Difference between revisions of "Philip Morris International"
(→Corporate Social Responsibility)
(→Marketing and External Relations)
|Line 1,103:||Line 1,103:|
==Marketing and External Relations==
==Marketing and External Relations==
Latest revision as of 22:46, 8 August 2019
Philip Morris International, the world’s largest publicly traded tobacco company, operates in approximately 180 countries and reported 18.31 billion USD in profits in 2017. Philip Morris International, a U.S.-based corporation, only sells its products outside the United States. Philip Morris International was separated from its parent company, the Altria Group, in March 2008, in part to protect the company from increased U.S.-based regulation and Litigation. Philip Morris International and Altria are now legally separate companies.
- 1 Company Overview
- 2 Profitability
- 2.1 Annual Trends
- 2.2 Profits per Region (in Millions USD)
- 2.3 Regional Segments Since 2018
- 2.4 Regional Segments Before 2018
- 2.5 Acquisitions
- 2.6 Investments
- 2.7 Shareholders
- 2.8 Other Notable Investors
- 2.9 Market Share
- 2.10 Emerging Markets
- 2.11 Factory Openings and Closures
- 2.12 Dividends
- 3 Products
- 3.1 Key Portfolio
- 3.2 Heated Tobacco Products
- 3.3 Sales of Heated Tobacco products in Japan
- 3.4 Volumes
- 4 Marketing and External Relations
- 4.1 Foundation for a Smoke-Free World
- 4.2 Global Campaigns
- 4.3 Events
- 4.4 Corporate Social Responsibility
- 4.5 Sponsorship
- 4.6 Lobbying
- 4.7 Marketing to Kids
- 4.8 Political Spending
- 5 Research and Development
- 6 Reporting and Regulation
- 7 Investigations
- 8 Partners and Allies
- 9 References
According to Philip Morris International's website, Philip Morris International is a leading international tobacco company engaged in the manufacture and sale of cigarettes and other nicotine-containing products in markets outside the United States of America. Philip Morris International Inc. is a Virginia holding company incorporated in 1987. The company's vision is for their products to "ultimately replace cigarettes to the benefit of adult smokers, society, our company and our shareholders."
|André Calantzopoulos||Director and Chief Executive Officer
|Calantzopoulos was named Chief Executive Officer and was elected to the Board of Directors on May 8, 2013. He served as Chief Operating Officer from Philip Morris spin-off on March 28, 2008 to May 8, 2013. Calantzopoulos was Philip Morris International’s President and Chief Executive Officer between 2002 and the date of the spin-off. After joining the company in 1985, he worked extensively across Central Europe, including as Managing Director of PM Poland and President of the Eastern European Region.
Calantzopoulos holds a degree in electrical engineering from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne and an MBA from INSEAD in France.
|Martin King||Chief Financial Officer
(since January 2018)
|King joined Philip Morris International in 2003 as Managing Director of Tabaqueira SA, Philip Morris International’s Portuguese subsidiary. He was then named Managing Director, Philip Morris Management Co. Ltd in Beijing. Following Philip Morris Indonesia’s acquisition of PT HM Sampoerna Tbk in May 2005, he served as President Director of PT HM Sampoerna Tbk until April 2009. King was appointed Senior Vice President, Operations in April 2009, and President, Latin America & Canada Region in February 2014. Between 2015 and 2017, he held the position of President, Asia Region.
Prior to joining Philip Morris International, King served in various positions within Philip Morris USA between 1991 and 2003.
A graduate of Harvard University with a bachelor’s degree in government, King also holds an MBA from the Darden School, University of Virginia.
|Jacek Olczak||Chief Operating Officer
(since January 2018)
|Olczak joined Philip Morris Polska in 1993 as Manager, Finance and Administration. After serving as Manager, Internal Controls in 1995 in Lausanne, Switzerland, Olczak returned to Poland in 1996 where he held various positions in finance, sales, and operations. Between 2002 and 2006, Olczak worked extensively across Central Europe and the Baltic States, and in 2004 was appointed Managing Director, Poland & Baltic States. In October 2006, he became Managing Director, Germany & Austria, and from April 2009 until July 2012, he served as President of Philip Morris International’s European Union Region, responsible for managing Philip Morris International operations. From August 2012 until his current appointment, Olczak held the role of Chief Financial Officer.
Prior to joining Philip Morris International, Olczak worked for BDO Binder Sp. z o.o. in London and Warsaw.
