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===Forecast===
 
===Forecast===
 
Total shipment volume in 2020 is expected to decline circa 3%, due to industry volume contraction. <ref name="JTI_2020">JTI website, [https://www.jti.com/jt-group-2019-financial-results-2020-forecast JT GROUP 2019 FINANCIAL RESULTS & 2020 FORECAST], p. 1, 6 February 2020, Accessed 11 February 2020 </ref> In 2019, total shipment volume declined 0.3% due to industry volume contraction. Excluding acquisitions and favorable inventory movements, total shipment volume decreased 1.9%. Quarterly market share gains continued across many geographies, most notably in Cambodia, Canada, Czech Republic, Iran, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Poland, Taiwan and the UK.{{r|JTI_2020|p=5}}
 
Total shipment volume in 2020 is expected to decline circa 3%, due to industry volume contraction. <ref name="JTI_2020">JTI website, [https://www.jti.com/jt-group-2019-financial-results-2020-forecast JT GROUP 2019 FINANCIAL RESULTS & 2020 FORECAST], p. 1, 6 February 2020, Accessed 11 February 2020 </ref> In 2019, total shipment volume declined 0.3% due to industry volume contraction. Excluding acquisitions and favorable inventory movements, total shipment volume decreased 1.9%. Quarterly market share gains continued across many geographies, most notably in Cambodia, Canada, Czech Republic, Iran, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Poland, Taiwan and the UK.{{r|JTI_2020|p=5}}
Japan Tobacco Inc cut its annual profit outlook and now expects a full-year operating profit of 505 billion yen (USD 4.65 billion) compared with a previous forecast of 518 billion yen. For the third quarter, operating profit fell 26 percent year-on-year to 129 billion yen. <ref>[https://in.reuters.com/article/japan-tobacco-outlook/japan-tobacco-cuts-profit-outlook-on-weakness-in-reduced-risk-cigarettes-idINL3N27G2AH Japan Tobacco cuts profit outlook on weakness in reduced-risk cigarettes], ''Reuters'', 31 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
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Japan Tobacco Inc cut its annual profit outlook and now expects a full-year operating profit of 505 billion yen (USD 4.65 billion) compared with a previous forecast of 518 billion yen. For the third quarter, operating profit fell 26 percent year-on-year to 129 billion yen. <ref>[https://in.reuters.com/article/japan-tobacco-outlook/japan-tobacco-cuts-profit-outlook-on-weakness-in-reduced-risk-cigarettes-idINL3N27G2AH Japan Tobacco cuts profit outlook on weakness in reduced-risk cigarettes], Reuters, 31 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
  
 
===COVID-19 response===
 
===COVID-19 response===
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====Bangladesh====
 
====Bangladesh====
 
Anger is mounting in Bangladesh over concerns the Minister of Finance is giving British American Tobacco and Japan Tobacco International special benefits to tobacco companies during the COVID19 lockdown. <ref>[http://www.protidinersangbad.com/whole-country/215312/%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%AE%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%95-%E0%A6%AA%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%B7%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%A0%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%A8%E0%A6%95%E0%A7%87-%E0%A6%B8%E0%A6%B9%E0%A6%BE%E0%A7%9F%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%BE-%E0%A6%95%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%BE%E0%A7%9F-%E0%A6%B6%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%B2%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%AA-%E0%A6%AE%E0%A6%A8%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%A4%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%A3%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%B2%E0%A7%9F%E0%A7%87%E0%A6%B0-%E0%A6%AA%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%BF-%E0%A6%95%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B7%E0%A7%8B%E0%A6%AD তামাক প্রতিষ্ঠানকে সহায়তা করায় শিল্প মন্ত্রণালয়ের প্রতি ক্ষোভ], ''protidinersangbad'', 8 May 2020, Accessed 19 May 2020</ref>  
 
