USD 700 million between now and 2030 in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kenya, Guyana, Brazil, and Trinidad and Tobago. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/business/2019/apr/30/tobacco-firm-bat-costs-developing-countries-700m-in-tax Tobacco firm BAT ‘costs developing countries $700m in tax’], ''The Guardian'', 30 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>  
 
Based on an investigation by the Tax Justice Network, British American Tobacco has been accused of shifting profits from developing countries to a UK subsidiary. The company allegedly would avoid paying USD 700 million between now and 2030 in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kenya, Guyana, Brazil, and Trinidad and Tobago. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/business/2019/apr/30/tobacco-firm-bat-costs-developing-countries-700m-in-tax Tobacco firm BAT ‘costs developing countries $700m in tax’], ''The Guardian'', 30 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>  
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Two new studies from the Tobacco Control Research Group, published in the BMJ journal, Tobacco Control, expose evidence that big tobacco companies are still facilitating tobacco smuggling, while attempting to control a global system designed to prevent it and funding studies that routinely overestimate levels of tobacco smuggling. <ref>University of Bath, [https://www.bath.ac.uk/announcements/new-research-uncovers-one-of-the-tobacco-industrys-greatest-scams/ New research uncovers 'one of the tobacco industry’s greatest scams'], 1 August 2018, Accessed 21 September 2018 </REF>
 
Two new studies from the Tobacco Control Research Group, published in the BMJ journal, Tobacco Control, expose evidence that big tobacco companies are still facilitating tobacco smuggling, while attempting to control a global system designed to prevent it and funding studies that routinely overestimate levels of tobacco smuggling. <ref>University of Bath, [https://www.bath.ac.uk/announcements/new-research-uncovers-one-of-the-tobacco-industrys-greatest-scams/ New research uncovers 'one of the tobacco industry’s greatest scams'], 1 August 2018, Accessed 21 September 2018 </REF>
  
Financials disclosures for President Trump's interim choice for U.S. Defence Secretary role Patrick Shanahan showed he was invested in more than 400 diverse stocks for companies such as British American Tobacco, CBS, Diamond Offshore Drilling, Facebook, Marathon Petroleum and Qualcomm. <ref>[https://thehill.com/policy/defense/422779-meet-trumps-pick-to-take-over-for-mattis-at-pentagon Meet Trump’s pick to take over for Mattis at Pentagon], ''The Hill'',  December 24, 2018, Accessed 13 January 2019 </ref>
+
Financial disclosures for President Trump's interim choice for U.S. Defence Secretary role Patrick Shanahan showed he was invested in more than 400 diverse stocks for companies such as British American Tobacco, CBS, Diamond Offshore Drilling, Facebook, Marathon Petroleum and Qualcomm. <ref>[https://thehill.com/policy/defense/422779-meet-trumps-pick-to-take-over-for-mattis-at-pentagon Meet Trump’s pick to take over for Mattis at Pentagon], ''The Hill'',  December 24, 2018, Accessed 13 January 2019 </ref>
  
 
In August 2018, The Guardian reported that British American Tobacco has promoted sales of its cigarettes in some of the most fragile, war-torn and unstable countries of Africa and the Middle East. Documents acquired by The Guardian describe how cartons of cigarettes were distributed to traders hidden in black bags in Somalia after Al-Shabaab banned sales and threatened punishments under Sharia law between late 2008 and early 2009. The documents also show that British American Tobacco made plans to launch in South Sudan just two days before it gained independence from the north after years of destruction from a civil war that left 4 million people displaced. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/18/british-american-tobacco-cigarettes-africa-middle-east Revealed: how British American Tobacco exploited war zones to sell cigarettes], ''The Guardian'', 18 August 2017, Accessed 13 September 2018 </REF>
 
In August 2018, The Guardian reported that British American Tobacco has promoted sales of its cigarettes in some of the most fragile, war-torn and unstable countries of Africa and the Middle East. Documents acquired by The Guardian describe how cartons of cigarettes were distributed to traders hidden in black bags in Somalia after Al-Shabaab banned sales and threatened punishments under Sharia law between late 2008 and early 2009. The documents also show that British American Tobacco made plans to launch in South Sudan just two days before it gained independence from the north after years of destruction from a civil war that left 4 million people displaced. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/18/british-american-tobacco-cigarettes-africa-middle-east Revealed: how British American Tobacco exploited war zones to sell cigarettes], ''The Guardian'', 18 August 2017, Accessed 13 September 2018 </REF>
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A 2015 BBC investigation uncovered evidence of bribery when British American Tobacco illegally paid politicians and civil servants in countries in East Africa. <ref name="BAT_BBCsecret">[https://www.bbc.com/news/business-34964603 The secret bribes of big tobacco], ''BBC'', November 2015, Accessed 7 September 2018 </ref> Independent further reported British American Tobacco recruited and paid for a union to disrupt production at one of its chief rivals. <ref> [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/british-american-tobacco-paid-union-to-disrupt-production-at-one-of-itschief-rivals-whistleblower-a6780011.html British American Tobacco accused of corporate espionage in South Africa], ''Independent'', February 2016, Accessed 18 September 2018 </REF> Emails reveal British American Tobacco made illegal payments to two members and one former member of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. British American Tobacco lobbyist Julie Adell-Owino arranged bribes totalling USD 26,000 for three public officials in Rwanda, Burundi and the Comoros Islands. All three officials were connected to a United Nations effort to reduce the number of tobacco related deaths, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. {{r|BAT_BBCsecret}} British-American Tobacco's response to the allegations stated: "The truth is that we do not and will not tolerate corruption, no matter where it takes place."
 
A 2015 BBC investigation uncovered evidence of bribery when British American Tobacco illegally paid politicians and civil servants in countries in East Africa. <ref name="BAT_BBCsecret">[https://www.bbc.com/news/business-34964603 The secret bribes of big tobacco], ''BBC'', November 2015, Accessed 7 September 2018 </ref> Independent further reported British American Tobacco recruited and paid for a union to disrupt production at one of its chief rivals. <ref> [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/british-american-tobacco-paid-union-to-disrupt-production-at-one-of-itschief-rivals-whistleblower-a6780011.html British American Tobacco accused of corporate espionage in South Africa], ''Independent'', February 2016, Accessed 18 September 2018 </REF> Emails reveal British American Tobacco made illegal payments to two members and one former member of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. British American Tobacco lobbyist Julie Adell-Owino arranged bribes totalling USD 26,000 for three public officials in Rwanda, Burundi and the Comoros Islands. All three officials were connected to a United Nations effort to reduce the number of tobacco related deaths, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. {{r|BAT_BBCsecret}} British-American Tobacco's response to the allegations stated: "The truth is that we do not and will not tolerate corruption, no matter where it takes place."
  
But the evidence, as presented, looks damning. <ref>[http://www.forbes.com/sites/jwebb/2015/12/01/an-exceptional-insight-into-commercial-bribery-practices-at-british-american-tobacco/ An exceptional insight into commercial bribery practices at British American Tobacco],''Forbes'' December 2015, Accessed 21 September 2018 </REF> In 2016, lawyers investigating bribery and corruption allegations against one of the world’s leading tobacco firms have been urged to expand their investigation after fresh international accusations emerged. According to court documents seen by The Independent on Sunday, two former police officers who went to work for private corporate investigation companies paid cash to South African law enforcement officials to disrupt British American Tobacco’s competitors’ business operations. <ref>[http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/british-american-tobacco-accused-of-corporate-espionage-in-southafrica-a6900731.html British American Tobacco accused of corporate espionage in South Africa], ''Independent'', 28 February 2016, 14 Accessed 8 September 2018 </REF>
+
But the evidence, as presented, looks damning. <ref>[http://www.forbes.com/sites/jwebb/2015/12/01/an-exceptional-insight-into-commercial-bribery-practices-at-british-american-tobacco/ An exceptional insight into commercial bribery practices at British American Tobacco],''Forbes'', December 2015, Accessed 21 September 2018 </REF> In 2016, lawyers investigating bribery and corruption allegations were urged to expand their investigation after fresh international accusations emerged. According to court documents seen by The Independent, two former police officers working for private corporate investigation companies paid cash to South African law enforcement officials to disrupt British American Tobacco’s competitors’ business operations. <ref>[http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/british-american-tobacco-accused-of-corporate-espionage-in-southafrica-a6900731.html British American Tobacco accused of corporate espionage in South Africa], ''Independent'', 28 February 2016, 14 Accessed 8 September 2018 </REF>
  
South African Revenue Service says it is owed R 143 million by the local arm of British American Tobacco as a result of tax fraud and evasion. <ref> [https://www.timeslive.co.za/news/south-africa/2019-04-07-sars-faces-off-with-british-american-tobacco-over-r143m-tax-bill/ Sars faces off with British American Tobacco over R143m tax bill], ''Times Live'', 7 April 2019, Accessed 12 April 2019 </ref> In 2014, South African subsidiary British American Tobacco Zimbabwe (Batz) was under scrutiny from SARS who has unearthed errant and illegal behavior on the part of the company. <ref>[https://www.theindependent.co.zw/2014/06/06/bat-faces-fresh-espionage-allegations/ BAT faces fresh espionage allegations], ''The Independent in Business'', 6 June 2014, Accessed 28 January 2019 </ref>
+
The South African Revenue Service says it is owed R 143 million by the local arm of British American Tobacco as a result of tax fraud and evasion. <ref> [https://www.timeslive.co.za/news/south-africa/2019-04-07-sars-faces-off-with-british-american-tobacco-over-r143m-tax-bill/ Sars faces off with British American Tobacco over R143m tax bill], ''Times Live'', 7 April 2019, Accessed 12 April 2019 </ref> In 2014, South African subsidiary British American Tobacco Zimbabwe (Batz) was under scrutiny from SARS who has unearthed errant and illegal behavior on the part of the company. <ref>[https://www.theindependent.co.zw/2014/06/06/bat-faces-fresh-espionage-allegations/ BAT faces fresh espionage allegations], ''The Independent in Business'', 6 June 2014, Accessed 28 January 2019 </ref>
  
 
===Marketing to Kids===
 
===Marketing to Kids===
  
British American Tobacco organizes annual competition for students and graduates from across the globe – with the chance to win an all-expenses-paid trip to London and an internship opportunity with the company. Participants are required to individually develop an original and innovative business idea. <ref>[https://toptalent.co/british-american-tobacco-battle-of-minds Battle of Minds], ''Top Talents'', Accessed 10 October 2019 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco organizes an annual global competition for students and graduates – with the chance to win an all-expenses-paid trip to London and an internship opportunity with the company. Participants are required to individually develop an original and innovative business idea. <ref>[https://toptalent.co/british-american-tobacco-battle-of-minds Battle of Minds], ''Top Talents'', Accessed 10 October 2019 </ref>
  
British American Tobacco is under investigation by the UK Advertising Standards Authority over concerns the company promoted nicotine e-cigarettes and were likely to appeal to people under 18 years old. <ref> [https://www.standard.co.uk/business/tobacco-giant-faces-advertising-probe-over-social-media-ads-for-teenagers-claims-a4129086.html Tobacco giant faces advertising probe over social media ‘ads for teens' claims], 29 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref> Vype, a range of e-cigarettes owned by British American Tobacco, has been using fashion-style advertising to reach potential new customers, including glossy shoots with Lily Allen in which she matches different devices to her outfits. <ref>[https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7220843/Campaigners-call-crackdown-vaping-firms-use-celebrities-target-teenagers.html Campaigners call for crackdown on vaping firms who use celebrities such as Lily Allen to 'target teenagers'], The Daily Mail, 7 July 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco is under investigation by the UK Advertising Standards Authority over concerns the company promoted nicotine e-cigarettes and were likely to appeal to people under 18 years old. <ref> [https://www.standard.co.uk/business/tobacco-giant-faces-advertising-probe-over-social-media-ads-for-teenagers-claims-a4129086.html Tobacco giant faces advertising probe over social media ‘ads for teens' claims], 29 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref> Vype, a range of e-cigarettes owned by British American Tobacco, has been using fashion-style advertising to reach potential new customers, including glossy shoots with Lily Allen in which she matches different devices to her outfits. <ref>[https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7220843/Campaigners-call-crackdown-vaping-firms-use-celebrities-target-teenagers.html Campaigners call for crackdown on vaping firms who use celebrities such as Lily Allen to 'target teenagers'], ''The Daily Mail'', 7 July 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
  
 
For a full list of Marketing to Kids cases look [[Marketing to Kids|<strong>here</strong>]].
 
For a full list of Marketing to Kids cases look [[Marketing to Kids|<strong>here</strong>]].
Line 2,109: Line 2,174:
 
British American Tobacco signed up New Zealanders with large social media followings to promote its e-cigarette brand Vype by posting pictures of themselves vaping on Instagram. <ref>[https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/110166252/outrage-as-tobacco-giants-pay-instagram-influencers-to-promote-vaping-product Outrage as tobacco giants pay instagram influencers to promote vaping product], ''Stuff'', 27 January 2019, Accessed 1 April 2019 </ref>
 
British American Tobacco signed up New Zealanders with large social media followings to promote its e-cigarette brand Vype by posting pictures of themselves vaping on Instagram. <ref>[https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/110166252/outrage-as-tobacco-giants-pay-instagram-influencers-to-promote-vaping-product Outrage as tobacco giants pay instagram influencers to promote vaping product], ''Stuff'', 27 January 2019, Accessed 1 April 2019 </ref>
  
Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids investigation into over 100 social media campaigns by [[Philip Morris International]], British American Tobacco, [[Japan Tobacco International]] and [[Imperial Brands]] revealed tobacco companies pay social media influencers on platforms like Instagram, Facebook and Twitter to advertise their products. <ref NAME="BAT_MKTG"> Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, [https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/press-releases/2018_08_27_ftc PRESS RELEASE New Investigation Exposes How Tobacco Companies Market Cigarettes on Social Media in the U.S. and Around the World], August 2018, Accessed 30 October 2018 </ref> Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids reported British American Tobacco is behind several high profile influencer marketing campaigns for its Lucky Strike and Dunhill cigarette brands. An influencer paid to promote British American Tobacco brands explained:  
+
A Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids investigation into over 100 social media campaigns by [[Philip Morris International]], British American Tobacco, [[Japan Tobacco International]] and [[Imperial Brands]] revealed tobacco companies pay social media influencers on platforms like Instagram, Facebook and Twitter to advertise their products. <ref NAME="BAT_MKTG"> Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, [https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/press-releases/2018_08_27_ftc PRESS RELEASE New Investigation Exposes How Tobacco Companies Market Cigarettes on Social Media in the U.S. and Around the World], August 2018, Accessed 30 October 2018 </ref> Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids reported British American Tobacco is behind several high profile influencer marketing campaigns for its Lucky Strike and Dunhill cigarette brands. An influencer paid to promote British American Tobacco brands explained:  
 
   “I put the pack of cigarettes here on the table and I take a photo. Because it’s obviously illegal. So they have this group of people in every city… They try to create this thing where they give packets of cigarettes to people with a certain number of followers, so that they post a picture with the packet. The final image they want to give is that smoking Lucky Strike is cool." <ref NAME="BAT_MKTG"/>
 
   “I put the pack of cigarettes here on the table and I take a photo. Because it’s obviously illegal. So they have this group of people in every city… They try to create this thing where they give packets of cigarettes to people with a certain number of followers, so that they post a picture with the packet. The final image they want to give is that smoking Lucky Strike is cool." <ref NAME="BAT_MKTG"/>
  
Line 2,118: Line 2,183:
  
 
===Research and Development===
 
===Research and Development===
 +
 +
British American Tobacco are investigating how people use vapor and tobacco heating products in Italy, comparing how consumers use heated tobacco product glo, and vapour product iSwitch, as well as another commercially available heated tobacco products and a reference cigarette. <ref>[https://www.sciencecodex.com/bat-study-examines-how-people-use-vapor-and-tobacco-heating-products-638011 BAT study examines how people use vapor and tobacco heating products], ''Science Codex'', 8 January 2020, Accessed 19 February 2020</ref>
 +
 
Portal Chemical & Engineering News reported that representatives from [[British American Tobacco]], [[Japan Tobacco International]], [[Philip Morris International]], and Reynolds American attended the annual meeting of the [https://www.ascctox.org/ American Society for Cellular & Computational Toxicology] focused on non-animal toxicology testing. The website cited the ultimate goal to:
 
Portal Chemical & Engineering News reported that representatives from [[British American Tobacco]], [[Japan Tobacco International]], [[Philip Morris International]], and Reynolds American attended the annual meeting of the [https://www.ascctox.org/ American Society for Cellular & Computational Toxicology] focused on non-animal toxicology testing. The website cited the ultimate goal to:
   "to convince officials at the U.S. Food & Drug Administration’s Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) that in vitro methods for predicting respiratory toxicology in humans are ready for prime time." <ref> [https://cen.acs.org/biological-chemistry/toxicology/Big-tobacco-embraces-vitro-toxicology/96/i43 Big tobacco embraces in vitro toxicology], ''Chemical & Engineering News'', October 2018, Accessed October 2018 </ref>
+
   "to convince officials at the U.S. Food & Drug Administration’s Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) that in vitro methods for predicting respiratory toxicology in humans are ready for prime time." <ref> [https://cen.acs.org/biological-chemistry/toxicology/Big-tobacco-embraces-vitro-toxicology/96/i43 Big tobacco embraces in vitro toxicology], ''Chemical & Engineering News'', 18 October 2018, Accessed October 2018 </ref>
  
 
A study by Oxford Economics, commissioned by British American Tobacco, revealed that Malaysia has the highest illegal cigarette incidence in the world and loses almost RM100 million every week to criminal smugglers and sellers. <ref> [https://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/study-shows-malaysia-loses-rm5b-tax-annually-due-cigarettes-smuggled Study shows Malaysia loses RM5b tax annually due to cigarettes smuggled in], ''The Edge Market'', 21 June 2019, Accessed 20 July 2019 </ref>
 
A study by Oxford Economics, commissioned by British American Tobacco, revealed that Malaysia has the highest illegal cigarette incidence in the world and loses almost RM100 million every week to criminal smugglers and sellers. <ref> [https://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/study-shows-malaysia-loses-rm5b-tax-annually-due-cigarettes-smuggled Study shows Malaysia loses RM5b tax annually due to cigarettes smuggled in], ''The Edge Market'', 21 June 2019, Accessed 20 July 2019 </ref>
Line 2,125: Line 2,193:
 
===Corporate Social Responsibility===
 
===Corporate Social Responsibility===
  
In 2019, British American Tobacco announced the roll-out of VerifY, a scheme aimed at ensuring that all retailers of e-cigarettes are aware of their role in the prevention of access to vaping by under-18s. <ref>[https://www.talkingretail.com/news/industry-news/british-american-tobacco-tackles-youth-vaping-26-02-2019/ British American Tobacco tackles youth vaping], ''Talking Retail'', 26 February 2019, Accessed 21 April 2019 </ref>
+
In 2020, Lemang Agricultural Services collaborated on a project with British American Tobacco to train and develop 150 new farmers at 15 sites in South Africa. <ref>[http://www.farmersreviewafrica.com/agribusiness/2020/05/21/lemang-agricultural-services-collaborates-on-project-with-british-american-tobacco-to-train-and-develop-new-era-tobacco-farmers/ Lemang Agricultural Services collaborates on project with British American Tobacco to train and develop new era tobacco farmers], ''Farmers Review Africa'', 21 May 2020, Accessed 17 June 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
For International Women's Day 2019, British American Tobacco created a toolkit around the #BalanceforBetter theme to "help" their offices around the world organise their own events and make "the celebrations as diverse and inclusive as they could possibly be."<ref> International Women's Day Website, [https://www.internationalwomensday.com/Activity/14291/British-American-Tobacco-creates-IWD-toolkit-to-engage-global-community-in-equality-campaign BAT creates IWD toolkit to engage global community in equality campaign], March 2019, Accessed 19 February 2020 </ref>
  
British American Tobacco Bangladesh was amongst 28 companies honored for practising transparency and good governance in their day-to-day operations by the [https://www.icsb.edu.bd/ Institute of Chartered Secretaries of Bangladesh], a professional body tasked with developing, promoting and regulating the profession of chartered secretaries, organised the awards. British American Tobacco Bangladesh won the gold award in the manufacturing companies category. <ref>[https://www.thedailystar.net/business/news/improve-corporate-governance-1659280 Improve corporate governance], The ''Daily Star'', November 2018, Accessed 30 November 2018 </REF>
+
In 2019, British American Tobacco announced the roll-out of VerifY, a scheme aimed at ensuring that all retailers of e-cigarettes are aware of their role in the prevention of access to vaping by under-18s. <ref>[https://www.talkingretail.com/news/industry-news/british-american-tobacco-tackles-youth-vaping-26-02-2019/ British American Tobacco tackles youth vaping], ''Talking Retail'', 26 February 2019, Accessed 21 April 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco Bangladesh was amongst 28 companies honored for practising transparency and good governance in their day-to-day operations by the [https://www.icsb.edu.bd/ Institute of Chartered Secretaries of Bangladesh], a professional body tasked with developing, promoting and regulating the profession of chartered secretaries, organised the awards. British American Tobacco Bangladesh won the gold award in the manufacturing category. <ref>[https://www.thedailystar.net/business/news/improve-corporate-governance-1659280 Improve corporate governance], The ''Daily Star'', November 2018, Accessed 30 November 2018 </REF>
  
 
In October 2018 Reuters reported that British American Tobacco ranked second and third (alongside Tesco) on the first Global Governance FTSE 100 League Table. The ranking judges companies based on their compliance with the 2015 Modern Slavery Act. <ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-business-slavery/marks-spencer-tops-list-of-major-british-firms-tackling-modern-slavery-idUSKCN1MX1P9 Marks & Spencer tops list of major British firms tackling modern slavery], ''Reuters'', October 2018, Accessed 31 October 2018 </REF>
 
In October 2018 Reuters reported that British American Tobacco ranked second and third (alongside Tesco) on the first Global Governance FTSE 100 League Table. The ranking judges companies based on their compliance with the 2015 Modern Slavery Act. <ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-business-slavery/marks-spencer-tops-list-of-major-british-firms-tackling-modern-slavery-idUSKCN1MX1P9 Marks & Spencer tops list of major British firms tackling modern slavery], ''Reuters'', October 2018, Accessed 31 October 2018 </REF>
  
In 2016, British American Tobacco Peru and British American Tobacco Central America and Caribbean are “recognised … amongst top employers in LatAm 2016”. British American Tobacco Mexico has been recognised as the leading employer in the country and British American Tobacco West Africa won "awards for outstanding employee engagement strategies”. <ref>https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/13/the-problem-with-selling-a-lethal-product-you-just-cant-get-the-staff The problem with selling a lethal product: you just can't get the staff], ''The Guardian'', 13 July 2016,  Accessed 21 December 2018 </ref>
+
In 2016, British American Tobacco Peru and British American Tobacco Central America and Caribbean were “recognised … amongst top employers in LatAm 2016”. British American Tobacco Mexico was recognised as the leading employer in the country and British American Tobacco West Africa won "awards for outstanding employee engagement strategies”. <ref>https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/13/the-problem-with-selling-a-lethal-product-you-just-cant-get-the-staff The problem with selling a lethal product: you just can't get the staff], ''The Guardian'', 13 July 2016,  Accessed 21 December 2018 </ref>
 
British American Tobacco was named as a "Top Employer" for 2019 in eight countries – Australia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan, South Korea and Vietnam, by the Top Employers Institute.
 