Olczak holds a master’s degree in economics from the University of Lodz, Poland.
|Werner Barth||Senior Vice President,Commercial(since January 2018)||MBarth joined PMI in 1990 as a Marketing Trainee at Philip Morris Germany. From 1992 until 2002 he held positions in marketing, product management, brand supervision, and group management. In 2002 Barth became Marketing Director for Philip Morris Spain and two years later Sales Director for Philip Morris Germany. He was then appointed Managing Director, Philip Morris Benelux. In 2011 Barth became Managing Director, Philip Morris Germany. He was appointed Senior Vice President, Marketing & Sales in 2015, a position he held until his current appointment.
Barth holds a degree in economics from Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich. 
|Massimo Andolina||Senior Vice President, Operations(since January 2018)||Andolina joined Philip Morris in Lausanne in 2008 as Director, Operations Planning. He became Vice President, Operations of the Latin America & Canada Region in 2011, and moved to oversee our European Union Region’s operations two years later. In 2016, Andolina was appointed Vice President, PMI Business Transformation.
Prior to joining PMI, Andolina held a variety of international positions in strategic marketing and general management for Tetra Pak International and in operations for R.J. Reynolds International.
Andolina holds a degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Palermo, Italy and an MBA from IMD in Lausanne, Switzerland.
|Paul Riley||President, East Asia & Australia Region
(since January 2018)
|Riley joined Philip Morris Australia in 1988. Over the following two decades, he held a number of positions in Australia, Hong Kong, and Japan, before being named Managing Director, Serbia & Montenegro in 2010. Riley returned to Asia in 2013, when he became President of Philip Morris Fortune Tobacco Corporation in the Philippines. He was appointed President of Philip Morris Japan in 2015.
Riley holds a degree in technology innovation and services management from the Royal Melbourne Institute, and is a graduate of Harvard Business School.
|Marco Mariotti||President, Eastern Europe Region
(since January 2018)
|Since joining Philip Morris International in 1997, Mariotti has held numerous leadership roles in Argentina and across Europe. He started in business development for the European Union Region and moved to Italy in 2001 as Director, Finance and then Director, Corporate Affairs. In 2005, Mariotti became Managing Director, Argentina, followed by his appointment as Managing Director, Italy in 2008. In 2010 Mariotti was named President, Russia & Belarus and became Senior Vice President, Corporate Affairs in 2015.
Before joining Philip Morris International, Mariotti worked in the financial sector in Switzerland.
Mariotti studied economics in Lausanne, Switzerland, and holds an MBA from INSEAD in Fontainebleau, France.
|Frederic de Wilde||President, European Union Region
(since July 2015)
|De Wilde joined Philip Morris International in 1992 as Brand Manager L&M for Philip Morris Belgium. In 1996 he became Marketing Director for Philip Morris Spain S.L. and four years later Sales Director of Spain. He was then named Managing Director of Philip Morris Greece, where he led the acquisition and integration of the Papastratos Cigarette Manufacturing Company. In 2005 De Wilde became Managing Director of Philip Morris International’s affiliate in Italy, and from January 2008 until the end of June 2011, he held the position of President, Philip Morris Japan KK. In July 2011 de Wilde became Senior Vice President, Marketing & Sales.
Prior to joining Philip Morris International, de Wilde worked at Colgate Palmolive, Belgium from 1991 to 1992 as Regional Sales Manager.
De Wilde holds a degree in economics from the Université Libre de Bruxelles and a master degree in management from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
|Mario Masseroli||President, Latin America & Canada Region
(since July, 2018)
|Masseroli became President, Latin America & Canada Region in July 2018.
Masseroli joined Philip Morris Argentina in 1998 and served in a variety of roles in Argentina, Switzerland and New York. He was named Managing Director, Guatemala in 2006, followed by his appointment as Director, Corporate Affairs for PMI Spain in 2007. Masseroli was named Vice President, Corporate Affairs Latin America & Canada in 2009. He then went on to become Managing Director Spain and Canary Islands in 2012, adding responsibility for Portugal in April 2016, a position he held until his current appointment. Masseroli received a bachelor’s degree from the Torcuato di Tella University in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and master’s degree in business administration from the University of California at Berkeley.
|Stacey Kennedy||President, South & Southeast Asia Region
(since January 2018)
|Kennedy began her career with Philip Morris USA in 1995 as a Territory Sales Manager. She held a number of positions of increasing responsibility in the sales organization, until becoming Vice President Sales, Southeast Region in Atlanta in 2006. In 2010 Kennedy joined Philip Morris International’s Operations Center in Lausanne as Vice President, Sales Strategy, and in April 2013 Area Vice President, Southeast Europe. Kennedy served as Managing Director for Germany, Austria, Croatia, and Slovenia from 2015 until her current appointment.