Anger is mounting in Bangladesh over concerns the Minister of Finance is giving British American Tobacco and Japan Tobacco International special benefits to tobacco companies during the COVID19 lockdown. <ref>[http://www.protidinersangbad.com/whole-country/215312/%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%AE%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%95-%E0%A6%AA%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%B7%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%A0%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%A8%E0%A6%95%E0%A7%87-%E0%A6%B8%E0%A6%B9%E0%A6%BE%E0%A7%9F%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%BE-%E0%A6%95%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%BE%E0%A7%9F-%E0%A6%B6%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%B2%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%AA-%E0%A6%AE%E0%A6%A8%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%A4%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%A3%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%B2%E0%A7%9F%E0%A7%87%E0%A6%B0-%E0%A6%AA%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%A4%E0%A6%BF-%E0%A6%95%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B7%E0%A7%8B%E0%A6%AD তামাক প্রতিষ্ঠানকে সহায়তা করায় শিল্প মন্ত্রণালয়ের প্রতি ক্ষোভ], ''protidinersangbad'', 8 May 2020, Accessed 19 May 2020</ref>  
In response to COVID-19, JTI Foundation provided food, hygiene products and protective gear to different parts of Bangladesh. <ref> [https://www.thedailystar.net/online/news/jti-bangladesh-continues-invest-govt-efforts-covid-19-response-community-support-1905154 https://www.thedailystar.net/online/news/jti-bangladesh-continues-invest-govt-efforts-covid-19-response-community-support-1905154], ''The Daily Star'', 22 May 2020, Accessed 18 June 2020 </ref>
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In response to COVID-19, JTI Foundation provided food, hygiene products and protective gear to different parts of Bangladesh. <ref> [https://www.thedailystar.net/online/news/jti-bangladesh-continues-invest-govt-efforts-covid-19-response-community-support-1905154 https://www.thedailystar.net/online/news/jti-bangladesh-continues-invest-govt-efforts-covid-19-response-community-support-1905154], The Daily Star, 22 May 2020, Accessed 18 June 2020 </ref>
  
 
====Malaysia====
 
====Malaysia====
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Japan Tobacco International offloaded its entire stake in Korean tobacco maker KT&G on Dec. 4, 2019. Reasons for JTI’s move are unknown but some experts have suggested that the company is moving its Korean production to the Philippines two years ago is said to have removed the incentive for the company to invest in KT&G. <ref> Tobacco Business website, [https://tobaccobusiness.com/japan-tobacco-international-sells-its-shares-of-ktg/ Japan Tobacco International Sells Its Shares of KT&G], 10 December 2019, Accessed 30 December 2018</ref>  
 
Japan Tobacco International offloaded its entire stake in Korean tobacco maker KT&G on Dec. 4, 2019. Reasons for JTI’s move are unknown but some experts have suggested that the company is moving its Korean production to the Philippines two years ago is said to have removed the incentive for the company to invest in KT&G. <ref> Tobacco Business website, [https://tobaccobusiness.com/japan-tobacco-international-sells-its-shares-of-ktg/ Japan Tobacco International Sells Its Shares of KT&G], 10 December 2019, Accessed 30 December 2018</ref>  
  