British American Tobacco was named as a "Top Employer" for 2019 in eight countries – Australia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan, South Korea and Vietnam, by the Top Employers Institute.
<ref>British American Tobacco, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOB7MCUQ We’re a top employer again in Asia-Pacific!], December 20, 2018, Accessed 12 January 2019 </ref>
+
<ref>British American Tobacco website, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOB7MCUQ We’re a top employer again in Asia-Pacific!], December 20, 2018, Accessed 12 January 2019 </ref>
  
Bangladesh Labor Welfare Foundation (under the Bangladeshi Ministry of Labor and Employment) has received donations amounting to BDT 23,07,61,480 (approximately USD 2 million) from British American Tobacco Bangladesh. Acceptance of these donation was a clear breach of Guideline 4.10, under Article 5.3, of the WHO treaty Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. <ref>[http://www.tobaccoindustrywatchbd.org/article/articledetail/TobaccoWatch/423 BATB deriving favors in return of donation to Labor Welfare Foundation- Govt. not complying FCTC Article 5.3], ''Tobacco Industry Watch'', Accessed 20 July 2019 </ref>
+
Bangladesh Labor Welfare Foundation (under the Bangladeshi Ministry of Labor and Employment) has received donations amounting to BDT 23,07,61,480 (approximately USD 2 million) from British American Tobacco Bangladesh. Acceptance of these donations was a clear breach of Guideline 4.10, under Article 5.3, of the WHO treaty Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. <ref>[http://www.tobaccoindustrywatchbd.org/article/articledetail/TobaccoWatch/423 BATB deriving favors in return of donation to Labor Welfare Foundation- Govt. not complying FCTC Article 5.3], ''Tobacco Industry Watch'', Accessed 20 July 2019 </ref>
  
 
==Reporting and Regulation==
 
==Reporting and Regulation==
  
 
===Investigations===
 
===Investigations===
The US House of Representatives committee has asked e-cigarette manufacturers to hand over details about the health impact of products, heaping renewed scrutiny on the popular devices. The energy and commerce committee wrote to Fontem Ventures, a subsidiary of [[Imperial Brands]], the tobacco manufacturer, which owns the Blu vaping brand, Reynolds American, the US business of [[British American Tobacco]], [[Japan Tobacco International]] and Juul. <ref> [https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/business/e-cigarette-brands-quizzed-by-house-of-representatives-over-risk-to-young-smokers-56d62hdgf E-cigarette brands quizzed by House of Representatives over risk to smokers], ''The Times'', 23 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref>
+
The US Department of Justice and the Office of Foreign Assets Control are investigating British American Tobacco for “suspicions of breach of sanctions”. It is not clear which country or countries the regulators are focusing on. <ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britishamericantobacco-investigation-idUSKCN21W01E Tobacco giant BAT slides on report of U.S. criminal investigation], ''Reuters'', 14 April 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
A US House of Representatives committee has asked e-cigarette manufacturers to hand over details about the health impact of products, heaping renewed scrutiny on the popular devices. The energy and commerce committee wrote to Fontem Ventures, a subsidiary of [[Imperial Brands]], the tobacco manufacturer, which owns the Blu vaping brand, Reynolds American, the US business of [[British American Tobacco]], [[Japan Tobacco International]] and Juul. <ref> [https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/business/e-cigarette-brands-quizzed-by-house-of-representatives-over-risk-to-young-smokers-56d62hdgf E-cigarette brands quizzed by House of Representatives over risk to smokers], ''The Times'', 23 August 2019, Accessed 12 September 2019 </ref>
  
According to the Independent, British American Tobacco, [[Imperial Brands]], [[Japan Tobacco International]] and [[Philip Morris International]] have all shifted their corporate structures to minimise their tax bills in the United Kingdom, researchers from the University of Bath found. Despite being headquartered in Britain, Imperial Brands paid an effective rate of just 13 per cent over the past seven years, during which corporation tax has varied between 20 per cent and 28 per cent. British American Tobacco is also based in the UK but paid “virtually no” corporation tax over the same period, including four consecutive years (2011-14) where it paid nothing at all, the paper found. <ref> [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/tobacco-companies-uk-corporation-tax-profits-university-bath-study-a8764841.html Tobacco companies uk corporation tax profits university bath study], ''Independent'', 16 February 2019, Accessed 18 April 2019 </ref>
+
According to The Independent, British American Tobacco, [[Imperial Brands]], [[Japan Tobacco International]] and [[Philip Morris International]] have all shifted their corporate structures to minimise their tax bills in the United Kingdom, researchers from the University of Bath found. Despite being headquartered in Britain, Imperial Brands paid an effective rate of just 13 per cent over the past seven years, during which corporation tax has varied between 20 per cent and 28 per cent. British American Tobacco is also based in the UK but paid “virtually no” corporation tax over the same period, including four consecutive years (2011-14) where it paid nothing at all, the paper found. <ref> [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/tobacco-companies-uk-corporation-tax-profits-university-bath-study-a8764841.html Tobacco companies uk corporation tax profits university bath study], ''Independent'', 16 February 2019, Accessed 18 April 2019 </ref>
  
 
===Tobacco Litigation===
 
===Tobacco Litigation===
  
Human rights lawyers are preparing to bring a landmark case against British American Tobacco on behalf of hundreds of more than 350 children and their families forced by poverty wages to work in conditions of child labour in the fields of Malawi. Leigh Day’s lawyers anticipate the number of child labourer claimants to rise as high as 15,000. While BAT claims it has told farmers not to use their children as unpaid labour, the lawyers say the families cannot afford to work their fields otherwise, because they receive so little money for their crop. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/oct/31/bat-faces-landmark-legal-case-over-malawi-families-poverty-wages BAT faces landmark legal case over Malawi families' poverty wages], The Guardian, 1 November 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco sued Philip Morris International in the United States and Germany, alleging that the tobacco heating technology used in IQOS devices infringed its patents. <ref> [https://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2020/04/09/business/09reuters-britishamericantobacco-lawsuit-philipmorris.html BAT Files Patent Suits Against Philip], ''NY Times'', 9 April 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
In August 2018 Uruguay became the first country in the region to enact plain packaging requirements for tobacco products. Only a month later, however, the decree was suspended due to a lawsuit filed by British American Tobacco. An Administrative First Instance Court ruled in favour of British American Tobacco because the plain packaging measure had been enacted by an executive decree instead of a law adopted by Parliament. The Uruguayan government appealed this decision and on 11 October 2018 the Court of Appeal ruled in the government’s favour, although a law would still be necessary to establish plain packaging. A legislative effort was immediately launched that month, leading to the adoption of Law 19.723 on 12 December 2018 and a detailed decree on 29 April 2019, with the law to be implemented for all tobacco products from 22 December 2019. <ref> World Health Organization, [https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/326043/9789241516204-eng.pdf?ua=1 WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2019 Offer help to quit tobacco use], p. 95, 2019, Accessed 11 March 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
Human rights lawyers are preparing to bring a landmark case against British American Tobacco on behalf of hundreds of more than 350 children and their families forced by poverty wages to work in conditions of child labor in the fields of Malawi. Leigh Day’s lawyers anticipate the number of child laborer claimants to rise as high as 15,000. While BAT claims it has told farmers not to use their children as unpaid labor, the lawyers say the families cannot afford to work their fields otherwise, because they receive so little money for their crop. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/oct/31/bat-faces-landmark-legal-case-over-malawi-families-poverty-wages BAT faces landmark legal case over Malawi families' poverty wages], The Guardian, 1 November 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco, on its website, says:
 +
  "In the case of tobacco farming, the reality of rural agricultural life in many parts of the world means certain kinds of work can play a formative, cultural, social and familial role for children. Where local law permits, we consider it acceptable for children of between 13 and 15 years of age to help on their families’ farms provided it is light work, and does not hinder their education or vocational training." <ref>Geographical, [http://geographical.co.uk/people/development/item/3172-dossier Dossier: Tobacco's big child labour problem], 10 May 2019, Accessed 31 January 2020 </ref>
  
Brazil's solicitor general's office is suing [[British American Tobacco]] Plc and Philip Morris International to recover the public health treatment costs of tobacco-related diseases over the last five years. <ref> [https://www.bloombergquint.com/onweb/philip-morris-influencer-tobacco-ads-on-social-media-under-fire Philip Morris Influencer Tobacco Ads on Social Media Under Fire], ''Bloomberg'', 22 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref> This move had been praised by the World Health Organisation. <ref> [ https://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-7068245/WHO-praises-Brazil-lawsuit-against-tobacco-giants.html WHO praises Brazil lawsuit against tobacco giants], Mail Online, 24 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>   
+
Brazil's solicitor general's office is suing [[British American Tobacco]] Plc and [[Philip Morris International]] to recover the public health treatment costs of tobacco-related diseases over the last five years. <ref> [https://www.bloombergquint.com/onweb/philip-morris-influencer-tobacco-ads-on-social-media-under-fire Philip Morris Influencer Tobacco Ads on Social Media Under Fire], ''Bloomberg'', 22 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref> This move had been praised by the World Health Organization. <ref> [https://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-7068245/WHO-praises-Brazil-lawsuit-against-tobacco-giants.html WHO praises Brazil lawsuit against tobacco giants], ''Mail Online'', 24 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>   
  
 
A full list of tobacco industry litigation cases can be found [https://takeapartwiki.tobaccofreekids.org/index.php?title=Tobacco_Control_Litigation here].
 
A full list of tobacco industry litigation cases can be found [https://takeapartwiki.tobaccofreekids.org/index.php?title=Tobacco_Control_Litigation here].
  
Souza Cruz (a subsidiary of British American Tobacco ) was sentenced to pay around USD 180,000 to the widow of a smoker in Caxias do Sul. According ACT, this is the 1st time that the responsibility of the tobacco industry is recognized. Historically in Brazil, the industry has won all lawsuits filed by victims or relatives. <ref> [http://actbr.org.br/post/empresa-de-cigarros-e-condenada-a-pagar-r-637-mil-para-viuva-de-fumante-de-caxias-do-sul/17755/?fbclid=IwAR0RzPcuJNhNthF3PGMnmbrh2d28xFw1bZ-iUBjURDXpEQI7xQKm687UVp0 Empresa de cigarros é condenada a pagar R$ 637 mil para viúva de fumante de Caxias do Sul], ''ACT'', 30 January 2019, Accessed 15 April 2019 </ref> In a lawsuit, filed in the High Court in Auckland, Philip Morris (New Zealand) is suing British American Tobacco (New Zealand), alleging its larger rival is breaching competition law by locking retailers into contracts designed to preserve its dominance in a NZD 2.5 billion market. <ref> [http://www.sharechat.co.nz/article/bbece5d0/big-tobacco-firms-clash-in-nz-as-philip-morris-sues-bat-for-anti-competitive-behaviour.html BIG TOBACCO FIRMS CLASH IN NZ AS PHILIP MORRIS SUES BAT FOR ANTI-COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOUR], Sharechat.co.nz, 22 March 2018, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref>
+
Souza Cruz (a subsidiary of British American Tobacco) was sentenced to pay around USD 180,000 to the widow of a smoker in Caxias do Sul. According to ACT, this is the 1st time that the responsibility of the tobacco industry is recognized. Historically in Brazil, the industry has won all lawsuits filed by victims or relatives. <ref> [http://actbr.org.br/post/empresa-de-cigarros-e-condenada-a-pagar-r-637-mil-para-viuva-de-fumante-de-caxias-do-sul/17755/?fbclid=IwAR0RzPcuJNhNthF3PGMnmbrh2d28xFw1bZ-iUBjURDXpEQI7xQKm687UVp0 Empresa de cigarros é condenada a pagar R$ 637 mil para viúva de fumante de Caxias do Sul], ''ACT'', 30 January 2019, Accessed 15 April 2019 </ref> In a lawsuit, filed in the High Court in Auckland, Philip Morris (New Zealand) is suing British American Tobacco (New Zealand), alleging its larger rival is breaching competition law by locking retailers into contracts designed to preserve its dominance in a NZD 2.5 billion market. <ref> [http://www.sharechat.co.nz/article/bbece5d0/big-tobacco-firms-clash-in-nz-as-philip-morris-sues-bat-for-anti-competitive-behaviour.html BIG TOBACCO FIRMS CLASH IN NZ AS PHILIP MORRIS SUES BAT FOR ANTI-COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOUR], Sharechat.co.nz, 22 March 2018, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref>
  
In 2015, British American Tobacco, [[Philip Morris International]] and [[Japan Tobacco International|Japan Tobacco]] ordered to pay CAD 12.5 billion in damages to Quebec smokers. <ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/tobacco-firms-ordered-to-pay-12-5-billion-in-canada-1433242864 Tobacco Firms Ordered to Pay $12.5 Billion to Smokers in Canada], ''The Wall Street Journal'', 2 June 2015, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref>
+
In 2015, British American Tobacco, [[Philip Morris International]] and [[Japan Tobacco International|Japan Tobacco]] were ordered to pay CAD 12.5 billion in damages to Quebec smokers. <ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/tobacco-firms-ordered-to-pay-12-5-billion-in-canada-1433242864 Tobacco Firms Ordered to Pay $12.5 Billion to Smokers in Canada], ''The Wall Street Journal'', 2 June 2015, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref>
  
In 2014, [[Philip Morris International]] and British American Tobacco, with support from other companies including [[Imperial Brands|Imperial Tobacco]] and [[Japan Tobacco International]],made a legal bid to have new European Union picture health warnings and a ban on menthol cigarettes overturned. <ref> [https://uk.finance.yahoo.com/news/tobacco-firms-fight-eu-picture-153435915.html?guccounter=1 Tobacco Firms Fight EU Picture Health Warning], ''Yahoo! Finance'', 3 November 2014, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref>
+
In 2014, [[Philip Morris International]] and British American Tobacco, with support from other companies including [[Imperial Brands|Imperial Tobacco]] and [[Japan Tobacco International]], made a legal bid to have new European Union picture health warnings and a ban on menthol cigarettes overturned. <ref> [https://uk.finance.yahoo.com/news/tobacco-firms-fight-eu-picture-153435915.html?guccounter=1 Tobacco Firms Fight EU Picture Health Warning], ''Yahoo! Finance'', 3 November 2014, Accessed 18 December 2018 </ref>
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
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===Lobbying===
 
===Lobbying===
 
====Australia====
 
====Australia====
Strategic public affairs firm [https://www.whmspa.com.au/ Wells Haslem Mayhew] lists British American Tobacco Australia as one of their clients. <ref> Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet website, [https://lobbyists.pmc.gov.au/register/view_agency.cfm?id=503 View Lobbyist Profile], August 2018, Accessed 30 November 2018 </ref>  British American Tobacco Australia wants Western Australia to be the first state in the nation to change its e-cigarette regulations. British American Tobacco Australia has fronted WA's Parliamentary Select Committee on Personal Choice and Community Safety, which is assessing whether the use of electronic cigarettes should be made legal in the state. <ref> [https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-02-22/british-american-tobacco-pushes-for-wa-e-cigarette-regulations/10841780 British American Tobacco pushes for e-cigarette regulations, saying WA could 'champion' change], ''ABC'', 22 February 2019, Accessed 29 April 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco has previously donated to one of Australia’s most prominent right-wing think tank, the [https://ipa.org.au/ Institute of Public Affairs]. <ref> [https://thenewdaily.com.au/news/national/2018/07/24/ipa-membership-donors/ Institute of Public Affairs growing but think tank remains tight-lipped about donors], ''The New Daily'', July 2018, Accessed 2 October 2018</ref>
+
Strategic public affairs firm [https://www.whmspa.com.au/ Wells Haslem Mayhew] lists British American Tobacco Australia as one of their clients. <ref> Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet website, [https://lobbyists.pmc.gov.au/register/view_agency.cfm?id=503 View Lobbyist Profile], August 2018, Accessed 30 November 2018 </ref>  British American Tobacco Australia wants Western Australia to be the first state in the nation to change its e-cigarette regulations. British American Tobacco Australia has fronted WA's Parliamentary Select Committee on Personal Choice and Community Safety, which is assessing whether the use of electronic cigarettes should be made legal in the state. <ref> [https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-02-22/british-american-tobacco-pushes-for-wa-e-cigarette-regulations/10841780 British American Tobacco pushes for e-cigarette regulations, saying WA could 'champion' change], ''ABC'', 22 February 2019, Accessed 29 April 2019 </ref> British American Tobacco has previously donated to one of Australia’s most prominent right-wing think tanks, the [https://ipa.org.au/ Institute of Public Affairs]. <ref> [https://thenewdaily.com.au/news/national/2018/07/24/ipa-membership-donors/ Institute of Public Affairs growing but think tank remains tight-lipped about donors], ''The New Daily'', July 2018, Accessed 2 October 2018</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Bangladesh====
 +
The government of Bangladesh has set the target of making Bangladesh tobacco-free by 2040, while it still holds 9.49 percent share in British American Tobacco Bangladesh. <ref>[http://www.dailyamarsangbad.com/138401/%e0%a6%ac%e0%a6%9b%e0%a6%b0%e0%a7%87-%e0%a6%ae%e0%a6%b0%e0%a6%9b%e0%a7%87-%e0%a6%b8%e0%a7%8b%e0%a7%9f%e0%a6%be-%e0%a6%b2%e0%a6%be%e0%a6%96-%e0%a6%ae%e0%a6%be%e0%a6%a8%e0%a7%81%e0%a6%b7/ বছরে মরছে সোয়া লাখ মানুষ], ''dailyamarsangbad'', 9 December 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Czech Republic====
 +
British American Tobacco is proposing an increased excise tax on heated cigarettes in the Czech Republic to at least 80% of the tax rate for conventional cigarettes, a move that would harm its competitor Philip Morris International. The company supports this step and claims that there is currently no evidence to suggest that heated cigarettes are less harmful than conventional tobacco products. <ref>[https://www.investicniweb.cz/news-british-american-tobacco-navrhuje-zvyseni-dane-ze-zahrivaneho-tabaku/ British American Tobacco navrhuje zvýšení daně u zahřívaného tabáku], ''Investicni Web'', 23 June 2020, Accessed 20 July 2020 </ref>
  
 
====European Union====
 
====European Union====
Think-tanks from multiple countries received funding from British American Tobacco, [[Japan Tobacco International]] and [[Philip Morris International]], alongside governments as they argued against tobacco controls. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/23/tobacco-industry-free-market-thinktanks-cigarette-controls Tobacco industry free market thinktanks cigarette controls], ''The Guardian'', 23 January 2019, Accessed 16 April 2019 </ref> According to Politico, among the lobbyists on the EU Transparency Register, representing British American Tobacco are [http://www.bernstein-group.com/?lang=en Bernstein Public Policy] and [https://thisisredflag.com/ Red Flag]. <ref>[https://www.politico.eu/article/tobacco-lobbyists-demand-say-in-eu-debate-on-tobacco-lobbying-european-parliament-european-ombudsman-emily-oreilly/ Tobacco lobbyists demand say in EU debate on … tobacco lobbying], ''Politico'', April 2016, Accessed 12 September 2018</ref>  
+
Think tanks from multiple countries received funding from British American Tobacco, [[Japan Tobacco International]] and [[Philip Morris International]], alongside governments as they argued against tobacco controls. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/23/tobacco-industry-free-market-thinktanks-cigarette-controls Tobacco industry free market thinktanks cigarette controls], ''The Guardian'', 23 January 2019, Accessed 16 April 2019 </ref> According to Politico, among the lobbyists on the EU Transparency Register, representing British American Tobacco are [http://www.bernstein-group.com/?lang=en Bernstein Public Policy] and [https://thisisredflag.com/ Red Flag]. <ref>[https://www.politico.eu/article/tobacco-lobbyists-demand-say-in-eu-debate-on-tobacco-lobbying-european-parliament-european-ombudsman-emily-oreilly/ Tobacco lobbyists demand say in EU debate on … tobacco lobbying], ''Politico'', April 2016, Accessed 12 September 2018</ref>  
  
A campaign by Forest EU, funded by Japan Tobacco International, British American Tobacco and members of the European Smoking Tobacco Associations, paints a picture that is out of touch with the reality of EU legislation and the economic and societal effects of smoking in its many forms. <ref>[https://www.theparliamentmagazine.eu/articles/partner_article/efa/making-europe-smoke-free-environment  Making Europe a smoke-free environment], The Parliament Magazine, 21 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
+
A campaign by Forest EU, funded by Japan Tobacco International, British American Tobacco and members of the European Smoking Tobacco Associations, paints a picture that is out of touch with the reality of EU legislation and the economic and societal effects of smoking in its many forms. <ref>[https://www.theparliamentmagazine.eu/articles/partner_article/efa/making-europe-smoke-free-environment  Making Europe a smoke-free environment], ''The Parliament Magazine'', 21 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
  
  
Line 2,239: Line 2,322:
 
|26 September 2018
 
|26 September 2018
 
|25 September 2019
 
|25 September 2019
|-
 
|Thomas Compernolle {{r|BAT_TB}}
 
|Active
 
|18 April 2019
 
|30 April 2020
 
|-
 
|Devrla Gleeson {{r|BAT_TB}}
 
|Active
 
|26 February 2019
 
|20 February 2020
 
|-
 
|Ruth Gunning {{r|BAT_TB}}
 
|Active
 
|26 February 2019
 
|20 February 2020
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Federica Patalano {{r|BAT_TB}}
 
|Federica Patalano {{r|BAT_TB}}
 
|Active
 
|Active
|21 September 2018
+
|21 September 2019
|20 September 2019
+
|18 September 2020
|-
 
|Christa Pelsers {{r|BAT_TB}}
 
|Active
 
|26 February 2019
 
|20 February 2020  
 
 
|-
 
|-
|Nicole Scourti {{r|BAT_TB}}
+
|Eric Sensi-Minautier {{r|BAT_TB}}
 
|Active  
 
|Active  
|26 February 2019
+
|13 February 2020
|20 February 2020
+
|28 February 2021
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
EU Transparency register lists British American Tobacco as a member of various associations and networks around the world, including:{{r|BAT_TB}}
+
In 2019, British American Tobacco appeared to have a large lobbying contract with the revenue of  EUR 500,000 - 599,999 with EUTOP Europe GmbH. <ref>
*AmCham EU
+
European Transparency Register, [https://ec.europa.eu/transparencyregister/public/consultation/displaylobbyist.do?id=171298025234-65 EUTOP Europe GmbH], Accessed 27 July 2020 </ref>
*British Chamber of Commerce Belgium
+
British American Tobacco also used BDL Lobbying Srl for lobbying in 2019 with the revenue for the company of EUR 100,000 - 199,999 <ref>
*BusinessEurope
+
European Transparency Register, [https://ec.europa.eu/transparencyregister/public/consultation/displaylobbyist.do?id=638996717979-40 BDL Lobbying Srl], Accessed 27 July 2020 </ref> and Business Platform Europe with the revenue of 10,000 - 24,999 between July 2018 and June 2019. <ref>
*Institute of Economics Affairs
+
European Transparency Register, [https://ec.europa.eu/transparencyregister/public/consultation/displaylobbyist.do?id=780330912492-15 Business Platform Europe], Accessed 27 July 2020 </ref>.
*Kangaroo Group
+
 
*International Chamber of Commerce UK
+
In 2019, British American Tobacco had an estimated annual cost related to activities covered by the European Transparency Registry in the amount of EUR 2,250,000 - 2,499,999. {{r|BAT_TB}} EU Transparency register lists British American Tobacco as a member of various associations and networks around the world, including: AmCham EU, British Chamber of Commerce Belgium, BusinessEurope, Institute of Economics Affairs (IEA), Kangaroo Group, International Chamber of Commerce UK, INTA, CBI, ICC BASCAP, CECCM (now Tobacco Europe), ESTA, ECMA, CEPS. {{r|BAT_TB}}
*INTA
 
*CBI
 
*ICC BASCAP
 
*CECCM
 
*ESTA
 
*ECMA
 
*CEPS
 
  
 
====Kenya====
 
====Kenya====
Researchers have previously suggested British American Tobacco has undue influence over the Kenyan government and is in breach of WHO tobacco convention. The company has been accused of intimidation and interference in the country. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/mar/02/tobacco-industry-accused-intimidation-interference-kenya Tobacco industry accused of 'intimidation and interference' in Kenya], ''The Guardain'', 3 March 2015, Accessed 19 December 2018 </ref>
+
Researchers have previously suggested British American Tobacco has undue influence over the Kenyan government and is in breach of the WHO tobacco convention. The company has been accused of intimidation and interference in the country. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/mar/02/tobacco-industry-accused-intimidation-interference-kenya Tobacco industry accused of 'intimidation and interference' in Kenya], ''The Guardain'', 3 March 2015, Accessed 19 December 2018 </ref>
In July 2017, the Guardian revealed that in Kenya and Uganda, British American Tobacco is seeking to prevent the government from taking preventative measures against tobacco. <ref> [http://stories.publiceye.ch/tobacco/ The blazing success of Swiss cigarettes in Africa], ''Public Eye'', January 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
+
In July 2017, the Guardian revealed that in Kenya and Uganda, British American Tobacco is seeking to prevent the government from taking preventative measures against tobacco. <ref> [http://stories.publiceye.ch/tobacco/ The blazing success of Swiss cigarettes in Africa], ''Public Eye'', January 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref> In 2019, the Kenya Tobacco Control Alliance called upon the National Treasury to investigate cigarette manufacturer British American Tobacco alliance over alleged tax avoidance. This follows a report by Tax Justice Network that revealed how British American Tobacco avoids taxes in low and middle-income countries which is not in line with the World Health Organization recommendation for tobacco taxes to be raised up to 70 per cent. Chief Executive Officer for Consumer International Network, Samuel Ochieng, also mentioned BAT could be increasingly evading taxes since they allegedly bribe the policy makers as well as some KRA officials. <ref>[https://www.capitalfm.co.ke/business/2019/05/cigarette-manufacturer-bat-on-the-spot-for-tax-avoidance/ Cigarette manufacturer BAT on the spot for tax avoidance], ''Capital Business'', 27 May 2019, Accessed 31 January 2020 </ref>
  
 
====Pakistan====
 
====Pakistan====
In 2018, [[Philip Morris International]] Inc and British American Tobacco Plc lobbied Pakistan’s government to not implement bigger health warnings on cigarette packs. British American Tobacco, through its local subsidiary, also lobbied then Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi with a letter and met Pakistani officials, according to government documents and a review of the October 2017 correspondence. <ref> [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-pakistan-tobacco-insight/pakistan-diluted-proposed-tobacco-health-warnings-after-philip-morris-bat-lobbying-idUSKCN1IU11R Pakistan diluted proposed tobacco health warnings after Philip Morris, BAT lobbying], ''Reuters'', 29 May 2018, Accessed 19 December 2018 </ref>
+
In 2018, [[Philip Morris International]] Inc and British American Tobacco Plc lobbied Pakistan’s government not to implement bigger health warnings on cigarette packs. British American Tobacco, through its local subsidiary, also lobbied then Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi with a letter and met Pakistani officials, according to government documents and a review of the October 2017 correspondence. <ref> [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-pakistan-tobacco-insight/pakistan-diluted-proposed-tobacco-health-warnings-after-philip-morris-bat-lobbying-idUSKCN1IU11R Pakistan diluted proposed tobacco health warnings after Philip Morris, BAT lobbying], ''Reuters'', 29 May 2018, Accessed 19 December 2018 </ref>
  