Kennedy received a bachelor degree in sociology and cultural anthropology from Randolph College in the United States, and an Executive MBA from IMD in Lausanne, Switzerland.
|Drago Azinovic||President, Middle East, Africa & Philip Morris International Duty Free
(since January 2018)
|Azinovic joined Philip Morris Asia Limited in March 2009 as Vice President of Marketing and Sales for Philip Morris International’s Asia Region. He became President of Philip Morris Japan in July 2011, a position he held until July 31, 2012, when he was named President of the European Union Region. In July 2015 he became President, Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa and Philip Morris International Duty Free. From 1997 until 2009 Azinovic held a variety of positions at Altadis and, after the acquisition of Altadis in 2008, at Imperial Tobacco. Previously, Azinovic had worked at Procter & Gamble. Azinovic received a law degree from the University of Alcalá in Spain and an MBA from Saint Louis University in Missouri (USA).|
|Marc S. Firestone||President, External Affairs and General Counsel
(since January 2018)
|Firestone held positions from 1988 to 2003 in the law departments of Philip Morris Companies Inc. and Philip Morris International Inc. Firestone is cofounder and chairman of the Institute for Inclusion in the Legal Profession; adjunct professor of law at New York Law School; a frequent speaker on international antitrust law, diversity, and in-house legal practice; and a recipient of the Director’s Roundtable Distinguished General Counsel award. From 2012 until his current appointment, Firestone served as Philip Morris International’s Senior Vice President and General Counsel.
Firestone was previously Executive Vice President, Corporate and Legal Affairs and General Counsel of Kraft Foods Inc., where he served since 2003.
Firestone began his legal career as an attorney at Arnold & Porter in Washington, D.C. He received a BA, magna cum laude, in romance languages and philosophy from Washington & Lee University and a JD, magna cum laude, from Tulane University School of Law.
|Charles Bendotti||Senior Vice President, People & Culture
(since January 2018)
|Bendotti joined Philip Morris International in Lausanne in 1999 as Business Analyst. From 2000 until 2006, he served in various cross-functional roles in Marketing & Sales and Business Development in different markets of the Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America & Canada Regions. Bendotti then became Managing Director, Ecuador & Bolivia, followed by his appointment as Vice President, Human Resources for the Latin America & Canada Region in 2008. In 2012 he was named Vice President, Human Resources Asia, a position he held until December 2016, and then Senior Vice President, Human Resources.
Bendotti holds a master’s degree in international relations, economy, and law from the Graduate Institute of International & Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland, and an Executive MBA from HEC Paris.
|Frank de Rooij||Vice President, Treasury and Corporate Finance (since December 2016)||de Rooij joined Philip Morris Holland in 1987 as Assistant Treasurer. From 1994 to 1998 he served as Assistant Cash Manager at the European Treasury Center of Philip Morris Companies in Zug, Switzerland. Between 1998 and 2001, de Rooij worked as Regional Treasurer for the Philip Morris Eastern European region. He then held various positions in PMI’s Group Treasury from 2002 to 2013, before he became Director Treasury and Corporate Finance. In December 2016, de Rooij was appointed Vice President Treasury and Corporate Finance.
de Rooij holds a degree in business economics of the University of Breda (H.E.A.O.), The Netherlands. 
|Michael Kunst||Senior Vice President, Commercial Transformation (Since January 2019)||Prior to joining Philip Morris International, Kunst was a Senior Partner of consulting firm Bain & Company in Munich since 2009. He was leading Bain’s Healthcare Practice in EMEA and has worked with a broad set of clients on issues of growth strategy, commercial capability building, change management and organizational effectiveness. Before his tenure at Bain & Company, Kunst was a partner at Monitor Company from 1998 to 2009. He served as Head of Planning and Reporting at Arcor from 1996 to 1998.