In August 2018, Japan Tobacco purchased Akij Group (Bangladesh) for around USD 1.5 billion. Reuters reported it as Japan Tobacco International's second major purchase in five months.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-akij-m-a-japan-tobacco/japan-tobacco-buying-bangladesh-akijs-tobacco-business-for-1-5-billion-idUSKBN1KR0O1 Japan Tobacco buying Bangladesh Akij's tobacco business for $1.5 billion], ''Reuters'', August 2018, Accessed 8 September 2018</ref> At the time Akij held about a 20 percent share of the cigarette market in Bangladesh, the eighth largest cigarette market in the world, with volumes exceeding 86 billion units and growing by about 2 percent year-on year. This transaction was projected to add around 17 billion units to JT Group’s overall volume.<REF>Japan Tobacco International, [https://www.jti.com/our-views/newsroom/jt-group-agrees-acquire-tobacco-business-akij-group-bangladesh JT Group Agrees to Acquire Tobacco Business of Akij Group in Bangladesh], Accessed 12 September 2018</REF> In November 2018 Japan Tobacco completed its acquisition of Akij Group's tobacco business, at the time, the largest single foreign direct investment in Bangladesh.<ref> [https://www.thedailystar.net/business/news/japan-tobacco-closes-147b-acquisition-akij-venture-1667071 Japan Tobacco closes $1.47b acquisition of Akij venture], ''The Daily Star'', 30 November 2018, Accessed 30 December 2018</ref>  
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In August 2018, Japan Tobacco purchased Akij Group (Bangladesh) for around USD 1.5 billion. Reuters reported it as Japan Tobacco International's second major purchase in five months.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-akij-m-a-japan-tobacco/japan-tobacco-buying-bangladesh-akijs-tobacco-business-for-1-5-billion-idUSKBN1KR0O1 Japan Tobacco buying Bangladesh Akij's tobacco business for $1.5 billion], ''Reuters'', August 2018, Accessed 8 September 2018</ref> At the time Akij held about a 20 percent share of the cigarette market in Bangladesh, the eighth largest cigarette market in the world, with volumes exceeding 86 billion units and growing by about 2 percent year-on year. This transaction was projected to add around 17 billion units to JT Group’s overall volume.<REF>Japan Tobacco International, [https://www.jti.com/our-views/newsroom/jt-group-agrees-acquire-tobacco-business-akij-group-bangladesh JT Group Agrees to Acquire Tobacco Business of Akij Group in Bangladesh], Accessed 12 September 2018</REF> In November 2018 Japan Tobacco completed its acquisition of Akij Group's tobacco business, at the time, the largest single foreign direct investment in Bangladesh.<ref> [https://www.thedailystar.net/business/news/japan-tobacco-closes-147b-acquisition-akij-venture-1667071 Japan Tobacco closes $1.47b acquisition of Akij venture], "The Daily Star ", 30 November 2018, Accessed 30 December 2018</ref>  
  
 
In August 2017, Japan Tobacco International purchased Indonesia’s PT Karyadibya Mahardhika for USD677 million and <ref>[https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/08/23/business/corporate-business/japan-tobacco-targets-emerging-markets-fewer-health-controls-rivals-go-high-tech/#.W8jWoRMzbOQ Japan Tobacco targets emerging markets with fewer health controls as rivals go high-tech], ''Japan Times'', 23 August 2017, Accessed 14 September 2018 </REF> Japan Tobacco International also agreed to pay 52.6 billion Philippine pesos (USD1.02 billion), including tax, for assets belonging to Mighty, which commanded a 23 percent share of the Southeast Asian nation's tobacco market. JT aims to build up its share there, which sat at less than 5 percent in 2018. <ref>[https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Japan-Tobacco-staking-growth-on-emerging-markets Japan Tobacco staking growth on emerging markets], ''Nikkei Asian Review'', August 2018, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF>
 
In August 2017, Japan Tobacco International purchased Indonesia’s PT Karyadibya Mahardhika for USD677 million and <ref>[https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/08/23/business/corporate-business/japan-tobacco-targets-emerging-markets-fewer-health-controls-rivals-go-high-tech/#.W8jWoRMzbOQ Japan Tobacco targets emerging markets with fewer health controls as rivals go high-tech], ''Japan Times'', 23 August 2017, Accessed 14 September 2018 </REF> Japan Tobacco International also agreed to pay 52.6 billion Philippine pesos (USD1.02 billion), including tax, for assets belonging to Mighty, which commanded a 23 percent share of the Southeast Asian nation's tobacco market. JT aims to build up its share there, which sat at less than 5 percent in 2018. <ref>[https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Japan-Tobacco-staking-growth-on-emerging-markets Japan Tobacco staking growth on emerging markets], ''Nikkei Asian Review'', August 2018, Accessed 12 September 2018 </REF>
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In 2020, Tabak-invest LLC began production of Winston XS Fresh Mix cigarettes in Belarus under the Japan Tobacco International license. <ref>[https://primepress.by/news/kompanii/v_belarusi_nachalos_proizvodstvo_sigaret_winston_xs_fresh_mix_po_litsenzii_jti-18722/ В Беларуси началось производство сигарет Winston XS Fresh Mix по лицензии JTI], ''Prime Press'', 20 March 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
 