 
====South Africa====
 
====South Africa====
Philip Morris South Africa previously contributed to the Free Market Foundation, a South African libertarian think-tank.<ref>Free Market Foundation, [https://web.archive.org/web/20130315120814/http://www.freemarketfoundation.com:80/about/members Members], Accessed 20 October 2018 </ref>
+
British American Tobacco has accused the South African Government of being “unreasonable and maintaining the cigarettes ban for ulterior purposes”. British American Tobacco warned that cigarette sales are likely to fall in the second quarter of 2020, with trade, consumer stocks and revenue growth taking a hit in the country as the government this week reneged on its promises to reopen the market under phase 4 of the Covid-19 lockdown regulations.<ref>[https://zimbabwevoice.com/2020/05/03/british-american-tobacco-fights-sa-govt-over-cigarette-sales-ban/ British American Tobacco fights SA Govt over cigarette sales ban], ''Zimbabwe Voice'', 1 May 2020, Accessed 14 May 2020 </ref> The company taken a decision not to take legal action against government over the ban of cigarette sales. The company initially said it would head to court to have the ban overturned. <ref>[https://www.enca.com/news/bat-wont-pursue-court-action-against-cigarettes-ban BAT won't pursue court action against cigarettes ban], ''ENCA'', 6 May 2020, Accessed 14 May 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
====Switzerland====
 +
British American Tobacco invited the press to a meet & greet with the company’s Swiss CEO Mads Larsen and Austrian professor, Bernd Mayer. Mayer spoke about the “benefits of e-cigarettes as an alternative for smokers”. Two parliamentarians were also in attendance.<ref>[https://www.letemps.ch/economie/bat-simmisce-debat-lecigarette BAT s’immisce dans le débat sur l’e-cigarette ], ''Le Temps'', 27 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
  
 
====Uganda====
 
====Uganda====
 +
British American Tobacco Uganda has asked the government to lift a ban on e-cigarettes as it seeks growth opportunities in a tough business environment. <ref> [https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/business/BAT-Uganda-wants-e-cigarette-ban-lifted/2560-5476804-tbq6a7/index.html BAT Uganda wants ban on e-cigarettes lifted], The East African, 3 March 2020, Accessed 15 March 2020</ref>
 +
 
In July 2017, the Guardian revealed that in Kenya and Uganda, British American Tobacco is seeking to prevent the government from taking preventative measures against tobacco. <ref> [http://stories.publiceye.ch/tobacco/ The blazing success of Swiss cigarettes in Africa], ''Public Eye'', January 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
 
In July 2017, the Guardian revealed that in Kenya and Uganda, British American Tobacco is seeking to prevent the government from taking preventative measures against tobacco. <ref> [http://stories.publiceye.ch/tobacco/ The blazing success of Swiss cigarettes in Africa], ''Public Eye'', January 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
  
 
====Ukraine====
 
====Ukraine====
The Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine fined four cigarette manufacturers and distributors, including Philip Morris, JTI Ukraine, Imperial Tobacco, British American Tobacco, as well as the Tedis-Ukraine distributor will appeal the decision of the Antimonopoly Committee for a fine of UAH 6.5 billion (USD 265 million). The AMCU says there was producers' conspiracy to prevent new potential participants from entering the tobacco distribution market. <ref>[https://korrespondent.net/business/companies/4148556-tabachnye-kompanyy-budut-sudytsia-s-amku-yz-za-shtrafa-v-65-mlrd-hrn Табачные компании будут судиться с АМКУ из-за штрафа в 6,5 млрд грн], Korrespondent, 10 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
+
The Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine fined four cigarette manufacturers and distributors, including [[Philip Morris]], JTI Ukraine, [[Imperial Tobacco]], British American Tobacco, as well as the Tedis-Ukraine distributor, who  will appeal the decision of the Antimonopoly Committee for a fine of UAH 6.5 billion (USD 265 million). The AMCU claims there was a producers' conspiracy to prevent new potential participants from entering the tobacco distribution market. <ref>[https://korrespondent.net/business/companies/4148556-tabachnye-kompanyy-budut-sudytsia-s-amku-yz-za-shtrafa-v-65-mlrd-hrn Табачные компании будут судиться с АМКУ из-за штрафа в 6,5 млрд грн], ''Korrespondent'', 10 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
  
In March 2017, Cabinet of Ministers approved a draft bill on ratification of the WHO FCTC Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products2 and the Ministry of Health submitted the draft bill to the Presidential Administration for ratification; however, the Administration returned the draft bill twice citing “technical issues”. The bill still remains unratified. In 2018, Ukraine's Fiscal Service signed a Memorandum
+
In March 2017, Cabinet of Ministers approved a draft bill on ratification of the WHO FCTC Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products. The Ministry of Health submitted the draft bill to the Presidential Administration for ratification; however, the Administration returned the draft bill twice citing “technical issues”. The bill still remains unratified. In 2018, Ukraine's Fiscal Service signed a Memorandum
 
of Understanding with “Ukrtiutiun” (Ukrainian Association of Tobacco Producers, which represents [[Philip Morris International]], British American Tobacco, [[Japan Tobacco International]], and [[Imperial Tobacco]]), showing the Government's acceptance of the tobacco industry’s assistance to tackle the illicit trade in tobacco.{{r|GTII_2019|p=12}}
 
of Understanding with “Ukrtiutiun” (Ukrainian Association of Tobacco Producers, which represents [[Philip Morris International]], British American Tobacco, [[Japan Tobacco International]], and [[Imperial Tobacco]]), showing the Government's acceptance of the tobacco industry’s assistance to tackle the illicit trade in tobacco.{{r|GTII_2019|p=12}}
  
 
====United Kingdom====
 
====United Kingdom====
CTF Partners, owned by Lynton Crosby, is a registered lobbyist for British American Tobacco on “issues impacting domestic tobacco industry”. <ref>[https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/opendemocracyuk/why-is-johnsons-campaign-managers-firm-bragging-about-links-to-british-politicians/ Why is Johnson’s campaign manager’s firm bragging about links to British politicians?], ''Open Democracy'', 21 June 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019</ref> The 2018 Freedom of information requests revealed that the U.K. Foreign Office and the Department for International Trade had been championing the interests of British American Tobacco in the past. This is despite the government being forced to draw up new guidelines for UK embassy staff after it emerged in 2012 that the UK ambassador had been lobbying the Panama government on behalf of company. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/jan/27/british-embassies-promote-tobacco-abroad-hypocrisy UK accused of hypocrisy on overseas tobacco control], ''The Guardian'', 28 January 2018, Accessed 4 December 2018 </ref>
+
[[Philip Morris International]], [[British American Tobacco]], [[Japan Tobacco International]], [[Imperial Brands]] and Juul are all members if the UK Vaping Industry Association (UKVIA), the United Kingdom's leading forum for supporting, developing and promoting the vaping industry. <ref> UKVIA website, [http://www.ukvia.co.uk/who-we-are/ Who we are], 12 February 2020 </ref>
 +
 
 +
The former MP Byron Davies held a reception with British American Tobacco in a parliamentary dining room in November 2016. Craig Mackinlay, a Conservative MP, hosted a roundtable for the Tobacco Manufacturers’ Association in October 2016. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/dec/29/tory-and-dup-mps-criticised-wining-dining-tobacco-firms Tory and DUP MPs criticised for ‘wining and dining’ tobacco firms], ''The Guardian'', 29 November 2017, Accessed 12 February 2020 </ref>  CTF Partners, owned by Lynton Crosby, is a registered lobbyist for British American Tobacco on “issues impacting domestic tobacco industry”. <ref>[https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/opendemocracyuk/why-is-johnsons-campaign-managers-firm-bragging-about-links-to-british-politicians/ Why is Johnson’s campaign manager’s firm bragging about links to British politicians?], ''Open Democracy'', 21 June 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019</ref> 2018 Freedom of information requests revealed that the U.K. Foreign Office and the Department for International Trade had been championing the interests of British American Tobacco in the past. This is despite the government being forced to draw up new guidelines for UK embassy staff after it emerged in 2012 that the UK ambassador had been lobbying the Panama government on behalf of the company. <ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/jan/27/british-embassies-promote-tobacco-abroad-hypocrisy UK accused of hypocrisy on overseas tobacco control], ''The Guardian'', 28 January 2018, Accessed 4 December 2018 </ref>
  
 
====United States====
 
====United States====
Line 2,315: Line 2,378:
 
!'''Lobbying Firm Hired || Amount <ref name="BAT_OS2019"> Open Secrets website, [https://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientlbs.php?id=D000067317&year=2019 Lobbyists representing British American Tobacco, 2019], Accessed 23 July 2019 </ref>|| Subsidiary (Lobbied For) {{r|BAT_OS2019|}} || Lobbyists Hired''' {{r|BAT_OS2019|}}'''
 
!'''Lobbying Firm Hired || Amount <ref name="BAT_OS2019"> Open Secrets website, [https://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientlbs.php?id=D000067317&year=2019 Lobbyists representing British American Tobacco, 2019], Accessed 23 July 2019 </ref>|| Subsidiary (Lobbied For) {{r|BAT_OS2019|}} || Lobbyists Hired''' {{r|BAT_OS2019|}}'''
 
|-
 
|-
| 10 Square Solutions || $30,000 || Reynolds American || Copher, Michael  
+
| 10 Square Solutions || 30,000 || Reynolds American || Copher, Michael  
 
|-
 
|-
| Aduston Consulting || $20,000 || Reynolds American || Gallant, Karl M
+
| Aduston Consulting || 20,000 || Reynolds American || Gallant, Karl M
 
|-
 
|-
| ATS Communications || $20,000 || Reynolds American || Silbey, Alex
+
| ATS Communications || 20,000 || Reynolds American || Silbey, Alex
 
|-
 
|-
| Ballard Partners || $110,000 || Reynolds American || Ballard, Brian; Benn, Rebecca; Lukis, Sylvester; Mcfaul, Dan
+
| Ballard Partners || 110,000 || Reynolds American || Ballard, Brian; Benn, Rebecca; Lukis, Sylvester; Mcfaul, Dan
 
|-
 
|-
| BGR Group || $60,000 || Reynolds American || Barbour, Haley; Boyer, Dave; Stone, John
+
| BGR Group || 60,000 || Reynolds American || Barbour, Haley; Boyer, Dave; Stone, John
 
|-
 
|-
| Capitol Counsel || $20,000 || Reynolds American || Boustany, Charles Jr; Eannello, Joseph; Olander, David; Raffaelli, John D
+
| Capitol Counsel || 20,000 || Reynolds American || Boustany, Charles Jr; Eannello, Joseph; Olander, David; Raffaelli, John D
 
|-
 
|-
| Coffee &amp; Assoc || $0 || Reynolds American || Coffee, Roy C; DiStefano, David
+
| Coffee &amp; Assoc || 0 || Reynolds American || Coffee, Roy C; DiStefano, David
 
|-
 
|-
| CTF Global || $5,000 || Reynolds American || Grossman, Lawrence C
+
| CTF Global || 5,000 || Reynolds American || Grossman, Lawrence C
 
|-
 
|-
| DiStefano, David || $0 || Reynolds American || DiStefano, David
+
| DiStefano, David || 0 || Reynolds American || DiStefano, David
 
|-
 
|-
| Greenberg Traurig LLP || $40,000 || Reynolds American || McKay, K Laurie; Phillips, Katie; Wynn, Albert R; Zausner, L Andrew
+
| Greenberg Traurig LLP || 40,000 || Reynolds American || McKay, K Laurie; Phillips, Katie; Wynn, Albert R; Zausner, L Andrew
 
|-
 
|-
| Guidepost Strategies || $60,000 || Reynolds American || Cox, Phil
+
| Guidepost Strategies || 60,000 || Reynolds American || Cox, Phil
 
|-
 
|-
| Hecht, Latham et al || $40,000 || Reynolds American || Hecht, Timothy P;Latham, Tom; Phifer, Franklin C Jr
+
| Hecht, Latham et al || 40,000 || Reynolds American || Hecht, Timothy P;Latham, Tom; Phifer, Franklin C Jr
 
|-
 
|-
| HR Strategies || $20,000 || Reynolds American || Hannegan, Timothy; Rosenbaum, Jerr
+
| HR Strategies || 20,000 || Reynolds American || Hannegan, Timothy; Rosenbaum, Jerr
 
|-
 
|-
| King &amp; Spalding || $10,000 || Reynolds American || Spulak, Thomas J
+
| King &amp; Spalding || 10,000 || Reynolds American || Spulak, Thomas J
 
|-
 
|-
| LeMunyon Group || $20,000 || Reynolds American || Lemunyon, Glenn B
+
| LeMunyon Group || 20,000 || Reynolds American || Lemunyon, Glenn B
 
|-
 
|-
| Potomac Group || $30,000 || Reynolds American || Smith, G Wayne
+
| Potomac Group || 30,000 || Reynolds American || Smith, G Wayne
 
|-
 
|-
| Randall Davis Assoc || $10,000 || Reynolds American || Davis, Randall E
+
| Randall Davis Assoc || 10,000 || Reynolds American || Davis, Randall E
 
|-
 
|-
| Reynolds American || $790,000 || Reynolds American || Anderson, Lakeitha; Haselwood, Rich L; Hogg, Jeffrey; Moon, Cara; Okereke, Flora
+
| Reynolds American || 790,000 || Reynolds American || Anderson, Lakeitha; Haselwood, Rich L; Hogg, Jeffrey; Moon, Cara; Okereke, Flora
 
|-
 
|-
| Robin, Tallon &amp; Assoc || $15,000 || Reynolds American || Tallon, Robin
+
| Robin, Tallon &amp; Assoc || 15,000 || Reynolds American || Tallon, Robin
 
|-
 
|-
| Rowland Strategy Group || $45,000 || Reynolds American || Rowland, James A
+
| Rowland Strategy Group || 45,000 || Reynolds American || Rowland, James A
 
|-
 
|-
| Ruhlen Strategies || $30,000 || Reynolds American || Ruhlen, Stephen S
+
| Ruhlen Strategies || 30,000 || Reynolds American || Ruhlen, Stephen S
 
|-
 
|-
| Smith-Free Group || $60,000 || Reynolds American || Deuser, Jon SR; Locke, W Timothy
+
| Smith-Free Group || 60,000 || Reynolds American || Deuser, Jon SR; Locke, W Timothy
 
|-
 
|-
| The Policy Group || $0 || Reynolds American || Wall, Chris
+
| The Policy Group || 0 || Reynolds American || Wall, Chris
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 2,385: Line 2,448:
 
Wall Street Journal reported British American Tobacco plans to challenge possible restrictions on menthol cigarettes in the United States and argue that a ban in Canada hasn’t reduced smoking rates. <ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/newport-owner-bat-sets-out-defense-of-menthols-11551365314 Newport Owner BAT Sets Out Defense of Menthols], ''Wall Street Journal'', 28 February 2019, Accessed 21 April 2019 </ref>
 
Wall Street Journal reported British American Tobacco plans to challenge possible restrictions on menthol cigarettes in the United States and argue that a ban in Canada hasn’t reduced smoking rates. <ref>[https://www.wsj.com/articles/newport-owner-bat-sets-out-defense-of-menthols-11551365314 Newport Owner BAT Sets Out Defense of Menthols], ''Wall Street Journal'', 28 February 2019, Accessed 21 April 2019 </ref>
  
===Think-tanks & International Organizations===
+
===Think-tanks, Legal & International Organizations===
 
+
 
{| class="wikitable"
+
{{BATPartnerTableThinkTankInternational}}
! style="font-weight:bold;width=10%" |Name
 
! style="font-weight:bold;width=10%" |Years Funded
 
! style="font-weight:bold;width=20%" |Notes
 
|-
 
|Americans for Prosperity Foundation
 
|2011-2014
 
|In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it donated to Americans for Prosperity, but did not disclose which years.  <ref name="Guardian_BAT">  [https://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2019/jan/23/free-market-thinktanks-tobacco-control-polices-database#null/?null Free-market groups and the tobacco industry - full database], ''The Guardian'', April 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
 
|-
 
|Americans for Tax Reform
 
|2015-2017
 
| In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco and British American Tobacco both disclosed it donated to Americans for Tax Reform, though did not disclose which years.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|The Atlas Network
 
|2016
 
|The Atlas Network is a thinktank based in Arlington, Virginia, which says it has more than 490 "partner" thinktanks in more than 90 countries around the world. In two annual reports in 2015 and 2016, the group said it received donations from British American Tobacco.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Canadian Taxpayers Federation
 
|NA
 
|The group receives support from the Canadian Tobacco Manufacturers Council, which is supported by companies including British American Tobacco.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|National Taxpayers Union
 
| 2012, 2017
 
| In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Australian Institute for Progress
 
|NA
 
|In 2018, the Australian Institute for Progress also signed onto a letter to the WHO opposing plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarette packs. Johns also consulted for the the International Tax and Investment Center, which at the time received funding from Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Imperial Brands tobacco. In his role at the ITIC, Johns attacked SEATCA as an “instrument of the World Health Organization".{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
In response to questions from the Guardian, the Institute said it is an “independent thinktank and we do work in areas which are significant to us”. Although the group said it does not disclose its funding, British American Tobacco said it had not supported AIP. {{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Institute of Public Affairs (IPA)
 
|NA
 
|IPA has a relationship with British American Tobacco Australia and New Zealand "that goes back decades," according to Tobacco Tactics, a database run by the University of Bath, and has repeatedly taken direct funding from tobacco companies.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|New Zealand Taxpayers' Union
 
| NA
 
|New Zealand Taxpayers Union has repeatedly opposed plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarettes packs. Dozens of Atlas thinktanks, including the New Zealand Taxpayers Union, signed open letters to the World Health Organization opposing plain packaging in 2016 and 2018. In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (Ideas)
 
|2015-2017
 
|The Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (Ideas) was one of dozens of free-market thinktanks which opposed plain packaging in a letter to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016 . In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it donated to Ideas, but did not disclose which years.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Austrian Economics Center
 
|NA
 
|The Austrian Economics Center has repeatedly opposed plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarettes packs. Dozens of free-market thinktanks, including the the Austrian Economics Center, signed open letters to the World Health Organization opposing plain packaging in 2016 and 2018. In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco and British American Tobacco both disclosed they donated to the Austrian Economics Center, but did not disclose which years.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Institute of Economic Affairs
 
|2011-2014, 2018
 
|In 2011, the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) co-signed a letter to the editor of the Telegraph calling for a "halt to the relentless campaign to 'denormalise' smoking" and pushing against plain packaging. The same year, British American Tobacco gave more than £10,000 to the IEA, and £20,000 in 2012, according to disclosures by BAT.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|TaxPayers' Alliance
 
|NA
 
|The TaxPayers' Alliance was among a handful of Atlas affiliates which co-signed a letter to the editor of the Telegraph calling for a "halt to the relentless campaign to 'denormalise' smoking" and pushing against plain packaging. In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco disclosed it also donated to the TaxPayer's Alliance, though did not disclose which years, and British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization. {{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Ukrainian Economic Freedoms Foundation
 
|2017
 
|Philip Morris donated $150,000 to the Ukrainian Economic Freedoms Foundation in 2017. In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco disclosed it donated to the Foundation, though did not disclose which years. British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization. In 2016 and 2018, the foundation was one of dozens of Atlas-affiliated thinktanks which signed a letter to the World Health Organization opposing plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarette packs.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Warsaw Enterprise Institute
 
|NA
 
|Warsaw Enterprise Institute was among dozens of free-market thinktanks to oppose plain packaging in an open letter to the World Health Organization in 2018. Plain packaging removes branding from cigarette packs, and is fiercely opposed by tobacco companies. In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it donated to the Warsaw Enterprise Institute, but did not disclose which years.{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Libertad y Desarrollo
 
|2013-2
 
|In 2014, Chilean news reported British American Tobacco Chile funded Libertad y Desarrollo, which worked to delay a vote on the country's tobacco laws. One of the groups founders was named president of BAT Chile the same year. BAT later told the Guardian the payment was "to purchase a technical and political analysis report" written by Libertad y Desarrollo, "which are available for any person or organisation to buy".{{r|Guardian_BAT|}}
 
|-
 
|Forrest EU
 
|2018
 
|Forest EU is supported by the Confederation of European Community Cigarette Manufacturers (CECCM), whose members are Japan Tobacco International (JTI), British American Tobacco (BAT) and Imperial Brands PLC (IMB) and by the members of the European Smoking Tobacco Association (ESTA). Our annual budget in 2018 is EUR 165,000. <ref> Forrest Online, [http://forestonline.eu/about About], Accessed 24 July 2019 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.kangaroogroup.de The Kangaroo Group]
 
|2017 - onging
 
|The Kangaroo Group promotes free trade across the European Union. In 2017, the Group’s tobacco industry members were listed as Barry Ronan from British American Tobacco, Mario Muller from the Confederation of European Community Cigarette Manufacturers, Alan Hardacre from Imperial Tobacco, Kristof Doms from Philip Morris International and Paolo Bochicchio from Japan Tobacco International. <ref> The Kangaroo Group, [https://www.kangaroogroup.de/who-we-are/kangaroo-members/ Kangaroo Members], Accessed 18 September 2019 </ref>
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
 
===Front Groups===
 
===Front Groups===
Line 2,471: Line 2,460:
 
Ceylon Tobacco Company is a part of a consortium of multinational corporations in Sri Lanka known as the [http://lmnc.lk/ League of Multinational Corporates]. [http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/-League-of-Multinational-Corporates-launched-156211.html Business Mirror] described them as a 'business association that will promote the island nation’s economic potential and initiate a dialogue with the government on the issues and opportunities in the investment landscape.' <ref> [http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/-League-of-Multinational-Corporates-launched-156211.html ‘League of Multinational Corporates’ launched], Mirror Business, October 2018, Accessed 12 November 2018 </ref> Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Ceylon Tobacco Company Michael Koest held the chairmanship of the organization as of 2018. <ref> Tobacco unmasked website, [http://tobaccounmasked.lk/index.php?title=League_of_Multinational_Corporates_(LMNC) League of Multinational Corporates (LMNC)], Accessed 4 November 2018 </ref>
 
Ceylon Tobacco Company is a part of a consortium of multinational corporations in Sri Lanka known as the [http://lmnc.lk/ League of Multinational Corporates]. [http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/-League-of-Multinational-Corporates-launched-156211.html Business Mirror] described them as a 'business association that will promote the island nation’s economic potential and initiate a dialogue with the government on the issues and opportunities in the investment landscape.' <ref> [http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/-League-of-Multinational-Corporates-launched-156211.html ‘League of Multinational Corporates’ launched], Mirror Business, October 2018, Accessed 12 November 2018 </ref> Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Ceylon Tobacco Company Michael Koest held the chairmanship of the organization as of 2018. <ref> Tobacco unmasked website, [http://tobaccounmasked.lk/index.php?title=League_of_Multinational_Corporates_(LMNC) League of Multinational Corporates (LMNC)], Accessed 4 November 2018 </ref>
  
The [https://www.eclt.org/en Eliminating Child Labor in Tobacco-Growing] is a front group for tobacco industry interests under the guise of a corporate social responsibility initiative. Eliminating Child Labor in Tobacco-Growing was co-founded by British American Tobacco and represents an alliance of tobacco companies and growers - led exclusively by members of the tobacco industry. In 2016 every member of the board came from tobacco. <ref>Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, [https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/press-releases/2018_06_08_ilo PRESS RELEASE Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids Calls on ILO to Finally Sever Ties with Deadly Tobacco Industry], June 2018, Accessed 30 September 2018 </REF> The Organization has close ties to the United Nation's agency for labot, the International Labour Organization. The partnership has been ongoing since 2002 and seeks to eliminate child labour and promote workers’ rights in tobacco-growing communities in Brazil, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. <ref> [https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/international-geneva_should-the-ilo-maintain-financial-ties-to-the-tobacco-industry-/44506474 Should the ILO maintain financial ties to the tobacco industry?], ''Swiss Info'', October 2018, Accessed 13 September 2018 </REF> In November 2018, the International Labour Organization announced it will no longer rely on tobacco-industry funding for its projects to end child labor and promote workers’ rights in select tobacco growing communities. The International Labour Organization will no longer rely on its public-private partnerships with the tobacco industry to fund projects on addressing child labor and tobacco workers’ rights in the short term. <ref> [https://www.devex.com/news/after-3-deferments-ilo-finally-decides-on-tobacco-industry-funded-projects-93820 After 3 deferments, ILO finally decides on tobacco industry-funded projects], ''Devex'', November 2018, Accessed 30 November 2018 </ref> In 2018, the Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco Growing provided training and communications to farmers and rural community members to raise awareness of human rights issues, which reached over 134,000 beneficiaries in 2018. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=30}}
+
The [https://www.eclt.org/en Eliminating Child Labor in Tobacco-Growing] is a front group for tobacco industry interests under the guise of a corporate social responsibility initiative. Eliminating Child Labor in Tobacco-Growing was co-founded by British American Tobacco and represents an alliance of tobacco companies and growers - led exclusively by members of the tobacco industry. In 2016 every member of the board came from tobacco. <ref>Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, [https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/press-releases/2018_06_08_ilo PRESS RELEASE Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids Calls on ILO to Finally Sever Ties with Deadly Tobacco Industry], June 2018, Accessed 30 September 2018 </REF> The Organization has close ties to the United Nation's agency for labor, the International Labour Organization. The partnership has been ongoing since 2002 and seeks to eliminate child labor and promote workers’ rights in tobacco-growing communities in Brazil, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. <ref> [https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/international-geneva_should-the-ilo-maintain-financial-ties-to-the-tobacco-industry-/44506474 Should the ILO maintain financial ties to the tobacco industry?], ''Swiss Info'', October 2018, Accessed 13 September 2018 </REF> In November 2018, the International Labour Organization announced it will no longer rely on tobacco-industry funding for its projects to end child labor and promote workers’ rights in select tobacco growing communities. The International Labour Organization will no longer rely on its public-private partnerships with the tobacco industry to fund projects on addressing child labor and tobacco workers’ rights in the short term. <ref> [https://www.devex.com/news/after-3-deferments-ilo-finally-decides-on-tobacco-industry-funded-projects-93820 After 3 deferments, ILO finally decides on tobacco industry-funded projects], ''Devex'', November 2018, Accessed 30 November 2018 </ref> In 2018, the Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco Growing provided training and communications to farmers and rural community members to raise awareness of human rights issues, which reached over 134,000 beneficiaries in 2018. {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=30}}
  
 
[http://www.tobaccotactics.org Tobacco Tactics] reported a number of tobacco companies, including British American Tobacco were a donors to the [https://www.atlasnetwork.org/ Atlas Network] in 2015 and 2016. According to the organisation's Wiki "internal tobacco industry documents show the Atlas Network has had a longstanding funding relationship with the tobacco industry." <ref> Tobacco Tactics, [http://www.tobaccotactics.org/index.php?title=Atlas_Network#cite_note-six-8 Atlas Network], Accessed 30 November 2018 </ref>. Full profile on the organisation can be found [http://www.tobaccotactics.org/index.php?title=Atlas_Network#cite_note-six-8 here].
 