Kunst holds a Master of Business Administration Degree from European Business School in Oestrich-Winkel in Germany. He has studied both in Europe and the USA. 
|Andreas Kurali||Vice President and Controller (Since March 2015)||Kurali joined Philip Morris Germany in September 1993 as finance trainee and served in subsequent years at our German affiliate in various finance roles with increasing responsibilities, including planning and budgeting, fiscal affairs, accounting and reporting, treasury, and tax. In early 2003 he became Director, Finance and Information Systems for our Worldwide Duty Free business, based in Switzerland, followed by an assignment in our Latin American Region as Director Finance, Mexico from 2005 to 2008. Subsequently, Kurali was appointed Vice President, Finance for our Latin America & Canada Region, a position he held until 2012 before transferring as Vice President, Finance to our Asia Region where he worked until 2014.
Kurali holds a degree in business administration as Diplom Kaufmann from the University of Mannheim, Germany.
|Deepak Mishra||Chief Strategy Officer (Since September 2018)||Prior to joining PMI, Mishra held the role of Managing Director, Portfolio Operations at Centerbridge Partners, a private equity firm from 2014, where he led commercial, operational and digital transformations in investments in consumer services, renewable energy and distribution sectors. Prior to Centerbridge, Mishra was a Partner at McKinsey & Co in London and part of their Consumer Goods, Retail and Operations leadership teams from 2001 to 2014, supporting clients in the FMCG, retail and private equity industries on commercial and operational transformations. Mishra started his career as a marketing professional with Procter & Gamble in 1996, and then spent 4 years at Accenture's strategy practice in India and Eastern Europe prior to joining McKinsey.
Mishra holds an undergraduate degree in Computer Science from BITS Pilani, India, and an MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow, India.
|Marian Salzman||Senioe Vice President, Global Communications (Since April 2018)||Prior to joining Philip Morris International, Ms. Salzman headed Havas PR North America since 2009. She first held the position of President and then became Havas PR’s Chief Executive Officer in 2011. She co-created and chaired the Global Collective, the Havas PR operation across several continents. Ms. Salzman was Chief Marketing Officer at PR firm Porter Novelli from 2008 to 2009, CMO at JWT Worldwide from 2005 to 2008, and Executive Vice President and Chief Strategy Officer at Euro RSCG Worldwide (Havas) from 2001 to 2004. In the early 1990s, she co-founded CyberDialogue, where she pioneered the use of online focus groups for social research.
Ms. Salzman holds a degree in sociology and graduated with honors from Brown University.
|Jaime Suarez||Chief Digital Officer (Since January 2018)||Suarez joined Philip Morris Mexico in 1999 as Business Planning Analyst. From 2001 until 2015, Suarez served in roles of increasing responsibility in a variety of areas, from business development to trade marketing and, more recently, sales, in the Latin America & Canada Region, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic, and Switzerland. In 2015 Suarez was appointed Vice President, Consumer Channel Strategy & Event Marketing, and became Vice President, Digital Strategy Reduced-Risk Products in 2016.
Suarez holds a degree in economics from the Ibero-American University in Mexico City.
|Michael Voegele||Chief Technology Officer (since February 2019)||Before joining Philip Morris International, Voegele was working for Adidas from 2011 to 2018. There, he first served as VP Group Functions and Head of Enterprise Architecture and went on to become Senior Vice President IT Sales. Since 2015, he has served as Global Chief Information Officer, and was appointed to the core leadership team in January 2017. In this role, he initiated the digital transformation of Adidas and reshaped the IT Organization and Strategy, making it more consumer centric and supportive of innovation throughout the company. Before his tenure at Adidas, he spent more than a decade at SAP from 2000 to 2011.
Voegele holds an engineering degree from Universität Karlsruhe in Germany.
|Jerry Whitson||Deputy General Counsel and Corporate Secretary (Since January 2011)||Whitson joined PMI in September 2010 as Vice President and Deputy Corporate Secretary. Before joining the company, Whitson was a Senior Partner at the law firm of Hunton & Williams LLP, where he served for 30 years, lastly as the head of the firm’s Business Practice Group and as a member of its Executive Committee. During his tenure with Hunton & Williams LLP he advised leading multinational corporations on U.S. and international mergers and acquisitions, capital market transactions, corporate governance, and SEC matters. Whitson has in-depth knowledge of the tobacco and consumer-products industries, having served as outside corporate counsel to our former parent, Altria, for 25 years, including representing that company and its subsidiaries in the acquisitions of Jacobs Suchard, Nabisco, and UST, the Kraft IPO and spin-off, and the spin-off of Philip Morris International.