In 2020, Tabak-invest LLC began production of Winston XS Fresh Mix cigarettes in Belarus under the Japan Tobacco International license. <ref>[https://primepress.by/news/kompanii/v_belarusi_nachalos_proizvodstvo_sigaret_winston_xs_fresh_mix_po_litsenzii_jti-18722/ В Беларуси началось производство сигарет Winston XS Fresh Mix по лицензии JTI], ''Prime Press'', 20 March 2020, Accessed 21 April 2020 </ref>
  
Japan Tobacco International plans to launch a global business services centre in Poland that would hire more than 850 people. <ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/poland-factors/poland-factors-to-watch-nov-5-idUSL8N27L1OJ Poland - Factors to Watch Nov 5], 5 November 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> Japan Tobacco International has leased about 6,000 square meters in the Senator Business Center in St. Petersburg. The tobacco company plans to open a global business support center. <ref>[https://abnews.ru/2019/11/27/japan-tobacco-international-otkroet-v-peterburge-globalnyj-czentr-podderzhki-biznesa/ Japan Tobacco International откроет в Петербурге глобальный центр поддержки бизнеса], ''AB News'', 11 November 2019, Accessed 27 November 2019 </ref>
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Japan Tobacco International plans to launch a global business services centre in Poland that would hire more than 850 people. <ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/poland-factors/poland-factors-to-watch-nov-5-idUSL8N27L1OJ Poland - Factors to Watch Nov 5], 5 November 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> Japan Tobacco International has leased about 6,000 square meters in the Senator Business Center in St. Petersburg. The tobacco company plans to open a global business support center. <ref>[https://abnews.ru/2019/11/27/japan-tobacco-international-otkroet-v-peterburge-globalnyj-czentr-podderzhki-biznesa/ Japan Tobacco International откроет в Петербурге глобальный центр поддержки бизнеса], AB News, 11 November 2019, Accessed 27 November 2019 </ref>
  
 
Japan Tobacco has 35 international and six Japanese domestic factories. {{r|JTI_Sustainability|p=7}} SEKAP plant in Xanti, Greece, announced in October 2018 that production of the products of new owner Japan Tobacco International has started, just two-and-a-half months after the Greek tobacco company’s takeover. <ref> [http://www.ekathimerini.com/234019/article/ekathimerini/business/sekap-plant-starts-making-jti-tobacco-products SEKAP plant starts making JTI tobacco products], ''Ekathimerini.com'', October 2018, Accessed 15 December 2018</ref> Japan Tobacco International has commenced production of its Winston brand for Greece and another nine countries at the once state-owned Sekap facility. <ref>[https://www.tornosnews.gr/en/tourism-businesses/new-investments/37380-jti-to-produce-winston-cigarette-brand-at-sekap-facility-in-northeastern-greece.html JTI to produce Winston cigarette brand at Sekap facility in northeastern Greece], ''Tornos News'', 30 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
 