[http://www.tobaccotactics.org Tobacco Tactics] reported a number of tobacco companies, including British American Tobacco were a donors to the [https://www.atlasnetwork.org/ Atlas Network] in 2015 and 2016. According to the organisation's Wiki "internal tobacco industry documents show the Atlas Network has had a longstanding funding relationship with the tobacco industry." <ref> Tobacco Tactics, [http://www.tobaccotactics.org/index.php?title=Atlas_Network#cite_note-six-8 Atlas Network], Accessed 30 November 2018 </ref>. Full profile on the organisation can be found [http://www.tobaccotactics.org/index.php?title=Atlas_Network#cite_note-six-8 here].
 
+
 
===Banking, Auditing and Accounting===
+
===Banking and Professional Services===
{| class="wikitable"
+
 
! style="font-weight:bold;width=10%" |Name
+
{{BATPartnerTableProfessionalServices}}
! style="font-weight:bold;width=10%" |Contract Status
 
! style="font-weight:bold;width=20%" |Notes
 
|-
 
|[https://www.cravath.com/ Cravath, Swaine & Moore] (2017)
 
|NA
 
| Six top law firms have advised on British American Tobacco’s mega-buyout of Reynolds American. According to official announcements from BAT and Reynolds, the law firms and other reports, the legal advisers to various groups involved in the deal are: Cravath, Swaine & Moore; Herbert Smith Freehills; Jones Day; Weil, Gotshal & Manges; Moore & Van Allen; and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett. <ref name="BAT_AUSL"> [https://www.australasianlawyer.com.au/news/six-law-firms-act-on-british-american-tobaccos-us49b-takeover-of-reynolds-american-229846.aspx Six law firms act on British American Tobacco’s US$49b takeover of Reynolds American], ''Australasian Lawyer'', January 2017, Accessed 21 October 2018 </ref>   
 
|-
 
|[https://www.shearndelamore.com/ Shearn Delamore & Co.]
 
|NA
 
| Law firm for British American Tobacco Malaysia. <ref name="BAT_TI"> Tobacco Industry Watch website, [https://tobaccowatch.seatca.org/index.php/fact-figure/tobacco-industry/ti-supporter/law-firms/ Lawyers and Law Firms], Accessed 28 December 2018 </ref>   
 
|-
 
|[https://www.wongpartners.com/ Wong & Partners] (Baker & McKenzie International)
 
|NA
 
|Law firm for British American Tobacco Malaysia.{{r|BAT_TI}}       
 
|-
 
|De Borja Marasigan Allado Law Partnership
 
|NA
 
|Law firm for British American Tobacco Philippines.{{r|BAT_TI}}         
 
|-
 
|[https://www.herbertsmithfreehills.com/news/herbert-smith-freehills-advises-british-american-tobacco-on-its-us494-billion-acquisition-of-0 Herbert Smith Freehills] (2017)
 
|Active
 
| Herbert Smith Freehills advised their long-standing client British American Tobacco on a recommended offer to acquire the remaining 57.8 percnt of Reynolds it does not already own, which amounts to a total current value of USD 49.4 billion. <ref> Herbert Smith Freehills,[https://www.herbertsmithfreehills.com/news/herbert-smith-freehills-advises-british-american-tobacco-on-its-us494-billion-acquisition-of-0 HERBERT SMITH FREEHILLS ADVISES BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO ON ITS US$49.4 BILLION ACQUISITION OF REYNOLDS AND US$25 BILLION ACQUISITION FACILITIES], January 2017, Accessed 21 October 2018 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.jonesday.com/ Jones Day] (2017)
 
|NA
 
| Six top law firms have advised on British American Tobacco’s mega-buyout of Reynolds American. According to official announcements from BAT and Reynolds, the law firms and other reports, the legal advisers to various groups involved in the deal are: Cravath, Swaine & Moore; Herbert Smith Freehills; Jones Day; Weil, Gotshal & Manges; Moore & Van Allen; and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett.{{r|BAT_AUSL}}
 
|-
 
|[https://www.weil.com/ Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP] (2017)
 
|NA
 
| Six top law firms have advised on British American Tobacco’s mega-buyout of Reynolds American. According to official announcements from BAT and Reynolds, the law firms and other reports, the legal advisers to various groups involved in the deal are: Cravath, Swaine & Moore; Herbert Smith Freehills; Jones Day; Weil, Gotshal & Manges; Moore & Van Allen; and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett.{{r|BAT_AUSL}}
 
|-
 
|[http://www.mvalaw.com/practices.html Moore&VanAllen] (2017)
 
|NA
 
| Herbert Smith Freehills advised their long-standing client British American Tobacco on a recommended offer to acquire the remaining 57.8 percnt of Reynolds it does not already own, which amounts to a total current value of USD49.4 billion. <ref> Herbert Smith Freehills,[https://www.herbertsmithfreehills.com/news/herbert-smith-freehills-advises-british-american-tobacco-on-its-us494-billion-acquisition-of-0 HERBERT SMITH FREEHILLS ADVISES BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO ON ITS US$49.4 BILLION ACQUISITION OF REYNOLDS AND US$25 BILLION ACQUISITION FACILITIES], January 2017, Accessed 28 October 2018 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.stblaw.com/ Simpson Thacher & Bartlett] (2017)
 
|NA
 
| Six top law firms have advised on British American Tobacco’s mega-buyout of Reynolds American. According to official announcements from BAT and Reynolds, the law firms and other reports, the legal advisers to various groups involved in the deal are: Cravath, Swaine & Moore; Herbert Smith Freehills; Jones Day; Weil, Gotshal & Manges; Moore & Van Allen; and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett.{{r|BAT_AUSL}}
 
|-
 
|[https://home.kpmg.com/us/en/home.html KPMG] (2014)
 
|NA
 
| A KPMG conducted a study for British American Tobacco, [[Imperial Brands|Imperial Tobacco]], [[Japan Tobacco International]] and [[Philip Morris International]] that revealed one in every ten cigarettes consumed in the European Union in 2013 were illicit. <ref> Japan Tobacco International, [https://www.jti.com/our-views/newsroom/one-ten-cigarettes-consumed-eu-2013-were-illegal-dramatic-rise-consumption One in Ten Cigarettes Consumed in the EU in 2013 Were Illegal; Dramatic Rise in Consumption of ‘Illicit Whites’], June 2014, Accessed 21 October 2018 </ref>
 
 
 
KPMG LLP was appointed as the Group Auditors for British American Tobacco in March 2015 and their appointment was confirmed by shareholders at the 2015 AGM. <ref> British American Tobacco, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DCL3B/$FILE/medMDA87PVT.pdf Annual Report 2015], p. 46, Accessed 16 November 2018 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.ey.com/ EY] (2017)
 
|Active
 
| British American Tobacco hired EY to conduct an independent review of the company's sustainability data. <ref> British American Tobacco website, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DKF6T/$FILE/medMDAXGJNP.pdf?openelement INDEPENDENT SUSTAINABILITY ASSURANCE 2017], Accessed 12 November 2018 </ref>
 
Fees:
 
2018: GBP 18,000 {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=105}}
 
2017: GBP 15,000 {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=105}}
 
|-
 
|[https://www2.deloitte.com Deloitte] (2018)
 
|Active
 
| Deloitte provides British American Tobacco with general advice on remuneration matters including: market trends and comparator group analysis; policy review and shareholder engagement perspectives; and independent measurement of the relative TSR performance conditions{{r|BAT_AR2019|p=105}}
 
Fees:
 
 
 
2018: GBP 136,700 {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=105}}
 
2017: GBP 86,000 {{r|BAT_AR2019|p=105}}
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
 
===Marketing, Conferences and PR===
 
===Marketing, Conferences and PR===
  
{| class="wikitable"
+
{{BATPartnerTableMarketingAndPR}}
! style="font-weight:bold;width=10%" |Name
 
! style="font-weight:bold;width=10%" |Contract Status
 
! style="font-weight:bold;width=20%" |Notes
 
|-
 
|[https://lso.co.uk London Symphony Orchestra] (2019)
 
|Active
 
|The London Symphony Orchestra still receives sponsorship from British American Tobacco. <ref> [https://www.theguardian.com/music/2019/oct/07/big-tobacco-is-still-sponsoring-the-arts Big tobacco is still sponsoring the arts], ''The Guardian'', 8 October 2019, Accessed 10 Octoer 2019 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.gtnf.org/2019-agenda Global Tobacco and Nicotine Forum]
 
|Active
 
| David O’Reilly, director of scientific research for British American Tobacco will be one of the speakers at the 2019 Forum in Washington DC. <ref> Global Tobacco and Nicotine Forum website, [https://www.gtnf.org/2019-agenda 2019 agenda], Accessed 13 September 2019 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.politico.eu/ Politico]  (2019)
 
|Active
 
| [[British American Tobacco]] and [[Philip Morris International]] advertised with Politico in June 2019. <ref> [https://www.politico.eu/article/big-tobacco-moves-back-into-advertising/ Big Tobacco moves back into advertising], ''Politico'', 3 July 2019, Accessed 9 July 2019</ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://isontech.info/programme?utm_source=Global IsoNTech Conference] (2019)
 
|Active
 
|Developers, manufactures and distributors of eCigsar invited to demonstrate new products and discuss their design and development at IsoNTech Conference. Representatives from [[British American Tobacco]] (Chris Proctor), Philip Morris International (Gizelle Baker) and Juul (Erik Augustson) were present. <ref> IsoNTech Conference website, [https://isontech.info/programme?utm_source=Global ISoNTech Programme], 13 June 2019 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[http://www.kantar.com/ Kantar Media] (2017)
 
|NA
 
|BAT commissioned Kantar Media in 2017 to conduct a global media review. The review identified the key issues covered by the tobacco industry and FMCG peer companies; relevant national and international regulation; international standards and frameworks, such as the UN Sustainable Development Goals; external reports and allegations regarding BAT or the tobacco industry; and risk monitoring and outlook reports, such as those of the World Economic Forum. <ref> British American Tobacco, [http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWWEKR/$file/Sustainability_Report_2017.pdf Transforming Tobacco Sustainability Report 2017], p.36, May 2018, 8 July 2019 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.fticonsulting-asia.com/ FTI Consulting] (2017)
 
|2015-2018
 
|FTI Consulting is an independent global business advisory firm dedicated to helping organizations manage change, mitigate risk and resolve disputes: financial, legal, operational, political and regulatory, reputational and transactional. Individually, each practice is a leader in its specific field, staffed with experts recognized for the depth of their knowledge and a track record of making an impact.
 
|-
 
|[https://www.geometry.com/ Geometry Global] (2017)
 
|NA
 
|Geometry Global Japan has curated an art installation, “Do-Re-Mi-Rella by glo”. The event is designed for British American Tobacco Japan which launched the next-generation tobacco device “glo” in Sendai in December 2016. <ref> [https://campaignbriefasia.com/2017/06/28/geometry-global-japan-curates/ GEOMETRY GLOBAL JAPAN CURATES AN ART INSTALLATION “DO-RE-MI-RELLA BY GLO” WITH COLOURFUL UMBRELLAS], ''Campaign Brief Asia'', 28 June 2017, Accessed 7 May 2019 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.sardverb.com/ Sard Verbinnen] (2017)
 
|Active
 
|Sard Verbinnen & Co., LLC provides strategic communications advice and services that help clients in managing their position and specific events affecting their reputation, business, and market value. The company also provides services in the areas of corporate positioning that include development of strategies and initiatives based on research, judgment, and thinking for individuals and institutions; and offers communication advisory services to boards and senior management of public and private organizations, as well as small and mid-cap companies.
 
|-
 
|[https://eukconsulting.com/ EUK Consulting] (2017)
 
|Active
 
|EUK Westminster and Brussels based consultancy, bespoke public affairs, lobbying and issues-management services, political consultants, politics, british politics, London parliament. <ref>EUK Consulting, [https://eukconsulting.com/our-clients/ Our Clients], Accessed 12 September 2018 </ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://thisisredflag.com/ Red Flag] (2017)
 
|Active
 
|Red Flag is an international consultancy specialising in strategic communications, government relations, crisis management and regulatory engagement. The company was listed as lobbyists for British American Tobacco in 2016 EU talks regarding implementation of FCTC. <ref>[https://www.politico.eu/article/tobacco-lobbyists-demand-say-in-eu-debate-on-tobacco-lobbying-european-parliament-european-ombudsman-emily-oreilly/ Tobacco lobbyists demand say in EU debate on … tobacco lobbying], ''Politico'', April 2016, Accessed 16 September 2018</ref>
 
|-
 
|[https://www.facebook.com/OgilvyHK/ Ogilvy Hong Kong] (2016)
 
|NA
 
|According to company's website, Ogilvy has been working with British American Tobacco for 15 years. <ref>[http://www.marketing-interactive.com/ogilvy-mather-reclaiming-crown/ Ogilvy & Mather: Reclaiming the Crown], ''Marketing Interactive'', June 2016, Accessed 16 September 2018 </ref>
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist|
 
{{Reflist|
 
refs=
 
refs=
<ref name="BAT_AR_2014">[http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DCL3B/$FILE/medMD9UWNKU.pdf British American Tobacco, 2014, ''Delivering today, Investing in tomorrow, Annual Report 2014''] Accessed 15 September, 2018</ref>
+
<ref name="BAT_AR_2014">[http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DCL3B/$FILE/medMD9UWNKU.pdf British American Tobacco website, 2014, ''Delivering today, Investing in tomorrow, Annual Report 2014''], Accessed 15 September, 2018</ref>
<ref name="BAT_AR_2015">[http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DCL3B/$FILE/medMDA87PVT.pdf British American Tobacco, 2015, ''Delivering today, Investing in tomorrow, Annual Report 2015''] Accessed 16 September, 2018</ref>
+
<ref name="BAT_AR_2015">[http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DCL3B/$FILE/medMDA87PVT.pdf British American Tobacco website, 2015, ''Delivering today, Investing in tomorrow, Annual Report 2015''], Accessed 16 September, 2018</ref>
<ref name="BAT_AR_2017">[http://www.bat.com/group/sites/UK__9D9KCY.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DOAWWGJT/$file/Annual_Report_and_Form_20-F_2017.pdf British American Tobacco, 2017, ''Transforming Tobacco, Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017''] Accessed 16 September, 2018</ref>
+
<ref name="BAT_AR_2017">[http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DCL3B/$FILE/Annual_Report_and_Form_20-F_2017.pdf British American Tobacco website, 2017, ''Transforming Tobacco, Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017''], Accessed 16 September, 2018</ref>
 +
<ref name="BAT_YE_2019">[http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DCL3B/$FILE/medMDBM7CH7.pdf British American Tobacco website, 2019, ''BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO p.l.c. PRELIMINARY ANNOUNCEMENT – YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2019''], Accessed 11 March, 2020</ref>
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 10:41, 27 July 2020

British American Tobacco is one of the leading, multi-category consumer goods companies. It employs over 55,000 people, with market leadership in over 55 countries and factories in 42. Its strategic portfolio is made up of its global cigarette brands and an increasing range of potentially reduced-risk products, comprising vapour and tobacco heating products, as well as oral tobacco and nicotine products such as moist snuff and snus. [1]

Company Overview[edit]

British American Tobacco is the largest international tobacco company by revenue. [2] British American Tobacco is a publicly traded company based in London. In 2018, British American Tobacco opperated in over 200 markets with 29 markets selling its heating, vapour, and modern oral products. [3] British American Tobacco is the third largest producer in the global tobacco market, and controls 11.4 percent of the international cigarette market. Top selling brands include Pall Mall, Rothmans, Kent, Dunhill, and Lucky Strike, and these five brands account for more than half of all British American Tobacco cigarette sales.[4] British American Tobacco has a strong presence in Lausanne, Switzerland and at cigarette factory at Boncourt, canton Jura. [5] In 2019, British American Tobacco reported a revenue increase by 5.7 percent to GBP 25,877 million. [6]:2 The company plans to cut 2,300 jobs globally as part of a new "focus on simplification and removal of management layers". [7] At the May 2020 AGM, shareholders signaled their discontent at the annual meeting by narrowly voting against an advisory vote on compensation for the company’s executives. A preliminary result of the votes indicated that about 51% of shareholders voted against the advisory, while 49 percent voted for it. [8]

Management Board[edit]

British American Tobacco independent chairman Richard Burrows is stepping down from his role after more than nine years. [9] The company also announced that, after 30 years with the Company and 11 years as Finance Director, Ben Stevens has informed the Company of his intention to step down as Finance Director in August 2019. He will be succeeded as Finance Director by Tadeu Marroco, currently Director, Group Transformation. [10] Luca Gentile is the new Head of External Relations and Communication of British American Tobacco Italy. [11] In July 2019, British American Tobacco Korea has named Kim Eui-soung as its new CEO. [12]


Name Position Bio
Jack Bowles Chief Executive Jack became British American Tobacco’s Chief Operating Officer for the International Business in October 2017. Joining the Group in 2004, Jack was Chairman of British American Tobacco France in 2005 before taking up the role of Managing Director of British American Tobacco Malaysia in 2007. He joined the Management Board as Regional Director for Western Europe in October 2009 before becoming Regional Director for the Americas in October 2011. He was appointed Regional Director, Asia-Pacific in January 2013, a position he continued to hold until 1 January 2018 when a new regional structure came into effect.[13]
Jerome Abelman Director, Legal and External Affairs And General Counsel Jerry was appointed Director, Legal and External Affairs and General Counsel in May 2015, having joined the Management Board as Group Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Director in January 2015. He has been with the Group for over 15 years and has held a number of roles in Legal. Jerry was Regional General Counsel, Asia-Pacific from 2010 to 2014, before becoming Assistant General Counsel – Corporate and Commercial. Jerry was a member of the Board of Reynolds American Inc. (RAI) from February 2016 until the acquisition of RAI in July 2017.[13]
Marina Bellini Director, Digital and Information Marina was appointed to a new role on the Management Board – Director, Digital and Information – in January 2019. This role is responsible for driving digital transformation across the Group and further enhancing the Group’s digital consumer experience capabilities. Marina joined British American Tobacco as Chief Information Officer (CIO) in 2018 having previously served as Global CIO and Global Business Services SVP at Anheuser-Busch InBev, where she was responsible for information technology transformation, including consumer digital marketing. [13]
Luciano Comin Regional Director, Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa Luciano Comin was appointed Regional Director, Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa in January 2019. He joined British American Tobacco as a Management Trainee in Argentina in 1992 and during his career with the Group has gained broad experience in a wide range of roles, including Marketing Director in Venezuela, Marketing Director in Mexico and General Manager of BAT Mexico. Luciano was also Regional Marketing Manager for Western Europe and then Regional Head of Marketing, Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa before his appointment to the Management Board. [13]
Hae In Kim Director, Talent and Culture Designate Hae In was appointed Director, Talent and Culture Designate in January 2019 and will succeed Giovanni Giordano, currently Director, Group Human Resources, on 1 April 2019. She was previously Group Head of Talent and Organisational Effectiveness and has held several other senior HR roles in British American Tobacco, including Regional HR Director, Asia-Pacific and HR Director, Japan and North Asia. Prior to joining the Group, Hae In gained experience at Samsung, IBM Consulting Services and PwC. Hae In has been a Non-Executive Director of Pakistan Tobacco Company Limited since April 2015. [13]
Alan Davy Director, Operations Alan was appointed to the Management Board as Group Operations Director in March 2013. He joined the Group in 1988 and has held various roles in manufacturing, supply chain and general management. Alan previously held the position of Group Head of Supply Chain. [13]
Paul Lageweg Director, New Categories Paul was appointed Director, New Categories, a new role on the Management Board, in January 2019. This role, reporting directly to the Chief Marketing Officer, has end-to-end accountability for driving growth, innovation, world-class brand building and consumer insights for the Group’s potentially reduced-risk products. Paul has been with the Group for 13 years in various senior roles, including Regional Marketing Manager, Asia-Pacific and Middle East; Area Director, East Asia; and Global Head of Marketing Futures. Before joining BAT, Paul held senior marketing roles at Unilever and Kimberly-Clark.[13]
Tadeu Marroco Finance Director Tadeu was appointed Regional Director, Europe and North Africa in January 2018. He joined the Management Board as Director, Business Development, in September 2014 and was appointed Regional Director, Western Europe in December 2016, a position he held until 1 January 2018 when a new regional structure came into effect and Tadeu took up his current role. He joined British American Tobacco in Brazil over 20 years ago and his other previous roles include Regional Finance Controller, EEMEA, and Group Finance Controller. [13]
Guy Meldrum Regional Director, Asia-Pacific and Middle East Guy Meldrum was appointed Regional Director, Asia-Pacific and Middle East in January 2019. Previously Area Director, Australasia Area, Guy joined BAT in 1992 and has held several senior roles in the Group including Area Director, North Asia Area and Marketing Director, Russia.[13]
Dr. David O’Reilly Director, Research and Science David was appointed Group Scientific Director in January 2012. He has been with British American Tobacco for over 20 years and has held various positions in Group Research and Development. He has led the Group’s R&D efforts to develop reduced toxicant products and has also been Head of International Public Health and Scientific Affairs, responsible for engagement with the scientific, medical and public health communities.[13]
Ricardo Oberlander President and CEO, Reynolds American Inc. Ricardo became President and CEO of Reynolds American Inc. (RAI) in January 2018. He was appointed to the Management Board as Regional Director for the Americas in January 2013. Ricardo joined Souza Cruz in May 1989 and has held various roles including Marketing Director of British American Tobacco’s Malaysian business, Regional Marketing Manager for the Americas, General Manager in France and Global Consumer Director. Ricardo was a member of the Board of RAI from December 2014 until the acquisition of RAI in July 2017. He is a member of the Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) Council North America Advisory Board. [13]
Johan Vandermeulen Regional Director, Asia-Pacific and Middle East Johan was appointed Regional Director, Asia-Pacific and Middle East in January 2018. He joined the Management Board as Regional Director for Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa in September 2014, a position he held until 1 January 2018 when a new regional structure came into effect and Johan took up his current role. He has been with British American Tobacco for more than 25 years and his previous roles include General Manager in Russia, General Manager in Turkey and Global Brand Director for the Kent brand.[13]
Kingsley Wheaton Chief Marketing Officer Kingsley was appointed Regional Director, Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa in January 2018. He joined the Group in 1996 and has held a number of roles in Marketing. He was Marketing Director in Nigeria and Russia, before becoming General Manager in Russia. He was Global Brand Director responsible for the Kent and Vogue brands, before joining the Management Board in January 2012 as Deputy Corporate and Regulatory Affairs Director. In June 2012 he was appointed Director, Corporate and Regulatory Affairs. In January 2015, Kingsley became Managing Director, Next Generation Products. [13]
Paul Lageweg Director, New Categories Lageweg was appointed Director, New Categories in January 2019. In this new role on the Management Board, he is responsible for innovation, brand building and the growth of our potentially reduced-risk products (PRRPs). He has been with British American Tobacco since 2005 in various roles, including Regional Marketing Manager, Asia-Pacific and Middle East; Area Director, East Asia; and Global Head of Marketing Futures. He began my career in the world of FMCG in international roles at Unilever and then Kimberly-Clark.