A member of the New York and Virginia bars, Whitson earned his law degree from Boston University School of Law and his undergraduate degree from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
|Miroslaw Zielinski||Chief New Ventures Officer (fmr. President of Science & Innovation)||Zielinski joined Philip Morris International as a merchandiser in 1991 in his native Poland. He progressed through a number of senior sales and marketing positions at Philip Morris Polska before moving to Kiev, where he was appointed Managing Director of PMI’s Ukrainian affiliate in 1999. In 2002 he became Managing Director, Worldwide Duty Free and served as President, Latin America & Canada from April 2003 until March 2010, when he was named President, Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa Region and PMI Duty Free. In July 2015 Zielinski was appointed President, Reduced-Risk Products.
Zielinski has a master’s degree in economy and foreign trade from the Warsaw School of Statistics and Economics.
|John O’Mullane||Chief Life Sciences Officer||O’Mullane’s career began with Ciba-Geigy in 1985. In 1991, he moved to SmithKline Beecham, now GlaxoSmithKline, where he progressed over 12 years through various roles to Vice President for Gastrointestinal and Natural Wellness Product. During this time, he researched, developed and supported the launch of products in Smoking Control, Diagnostics and Rx to OTC switch. In 2005, O’Mullane joined Schering-Plough as Senior Vice President Research &Development, heading up the consumer care R&D efforts. When Schering's consumer care division was acquired by Merck in 2009, he spent five years as Chief Scientific Officer for the Merck Consumer Care division. During this time his team brought several products to market across Rx to OTC, Medical Devices, Supplements, Botanicals and Cosmetics. O'Mullane was part of the Management Team that led the divestment of Merck’s Consumer Care to Bayer in 2014, and he was asked to serve Bayer as their Global Head SVP Innovation and Development for Consumer Health. He engineered the integration of the Merck and Bayer Innovation, Research and Development teams driving the end-to-end Innovation process.
O’Mullane also serves as a Board Member of a natural skincare products company. 
|Stefano Volpetti||Chief Consumer Officer||Volpetti previously worked at Procter & Gamble for 22 years, where he progressed through various roles with increasing responsibility locally in Italy and Mexico, and on a regional level for the European market. In 2013, he became Vice President for a multi-functional, global business unit at P&G. He is an experienced marketer with broad experience in commercial roles as well, having obtained a winning track record with consumers in both developed and developing markets. Volpetti specializes in consumer centric marketing programs, business model transformation, digital acceleration, and disruptive innovation. He also worked at Luxottica Eyewear as Chief Marketing Officer in 2015.
Volpetti holds a degree in Business Administration from Luiss University in Rome.
In a press release sent to the media on 22nd May 2019, Philip Morris International announced a creation of four new roles - Chief Consumer Officer (Stefano Volpetti), Chief Life Sciences Officer (Dr. John O’Mullane), Chief Product Officer (TBC) and Chief New Ventures Officer (Mirek Zielinski). All four executive positions will report to the company's CEO André Calantzopoulos. 
In April 2019, Philip Morris International promoted J.B. Simko to Vice President of External Affairs. 
|Louis C. Camilleri||Former Chairman of the Board||On July 21, 2018 it was announced Ferrari appointed Camilleri as next CEO. 
Camilleri was Philip Morris International Chairman, having served as the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer from the spin-off in 2008 until the 2013 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. Mr. Camilleri remained Chairman and an employee of the company following the 2013 Annual Meeting. He retired effective December 31, 2014, and continues to serve as a non-employee Chairman. Before the spin-off, Mr. Camilleri was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Altria Group, Inc., positions he had held since 2002. From 1996 to 2002, he served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Altria Group, Inc. He had been employed continuously by Altria Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries (including Philip Morris International Inc.) in various capacities since 1978. Camilleri is a director of América Móvil, S.A.B. de C.V. and Ferrari N.V. He previously served on the Board of Telmex International SAB from 2009 to 2011. Camilleri was a director of Kraft Foods Inc. from 2001 to 2007 and was Kraft’s Chairman from 2002 to 2007.