Japan Tobacco has 35 international and six Japanese domestic factories. {{r|JTI_Sustainability|p=7}} SEKAP plant in Xanti, Greece, announced in October 2018 that production of the products of new owner Japan Tobacco International has started, just two-and-a-half months after the Greek tobacco company’s takeover. <ref> [http://www.ekathimerini.com/234019/article/ekathimerini/business/sekap-plant-starts-making-jti-tobacco-products SEKAP plant starts making JTI tobacco products], ''Ekathimerini.com'', October 2018, Accessed 15 December 2018</ref> Japan Tobacco International has commenced production of its Winston brand for Greece and another nine countries at the once state-owned Sekap facility. <ref>[https://www.tornosnews.gr/en/tourism-businesses/new-investments/37380-jti-to-produce-winston-cigarette-brand-at-sekap-facility-in-northeastern-greece.html JTI to produce Winston cigarette brand at Sekap facility in northeastern Greece], ''Tornos News'', 30 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref>
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Japan Tobacco is the market leader in Japan, which is one of the largest markets in the world, generating about 40 percent of the company's consolidated adjusted operating profit. During 2017, the company's share of market reached 61.3 percent, due the solid performance of the company's core brands, such as MEVIUS and Natural American Spirit. In 2017, Japan Tobacco launched Ploom shops and expanded the sales of Ploom TECH in Tokyo.{{r|JT_AR_2017|p=2}} In August 2019, Japan Tobacco International launched the Ploom S and three types of Ploom S tobacco sticks. Sales were slated to start at approximately 57,000 convenience stores and 2,200 tobacco retail stores. <ref> Japan Tobacco International, [https://www.jt.com/media/news/2019/0704_01.html JT expands Ploom S sales area nationwide from August 5], Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
 
Japan Tobacco is the market leader in Japan, which is one of the largest markets in the world, generating about 40 percent of the company's consolidated adjusted operating profit. During 2017, the company's share of market reached 61.3 percent, due the solid performance of the company's core brands, such as MEVIUS and Natural American Spirit. In 2017, Japan Tobacco launched Ploom shops and expanded the sales of Ploom TECH in Tokyo.{{r|JT_AR_2017|p=2}} In August 2019, Japan Tobacco International launched the Ploom S and three types of Ploom S tobacco sticks. Sales were slated to start at approximately 57,000 convenience stores and 2,200 tobacco retail stores. <ref> Japan Tobacco International, [https://www.jt.com/media/news/2019/0704_01.html JT expands Ploom S sales area nationwide from August 5], Accessed 10 July 2019 </ref>
  
Japan Tobacco International  announced on that it will enter Portugal with its ‘e-cigarettes’ and aims to operate nationwide by 2020. <ref>[https://www.theportugalnews.com/news/japan-tobacco-to-enter-portuguese-market/51818 Japan tobacco to enter Portuguese market], ''The Portugal News'', 1 November 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> Japan Tobacco International launched its Logic Compact e-cigarette in Spain in November 2019 after being available in 19 countries. <ref>[https://www.europapress.es/economia/noticia-jti-lanza-espana-cigarrillo-electronico-logic-20191024115449.html JTI lanza en España su cigarrillo electrónico Logic], ''Europa Press'', 24 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> The company halved the price of starter kits for its Ploom S reduced-risk cigarettes. <ref>[https://japantoday.com/category/business/japan-tobacco-halves-price-of-reduced-risk-cigarette-starter-kit Japan Tobacco halves price of reduced-risk cigarette starter kit], Japan Today, ''14 November 2019'', Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> Japan Tobacco International’s Logic Compact electronic vaporizer will be available in 27 countries by the end of 2019. <ref>[https://open4business.com.ua/japan-tobacco-international-brings-logic-compact-electronic-vaporizer-product-to-ukrainian-market/ JAPAN TOBACCO INTERNATIONAL BRINGS LOGIC COMPACT ELECTRONIC VAPORIZER PRODUCT TO UKRAINIAN MARKET],''open4business'', 29 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
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Japan Tobacco International  announced on that it will enter Portugal with its ‘e-cigarettes’ and aims to operate nationwide by 2020. <ref>[https://www.theportugalnews.com/news/japan-tobacco-to-enter-portuguese-market/51818 Japan tobacco to enter Portuguese market], The Portugal News, 1 November 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> Japan Tobacco International launched its Logic Compact e-cigarette in Spain in November 2019 after being available in 19 countries. <ref>[https://www.europapress.es/economia/noticia-jti-lanza-espana-cigarrillo-electronico-logic-20191024115449.html JTI lanza en España su cigarrillo electrónico Logic], Europa Press, 24 October 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> The company halved the price of starter kits for its Ploom S reduced-risk cigarettes. <ref>[https://japantoday.com/category/business/japan-tobacco-halves-price-of-reduced-risk-cigarette-starter-kit Japan Tobacco halves price of reduced-risk cigarette starter kit], Japan Today, 14 November 2019, Accessed 26 November 2019 </ref> Japan Tobacco International’s Logic Compact electronic vaporizer will be available in 27 countries by the end of 2019. <ref>[https://open4business.com.ua/japan-tobacco-international-brings-logic-compact-electronic-vaporizer-product-to-ukrainian-market/ JAPAN TOBACCO INTERNATIONAL BRINGS LOGIC COMPACT ELECTRONIC VAPORIZER PRODUCT TO UKRAINIAN MARKET],''open4business'', 29 November 2019, Accessed 15 December 2019</ref>
  