Board Members[edit]

Name Position Bio [14]
Richard Burrows Chairman Richard Burrows joined the Board of British American Tobacco as a Non-Executive Director in September 2009 and became Chairman in November 2009. He is also Chairman of the Nominations Committee.
Jack Bowles CEO Jack joined the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. on 1 January 2019, and was appointed Chief Executive on 1 April 2019.
Sue Farr Non-Executive Director Sue Farr was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director in February 2015. She is a member of the Nominations and Remuneration Committees.
Dr. Marion Helmes Non-Executive Director Dr. Marion Helmes joined the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director on 1 August 2016. She is a member of the Audit and Nominations Committees.
Luc Jobin Non-Executive Director Luc Jobin was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director on 25 July 2017 following completion of the acquisition of Reynolds American Inc. He is a member of the Nominations and Remuneration Committees
Holly Keller Koeppel Non-Executive Director Holly Keller Koeppel was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director on 25 July 2017 following completion of the acquisition of Reynolds American Inc. She is a member of the Audit and Nominations Committees.
Savio Kwan Non-Executive Director Savio Kwan was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director in January 2014. He is a member of the Nominations and Remuneration Committees.
Dimitri Panayotopoulos Non-Executive Director Dimitri Panayotopoulos was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director in February 2015. He is Chairman of the Remuneration Committee and a member of the Nominations Committee.
Jerry Fowden Non-Executive Director Fowden was appointed to the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as a Non-Executive Director on 1 September 2019. He is a member of the Audit and Nominations Committees.
Tadeu Marroco Finance Director Tadeu joined the Board of British American Tobacco p.l.c. as Finance Director on 5 August 2019.

List of Significant Subsidiaries[edit]

"significant" > 20 percent management control

Subsidiary Name [15] State or Country of Organization Region
British American Tobacco (Algérie) S.P.A. Algeria Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
British American Tobacco Argentina S.A.I.C.y F. Argentina Americas
British American Tobacco Australia Limited Australia Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco Bangladesh Company Limited Bangladesh Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco Belgium S.A. Belgium Western Europe
Souza Cruz LTDA Brazil Americas
British American Tobacco (Cambodia) Limited Cambodia Americas
Imperial Tobacco Canada Limited Canada Americas
British American Tobacco Chile Operaciones S.A. Chile Americas
British American Tobacco Colombia S.A.S. Colombia Americas
British American Tobacco (Czech Republic), s.r.o. Czech Republic Western Europe
British American Tobacco Denmark A/S (House of Prince A/S) Denmark Western Europe
British American Tobacco Egypt LLC Egypt Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
British American Tobacco France SAS France Western Europe
BATIG Gesellschaft fur Beteiligungen m.b.H. Germany Western Europe
British American Tobacco (Germany) GmbH Germany Western Europe
British American Tobacco (Industrie) GmbH Germany Western Europe
PT Bentoel Internasional Investama, Tbk Indonesia Asia-Pacific
B.A.T. Pars Company (Private Joint Stock) Iran, Islamic Republic of Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
British American Tobacco Italia S.p.A. Italy Western Europe
British American Tobacco Japan, Ltd. Japan Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco Kazakhstan Trading LLP Kazakhstan Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
British American Tobacco Korea Limited Korea, Republic of Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco Korea Manufacturing Limited Korea, Republic of Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco (Malaysia) Berhad Malaysia Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco Mexico, S.A. de C.V. (iv) Mexico Americas
British American Tobacco Exports B.V. Netherlands Western Europe
British American Tobacco Holdings (The Netherlands) B.V. Netherlands Western Europe
British American Tobacco Nederland B.V. Netherlands Western Europe
British American Tobacco Western Europe Region B.V. Netherlands Western Europe
British American Tobacco (New Zealand) Limited New Zealand Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco (Nigeria) Limited Nigeria Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
British American Tobacco Marketing Nigeria Limited Nigeria Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
Pakistan Tobacco Company Limited Pakistan Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco Polska Trading sp. zo.o. Poland Western Europe
British-American Tobacco Polska S.A. Poland Western Europe
British American Tobacco (Romania) Trading SRL Romania Western Europe
JSC ‘British American Tobacco-SPb’ Russia Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
JSC ‘International Tobacco Marketing Services’ Russia Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
British-American Tobacco (Singapore) Private Limited Singapore Asia-Pacific
British American Tobacco Holdings South Africa (Pty) Limited South Africa Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
British American Tobacco España, S.A. Spain Western Europe
British American Tobacco Switzerland S.A. Switzerland Western Europe
British American Tobacco Tütün Mamulleri Sanayi ve Ticaret Anonim Sirketi Turkey Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
LLC “British American Tobacco Sales and Marketing Ukraine” Ukraine Western Europe
PJSC “A/T B.A.T. – Prilucky Tobacco Company” Ukraine Western Europe
B.A.T (U.K. and Export) Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
B.A.T Services Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
British American Tobacco (GLP) Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
British American Tobacco Global Travel Retail Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
British American Tobacco Western Europe Commercial Trading Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
B.A.T. International Finance p.l.c. United Kingdom Western Europe
BATMark Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
British American Tobacco (Brands) Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
British-American Tobacco (Holdings) Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
British American Tobacco UK Limited United Kingdom Western Europe
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company United States United States
RAI Services Company United States United States
RAI Trade Marketing Services Company United States United States
Reynolds American Inc. United States United States
B.A.T Capital Corporation United States United States
British American Tobacco (Brands) Inc. United States United States
American Snuff Company, LLC United States United States
Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company, Inc United States United States
Compania Anonima Cigarrera Bigott Sucesores Venezuela Americas

Group companies and undertakings[edit]

Country[3]:236-45 Subsidiary Undertakings[3]:236-45 Percentage[3]:236-45
Albania British American Tobacco – Albania SH.P.K. NA
Algeria British American Tobacco (Algérie) S.P.A. 51
Angola Agrangol Limitada 77
Angola British American Tobacco – B.A.T. Angola, Limitada NA
Angola Fabrica de Tabacos de Cacuso 51
Angola SETA, Sarl 98
Angola Sociedade Geral de Distribuição e Comércio, Limitada NA
Angola Sociedade Industrial Tabacos Angola LDA 76.60
Angola Sociedade Unificada Tabacos Angola LDA 76.30
Argentina British American Tobacco Argentina S.A.I.C.y F. 99.98
Australia American Cigarette Company (Overseas) Pty. Limited NA
Australia British American Tobacco (Australasia Holdings) Pty Limited NA
Australia British American Tobacco Australasia Limited NA
Australia British American Tobacco Australia Limited NA
Australia British American Tobacco Australia Overseas Pty Limited NA
Australia British American Tobacco Australia Services Limited NA
Australia British American Tobacco Manufacturing Australia Pty Ltd NA
Australia Martins of Piccadilly Pty Ltd NA
Australia Rothmans Asia Pacific Limited9 NA
Australia The Benson & Hedges Company Pty. Limited NA
Australia The Nelson Tobacco Manufacturing Corporation Pty. Ltd NA
Australia W.D. & H.O. Wills Holdings Limited NA
Australia Wills (Pagewood) Pty Limited NA
Austria British American Tobacco (Austria) GmbH NA
Bahrain British American Tobacco Middle East S.P.C. NA
Bangladesh British American Tobacco Bangladesh Company Limited 72.91
Barbados B.C.O., Inc NA
Barbados Southward Insurance Ltd. NA
Belarus British-American Tobacco Trading Company Foreign Private Trading Unitary Enterprise NA
Belgium British American Tobacco Holdings Belgium N.V. NA
Belgium British American Tobacco Belgium N.V. NA
Belgium Tabacofina-Vander Elst N.V. NA
Belgium British American Tobacco Co-ordination Centre/L.P. Co-ordination Centre VOF NA
Benin British American Tobacco Benin SA NA
Bolivia BAT Bolivia S.R.L. NA
Bosnia and Herzegovina TOBACCO PRESS d.o.o. Mostar NA
Bosnia and Herzegovina IPRESS d.o.o. NA
Bosnia and Herzegovina British American Tobacco – BAT – BL d.o.o. NA
Bosnia and Herzegovina TDR d.o.o. Sarajevo NA
Bosnia and Herzegovina iNovine BH d.o.o. NA
Bosnia and Herzegovina Opresa d.o.o. NA
Bosnia and Herzegovina FDBL-B d.o.o. Banja Luka NA
Botswana British American Tobacco Botswana (Pty) Limited NA
Botswana Business Venture Investments Botswana 6773 (Pty) Ltd. NA
Brazil Yolanda Participacoes S.A. NA
Brazil Souza Cruz LTDA NA
Brunei Darussalam Commercial Marketers and Distributors Sdn. Bhd. (100) (50)
Bulgaria British American Tobacco Trading EOOD NA
Bulgaria Express Logistics and Distribution EOOD NA
Burkina Faso Tobacco Marketing Consultant Burkina Faso SARL NA
Burundi Tabarundi SARL NA
Cambodia British American Tobacco (Cambodia) Limited 71
Cambodia British American Tobacco (Cambodge) International Limited NA
Cameroon British American Tobacco Cameroun S.A. 99.76
Canada Imperial Tobacco Canada Limited NA
Canada Imperial Tobacco Company Limited NA
Canada Allan Ramsay and Company Limited NA
Canada Cameo Inc. NA
Canada Genstar Corporation NA
Canada Imperial Brands Limited NA
Canada Imperial Tobacco Products Limited NA
Canada Imperial Tobacco Services Inc. NA
Canada John Player & Sons Limited NA
Canada Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company of Canada Limited NA
Canada Marlboro Canada Limited NA
Canada Medaillon Inc. NA
Canada 2004969 Ontario Inc. NA
Cayman Islands R.J. Reynolds Tobacco (CI) Co. NA
Chile BAT Chile S.A. (100) (99.51)
Chile British American Tobacco Chile Operaciones S.A. 99.51
Chile Inversiones Casablanca S.A. NA
China British American (Shanghai) Enterprise Development Co. Ltd NA
China British American Nico Business Consulting (Shanghai) Co. Ltd NA
China British American Consulting (Beijing) Ltd NA
Colombia British American Tobacco Colombia S.A.S. NA
Colombia Vype Colombia S.A.S. NA
Congo (Democratic Republic of) BAT Services Congo SARL NA
Congo (Democratic Republic of) British American Tobacco Import SARL NA
Congo (Democratic Republic of) BAT Distribution SARL NA
Congo (Democratic Republic of) British American Tobacco Congo SARL NA
Costa Rica BASS Americas S.A. NA
Costa Rica BATCCA Park Inversiones Immobiliarias, S.A. NA
Costa Rica BATCCA Servicios S.A. NA
Croatia Inovine d.d. 93.42
Croatia BAT HRVATSKA d.o.o. u likvidaciji NA
Croatia Adista d.o.o. NA
Croatia TDR d.o.o. NA
Croatia Osje˘cka 2, 33000 Virovitica, Croatia NA
Croatia Hrvatski Duhani d.d. Tobacco Leaf Processing 89.55
Cuba Brascuba Cigarrillos S.A. 50
Cyprus B.A.T (Cyprus) Limited NA
Cyprus Rothmans (Middle East) Limited NA
Czech Republic British American Tobacco (Czech Republic), s.r.o. NA
Denmark Vester Farimagsgade 19, 1606 Copenhagen, Denmark NA
Denmark British American Tobacco Denmark A/S (House of Prince A/S) NA
Denmark Precis (1789) Denmark A/S NA
Denmark X-International ApS NA
Djibouti Rue de Magadiscio, Lot No. 133, Djibouti City, Djibouti NA
Djibouti British American Tobacco Djibouti SARL NA
Egypt Mall Katameya, 5th settlement, New Cairo, Egypt NA
Egypt BETCO for General Services and Marketing LLC NA
Egypt BETCO for Trade and Distribution LLC NA
Egypt British American Tobacco Egypt LLC NA
Egypt British American Tobacco North Africa LLC NA
Eritrea British American Tobacco (Eritrea) Share Company # NA
Estonia British American Tobacco Estonia AS NA
Ethiopia Tobacco Marketing Consultants NA
Fiji British American Tobacco (Fiji) Marketing Pte Limited NA
Fiji Central Manufacturing Company Pte Limited NA
Fiji Rothmans of Pall Mall (Fiji) Pte Limited NA
Finland British American Tobacco Finland Oy NA
France Carreras France SAS NA
France La Défense Cedex, France NA
France British American Tobacco France SAS NA
France Nicoventures France S.A.S. NA
Germany BATIG Gesellschaft fur Beteiligungen m.b.H. NA
Germany British American Tobacco (Germany) GmbH NA
Germany British American Tobacco (Hamburg International) GmbH NA
Germany British American Tobacco (Industrie) GmbH NA
Germany Chic Deutschland GmbH NA
Germany Quantus Beteiligungs – und Beratungsgesellschaft mbH NA
Ghana British American Tobacco Ghana Limited 97.09
Greece British American Tobacco Hellas S.A. NA
Guernsey Belaire Insurance Company Limited NA
Guyana Demerara Tobacco Company Limited 70.25
Honduras Tabacalera Hondureña S.A. 83.64
Hong Kong British American Tobacco China Investments Limited NA
Hong Kong British American Tobacco Asia-Pacific Region Limited NA
Hong Kong British-American Tobacco Company (Hong Kong) Limited NA
Hong Kong Reynolds Asia-Pacific Limited NA
Hong Kong American Cigarette Company Limited NA
Hong Kong British Cigarette Company (1964) Limited NA
Hungary BAT Pécsi Dohánygyár Korlátolt Felelosségu Társaság NA
Indonesia PT Bentoel Internasional Investama, Tbk 92.48
Indonesia PT Perusahaan Dagang dan Industri Tresno (100) (92.48)
Indonesia PT Bentoel Prima (iv) (100) (92.48)
Indonesia PT Bentoel Distribusi Utama (100) (92.48)
Iran, Islamic Republic of B.A.T. Pars Company (Private Joint Stock) 99
Iran, Islamic Republic of TDR Parisian Co NA
Iraq Enkawa, Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq NA
Iraq B.A.T. Iraqia Company for Tobacco Trading Limited NA
Ireland Carroll Group Distributors Limited NA
Ireland P.J. Carroll & Company Limited NA
Ireland Rothmans of Pall Mall (Ireland) Limited NA
Isle of Man Abbey Investment Company Limited NA
Isle of Man The Raleigh Investment Company Limited NA
Isle of Man Tobacco Manufacturers (India) Limited NA
Italy British American Tobacco Italia S.p.A. NA
Ivory Coast British American Tobacco RCI SARL NA
Ivory Coast Tobacco Marketing Consultant CDI SARL NA
Jamaica Carreras Limited 50.40
Jamaica Sans Souci Development Limited (100) (50.40)
Jamaica Sans Souci Limited (100) (50.40)
Japan British American Tobacco Japan, Ltd. NA
Jersey Pathway 5 (Jersey) Limited NA
Jordan British American Tobacco – Jordan Private Shareholding Company Limited NA
Kazakhstan British American Tobacco Kazakhstan Trading LLP NA
Kenya African Cigarette Company (Overseas) Limited (100) (60)
Kenya BAT Kenya Tobacco Company Limited (100) (60)
Kenya British American Tobacco Area Limited NA
Kenya British American Tobacco Kenya plc 60
Kenya East African Tobacco Company (Kenya) Limited (100) (60)
Korea, Republic of British American Tobacco Korea Limited NA
Korea, Republic of British American Tobacco Korea Manufacturing Limited NA
Kosovo, Republic of British American Tobacco Kosovo SH.P.K. NA
Latvia British American Tobacco Latvia SIA NA
Lithuania UAB British American Tobacco Lietuva NA
Luxembourg British American Tobacco Brands (Switzerland) Limited NA
Malawi British American Tobacco (Malawi) Limited NA
Malaysia British American Tobacco GSD (Kuala Lumpur) Sdn Bhd NA
Malaysia BAT Aspac Service Centre Sdn Bhd NA
Malaysia British American Tobacco Malaysia Foundation NA
Malaysia British American Tobacco (Malaysia) Berhad 50
Malaysia Commercial Marketers and Distributors Sdn. Bhd. (100) (50)
Malaysia Rothmans Brands Sdn. Bhd. (100) (50)
Malaysia Tobacco Importers and Manufacturers Sdn. Bhd. (100) (50)
Mali British American Tobacco (Mali) Sarl NA
Malta British American Tobacco (Malta) Limited NA
Malta Central Cigarette Company Limited NA
Malta Rothmans of Pall Mall (Malta) Limited NA
Mexico British American Tobacco Mexico Comercial, S.A. de C.V. NA
Mexico British American Tobacco Mexico, S.A. de C.V.4 NA
British American Tobacco Servicios S.A. de C.V. NA
Mexico Cigarrera La Moderna, S.A. de C.V. NA
Mexico Procesadora de Tabacos de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. 93
Moldova, Republic of British American Tobacco – Moldova S.R.L. NA
Montenegro TDR d.o.o. Podgorica NA
Mozambique British American Tobacco Mozambique Limitada 95
Mozambique Sociedade Agricola de Tabacos Limitada 95
Myanmar British American Tobacco Myanmar Limited 95
Myanmar British American Tobacco Myanmar Services Limited NA
Namibia British American Tobacco Namibia (Pty) Limited NA
Netherlands Aruba Properties B.V. NA
Netherlands AAruba Properties II B.V. NA
Netherlands AB.A.T Finance B.V. NA
Netherlands AB.A.T. Netherlands Finance B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco European Operations Centre B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Exports B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Holdings (Australia) B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Holdings (Malaysia) B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Holdings (South Africa) B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Holdings (The Netherlands) B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Holdings (Venezuela) B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Holdings (Vietnam) B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco International (Holdings) B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco International Europe (Nederland) B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco International Investments B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Manufacturing B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Nederland B.V. NA
Netherlands ABritish American Tobacco Western Europe Region B.V. NA
Netherlands AMolensteegh Invest B.V. NA
Netherlands APrecis (1789) B.V. NA
Netherlands APrecis (1790) B.V. NA
Netherlands ARothmans Far East B.V. NA
Netherlands ARothmans International Holdings B.V. NA
Netherlands ARothmans International Holdings II B.V. NA
Netherlands ARothmans Tobacco Investments B.V. NA
Netherlands ARothmans UK Holdings B.V. NA
Netherlands ATurmac Tobacco Company B.V. NA
Netherlands AKoninklijke Theodorus Niemeyer B.V. NA
Netherlands AR.J. Reynolds Tobacco B.V. NA
Netherlands AR.J. Reynolds Tobacco C.V. NA
Netherlands AReynolds International Holdings B.V. NA
New Zealand British American Tobacco (New Zealand) Limited NA
New Zealand British American Tobacco Holdings (New Zealand) Limited NA
New Zealand New Zealand (UK Finance) Limited # NA
Niger British American Tobacco Niger NA
Nigeria British American Tobacco (Nigeria) Limited NA
Nigeria British American Tobacco Marketing Nigeria Limited NA
Macedonia TDR Skopje d.o.o.e.l. Skopje NA
Norway British American Tobacco Norway AS NA
Pakistan British American Tobacco SAA Services (Private) Ltd NA
Pakistan Pakistan Tobacco Company Limited 94.65
Pakistan Phoenix (Private) Limited (100) (94.65)
Panama BAT Caribbean, S.A. NA
Panama British American Tobacco Central America S.A. 87.76
Panama British American Tobacco Panama S.A. NA
Panama Tabacalera Istmeña S.A. NA
Papau New Guinea Rothmans of Pall Mall (P.N.G.) Limited NA
Papau New Guinea British American Tobacco (PNG) Limited NA
Papau New Guinea Papua New Guinea Tobacco Co. Ltd NA
Papau New Guinea Paradise Tobacco Co. Limited NA
Paraguay British American Tobacco Productora de Cigarrillos S.A. NA
Peru British American Tobacco del Peru Holdings S.A. 98.55
Peru British American Tobacco del Peru, S.A.C. NA
Philippines Alhambra Industries Inc. # NA
Poland CHIC sp.zo.o. NA
Poland CHIC sp.zo.osp.k. NA
Poland Chic Holding sp.zo.o NA
Poland Chic Investments sp.zo.o. NA
Poland eSMOKING Liquids sp.zoo NA
Poland eSMOKING Liquids sp.zo.o.sp.k. NA
Poland Nicoventures Polska sp. z.o.o. NA
Poland British American Tobacco Polska Trading sp. zo.o. NA
Poland eSMOKING INSITUTE sp.zoo NA
Poland Nicoventures Poland sp.z.o.o. NA
Poland British-American Tobacco Polska S.A. NA
Portugal COTAPO Empreendimentos Commerciais e Industriais S.A. NA
Qatar British American Tobacco Q LLC NA
Réunion B.A.T. La Reunion SAS NA
Romania British American Shared Services (Europe) S.R.L. NA
Romania British-American Tobacco (Romania) Investment S.R.L. NA
Romania British American Tobacco (Romania) Trading SRL NA
Russia JSC ‘British American Tobacco-SPb’ # NA
Russia JSC ‘International Tobacco Marketing Services’ NA
Rwanda British American Tobacco Rwanda Limited NA
Saint Lucia Carisma Marketing Services Ltd NA
Saint Lucia St Lucia Pointe Seraphine, Castries, Saint Lucia NA
Saint Lucia Rothmans Holdings (Caricom) Limited NA
Samoa British American Tobacco Company (Samoa) Limited NA
Senegal Tobacco Marketing Consultant TMC S.A.R.L. NA
Serbia British American Tobacco South – East Europe d.o.o. NA
Serbia British American Tobacco Vranje a.d. NA
Singapore British American Tobacco Asia Pacific Treasury Private Limited NA
Singapore British American Tobacco International Services Pte Ltd NA
Singapore British-American Tobacco (Singapore) Private Limited NA
Singapore British-American Tobacco Marketing (Singapore) Private Limited NA
Singapore British American Tobacco Sales & Marketing Singapore Pte. Ltd. NA
Singapore RHL Investments Pte Limited # NA
Slovenia British American Tobacco d.o.o. NA
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Tobacco Company Limited NA
South Africa Agrega EEMEA (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Amalgamated Tobacco Corporation (South Africa) (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa American Cigarette Company (Overseas) Ltd. NA
South Africa Benson & Hedges (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa British American Shared Services Africa Middle East (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa British American Tobacco GSD (South Africa) (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa British American Tobacco Holdings South Africa (Pty) Limited # NA
South Africa British American Tobacco Manufacturers South Africa (Pty) Ltd. NA
South Africa British American Tobacco Properties South Africa (Pty) Ltd. NA
South Africa British American Tobacco Services South Africa (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa British American Tobacco South Africa (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa British American Tobacco Southern Africa Markets (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Business Venture Investments No 216 (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Carlton Cigarette Company (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Gauloises (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Intercontinental Tobacco Company (Pty) Ltd. NA
South Africa John Chapman (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa John Player & Sons (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Kentucky Tobacco Corporation (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Martins of London (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Rembrandt Tobacco Corporation (Overseas) Ltd NA
South Africa Riggio Tobacco Corporation of New York Ltd NA
South Africa Rothmans of Pall Mall London Limited NA
South Africa St. Regis Tobacco Corporation Ltd NA
South Africa Stellenbosch Development Company (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Thomas Bear’s Son & Co (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Tobacco Research and Development Institute (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa W.D. & H.O. Wills (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Westminster Tobacco Company (Cape Town & London) (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Winfield Tobacco Corporation (Pty) Limited NA
South Africa Winston Tobacco Company Limited NA
Spain British American Tobacco España, S.A. NA
Sri Lanka Ceylon Tobacco Company Plc 84.13
Sudan Blue Nile Cigarette Company Limited NA
Swaziland British American Tobacco Swaziland (Pty) Limited NA
Sweden British American Tobacco Sweden AB NA
Sweden British American Tobacco Sweden Holding AB NA
Sweden Winds Global AB NA
Sweden Winnington AB NA
Sweden Winnington Holding AB NA
Sweden Fiedler & Lundgren AB NA
Switzerland AD Tabacs International S.A. NA
Switzerland American-Cigarette Company (Overseas) Limited NA
Switzerland British American Tobacco Switzerland S.A. NA
Switzerland British American Tobacco Switzerland Vending SA NA
Switzerland Rothmans of Pall Mall Limited NA
Switzerland Intertab S.A. 50
Switzerland British American Tobacco International Limited in Liquidation NA
Tanzania British American Tobacco (Tanzania) Limited NA
Tanzania International Cigarette Distributors Limited 99
Tanzania Zanzibar Distribution Company Limited 99
Tanzania BAT Distribution Tanzania Limited NA
Trinidad and Tobago The West Indian Tobacco Company Limited 50.13
Turkey British American Tobacco Tütün Mamulleri Sanayi ve Ticaret Anonim Sirketi NA
Uganda British American Tobacco Uganda Limited 90
Ukraine LLC ‘British American Tobacco Sales and Marketing Ukraine’ NA
Ukraine PJSC ‘A/T B.A.T. – Prilucky Tobacco Company’ NA
United Arab Emirates British American Tobacco GCC DMCC NA
United Arab Emirates British American Tobacco ME DMCC NA
United Kingdom Murray, Sons & Company, Limited NA
United Kingdom Ryesekks P.L.C. 50
United Kingdom Advanced Technologies (Cambridge) Limited NA
United Kingdom Allen & Ginter (UK) Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T (U.K. and Export) Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Cambodia (Investments) Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Far East Development Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Far East Holding Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Far East Leaf Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Guangdong Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Guizhou Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T. Portugal Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Services Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Uzbekistan (Investments) Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T. (Westminster House) Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T. China Limited NA
United Kingdom BAT Finance COP Limited NA
United Kingdom BATIF Dollar Limited NA
United Kingdom BATUS Limited NA
United Kingdom Big Ben Tobacco Company Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Shared Services (GSD) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Shared Services Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (AIT) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (GLP) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (Philippines) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (Serbia) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (South America) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco China Holdings Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Georgia Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Global Travel Retail Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco International Holdings (UK) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Investments (Central & Eastern Europe) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Italy Investments Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Italy Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Korea (Investments) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Malaysia (Investments) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Peru Holdings Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco UK Pension Fund Trustee Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Western Europe Commercial Trading Limited NA
United Kingdom British-American Tobacco (Mauritius) p.l.c. NA
United Kingdom Carreras Rothmans Limited # NA
United Kingdom Chelwood Trading & Investment Company Limited NA
United Kingdom East African Tobacco Company (U.K.) Limited NA
United Kingdom Lord Extra Limited NA
United Kingdom Myddleton Investment Company Limited NA
United Kingdom Nicovations Limited NA
United Kingdom Nicoventures Holdings Limited NA
United Kingdom Nicoventures Retail (UK) Limited NA
United Kingdom Nicoventures Trading Limited NA
United Kingdom Powhattan Limited NA
United Kingdom Precis (2396) Limited NA
United Kingdom Ridirectors Limited NA
United Kingdom Rothmans Exports Limited NA
United Kingdom Rothmans International Limited NA
United Kingdom Rothmans International Tobacco (UK) Limited NA
United Kingdom Rothmans International Services Limited NA
United Kingdom Rothmans of Pall Mall (Overseas) Limited NA
United Kingdom Rothmans Trading Limited NA
United Kingdom Ryservs (1995) Limited NA
United Kingdom Ryservs (No.3) Limited NA
United Kingdom Tobacco Exporters International Limited NA
United Kingdom Tobacco Marketing Consultants Limited NA
United Kingdom Venezuela Property Company Limited NA
United Kingdom Westanley Trading & Investment Company Limited NA
United Kingdom Westminster Tobacco Company Limited NA
United Kingdom World Investment Company Limited NA
United Kingdom Amalgamated Tobacco Company Limited NA
United Kingdom American Cigarette Company (Overseas) Limited NA
United Kingdom Ardath Tobacco Company Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Additional Retirement Benefit Scheme Trustee Limited NA
United Kingdom B.A.T Industries p.l.c. NA
United Kingdom B.A.T. International Finance p.l.c.* NA
United Kingdom BATLaw Limited NA
United Kingdom BATMark Limited * NA
United Kingdom Benson & Hedges (Overseas) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Global Shared Services Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (1998) Limited * NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (2009) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (2012) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (Brands) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (Corby) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco (NGP) Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco Taiwan Logistics Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Ventures Limited NA
United Kingdom British-American Tobacco (Holdings) Limited NA
United Kingdom Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation (Export) Limited NA
United Kingdom Carreras Limited NA
United Kingdom CG Ventures Limited NA
United Kingdom Courtleigh of London Limited NA
United Kingdom Dunhill Tobacco of London Limited NA
United Kingdom John Sinclair Limited NA
United Kingdom Louisville Securities Limited NA
United Kingdom Moorgate Tobacco Co. Limited NA
United Kingdom Peter Jackson (Overseas) Limited NA
United Kingdom Precis (1789) Limited NA
United Kingdom Precis (1790) Limited NA
United Kingdom Precis (1814) Limited NA
United Kingdom Rothmans International Enterprises Limited NA
United Kingdom Rothmans of Pall Mall Limited NA
United Kingdom Senior Service (Overseas) Limited NA
United Kingdom South Western Nominees Limited NA
United Kingdom The London Tobacco Company Limited NA
United Kingdom Tobacco Insurance Company Limited NA
United Kingdom Weston (2009) Limited NA
United Kingdom Weston Investment Company Limited NA
United Kingdom British American Tobacco UK Limited NA
United Kingdom Ten Motives Limited NA
United Kingdom 10 Motives Limited NA
United States Genstar Pacific Corporation NA
United States B.A.T Capital Corporation NA
United States BATUS Holdings Inc. NA
United States BATUS Japan, INC. NA
United States BATUS Retail Services, Inc. NA
United States British American Tobacco (Brands) Inc. NA
United States Brown & Williamson Holdings, Inc. NA
United States BTI 2014 LLC NA
United States Imasco Holdings Group, Inc. NA
United States Imasco Holdings, Inc. NA
United States ITL (USA) Limited NA
United States Louisville Corporate Services, Inc. NA
United States Nicoventures U.S. Limited NA
United States Reynolds Finance Company NA
United States Kentucky BioProcessing, Inc. NA
United States CF Vapor Company, LLC NA
United States Conwood Holdings, Inc. NA
United States EXP Homes, LLC NA
United States LOEC, Inc. NA
United States Lorillard Holdings Company, Inc. NA
United States Lorillard Licensing Company LLC NA
United States Lorillard Q-Tech, Inc. NA
United States Lorillard Technologies, Inc. NA
United States Lorillard, LLC NA
United States Niconovum USA, Inc NA
United States Northern Brands International, Inc. NA
United States One Park Media Services, Inc. NA
United States R.J. Reynolds Global Products, Inc. NA
United States R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company NA
United States R.J. Reynolds Tobacco International, Inc NA
United States R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company NA
United States R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. NA
United States R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Holdings, Inc. NA
United States RAI Innovations Company NA
United States RAI International, Inc. NA
United States RAI Services Company NA
United States RAI Strategic Holdings, Inc. NA
United States RAI Trade Marketing Services Company NA
United States Reynolds American Inc. NA
United States Reynolds Brands Inc. NA
United States Reynolds Technologies, Inc. NA
United States RJR Realty Relocation Services, Inc. NA
United States RJR Vapor Co., LLC NA
United States Rosswil LLC NA
United States S.F. Imports, Inc. NA
United States Spot You More, Inc NA
United States Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company, Inc NA
United States American Snuff Company, LLC NA
Uruguay Kellian S.A. NA
Uzbekistan JSC JV UZBAT A.O. 97.38
Venezuela Agrega de Venezuela, Agreven, C.A. 50
Venezuela Agrobigott, C.A. NA
Venezuela Compania Anonima Cigarrera Bigott Sucesores NA
Venezuela Distribuidora Bigott, C.A. NA
Venezuela Proyectos de Inversion BAT 1902 C.A. NA
Vietnam British American Tobacco East Asia Area Services Company Limited NA
Vietnam British American Tobacco – Vintaba (JV) Limited 70
Vietnam VINA-BAT Joint Venture Company 49
Zambia British American Tobacco (Zambia) plc 78
Zimbabwe American-Cigarette Company (Overseas) (Private) Ltd NA
Zimbabwe British American Tobacco Zimbabwe (Holdings) Limited 43.13
Zimbabwe Rothmans Limited NA