|Massimo Ferragamo||Director||Ferragamo has served as Chairman of Ferragamo USA Inc. since 2000, having previously served as President of that company since 1985. He is also Vice President of the Lungarno Hotel Group and Executive Vice President of the Ferragamo Foundation. Ferragamo is a director of Ferragamo Finanziaria S.p.A. and served on the board of directors of Yum! Brands, Inc. from 1997 until 2016. Ferragamo is a member of the Finance and Product Innovation and Regulatory Affairs Committees.|
|Werner Geissler||Director||Geissler became an Operating Partner of Advent International in 2015. He previously served as Vice Chairman and Special Advisor to the Chairman and CEO of Procter and Gamble until his retirement in January 2015. He joined that company in 1979 and served in various capacities, including President, Northeast Asia, from 2001 to 2004, Group President, Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa, from 2004 to 2007, and Vice Chairman, Global Operations, from 2007 to 2014. Mr. Geissler is a director of The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company. He is Chair of the Compensation and Leadership Development Committee and a member of the Audit, Finance, and Product Innovation and Regulatory Affairs Committees.|
|Jennifer Li||Director||Li currently serves as Chief Executive Officer and Managing Partner of Changcheng Investment Partners, Baidu's newly initiated growth fund. She previously served as Chief Executive Officer and General Managing Director of Baidu Capital, the investment arm of Baidu, Inc. Li joined Baidu, Inc., the largest internet search engine in China and the third-largest independent search engine in the world, in 2008, as Chief Financial Officer, responsible for a wide range of corporate functions, including Finance, Human Resources, International Operations, Marketing, Communications, and Purchasing. From 1994 to 2008, she held a number of senior finance positions at various General Motors companies in China, Singapore, the United States, and Canada, rising to Chief Financial Officer of GM’s business in China and Financial Controller of the North American Operations for GMAC. Li is a director of Flex Ltd. She is the Chair of the Audit Committee and a member of the Finance and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees.|
|Lisa Hook||Director||Hook has served as Chief Executive Officer of Neustar, Inc. since October 2010, as a member of its board since November 2010, and as President since January 2008. She was President and Chief Executive Officer of Sunrocket, Inc. from 2006 to 2007, and held several executive-level posts at America Online, Inc. from 2001 to 2004. Previously, she was a partner at Brera Capital Partners, a global private equity investment firm, managing director of Alpine Capital Group, LLC., an investment banking firm, an executive at Time Warner, Inc., a legal advisor to the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, and a senior attorney at Viacom International, Inc. Hook serves on the board of Worldpay, Inc., a payment processing firm. Hook was as a senior independent director of RELX PLC and RELX NV, providers of information solutions, from 2006 to 2016. Previously, she served as a director of Covad Communications, Time Warner Telecom, Inc., and National Geographic Ventures. In 2012, she was appointed by President Obama to serve on the National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee.|
|Jun Makihara||Director||Makihara was employed at Goldman, Sachs & Co. from 1981 to 2000, during which time he was a General Partner for six years, working in New York, Los Angeles, and Tokyo. During his tenure in Tokyo, he was co-head of the investment banking group and the Japanese equities group and also served as co-branch manager. Subsequently, he was Chairman of Neoteny Co., Ltd., a Japanese venture incubator, until 2015. Makihara is a director of Monex Group, Inc. and Shinsei Bank, Ltd. He is a trustee of the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation in Washington, D.C., and a board member of the Japan Society in New York. He also served on the board of RHJ International S.A. from 2005 to 2014. Makihara is Chair of the Finance Committee and a member of the Audit and Product Innovation and Regulatory Affairs Committees.|
|Kalpana Morparia||Director||Ms. Morparia assumed her current position as CEO South and South East Asia for J.P. Morgan Chase in April 2016, having previously served as CEO of J.P. Morgan India since 2008. She is a member of J.P. Morgan’s Asia Pacific Management Committee. Prior to joining J.P. Morgan India, Ms. Morparia served as Joint Managing Director of ICICI Bank, India’s second-largest bank, from 2001 to 2007 and the Vice Chair of ICICI’s insurance and asset management business from 2007 to 2008. Ms. Morparia is a director of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. and Hindustan Unilever Limited. She is Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and is a member of the Finance and Product Innovation and Regulatory Affairs Committees.|
|Lucio A. Noto||Director||Noto assumed his current position as Managing Partner of Midstream Partners, LLC in March 2001. He retired as Vice Chairman of ExxonMobil Corporation in January 2001, a position he had held since the merger of the Exxon and Mobil companies in November 1999. Before the merger, Noto was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Mobil Corporation. Noto had been employed by Mobil continuously since 1962. Mr. Noto is a director of Penske Automotive Group, Inc. He also served on the boards of IBM from 1995 to 2008, Altria Group, Inc. from 1998 to 2008, Shinsei Bank from 2005 to 2008, Commercial International Bank from 2006 to 2009, and RHJ International S.A. from 2011 to 2015. MNoto is the Presiding Director, and a member of the Audit, Compensation and Leadership Development, Finance, and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees.|