 
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In February 2019, Campaign For Tobacco Free Kids and Netnografica LLC published the results of a two-year investigation into how the big tobacco companies, including [[Philip Morris International|Philip Morris]], [[British American Tobacco]], Japan Tobacco, and [[Imperial Brands]] used social media influencers to promote their products online. <ref>[https://www.dazeddigital.com/life-culture/article/43290/1/big-tobacco-smoking-industry-young-people-social-media-influencers-instagram How the tobacco industry targets young people with social media influencers], ''Dazed & Confused'', 13 February 2019, Accessed 7 May 2019 </ref>  
 
In February 2019, Campaign For Tobacco Free Kids and Netnografica LLC published the results of a two-year investigation into how the big tobacco companies, including [[Philip Morris International|Philip Morris]], [[British American Tobacco]], Japan Tobacco, and [[Imperial Brands]] used social media influencers to promote their products online. <ref>[https://www.dazeddigital.com/life-culture/article/43290/1/big-tobacco-smoking-industry-young-people-social-media-influencers-instagram How the tobacco industry targets young people with social media influencers], ''Dazed & Confused'', 13 February 2019, Accessed 7 May 2019 </ref>  
  
Japan Tobacco International launched of a nationwide anti-illicit tobacco campaign in the United Kingdom called [http://www.jtiadvance.co.uk/DontBeComplicit Don’t Be Complicit In Illicit], which calls on retailers to join the fight against the illicit tobacco trade. <ref>[https://forecourttrader.co.uk/news/fullstory.php/aid/15775/JTI_campaign_urges_retailers_to_join_fight_against_illicit_trade.html JTI campaign urges retailers to join fight against illicit trade], ''Forecourt Trader'', 10 October 2018, Accessed 31 October 2018</ref>
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Japan Tobacco International launched of a nationwide anti-illicit tobacco campaign in the United Kingdom called [http://www.jtiadvance.co.uk/DontBeComplicit Don’t Be Complicit In Illicit], which calls on retailers to join the fight against the illicit tobacco trade. <ref>[https://forecourttrader.co.uk/news/fullstory.php/aid/15775/JTI_campaign_urges_retailers_to_join_fight_against_illicit_trade.html JTI campaign urges retailers to join fight against illicit trade], October 2018, August 2018, Accessed 31 October 2018</ref>
  
 
The Department of Health published in May of 2018, Japan Tobacco International paid for a radio advert encouraging the public to protest against the proposals restricting smoking in public places, introducing plain packaging, banning point-of-sale advertising and displays, and scrapping the sale of single cigarettes. <ref>[https://www.enca.com/news/campaign-against-anti-smoking-bill-intensifies Campaign against anti-smoking bill intensifies], ''ENCA'', August 2018, Accessed 19 October 2018</ref>
 
The Department of Health published in May of 2018, Japan Tobacco International paid for a radio advert encouraging the public to protest against the proposals restricting smoking in public places, introducing plain packaging, banning point-of-sale advertising and displays, and scrapping the sale of single cigarettes. <ref>[https://www.enca.com/news/campaign-against-anti-smoking-bill-intensifies Campaign against anti-smoking bill intensifies], ''ENCA'', August 2018, Accessed 19 October 2018</ref>

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