Forecast[edit]

British American Tobacco said it was maintaining its guidance of high single figure earnings per share growth for 2020 while expecting some impact on volume and revenue growth in the second-quarter due to the coronavirus. [16]

COVID-19 Response[edit]

British American Tobacco subsidiary Kentucky BioProcessing is using “proprietary, fast-growing tobacco plant technology” in pre-clinical testing on animals, being one of dozens of companies and public sector organisations worldwide racing to develop a COVID-19 vaccine. [17]

Czech Republic[edit]

According to a study by British American Tobacco, the border closure between the Czech Republic and Germany and Austria abolished the border tobacco trade. The 500 tobacco shops in the border area had to close. According to the company, cross-border trade accounts for up to 30 percent of the domestic market, which will mean a loss of CZK 1.8 billion per month for the state budget. [18]

Mexico[edit]

British American Tobacco in Mexico announced the suspension of its activities in Mexico due to the spread of the Covid-19. [19]

New Zealand[edit]

Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment confirmed that Imperial Tobacco in Petone, Lower Hutt could stay operational because the "ongoing supply of consumer goods needs to continue". [20]

Russia[edit]

The production in three of Russia's largest tobacco companies, including Philip Morris Izhora, Petro LLC (owned by Japan Tobacco International) and British American Tobacco was stopped due to COVID-19. [21]

Serbia[edit]

British American Tobacco donated one million dinars to the Red Cross in Vranje. [22]

South Africa[edit]

British American Tobacco South Africa announced that it has decided to pursue legal action against the government over the ban on cigarette sales. President Cyril Ramaphosa said in a media briefing that the ban on cigarettes will continue under alert Level 3 while alcohol sales will be allowed. Batsa’s announcement comes after the company withdrew their decision to go ahead with legal proceedings previously. [23] In June 2020, British American Tobacco started accepting "holding orders" from its customers, not actually selling cigarettes. According to a company's spokesperson: "No deliveries will be made until the sale of tobacco products is allowed. The date for delivery will depend on when the ban is lifted." [24]

Spain[edit]

British American Tobacco launched glo, its heated tobacco product, in Spain where reported deaths from the COVID-19 virus are the 3rd highest in the world. [25]

Profitability[edit]

In 2019, British American Tobacco reported a revenue increase by 5.7 percent to GBP 25,877 million. [6]:2

Annual Profits[edit]

Fiscal year

in billions GBP

2019 [6]:2 2018 [26] 2017 [27]:217 2016 [27]:217 2015 [27]:217 2014 [28]
Net Revenue 25.8 24.5 20.3 14.8 13.1 14.0
Profit from operations 9.0 9.3 6.5 4.7 4.6 4.5

Profits per Region (in millions GBP)[edit]

in millions GBP 2019 [6]:5 2018 [3]:14
United States 4,410 4,006
Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa 1,204 1,544
Europe and North Africa 1,649 1,905
Asia-Pacific and Middle East 1,753 1,858

Asia-Pacific[edit]

Geographic region covers: Australia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam [29]:3

in millions GBP 2017 [27]:45 2016 [27]:45 2015 [27]:45 2014 [30]:9 2013 [30]:9
Net Revenues 4,509 4,266 3,773 4,253 4,203
Adjusted profit 1,638 1,432 1,361 1,548 1,693

Americas[edit]

Geographic region covers: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Mexico [29]:3

in millions GBP 2017 [27]:46 2016 [27]:46 2015 [27]:46 2014 [30]:9 2013 [30]:9
Net Revenues 3,125 2,868 2,720 3,056 3,317
Adjusted profit 1,147 1,017 1,082 1,286 1,364

Western Europe[edit]

Geographic region covers: Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom [29]:3

in millions GBP 2017 [27]:47 2016 [27]:47 2015 [27]:47 2014 [30]:9 2013 [30]:9
Net Revenues 4,532 3,867 3,203 3,546 3,635
Adjusted profit 1,127 1,044 990 1,189 1,273

EEMEA[edit]

Geographic region covers: Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, Nigeria, GCC, Russia, Iran, South Africa, Iraq, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Ukraine [29]:3

in millions GBP 2017 [27]:44 2016 [27]:44 2015 [27]:44 2014 [30]:9 2013 [30]:9
Net Revenues 3,915 3,750 3,408 4,337 4,105
Adjusted profit 1,246 1,182 1,127 1,380 1,490

Acquisitions[edit]

In 2018, the Group acquired Quantus Beteiligungs-und Beratungsgesellschaft mbH, which houses the vapour retail business of High End Smoke in Germany. [3]:254 On October 21, 2016, British American Tobacco CEO Nicandro Durante publicly announced an offer for the 57.8 percent of Reynolds American, Inc. that British American Tobacco did not already own. According to media reports, Reynolds American, Inc. rejected British American Tobacco’s initial buyout offer of USD 47 billion as being too low. In January 2017, Reynolds American, Inc. accepted increased offer of USD 49 billion with the deal finalised in June of 2017.[31]

Recent acquisitions [32] Acquired Organization Name Acquiring Organization Name Announced Date Value
Ente Tabacchi Italiani S.p.A acquired by British American Tobacco Ente Tabacchi Italiani S.p.A British American Tobacco 1/1/2003 -
British American Tobacco Denmark A/S acquired by British American Tobacco British American Tobacco Denmark A/S British American Tobacco 7/2/2008 -
Tekel AS acquired by British American Tobacco Tekel AS British American Tobacco 6/24/2008 -
Bentoel Group acquired by British American Tobacco Bentoel Group British American Tobacco 6/17/2009 USD 494M
Productora Tabacalera de Colombia acquired by British American Tobacco Productora Tabacalera de Colombia British American Tobacco 5/26/2011 USD 452M
Reynolds American acquired by British American Tobacco Reynolds American British American Tobacco 1/17/2017 USD 54.5B
CN Creative acquired by British American Tobacco CN Creative British American Tobacco 12/1/2012 GBP 50M
TDR acquired by British American Tobacco TDR British American Tobacco 6/1/2015 EUR 550M
Ten Motives acquired by British American Tobacco Ten Motives British American Tobacco 4/29/2016 -

Investments[edit]

In August 2019, British American Tobacco established “consumer healthcare” and “consumer focused” companies under the names of Nicoventures and Nicovations. [33]

The government of Bangladesh holds 9.49 percent share in British American Tobacco Bangladesh. [34]

Reinet Investments, which owns about 3 percent of British American Tobacco, says an increase in the value of its stake in UK insurer Pension Corporation has partially made up for the company's share decline. [35]

At 31 December 2015, the following substantial interests (3 percent or more) in the Company’s ordinary share capital (voting securities) had been notified to the Company in accordance with Section 5.1.2 of the Disclosure Rules and Transparency Rules. As at 24 February 2016, the Company had not received notification either of any change in the interests below or that any other person holds 3 percent or more of its ordinary shares. [29]:114

Name Number of ordinary shares Percentage of issued share capital
BlackRock, Inc 132,891,526 7.13
Reinet Investments S.C.A. 76,518,264 4.10
The Capital Group Companies, Inc. 75,240,878 4.04

In 2015, the organization completed it's acquisition of TDR in Croatia, the leading independent cigarette manufacturer in Central Europe. British American Tobacco also acquired the rest of the shares in its Brazilian subsidiary, Souza Cruz, not currently owned by the Group and de-listed the company the same year. [29]:14

In 2015, British American Tobacco signed a vapour products technology-sharing agreement with R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. The agreement provides a framework for collaboration and mutual cross-licensing of the parties’ vapour product technologies up to 31 December 2022. British American Tobacco completed the acquisition of the CHIC Group, the market-leading Vapour Product (e-cigarette) business in Poland. [29]:5

In August 2018, The Guardian reported more than GBP 1.7 billion had been directly invested in tobacco company stocks by healthcare providers, fire authorities and schools via UK council pension funds. It found Council retirement schemes in the UK are major investors in firms including British American Tobacco, Imperial Brands and Philip Morris International, according to data compiled from more than 100 freedom of information requests. [36]

Tobacco companies have received more than GBP 45 million investment from the United Kingdom's Lincolnshire County Council’s pension fund. The current investment (as of January 2019) for British American Tobacco sits at GBP 24.1 million – one per cent of the total fund. [37]

The Auckland Council has been told it might have more than $700,000 indirectly invested in British American Tobacco. The council has been told by the Janus Global Research growth fund that it might have more than $700,000 invested in the company. [38]

Market Share[edit]

The Group’s cigarette market share in its Key Markets continued to grow strongly (up 40 bps) in 2017. This was due to the comapny's GDBs, which grew 110 bps (ex US) and currently accounts for more than 50 percent of Group cigarette and THP volume outside the US. Over the year, market share in the US was up 20 bps, with the RAI Strategic Brands growing 40 bps. Total Group cigarette and THP volume grew 3.2 percent to 686 billion, or on an organic basis fell 2.6 percent, outperforming the industry, which was estimated to have declined by around 3.5 percent. Flagship THP, glo, first launched in Japan in December 2016, reached 3.6 percent market share by the end of 2017 – having been rolled out nationally from October 2017. Since then, 50 percent of the overall category growth in Japan has been from glo – with initial progress in other launch markets such as South Korea, Russia, Canada, Romania and Switzerland. [27]:13

Emerging Markets[edit]

British American Tobacco has a significant presence in emerging markets across South America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. According to the company's website emerging markets will account for 60 percent of volume in the enlarged group. Over the last 5 years, revenue per pack in emerging markets has grown at more than twice the rate compared to developed markets. With generally low cigarette pack prices and expectations of continued growth in consumer disposable income over the long term, the future profit growth opportunity remains strong. [39] Nik Oliver, consumer goods analyst at UBS said in a March 2017 interview with Financial Times, British American Tobacco derives more than 50 per cent of its total revenues from emerging markets with the strongest emerging market portfolio of the company's peers. [40]

Factory Openings and Closures[edit]

Croatian Prime Minister Andrej Plenković visited the British American Tobacco Adria factory in Kanfanar, where he discussed finding a framework that will enable production planning and pricing policy in the coming years. [41] British American Tobacco opened a new USD 1.3 million excise bonded warehouse in Fiji. [42]

In 2020, British American Tobacco opened a new leaf processing facility opens in Fiji. [43] British American Tobacco announced in late 2019 that it intends to lay off 30 percent of its staff in Nicaragua. [44] In November 2019, Zambian finance Minister Bwalya Ng’andu officially opened the USD 2 million British American Tobacco Zambia Cigarette Manufacturing Plant in the Lusaka South Multi-Facility Economic Zone. [45]

The British American Tobacco announced plans to set up a plant to manufacture oral nicotine pouches with zero tobacco in Kenya. [46]

British American Tobacco’s factory in Ukraine’s Chernihiv Oblast has stood idle after the company halted production indefinitely. The company alleges that new tax legislation will make continued operations in Ukraine impossible. But anti-smoking activists believe that BAT is simply trying to pressure the Ukrainian president to veto a bill it doesn’t like. [47]

In 2018, British American Tobacco had 55 factories, 47 of which produced cigarettes, [3]:19 including two new factories, one in Zambia(Lusaka) and one in Malaysia. [3]:23 In 2018, British American Tobacco invested EUR 45 million in a plant in Croatia. According to the company's director for the Adria region, Antal Bekefi, the company has been investing significant funds into research and development since 2012, investing more than USD 2.5 million for new generation products. [48] British American Tobacco is considering opening another factory in Malaysia. [49]

British America Tobacco Zambia Plc has constructed a cigarette manufacturing plant at a cost of USD 25 million aimed at localizing its brand portfolio in Zambia. [50]

In June 2018, British American Tobacco announced it would invest €800 million over the next five years in its factory in Ploiești, Romania. The investment, which will generate 200 new jobs in Romania, will support the expansion of its glo product in countries across Europe during the second half of 2018. [51] The unit in Ploiesti will be the third in the world (after South Korea and Russia) to produce Neosticks for glo and the first in Europe. [52] The company completed the buildingin June 2020. [53]

Dividends[edit]

Ex/Eff Date [54] Type[54] Cash Amount[54] Declaration Date[54] Record Date[54] Payment Date[54]
10/3/2019 Cash 0.669 2/28/2019 10/4/2019 11/19/2019
6/27/2019 Cash 0.669 2/28/2019 6/28/2019 8/13/2019
3/21/2019 Cash 0.669 2/28/2019 3/22/2019 5/13/2019
12/27/2018 Cash 0.627 2/22/2018 12/28/2018 2/12/2019
10/4/2018 Cash 0.674 2/22/2018 10/5/2018 11/20/2018
6/28/2018 Cash 0.674 2/22/2018 6/29/2018 8/13/2018
3/22/2018 Cash 0.674 2/22/2018 3/23/2018 5/14/2018
12/28/2017 Cash 0.602 12/5/2017 12/29/2017 2/13/2018
8/16/2017 Cash 0.728 7/27/2017 8/18/2017 10/3/2017
3/15/2017 Cash 1.514 5/8/2017 3/17/2017 5/9/2017
8/17/2016 Cash 0.661 9/29/2016 8/19/2016 10/3/2016
3/16/2016 Cash 3.019 5/5/2016 3/18/2016 5/10/2016
8/19/2015 Cash 1.483 10/1/2015 8/21/2015 10/5/2015
3/18/2015 Cash 3.052 5/8/2015 3/20/2015 5/12/2015
8/20/2014 Cash 1.525 10/1/2014 8/22/2014 10/3/2014
3/12/2014 Cash 3.295 5/12/2014 3/14/2014 5/13/2014
8/21/2013 Cash 1.451 10/1/2013 8/23/2013 10/3/2013

Products[edit]

British American Tobacco offers four core product ranges [55]

  • Tobacco heating products
  • Vapour products
  • Modern oral products, including tobacco-free nicotine pouches
  • Traditional oral products, including moist snuff and snus

Strategic Portfolio[edit]

The following brands are part of a portfolio of British American Tobacco priority brands.

Combustible tobacco products[55]: Dunhill, Kent, Lucky Strike, Pall Mall, Rothmans, Newport, Camel, Natural American Spirit

Potentially reduced-risk products[55]: vype, glo, epo, mocca, vuse, neo, lyfy, kodiak, chic group, Granit, Ten Motives, Grizzly, VIP, Camel Snus

British American Tobacco also owns a number of international and local cigarette brands, including Vogue, Viceroy, Kool, Peter Stuyvesant, Craven A and State Express 555.[55]

in millions GBP 2019 [6]:4 2018[3]:34 Adjusting items[3]:34 Impact of exchange[3]:34 Adjusted at constant 2018[3]:34 Adjusted at constant vs 2017 (percentage)[3]:34 Adjusted at constant vs 2017 repres (percentage) [3]:34 2017[3]:34 Acquisitions[3]:34 2017 repres[3]:34
Combustible portfolio 23,001 15,457 NA 816 16,273 50.1 5.7 10,842 4,553 15,395
Potentially reduced-risk products: Vapour 401 318 NA 7 325 93.5 26.0 168 90 258
Potentially reduced-risk products: THP 728 565 NA 11 576 185.1 183.7 202 1 203
NPG NA 883 NA 18 901 143.5 95.4 370 91 461
NPG: Modern Oral 126 34 NA 2 36 140.0 140.0 15 NA 15
NPG: Traditional Oral 1,081 883 NA 33 916 136.7 9.0 387 453 840
Oral NA 917 NA 35 952 136.8 11.3 402 453 855
Total PRRPs 1,255 1,800 NA 53 1,853 140.0 40.8 772 544 1,316
Strategic Portfolio 16,515 17,257 NA 869 18,126 56.1 8.5 11,614 5,097 16,711
Other 540 7,235 (180) 579 7,634 (0.8) (6.6) 7,692 480 8,172
Revenue 25,877 24,492 (180) 1,448 25,760 33.4 3.5 19,306 5,577 24,883

Combustible Tobacco Products[edit]

British American Tobacco's share of the cigarette market has been largely driven by five global brands – Dunhill, Kent, Lucky Strike, Pall Mall and Rothmans.[55] At the end of 2018, British American Tobacco had 47 manufacturing facilities producing cigarettes around the world. [56]

Vapour Products[edit]

British American Tobacco said it would "welcome" the U.S. health regulator’s move to ban popular e-cigarette flavors in the country, saying it would comply with the new guidelines aimed at curbing teenage vaping. Under a new policy that will go into effect in February, e-cigarette makers will be banned from selling pod-based e-cigarette flavors, including fruit and mint, in the United States, leaving only menthol and tobacco flavors on the market.' [57]

British American Tobacco is looking at introducing CBD (cannabidiol) and cannabis flavourings in their products. [58]

According to the 2018 Harm Reduction report, British American Tobacco sells its vapour products in 13 countries: Bahrain, Canada, Colombia, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Italy, Ireland, Kuwait, New Zealand, Poland, United Kingdon, and the United States. [59]

Oral Products[edit]

Oral products are available in five countries: Finland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. [59]:9

Russian airline passengers will be able to receive a LYFT nicotine delivery product from British American Tobacco on a dozen flights. [60] Czech transport Company Leo Express allows for the sale of LYFT nicotine bags on board of its fleet. [61] LYFT was promoted to smokers in Czech republic during the COVID-19 quarantine as an "alternative" to smoking. Kuřáci v době karantény: Sáhnout by měli raději po nikotinových alternativách, Express, 20 March 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>

The U.S. Food & Drug Administration announced that, for the first time, it has authorized the marketing of products through the modified risk tobacco product pathway. The authorizations are for eight Swedish Match USA, Inc. snus smokeless tobacco products sold under the “General” brand name. The action further authorized the manufacturer to market these specific products with the claim “Using General Snus instead of cigarettes puts you at a lower risk of mouth cancer, heart disease, lung cancer, stroke, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.”[62] Reynolds American Inc., the U.S. business unit of British American Tobacco PLC, submitted an application for some of its Vuse e-cigarettes to the Food and Drug Administration. The submission covers a group of products in its Vuse Solo line of e-cigarettes, including several different flavors. The Solo refill pods come in flavors such as melon, chai, mint and berry. [63] British American Tobacco’s U.S. subsidiary Reynolds American Inc. announced that the recently-submitted U.S. Premarket Tobacco Product Application (PMTA) for VUSE vapour products has been filed by the Food and Drug Administration for substantive scientific review, moving the application one step further through the review process. [64]

Heated Tobacco Products[edit]