|Frederik Paulsen||Director||Dr. Paulsen has been Chairman of the Ferring Group, a research-driven, specialty biopharmaceutical group since 1988, having joined that company in 1976. Dr. Paulsen is a member of the boards of MGIMO University in Moscow, Russia, and the Pro Universitate of the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel, Germany, and a trustee of the Salk Institute of Biological Research in La Jolla, California, USA. Dr. Paulsen is a member of the Finance and Product Innovation and Regulatory Affairs Committees.|
|Robert B. Polet||Director||Polet is currently serving as Chairman of Rituals Cosmetics Enterprise B.V. He was Chairman of Safilo Group S.p.A. from 2011 to 2017, and President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Management Board of the Gucci Group from 2004 to 2011. Previously, Polet spent 26 years in the Unilever Group in a variety of executive roles, including President of Unilever’s Worldwide Ice Cream and Frozen Foods division, Chairman of Unilever Malaysia, Chairman of Van den Bergh and Executive Vice President of Unilever’s European Home and Personal Care division. He is a director of Safilo Group S.p.A., William Grant & Sons Limited, and Arica Holding B.V. Polet serves on the Compensation and Leadership Development, Finance, Nominating and Corporate Governance, and Product Innovation and Regulatory Affairs Committees.|
|Stephen M. Wolf||Director||Wolf has been Managing Partner of Alpilles, LLC since 2003. Previously, he was Chairman of US Airways Group from 2001 to 2003, and Chief Executive Officer of US Airways, Inc. from 1996 to 1998. Prior to joining US Airways, he had served since 1994 as senior advisor in the investment banking firm of Lazard Frères & Co., LLC. From 1987 to 1994, he was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of UAL Corporation and United Air Lines, Inc. Wolf is Chairman of the Advisory Board of Trilantic Capital Partners and served as Chairman of R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company from 2004 to 2014. Wolf served as a director of Altria Group, Inc. from 1993 to 2008 and as a director of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. from 2009 to 2017. He is a trustee emeritus of the Brookings Institute. Wolf is a member of the Audit, Compensation and Leadership Development, Finance, Nominating and Corporate Governance, and Product Innovation and Regulatory Affairs Committees.|
List of Significant Subsidiaries
Listed below are subsidiaries of Philip Morris International Inc. as of December 31, 2017 and their state or country of organization. This list omits the subsidiaries of the Company that in the aggregate would not constitute a “significant subsidiary” of the Company, as that term is defined in Rule 1-02(w) of Regulation S-X.
|Subsidiary Name||State or Country of Organization|
|f6 Cigarettenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG||Germany|
|Leonard Dingler (Proprietary) Limited||South Africa|
|Limited Liability Company "Philip Morris Sales & Distribution"||Ukraine|
|Massalin Particulares S.R.L.||Argentina|
|Papastratos Cigarettes Manufacturing Company S.A.||Greece|
|Philip Morris Benelux BVBA||Belgium|
|Philip Morris Brands Sàrl||Switzerland|
|Philip Morris Brasil Industria e Comercio Ltda.||Brazil|
|Philip Morris & Company (UK) Limited||United Kingdom|
|Philip Morris CR a.s.||Czech Republic|
|Philip Morris Exports Sàrl||Switzerland|
|Philip Morris Finance SA||Switzerland|
|Philip Morris Finland Ltd||Finland|
|Philip Morris Global Brands Inc.||USA|
|Philip Morris GmbH||Germany|
|Philip Morris Holland B.V.||Netherlands|
|Philip Morris Holland Holdings B.V.||Netherlands|
|Philip Morris International Holdings B.V.||Netherlands|
|Philip Morris International Management SA||Switzerland|
|Philip Morris Investments B.V.||Netherlands|
|Philip Morris Italia S.r.l.||Italy|
|Philip Morris Japan Limited||Japan|
|Philip Morris Kazakhstan LLP||Kazakhstan|
|Philip Morris Korea Inc.||Korea, Republic of|
|UAB "Philip Morris Lietuva"||Lithuania|
|Philip Morris Limited||Australia|
|Philip Morris Manufacturing GmbH||Germany|
|Philip Morris Manufacturing & Technology Bologna S.p.A.||Italy|
|Philip Morris Mexico Productos Y Servicios, Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada de Capital Variable||Mexico|
|Philip Morris Mexico, Sociedad Anónima de Capital Variable||Mexico|
|Philip Morris Misr Limited Liability Company||Egypt|
|Philip Morris Operations a.d. Nis||Serbia|
|Philip Morris (Pakistan) Limited||Pakistan|
|Philip Morris Philippines Manufacturing Inc.||Philippines|
|Philip Morris Polska Spolka Akcyjna||Poland|
|Philip Morris Polska Distribution Sp. z.o.o.||Poland|
|Philip Morris Romania S.R.L.||Romania|
|Philip Morris Products S.A.||Switzerland|
|Philip Morris SA Philip Morris Sabanci Pazarlama ve Satis A.S.||Turkey|
|Limited Liability Company "Philip Morris Sales and Marketing"||Russia|
|PHILSA Philip Morris Sabanci Sigara ve Tutunculuk Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S.||Turkey|
|PM Tobakk Norge AS||Norway|
|PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna Tbk.||Indonesia|
|PT Philip Morris Indonesia||Indonesia|
|Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc.||Canada|
|Tabaqueira II, S.A.||Portugal|
|Tabaqueira - Empresa Industrial de Tabacos, S.A.||Portugal|
|ZAO "Philip Morris Izhora"||Russia|
The 2019 reported diluted earnings per share forecast to be at least USD 5.37, at prevailing exchange rates. 