In 2019, British American Tobacco created three global brands for its “New Category product” portfolio: VUSE for vapour products; VELO for modern oral products and glo for tobacco heating products to further accelerate the growth of their New Category business. [65] By the end of 2019, VELO will be available in 100,000 stores in the United States. [66] According to Štěpán Michlíček, Marketing Director of British American Tobacco for Central and Eastern Europe, 60,000 people already use heated glo products in the Czech Republic. [67]

Heated Tobacco Products by British American Tobacco are available in 16 countries: Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czechia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Greece, Russia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, South Korea, Switzerland, Ukraine and the United States. [59]:6 The company is awaiting approval to sell its heat-not-burn products in Malaysia. [68]

The 2018 heated tobacco product revenue increased to GBP 565 million or GBP576 million, at constant rates. The glo brand has achieved 4.7 percent market share in Japan, and continues to grow market share in South Korea, Romania and Italy. [3]:12 British American Tobacco Korea unveiled glo pro in November 2019. [69]

British American Tobacco launched glo in 2015. Japan is also the market where heat-not-burn has had the biggest success, and the amount of cigarettes sold there has dropped by about 20 percent over two years. South Korea is currently the market with the next-biggest potential. [70]

In April 2018, Rolling Stone Magazine profiled several British American Tobacco sponsored events around Italy that have been used to promote glo by continuing to build an association with fashion, music, technology, and partying. [71] In September 2018, British American Tobacco launched glo in Ukraine. [72] British American Tobacco launched new liquid-type e-cigarette Glo Sens in South Korea. [73] The company says it will launch two new tobacco heating products in Japan under its glo brand. [74] The new products, glo pro and glo nano, feature new heating technologies, slimmer sizes and will be available in Japan from October 2019. [75] As of November 2019, 60,000 people use heated glo products in the Czech Republic. [76]

In a press release from December 2018, British American Tobacco announced it is introducing a new vaping device in the United Kingdom market, called Vype iSwitch. The iSwitch comes in a standard version, which retails for about GBP 30 (USD 38), and an upscale version, the Maxx, which sells for about GBP 50. [77] In December 2018, Vype ePen 3 launched in New Zealand. [78] In 2020, British American Tobacco is getting ready to introduce the product in the Czech Republic. [79] In September 2018, The U.S. Food and Drug Administration determined that British American Tobacco had not produced adequate data to show its Camel smokeless tobacco pouches were a less risky alternative to cigarettes. [80] In February 2019, British American Tobacco launched Vype iSwitch and Vype iSwitch Maxx with ‘Puretech’ technology that incorporates an ultra-slim stainless steel blade that heats the e-liquid to create vapour. [81] In 2019, British American Tobacco New Zealand launched Vype in New Zealand. [82] British American Tobacco is set to introduce nicotine snus pouches in Kenya. [83] The Vype ePod won best e-cigarette at the 2020 Product of the Year Awards in the United Kingdom, for the second consecutive year. [84]

To date, British American Tobacco published 25 peer-reviewed articles on heated tobacco products. In 2018, the company presented at 24 scientific conferences and external meetings. [3]:28 The company carried out a series of tests tests to prove that its vaping products produce ‘greatly reduced mutagenicity, cytotoxicity and effects on wound healing as compared to cigarette smoke.’ [85]

Volumes[edit]

In 2019, British American Tobacco reported that its total cigarette and THP volume declined 4.4 percent to 677 billion sticks, with cigarette volumes down 4.7 percent and THP volumes up 31.6 percent. In 2018, the volume was 3.5 percent lower as growth in Pakistan, Japan (driven by THP), Turkey, Poland, Romania and Egypt was more than offset by declines in the GCC, US, Russia and Brazil.[3]:20 In 2018, volume was up 0.7 percent in the Asia-Pacific and Middle East region at 228 billion sticks driven combustibles volume in Pakistan and the performance of glo in Japan and South Korea with sales of 6.5 billion sticks in the period. [3]:347

Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco have been caught drastically underreporting their production and even using their facilities to roll out black-market cigarettes. In a 2017 raid, Pakistani authorities found 1.3 million black-market cigarettes with the branding of a Philip Morris subsidiary in a van leaving one of the company’s former factories—which the tobacco giant was apparently using as an undeclared warehouse. That same year, Philip Morris International had reported a decrease in production, claiming competition from illicit manufacturers. This under-reporting has added up to a tax shortfall of as much as 47 billion rupees between 2015 and 2018. [86]

Volume of Cigarettes by Region[edit]

Effective January 2018, British American Tobacco uses a new organizational structure consisting of four regions: Americas and Sub Saharan Africa (including East & Central Africa; West Africa and South Africa), Europe and North Africa (including Russia, Ukraine, Caucasus, Central Asia, Belarus, and Turkey), Asia-Pacific and Middle East and the United States of America.[87]

Year (in Billions) 2019 [6]:4 2018 [3]:35 2017 [27]:44-47 2016 [27]:44-47 2015 [27]:44-47 2014 [30]:9 2013 [30]:9
United States 73 77 NA NA NA NA NA
Americas and Sub-Saharan Africa 152 157 NA NA NA NA NA
Europe and North Africa 231 246 NA NA NA NA NA
Asia Pacific and Middle East 221 228 NA NA NA NA NA
Asia-Pacific NA 193 196 198 197 197
Americas NA 107 113 124 131 134
Western Europe NA 122 120 112 112 119
Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (EEMEA) NA 228 236 229 227 226
Total 677 (includes tobacco heating products) 686 (includes tobacco heating products) 665 663 667 676

Product Unit Volume[edit]

Product Category/ Year (in Billions) 2018 [3]:35 2017 [27]:10 2016 [27]:10 2015 [27]:10 2014 [30]:3 2013 [30]:3
Tobacco Units 708 686 665 663 667 676
Percentage Growth 3.2 3.2 0.2 (0.5) (1.3) -

Marketing and Campaigns[edit]

Social Media[edit]

An analysis of social media and influencer posts found evidence of tobacco companies using #StayAtHome hashtags, creative and giveaways – including branded masks – to market e-cigarettes, vapes and heated tobacco products. [88]

It found that on social media, the two largest tobacco companies – Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco – had appropriated 'Stay at home' hashtags used by governments and health authorities to market heated cigarette products, such as Glo and iQOS, and e-cigarettes, including Vype."

British American Tobacco has been nominated for a number of PR and communications industry awards across Southeast Asia, South Asia and ANZ regions. The nominations are for the comppany's Sampai Bila campaign in Malaysia. The company was nominated in these categories: Best Corporate Affairs Strategy, Best Crisis / Reputation Management Strategy, Best Event-Led PR Campaign, Best Insights-Driven PR, and Best PR-led Integrated Communications. [89]

At the end of 2019, the United Kingdom's Advertising Standards Authority ruled that British American Tobacco must stop using any public Instagram account to promote e-cigarettes in the country, which would include the use of influencer marketing to advertise e-cigarettes. The agency also ordered British American Tobacco to remove all Instagram advertisements for Vype that were under investigation.[90]

British American Tobacco’s latest music YouTube commercial has prompted Korean health authorities to discuss new legislature to restrict advertisements of e-cigarette devices. The ad “Glo Sens X Loopy&nafla” features popular musicians. Korean health authorities strictly restrict direct advertisements of tobacco products. However, Glo Sens is not classified as tobacco but as an electronic device used to heat e-cigarette products. [91] German actress Bonnie Strange wrote in an Instagram post "Feeling Vype af” that features her posing at a festival with a wisp of smoke trailing from her lips. The post promoted British American Tobacco’s vaping product Vype. [92]

In February 2019, Campaign For Tobacco Free Kids and Netnografica LLC published the results of a two-year investigation into how the big tobacco companies, including Philip Morris, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco, and Imperial Brands used social media influencers to promote their products online. [93]

The Tobacco Institute of Southern Africa paid social media celebrities in what could be a ploy to undermine new government efforts to curb tobacco use in the country. The social media campaign coincided with the July 2018 release of proposed anti-tobacco legislation that would curtail advertising and smoking in public places, with violators facing fines and even up to three months in jail. [94]

Sponsorship[edit]

RJRVC is sponsoring the U.S. leg of the band’s upcoming concert tour in conjunction with its London-based parent, British American Tobacco. The Fratellis will offer exclusive access to their new song “Strangers in the Street” via Vuse Vapor’s U.S. age-restricted Instagram channel.[95]

In 2019, British American Tobacco announced a multi-year sponsorship deal with McLaren Racing. The partnership focuses around the promotion of British American Tobacco's “reduced risk products”. [96] The Centre for Substance Use Research has taken money from Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco. [97] Tobacco company branding and logos will be banned entirely from the Melbourne Grand Prix to close a loophole that was exploited by cigarette giant Philip Morris and Ferrari. [98] The Australian state government has issued a ban on advertisements for vaping at the Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix at Phillip Island. [99] British American Tobacco is expanding their sponsorship of the McLaren Formula One team in 2020 to boost marketing of heated tobacco products. McLaren will provide more promotional spots on their cars next year and British American Tobacco will also be a partner for the team as it returns to full-time IndyCar competitions in the United States. [100] The new McLaren Racing car for the 2020 Formula 1 season has revealed the next iteration of “dynamic branding” associated with the team’s extended and expanded deal with new principal partner British American Tobacco. The launch of the papaya and blue MCL35 car at the team’s headquarters in Woking, England revealed the tobacco brand’s ‘A Better Tomorrow’ tagline. During the season, BAT will also display its Vuse vaping brand and, for the first time, its Velo oral-nicotine products at races in some jurisdictions. [101] In 2019, British American Tobacco sponsored the Bora’s Theatre Days in Serbia. [102]

The PETA International Science Consortium Ltd., Imperial Brands PLC, Altria Client Services, British American Tobacco PLC, and Philip Morris International Inc have joined together to donate USD 110,000 worth of equipment that will help to replace the use of animals in respiratory testing with more human-relevant, non-animal test methods. [103]

British American Tobacco Nigeria Foundation created the Farmers for the Future grant, aimed at giving young people the opportunity to access funds to establish viable agricultural enterprises. The scheme is an annual competition organised for final year students of Agriculture in Nigerian tertiary institutions and recent graduates. [104]

BAT Bangladesh deposited BDT 8.82 crore (about USD 1 million) to the Bangladesh Labour Welfare Foundation fund, under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. When BAT Bangladesh representatives handed over the check to the State Minister for Labour and Employment, the ministry promoted this news on its official Facebook page and acknowledged the company as its partner organization.[105]

Controversies[edit]

British American Tobacco in France launched "Vaping Days". For three days, a hundred BAT employees provided a field presence to "raise awareness" among smokers about vaping as an "alternative to tobacco". [106]

Dutch tax authorities demand EUR 1 billion euros from British American Tobacco. The company allegedly avoided taxation in the Netherlands between 2003 and 2016. [107]

British American Tobacco hired young models to sell its products despite having an explicit policy banning under-25s from appearing in adverts. The company paid social media influencers to star in a promotional campaign for glo, a heated tobacco device, in violation of its own marketing rules that state: “No person appearing in our advertising will be under 25." Glo recruited Bethany Cross, 21, and Amy Valentine, 24, two Instagram celebrities, for its summer ad campaign called #todayiwill. Two YouTubers, Mikey Pearce and Hobbie Stuart, and an urban climber named James Kingston, all over 25, also featured in the adverts. [108]

Based on an investigation by the Tax Justice Network, British American Tobacco has been accused of shifting profits from developing countries to a UK subsidiary. The company allegedly would avoid paying USD 700 million between now and 2030 in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kenya, Guyana, Brazil, and Trinidad and Tobago. [109]

Two new studies from the Tobacco Control Research Group, published in the BMJ journal, Tobacco Control, expose evidence that big tobacco companies are still facilitating tobacco smuggling, while attempting to control a global system designed to prevent it and funding studies that routinely overestimate levels of tobacco smuggling. [110]

Financial disclosures for President Trump's interim choice for U.S. Defence Secretary role Patrick Shanahan showed he was invested in more than 400 diverse stocks for companies such as British American Tobacco, CBS, Diamond Offshore Drilling, Facebook, Marathon Petroleum and Qualcomm. [111]

In August 2018, The Guardian reported that British American Tobacco has promoted sales of its cigarettes in some of the most fragile, war-torn and unstable countries of Africa and the Middle East. Documents acquired by The Guardian describe how cartons of cigarettes were distributed to traders hidden in black bags in Somalia after Al-Shabaab banned sales and threatened punishments under Sharia law between late 2008 and early 2009. The documents also show that British American Tobacco made plans to launch in South Sudan just two days before it gained independence from the north after years of destruction from a civil war that left 4 million people displaced. [112]

Internal British American Tobacco documents revealed that illicit trade was both profitable and integral to British American Tobacco operations in the People’s Republic of China over the span of two decades.[113] British American Tobacco's involvement in cigarette smuggling in Africa and Lebanon has also been documented. [114][115]

A 2015 BBC investigation uncovered evidence of bribery when British American Tobacco illegally paid politicians and civil servants in countries in East Africa. [116] Independent further reported British American Tobacco recruited and paid for a union to disrupt production at one of its chief rivals. [117] Emails reveal British American Tobacco made illegal payments to two members and one former member of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. British American Tobacco lobbyist Julie Adell-Owino arranged bribes totalling USD 26,000 for three public officials in Rwanda, Burundi and the Comoros Islands. All three officials were connected to a United Nations effort to reduce the number of tobacco related deaths, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. [116] British-American Tobacco's response to the allegations stated: "The truth is that we do not and will not tolerate corruption, no matter where it takes place."

But the evidence, as presented, looks damning. [118] In 2016, lawyers investigating bribery and corruption allegations were urged to expand their investigation after fresh international accusations emerged. According to court documents seen by The Independent, two former police officers working for private corporate investigation companies paid cash to South African law enforcement officials to disrupt British American Tobacco’s competitors’ business operations. [119]

The South African Revenue Service says it is owed R 143 million by the local arm of British American Tobacco as a result of tax fraud and evasion. [120] In 2014, South African subsidiary British American Tobacco Zimbabwe (Batz) was under scrutiny from SARS who has unearthed errant and illegal behavior on the part of the company. [121]

Marketing to Kids[edit]

British American Tobacco organizes an annual global competition for students and graduates – with the chance to win an all-expenses-paid trip to London and an internship opportunity with the company. Participants are required to individually develop an original and innovative business idea. [122]

British American Tobacco is under investigation by the UK Advertising Standards Authority over concerns the company promoted nicotine e-cigarettes and were likely to appeal to people under 18 years old. [123] Vype, a range of e-cigarettes owned by British American Tobacco, has been using fashion-style advertising to reach potential new customers, including glossy shoots with Lily Allen in which she matches different devices to her outfits. [124]

For a full list of Marketing to Kids cases look here.

British American Tobacco signed up New Zealanders with large social media followings to promote its e-cigarette brand Vype by posting pictures of themselves vaping on Instagram. [125]

A Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids investigation into over 100 social media campaigns by Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Imperial Brands revealed tobacco companies pay social media influencers on platforms like Instagram, Facebook and Twitter to advertise their products. [126] Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids reported British American Tobacco is behind several high profile influencer marketing campaigns for its Lucky Strike and Dunhill cigarette brands. An influencer paid to promote British American Tobacco brands explained:

  “I put the pack of cigarettes here on the table and I take a photo. Because it’s obviously illegal. So they have this group of people in every city… They try to create this thing where they give packets of cigarettes to people with a certain number of followers, so that they post a picture with the packet. The final image they want to give is that smoking Lucky Strike is cool." [126]

Political Spending[edit]

For a list of political contributions in the United States look here.

According to the 2018 Annual report, the total amount of British American Tobacco’s political contributions made to non-EU political parties in 2018 was GBP 3,718,540 (2017: GBP4,832,321).[3]:70 RAI Companies reported political contributions totalling GBP 3,718,540 (USD 4,965,850) for the full year 2018 to US political organisations, non-federal-level political party committees and to campaign committees of various non-federal candidates. [3]:70

Research and Development[edit]

British American Tobacco are investigating how people use vapor and tobacco heating products in Italy, comparing how consumers use heated tobacco product glo, and vapour product iSwitch, as well as another commercially available heated tobacco products and a reference cigarette. [127]

Portal Chemical & Engineering News reported that representatives from British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International, Philip Morris International, and Reynolds American attended the annual meeting of the American Society for Cellular & Computational Toxicology focused on non-animal toxicology testing. The website cited the ultimate goal to:

  "to convince officials at the U.S. Food & Drug Administration’s Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) that in vitro methods for predicting respiratory toxicology in humans are ready for prime time." [128]

A study by Oxford Economics, commissioned by British American Tobacco, revealed that Malaysia has the highest illegal cigarette incidence in the world and loses almost RM100 million every week to criminal smugglers and sellers. [129]

Corporate Social Responsibility[edit]

In 2020, Lemang Agricultural Services collaborated on a project with British American Tobacco to train and develop 150 new farmers at 15 sites in South Africa. [130]

For International Women's Day 2019, British American Tobacco created a toolkit around the #BalanceforBetter theme to "help" their offices around the world organise their own events and make "the celebrations as diverse and inclusive as they could possibly be."[131]

In 2019, British American Tobacco announced the roll-out of VerifY, a scheme aimed at ensuring that all retailers of e-cigarettes are aware of their role in the prevention of access to vaping by under-18s. [132] British American Tobacco Bangladesh was amongst 28 companies honored for practising transparency and good governance in their day-to-day operations by the Institute of Chartered Secretaries of Bangladesh, a professional body tasked with developing, promoting and regulating the profession of chartered secretaries, organised the awards. British American Tobacco Bangladesh won the gold award in the manufacturing category. [133]

In October 2018 Reuters reported that British American Tobacco ranked second and third (alongside Tesco) on the first Global Governance FTSE 100 League Table. The ranking judges companies based on their compliance with the 2015 Modern Slavery Act. [134]

In 2016, British American Tobacco Peru and British American Tobacco Central America and Caribbean were “recognised … amongst top employers in LatAm 2016”. British American Tobacco Mexico was recognised as the leading employer in the country and British American Tobacco West Africa won "awards for outstanding employee engagement strategies”. [135] British American Tobacco was named as a "Top Employer" for 2019 in eight countries – Australia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan, South Korea and Vietnam, by the Top Employers Institute. [136]

Bangladesh Labor Welfare Foundation (under the Bangladeshi Ministry of Labor and Employment) has received donations amounting to BDT 23,07,61,480 (approximately USD 2 million) from British American Tobacco Bangladesh. Acceptance of these donations was a clear breach of Guideline 4.10, under Article 5.3, of the WHO treaty Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. [137]

Reporting and Regulation[edit]

Investigations[edit]

The US Department of Justice and the Office of Foreign Assets Control are investigating British American Tobacco for “suspicions of breach of sanctions”. It is not clear which country or countries the regulators are focusing on. [138]

A US House of Representatives committee has asked e-cigarette manufacturers to hand over details about the health impact of products, heaping renewed scrutiny on the popular devices. The energy and commerce committee wrote to Fontem Ventures, a subsidiary of Imperial Brands, the tobacco manufacturer, which owns the Blu vaping brand, Reynolds American, the US business of British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Juul. [139]

According to The Independent, British American Tobacco, Imperial Brands, Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris International have all shifted their corporate structures to minimise their tax bills in the United Kingdom, researchers from the University of Bath found. Despite being headquartered in Britain, Imperial Brands paid an effective rate of just 13 per cent over the past seven years, during which corporation tax has varied between 20 per cent and 28 per cent. British American Tobacco is also based in the UK but paid “virtually no” corporation tax over the same period, including four consecutive years (2011-14) where it paid nothing at all, the paper found. [140]

Tobacco Litigation[edit]

British American Tobacco sued Philip Morris International in the United States and Germany, alleging that the tobacco heating technology used in IQOS devices infringed its patents. [141]

In August 2018 Uruguay became the first country in the region to enact plain packaging requirements for tobacco products. Only a month later, however, the decree was suspended due to a lawsuit filed by British American Tobacco. An Administrative First Instance Court ruled in favour of British American Tobacco because the plain packaging measure had been enacted by an executive decree instead of a law adopted by Parliament. The Uruguayan government appealed this decision and on 11 October 2018 the Court of Appeal ruled in the government’s favour, although a law would still be necessary to establish plain packaging. A legislative effort was immediately launched that month, leading to the adoption of Law 19.723 on 12 December 2018 and a detailed decree on 29 April 2019, with the law to be implemented for all tobacco products from 22 December 2019. [142]

Human rights lawyers are preparing to bring a landmark case against British American Tobacco on behalf of hundreds of more than 350 children and their families forced by poverty wages to work in conditions of child labor in the fields of Malawi. Leigh Day’s lawyers anticipate the number of child laborer claimants to rise as high as 15,000. While BAT claims it has told farmers not to use their children as unpaid labor, the lawyers say the families cannot afford to work their fields otherwise, because they receive so little money for their crop. [143] British American Tobacco, on its website, says:

  "In the case of tobacco farming, the reality of rural agricultural life in many parts of the world means certain kinds of work can play a formative, cultural, social and familial role for children. Where local law permits, we consider it acceptable for children of between 13 and 15 years of age to help on their families’ farms provided it is light work, and does not hinder their education or vocational training." [144]

Brazil's solicitor general's office is suing British American Tobacco Plc and Philip Morris International to recover the public health treatment costs of tobacco-related diseases over the last five years. [145] This move had been praised by the World Health Organization. [146]

A full list of tobacco industry litigation cases can be found here.

Souza Cruz (a subsidiary of British American Tobacco) was sentenced to pay around USD 180,000 to the widow of a smoker in Caxias do Sul. According to ACT, this is the 1st time that the responsibility of the tobacco industry is recognized. Historically in Brazil, the industry has won all lawsuits filed by victims or relatives. [147] In a lawsuit, filed in the High Court in Auckland, Philip Morris (New Zealand) is suing British American Tobacco (New Zealand), alleging its larger rival is breaching competition law by locking retailers into contracts designed to preserve its dominance in a NZD 2.5 billion market. [148]

In 2015, British American Tobacco, Philip Morris International and Japan Tobacco were ordered to pay CAD 12.5 billion in damages to Quebec smokers. [149]

In 2014, Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco, with support from other companies including Imperial Tobacco and Japan Tobacco International, made a legal bid to have new European Union picture health warnings and a ban on menthol cigarettes overturned. [150]

Country [3]:201 Year [3]:201 Status [3]:201 Description [3]:201
Angola 2016 Pending BAT Angola affiliate Sociedade Unificada de Tabacos de Angola (“SUT”) was served with a collective action filed in the Provincial Court of Luanda, 2nd Civil Section, by the consumer association Associação Angolana dos Direitos do Consumidor (“AADIC”). The lawsuit seeks damages of AOA 800,000,000 (approximately £2 million or US$2.6 million)

allegedly incurred by the Angolan Instituto Nacional do Controlo do Cancro (“INCC”) for the cost of treating tobacco-related disease, non-material damages allegedly suffered by certain individual smokers on the rolls of INCC, and the mandating of certain cigarette package warnings. SUT filed its answer to the claim on or about 5 December 2016.

Argentina 2007 Evidentiary stage The non-governmental organisation the Argentina Tort Law Association (“ATLA”) and Emma Mendoza Voguet brought a reimbursement action against Nobleza Piccardo S.A.I.C.y.F. (“Nobleza”) and Massalín Particulares. The case is being heard in the Contentious Administrative Court.
Brazil 2007 Subject to further appeal The São Paulo Public Prosecutor’s Office filed a medical reimbursement claim against Souza Cruz S.A. (“Souza

Cruz”). A similar claim was lodged against Philip Morris Brasil Indústria e Comércio Ltda. On 4 October 2011, the Court dismissed the action against Souza Cruz, with a judgment on the merits. The plaintiffs’ appeal to the Court of Appeal failed by unanimous vote (3 to 0). The Public Prosecutor’s Office filed a Special Appeal to the Superior Court of Justice, which was denied on 12 November 2018 by a decision that is subject to further appeal.

Canada NA Following the implementation of legislation enabling provincial governments to recover healthcare costs directly from tobacco manufacturers, ten actions for recovery of healthcare costs arising from the treatment of smoking and health-related diseases have been brought. These proceedings name various Group companies as defendants, including the Company, Investments, Industries, Carreras Rothmans Limited (collectively, the “UK Companies”) and Imperial Tobacco Canada Limited (“Imperial”), the Group’s operating company in Canada, as well as RJRT and its affiliate R.J.Reynolds Tobacco International Inc. (“RJRTI”) (collectively, the “RJR Companies”). Pursuant to the terms of the 1999 sale of RJRT’s international tobacco business to Japan Tobacco Incorporated (“JTI”), JTI has agreed to indemnify RJRT for all liabilities and obligations (including litigation costs) arising in respect of the Canadian recoupment actions. Subject to a reservation of rights, JTI has assumed the defence of the RJR Companies in these actions. The ten cases are proceeding in British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. The enabling legislation is in force in all ten provinces. In addition, legislation has received Royal Assent in two of the three territories in Canada, but has yet to be proclaimed into force.

Partners and Allies[edit]

According to Transparency Register, in 2017 British American Tobacco disclosed it was a member of the following associations: [151]

  • The American Chamber of Commerce to the European Union
  • American European Community Association
  • British Chamber of Commerce in Belgium
  • BusinessEurope
  • European Policy Centre
  • Confederation of British Industry
  • European Risk Forum
  • Ad Hoc Council (The European Government Business Relations Council)
  • Confederation of European Community Cigarette Manufacturers (CECCM)
  • European Smoking Tobacco Association (ESTA)
  • European Smokeless Tobacco Council (ESTOC)
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
  • International Trademark Association
  • ICC Business Action to Stop Counterfeiting and Piracy (BASCAP)
  • Kangaroo Group
  • The Mentor Group
  • Tobacco Industry Platform (TIP)
  • Transatlantic Business Dialogue
  • Tobaksproducenterne (Tobacco Manufacturers Denmark)
  • Tobacco Manufacturers' Association (TMA)

A full list of memberships and associations is available on Tobacco Tactics wikipedia by clicking here.

Right-wing lobbying group, the NZ Taxpayers’ Union, was identified as being supported by British American Tobacco. [152]

Lobbying[edit]

Australia[edit]

Strategic public affairs firm Wells Haslem Mayhew lists British American Tobacco Australia as one of their clients. [153] British American Tobacco Australia wants Western Australia to be the first state in the nation to change its e-cigarette regulations. British American Tobacco Australia has fronted WA's Parliamentary Select Committee on Personal Choice and Community Safety, which is assessing whether the use of electronic cigarettes should be made legal in the state. [154] British American Tobacco has previously donated to one of Australia’s most prominent right-wing think tanks, the Institute of Public Affairs. [155]

Bangladesh[edit]

The government of Bangladesh has set the target of making Bangladesh tobacco-free by 2040, while it still holds 9.49 percent share in British American Tobacco Bangladesh. [156]

Czech Republic[edit]

British American Tobacco is proposing an increased excise tax on heated cigarettes in the Czech Republic to at least 80% of the tax rate for conventional cigarettes, a move that would harm its competitor Philip Morris International. The company supports this step and claims that there is currently no evidence to suggest that heated cigarettes are less harmful than conventional tobacco products. [157]

European Union[edit]

Think tanks from multiple countries received funding from British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris International, alongside governments as they argued against tobacco controls. [158] According to Politico, among the lobbyists on the EU Transparency Register, representing British American Tobacco are Bernstein Public Policy and Red Flag. [159]

A campaign by Forest EU, funded by Japan Tobacco International, British American Tobacco and members of the European Smoking Tobacco Associations, paints a picture that is out of touch with the reality of EU legislation and the economic and societal effects of smoking in its many forms. [160]


The European Union Register lists the following lobbyists currently work for British American Tobacco:

Name Contract Status Start Date End Date
Giovanni Carucci [161] Active 26 September 2018 25 September 2019
Federica Patalano [161] Active 21 September 2019 18 September 2020
Eric Sensi-Minautier [161] Active 13 February 2020 28 February 2021

In 2019, British American Tobacco appeared to have a large lobbying contract with the revenue of EUR 500,000 - 599,999 with EUTOP Europe GmbH. [162] British American Tobacco also used BDL Lobbying Srl for lobbying in 2019 with the revenue for the company of EUR 100,000 - 199,999 [163] and Business Platform Europe with the revenue of 10,000 - 24,999 between July 2018 and June 2019. [164].

In 2019, British American Tobacco had an estimated annual cost related to activities covered by the European Transparency Registry in the amount of EUR 2,250,000 - 2,499,999. [161] EU Transparency register lists British American Tobacco as a member of various associations and networks around the world, including: AmCham EU, British Chamber of Commerce Belgium, BusinessEurope, Institute of Economics Affairs (IEA), Kangaroo Group, International Chamber of Commerce UK, INTA, CBI, ICC BASCAP, CECCM (now Tobacco Europe), ESTA, ECMA, CEPS. [161]

Kenya[edit]

Researchers have previously suggested British American Tobacco has undue influence over the Kenyan government and is in breach of the WHO tobacco convention. The company has been accused of intimidation and interference in the country. [165] In July 2017, the Guardian revealed that in Kenya and Uganda, British American Tobacco is seeking to prevent the government from taking preventative measures against tobacco. [166] In 2019, the Kenya Tobacco Control Alliance called upon the National Treasury to investigate cigarette manufacturer British American Tobacco alliance over alleged tax avoidance. This follows a report by Tax Justice Network that revealed how British American Tobacco avoids taxes in low and middle-income countries which is not in line with the World Health Organization recommendation for tobacco taxes to be raised up to 70 per cent. Chief Executive Officer for Consumer International Network, Samuel Ochieng, also mentioned BAT could be increasingly evading taxes since they allegedly bribe the policy makers as well as some KRA officials. [167]

Pakistan[edit]

In 2018, Philip Morris International Inc and British American Tobacco Plc lobbied Pakistan’s government not to implement bigger health warnings on cigarette packs. British American Tobacco, through its local subsidiary, also lobbied then Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi with a letter and met Pakistani officials, according to government documents and a review of the October 2017 correspondence. [168]

South Africa[edit]

British American Tobacco has accused the South African Government of being “unreasonable and maintaining the cigarettes ban for ulterior purposes”. British American Tobacco warned that cigarette sales are likely to fall in the second quarter of 2020, with trade, consumer stocks and revenue growth taking a hit in the country as the government this week reneged on its promises to reopen the market under phase 4 of the Covid-19 lockdown regulations.[169] The company taken a decision not to take legal action against government over the ban of cigarette sales. The company initially said it would head to court to have the ban overturned. [170]

Switzerland[edit]

British American Tobacco invited the press to a meet & greet with the company’s Swiss CEO Mads Larsen and Austrian professor, Bernd Mayer. Mayer spoke about the “benefits of e-cigarettes as an alternative for smokers”. Two parliamentarians were also in attendance.[171]

Uganda[edit]

British American Tobacco Uganda has asked the government to lift a ban on e-cigarettes as it seeks growth opportunities in a tough business environment. [172]

In July 2017, the Guardian revealed that in Kenya and Uganda, British American Tobacco is seeking to prevent the government from taking preventative measures against tobacco. [173]

Ukraine[edit]

The Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine fined four cigarette manufacturers and distributors, including Philip Morris, JTI Ukraine, Imperial Tobacco, British American Tobacco, as well as the Tedis-Ukraine distributor, who will appeal the decision of the Antimonopoly Committee for a fine of UAH 6.5 billion (USD 265 million). The AMCU claims there was a producers' conspiracy to prevent new potential participants from entering the tobacco distribution market. [174]

In March 2017, Cabinet of Ministers approved a draft bill on ratification of the WHO FCTC Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products. The Ministry of Health submitted the draft bill to the Presidential Administration for ratification; however, the Administration returned the draft bill twice citing “technical issues”. The bill still remains unratified. In 2018, Ukraine's Fiscal Service signed a Memorandum of Understanding with “Ukrtiutiun” (Ukrainian Association of Tobacco Producers, which represents Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International, and Imperial Tobacco), showing the Government's acceptance of the tobacco industry’s assistance to tackle the illicit trade in tobacco.[175]:12

United Kingdom[edit]

Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International, Imperial Brands and Juul are all members if the UK Vaping Industry Association (UKVIA), the United Kingdom's leading forum for supporting, developing and promoting the vaping industry. [176]

The former MP Byron Davies held a reception with British American Tobacco in a parliamentary dining room in November 2016. Craig Mackinlay, a Conservative MP, hosted a roundtable for the Tobacco Manufacturers’ Association in October 2016. [177] CTF Partners, owned by Lynton Crosby, is a registered lobbyist for British American Tobacco on “issues impacting domestic tobacco industry”. [178] 2018 Freedom of information requests revealed that the U.K. Foreign Office and the Department for International Trade had been championing the interests of British American Tobacco in the past. This is despite the government being forced to draw up new guidelines for UK embassy staff after it emerged in 2012 that the UK ambassador had been lobbying the Panama government on behalf of the company. [179]

United States[edit]

Lobbying expenses reported in 2018:

Lobbying Firm Hired Amount [180] Subsidiary (Lobbied For) [180] Lobbyists Hired [180]
10 Square Solutions 30,000 Reynolds American Copher, Michael
Aduston Consulting 20,000 Reynolds American Gallant, Karl M
ATS Communications 20,000 Reynolds American Silbey, Alex
Ballard Partners 110,000 Reynolds American Ballard, Brian; Benn, Rebecca; Lukis, Sylvester; Mcfaul, Dan
BGR Group 60,000 Reynolds American Barbour, Haley; Boyer, Dave; Stone, John
Capitol Counsel 20,000 Reynolds American Boustany, Charles Jr; Eannello, Joseph; Olander, David; Raffaelli, John D
Coffee & Assoc 0 Reynolds American Coffee, Roy C; DiStefano, David
CTF Global 5,000 Reynolds American Grossman, Lawrence C
DiStefano, David 0 Reynolds American DiStefano, David
Greenberg Traurig LLP 40,000 Reynolds American McKay, K Laurie; Phillips, Katie; Wynn, Albert R; Zausner, L Andrew
Guidepost Strategies 60,000 Reynolds American Cox, Phil
Hecht, Latham et al 40,000 Reynolds American Hecht, Timothy P;Latham, Tom; Phifer, Franklin C Jr
HR Strategies 20,000 Reynolds American Hannegan, Timothy; Rosenbaum, Jerr
King & Spalding 10,000 Reynolds American Spulak, Thomas J
LeMunyon Group 20,000 Reynolds American Lemunyon, Glenn B
Potomac Group 30,000 Reynolds American Smith, G Wayne
Randall Davis Assoc 10,000 Reynolds American Davis, Randall E
Reynolds American 790,000 Reynolds American Anderson, Lakeitha; Haselwood, Rich L; Hogg, Jeffrey; Moon, Cara; Okereke, Flora
Robin, Tallon & Assoc 15,000 Reynolds American Tallon, Robin
Rowland Strategy Group 45,000 Reynolds American Rowland, James A
Ruhlen Strategies 30,000 Reynolds American Ruhlen, Stephen S
Smith-Free Group 60,000 Reynolds American Deuser, Jon SR; Locke, W Timothy
The Policy Group 0 Reynolds American Wall, Chris

List of issues lobbied on in 2019 [181]

Issue Specific Issues No. of Reports*
Tobacco 21 22
Trade 4 4
Health Issues 4 4
Taxes 3 3
Agriculture 2 2
Fed Budget & Appropriations 2 2
Government Issues 2 2
Homeland Security 1 1

Wall Street Journal reported British American Tobacco plans to challenge possible restrictions on menthol cigarettes in the United States and argue that a ban in Canada hasn’t reduced smoking rates. [182]

Think-tanks, Legal & International Organizations[edit]

Name Years Funded Notes
Federation of Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce & Industries (FBCCI) 2019-20 FBCCI is a business organisation which promotes private sector interests in Bangladesh. British American Tobacco's current chairman Golam Mainuddin is one of FBCCI's elected directors for the 2019-2020 term. FBCCI is a strategic partner of the Commonwealth Enterprise and Investment Council.[183]
Crime Stoppers International (2018) NA In 2018, Thomas Compernolle, former Senior Global Engagement Manager and current EU affairs Director of British American Tobacco, was invited to speak at the 39th Crime Stoppers International conference. [184]
Retailers Against Smuggling NA Retailers Against Smuggling is an Irish organization that gathers retailers' efforts to prevent illicit trade in the country. It is funded by the Irish Tobacco Manufacturers Advisory Committee, composed of JTI Ireland, Imperial Tobacco and British American Tobacco subsidiaries. [185]
Polish Confederation Lewiatan NA Polish organisation with members from BAT Poland and PMI Poland. Its website lists the organisation’s activities over the last 15 years, among which is successfully campaigning against tax rises and other benefits for the tobacco industry. [186]
International Chamber of Commerce NA This Paris-based organization was founded in 1919 and bills itself as the world's largest business organization. It regularly issues reports sympathetic to the tobacco industry and lobbied against plain packaging proposals. British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris International sit on its influential anti-counterfeiting and piracy initiative. [187]
Digital Coding & Tracking Association (DCTA) NA The Digital Coding and Tracking Association (DCTA) is a front group, launched in 2013 by the four multinational tobacco companies: British American Tobacco, Imperial Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris International. The DCTA has promoted the industry’s tobacco tracking and tracing technology, Codentify, often without disclosing its relationship to the tobacco industry. [188]
Americans for Prosperity Foundation 2011-2014 In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it donated to Americans for Prosperity, but did not disclose which years. [189]
Americans for Tax Reform 2015-2017 In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco and British American Tobacco both disclosed they donated to Americans for Tax Reform, though did not disclose which years.[189]
The Atlas Network 2016 The Atlas Network is a thinktank based in Arlington, Virginia, which says it has more than 490 "partner" thinktanks in more than 90 countries around the world. In two annual reports in 2015 and 2016, the group said it received donations from British American Tobacco.[189]
Canadian Taxpayers Federation NA The group receives support from the Canadian Tobacco Manufacturers Council, which is supported by companies including British American Tobacco.[189]
National Taxpayers Union 2012, 2017 In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization.[189]
Australian Institute for Progress NA In 2018, the Australian Institute for Progress also signed onto a letter to the WHO opposing plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarette packaging. Johns also consulted for the the International Tax and Investment Center, which at the time received funding from Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Imperial Brands tobacco. In his role at the ITIC, Johns attacked SEATCA as an “instrument of the World Health Organization".[189]

In response to questions from the Guardian, the Institute said it is an “independent thinktank and we do work in areas which are significant to us”. Although the group said it does not disclose its funding, British American Tobacco said it had not supported AIP. [189]

Institute of Public Affairs (IPA) NA IPA has a relationship with British American Tobacco Australia and New Zealand "that goes back decades," according to Tobacco Tactics, a database run by the University of Bath, and has repeatedly taken direct funding from tobacco companies.[189]
New Zealand Taxpayers' Union NA New Zealand Taxpayers' Union has repeatedly opposed plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarettes packs. Dozens of Atlas thinktanks, including the New Zealand Taxpayers' Union, signed open letters to the World Health Organization opposing plain packaging in 2016 and 2018. In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization.[189]
Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (Ideas) 2015-2017 The Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (Ideas) was one of dozens of free-market thinktanks which opposed plain packaging in a letter to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016 . In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it donated to Ideas, but did not disclose which years.[189]
Austrian Economics Center NA The Austrian Economics Center has repeatedly opposed plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarette packaging. Dozens of free-market thinktanks, including the the Austrian Economics Center, signed open letters to the World Health Organization opposing plain packaging in 2016 and 2018. In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco and British American Tobacco both disclosed they donated to the Austrian Economics Center, but did not disclose which years.[189]
Institute of Economic Affairs 2011-2014, 2018 In 2011, the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) co-signed a letter to the editor of the Telegraph calling for a "halt to the relentless campaign to 'denormalise' smoking" and pushing against plain packaging. The same year, British American Tobacco gave more than £10,000 to the IEA, and £20,000 in 2012, according to disclosures by BAT.[189]
TaxPayers' Alliance NA The TaxPayers' Alliance was among a handful of Atlas affiliates which co-signed a letter to the editor of the Telegraph calling for a "halt to the relentless campaign to 'denormalise' smoking" and pushing against plain packaging. In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco disclosed it also donated to TaxPayers' Alliance, though did not disclose which years, and British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization. [189]
Ukrainian Economic Freedoms Foundation 2017 Philip Morris donated $150,000 to the Ukrainian Economic Freedoms Foundation in 2017. In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco disclosed it donated to the Foundation, though did not disclose which years. British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization. In 2016 and 2018, the foundation was one of dozens of Atlas-affiliated thinktanks which signed a letter to the World Health Organization opposing plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarette packs.[189]
Warsaw Enterprise Institute NA Warsaw Enterprise Institute was among dozens of free-market thinktanks to oppose plain packaging in an open letter to the World Health Organization in 2018. Plain packaging removes branding from cigarette packs, and is fiercely opposed by tobacco companies. In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it donated to the Warsaw Enterprise Institute, but did not disclose which years.[189]
Libertad y Desarrollo 2013-2 In 2014, Chilean news reported British American Tobacco Chile funded Libertad y Desarrollo, which worked to delay a vote on the country's tobacco laws. One of the groups founders was named president of BAT Chile the same year. BAT later told the Guardian the payment was "to purchase a technical and political analysis report" written by Libertad y Desarrollo, "which are available for any person or organisation to buy".[189]
Forrest EU 2018 Forest EU is supported by the Confederation of European Community Cigarette Manufacturers (CECCM), whose members are Japan Tobacco International (JTI), British American Tobacco (BAT) and Imperial Brands PLC (IMB) and by the members of the European Smoking Tobacco Association (ESTA). Their annual budget in 2018 was EUR 165,000. [190]
The Kangaroo Group 2017 - onging The Kangaroo Group promotes free trade across the European Union. In 2017, the Group’s tobacco industry members were listed as Barry Ronan from British American Tobacco, Mario Muller from the Confederation of European Community Cigarette Manufacturers, Alan Hardacre from Imperial Tobacco, Kristof Doms from Philip Morris International and Paolo Bochicchio from Japan Tobacco International. [191]

Front Groups[edit]

British American Tobacco is a Silver member of the Scottish Grocers Federation, a front group 'promoting responsible community retailing by lobbying, communication, networking and advice.' As of 2018, Japan Tobacco International and Imperial Tobacco were both listed as members on the organization's website. [192]

British think-tank Institute of Economic Affairs has carried articles opposing tobacco taxes. While the think tank does not disclose its funding online, Open Democracy and Guardian reported it has received money from British American Tobacco in the past. [193] [194]

Ceylon Tobacco Company is a part of a consortium of multinational corporations in Sri Lanka known as the League of Multinational Corporates. Business Mirror described them as a 'business association that will promote the island nation’s economic potential and initiate a dialogue with the government on the issues and opportunities in the investment landscape.' [195] Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Ceylon Tobacco Company Michael Koest held the chairmanship of the organization as of 2018. [196]

The Eliminating Child Labor in Tobacco-Growing is a front group for tobacco industry interests under the guise of a corporate social responsibility initiative. Eliminating Child Labor in Tobacco-Growing was co-founded by British American Tobacco and represents an alliance of tobacco companies and growers - led exclusively by members of the tobacco industry. In 2016 every member of the board came from tobacco. [197] The Organization has close ties to the United Nation's agency for labor, the International Labour Organization. The partnership has been ongoing since 2002 and seeks to eliminate child labor and promote workers’ rights in tobacco-growing communities in Brazil, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. [198] In November 2018, the International Labour Organization announced it will no longer rely on tobacco-industry funding for its projects to end child labor and promote workers’ rights in select tobacco growing communities. The International Labour Organization will no longer rely on its public-private partnerships with the tobacco industry to fund projects on addressing child labor and tobacco workers’ rights in the short term. [199] In 2018, the Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco Growing provided training and communications to farmers and rural community members to raise awareness of human rights issues, which reached over 134,000 beneficiaries in 2018. [3]:30

Tobacco Tactics reported a number of tobacco companies, including British American Tobacco were a donors to the Atlas Network in 2015 and 2016. According to the organisation's Wiki "internal tobacco industry documents show the Atlas Network has had a longstanding funding relationship with the tobacco industry." [200]. Full profile on the organisation can be found here.

Banking and Professional Services[edit]

Name Contract Status Notes
Kinaxis (2019) Active British American Tobacco selected Kinaxis as its supply chain planning partner in September 2019. [201]
Cravath, Swaine & Moore (2017) NA Six top law firms have advised on British American Tobacco’s mega-buyout of Reynolds American. According to official announcements from BAT and Reynolds, the law firms and other reports, the legal advisers to various groups involved in the deal are: Cravath, Swaine & Moore; Herbert Smith Freehills; Jones Day; Weil, Gotshal & Manges; Moore & Van Allen; and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett. [202]
Shearn Delamore & Co. NA Law firm for British American Tobacco Malaysia. [203]
Wong & Partners (Baker & McKenzie International) NA Law firm for British American Tobacco Malaysia.[203]
De Borja Marasigan Allado Law Partnership NA Law firm for British American Tobacco Philippines.[203]
Herbert Smith Freehills (2017) Active Herbert Smith Freehills advised their long-standing client British American Tobacco on a recommended offer to acquire the remaining 57.8 percent of Reynolds it does not already own, which at the time amounted to a value of USD 49.4 billion. [204]
Jones Day (2017) NA Six top law firms have advised on British American Tobacco’s mega-buyout of Reynolds American. According to official announcements from BAT and Reynolds, the law firms and other reports, the legal advisers to various groups involved in the deal are: Cravath, Swaine & Moore; Herbert Smith Freehills; Jones Day; Weil, Gotshal & Manges; Moore & Van Allen; and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett.[202]
Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP (2017) NA Six top law firms have advised on British American Tobacco’s mega-buyout of Reynolds American. According to official announcements from BAT and Reynolds, the law firms and other reports, the legal advisers to various groups involved in the deal are: Cravath, Swaine & Moore; Herbert Smith Freehills; Jones Day; Weil, Gotshal & Manges; Moore & Van Allen; and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett.[202]
Moore & Van Allen (2017) NA Herbert Smith Freehills advised their long-standing client British American Tobacco on a recommended offer to acquire the remaining 57.8 percent of Reynolds it does not already own, which at the time amounted to a value of USD49.4 billion. [205]
Simpson Thacher & Bartlett (2017) NA Six top law firms have advised on British American Tobacco’s mega-buyout of Reynolds American. According to official announcements from BAT and Reynolds, the law firms and other reports, the legal advisers to various groups involved in the deal are: Cravath, Swaine & Moore; Herbert Smith Freehills; Jones Day; Weil, Gotshal & Manges; Moore & Van Allen; and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett.[202]
KPMG (2014) NA A KPMG conducted a study for British American Tobacco, Imperial Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris International that revealed one in every ten cigarettes consumed in the European Union in 2013 were illicit. [206]

KPMG LLP was appointed as the Group Auditors for British American Tobacco in March 2015 and their appointment was confirmed by shareholders at the 2015 AGM. [207]

EY (2017) Active British American Tobacco hired EY to conduct an independent review of the company's sustainability data. [208]

Fees: 2018: GBP 18,000 [3]:105 2017: GBP 15,000 [3]:105

Deloitte (2018) Active Deloitte provides British American Tobacco with general advice on remuneration matters including: market trends and comparator group analysis; policy review and shareholder engagement perspectives; and independent measurement of the relative TSR performance conditions[3]:105

Fees:

2018: GBP 136,700 [3]:105 2017: GBP 86,000 [3]:105

Marketing, Conferences and PR[edit]

Name Contract Status Notes
London Symphony Orchestra (2019) Active The London Symphony Orchestra still receives sponsorship from British American Tobacco. [209]
Global Tobacco and Nicotine Forum Active David O’Reilly, director of scientific research for British American Tobacco will be one of the speakers at the 2019 Forum in Washington DC. [210]
Politico (2019) Active British American Tobacco and Philip Morris International advertised with Politico in June 2019. [211]
IsoNTech Conference (2019) Active Developers, manufactures and distributors of eCigsar invited to demonstrate new products and discuss their design and development at IsoNTech Conference. Representatives from British American Tobacco (Chris Proctor), Philip Morris International (Gizelle Baker) and Juul (Erik Augustson) were present. [212]
Kantar Media (2017) NA BAT commissioned Kantar Media in 2017 to conduct a global media review. The review identified the key issues covered by the tobacco industry and FMCG peer companies; relevant national and international regulation; international standards and frameworks, such as the UN Sustainable Development Goals; external reports and allegations regarding BAT or the tobacco industry; and risk monitoring and outlook reports, such as those of the World Economic Forum. [213]
FTI Consulting (2017) 2015-2018 FTI Consulting is an independent global business advisory firm dedicated to helping organizations manage change, mitigate risk and resolve disputes: financial, legal, operational, political and regulatory, reputational and transactional. Individually, each practice is a leader in its specific field, staffed with experts recognized for the depth of their knowledge and a track record of making an impact.
Geometry Global (2017) NA Geometry Global Japan has curated an art installation, “Do-Re-Mi-Rella by glo”. The event is designed for British American Tobacco Japan which launched the next-generation tobacco device “glo” in Sendai in December 2016. [214] Geometry controversially removed a black artist from a campaign for British American Tobacco device Glo shortly before the campaign launched, in a move that appears to be connected to the Black Lives Matter movement. [215]
Sard Verbinnen (2017) Active Sard Verbinnen & Co., LLC provides strategic communications advice and services that help clients in managing their position and specific events affecting their reputation, business, and market value. The company also provides services in the areas of corporate positioning that include development of strategies and initiatives based on research, judgment, and thinking for individuals and institutions; and offers communication advisory services to boards and senior management of public and private organizations, as well as small and mid-cap companies.
EUK Consulting (2017) Active EUK is Westminster and Brussels based consultancy, providing; bespoke public affairs, lobbying and issues-management services, political consultants, politics, british politics, London parliament. [216]
Red Flag (2017) Active Red Flag is an international consultancy specialising in strategic communications, government relations, crisis management and regulatory engagement. The company was listed as lobbyists for British American Tobacco in 2016 EU talks regarding implementation of FCTC. [217] Red Flag spent more than EUR 300,000 on its Brussels operations last year, with its clients including Pernod Ricard, British American Tobacco and American pesticide producer Monsanto.[218]
Ogilvy Hong Kong (2016) NA According to the company's website, Ogilvy has been working with British American Tobacco for 15 years. [219]

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