Several media outlets  reported on disappointing sales of heated tobacco products in Japan. In October 2018, Philip Morris reported a decline by 4 billion units in Japan.  Wells Fargo Securities called the Philip Morris International Stock their top pick. 
"We believe PM has reached an inflection point and the set up heading into 2019 is even more positive than we originally thought... While management is maintaining realistic/conservative mid-term guidance (which we applaud), we think next year could present a step change especially given the “good base” established (and relatively easy comps) in 2018. We believe PM should be a core holding now and in 2019 and encourage l.t. investors to accumulate shares ahead of the next positive catalyst (FDA’s PMTA approval of iQOS). We reiterate our Outperform rating on PM and maintain our $100 price target." 
Forbes expects the volume share of heated tobacco to the total volume of the company to continue grow in financial year 2018. This is based on substantial growth in the markets it was present in at the end of financial year 2017, as well as launch in a number of new markets. At the end of financial year 2017, IQOS was available for sale in key cities in 37 markets and nationwide in Japan. This number has increased to 43 as of the end of September 2018. Forbes further expects the volume of heated tobacco units to cross 42.7 billion, as compared to company estimates of between 41 and 42 billion. Forbes estimates the share price to grow to USD 105 which is substantially higher than the current market price. 
According to Yahoo, the transition away from cigarettes has weighed on Philip Morris International. Shares tumbled 16 percent on April 25 2018 when the company reported mixed first-quarter earnings. That marked the biggest one-day drop since the Altria spinoff as first-quarter cigarette shipments fell by 5.3 percent, as important markets, like Japan, Russia and Saudi Arabia, saw weak performance. The second quarter brought slight relief with cigarette volumes off by 1.5 percent. But the stock stayed under pressure for most of the summer, only recovering a bit of ground following the company’s investor day presentation last month. Yahoo also reported that while IQOS shipment volume rose 5.5 percent in the second quarter of 2018 in the key market of Japan, market share fell sequentially, by 0.3 percent, for the first time. And IQOS market share rose a modest 0.7 percent sequentially in Korea amid a barrage of negative ads on the health concerns of reduced risk products. 
According to Philip Morris International's 2017 Annual Report, their total cigarette and heated tobacco unit shipment volume of 798.2 billion units is a decline of 2.7 percent on the previous year, primarily reflecting lower cigarette industry volume in the Asia and Eastern Europe, Middle East & Africa (EEMA) Regions, but partly offset by higher heated tobacco unit volume, driven principally by Japan. The total international market share, excluding China and the U.S., declined by 0.1 percentage point to 28.0 percent, mainly due to mid-and-low price segments cigarette brands in the Asia and EEMA Regions. Market share of the premium brands increased, driven by the strong performance of their heated tobacco portfolio. 
Quarter Three saw the shares of Philip Morris International rose 4.7 percent.  Reported and adjusted diluted earnings per share of USD 1.44 were up by USD 0.17 or 13.4% versus USD 1.27 in 2017. 
in billions USD
|2018 :14||2017 :15||2016 :15||2015 ||2014 |
|Revenues or Net Sales||79,82||78.09||74.95||73.91||80.11|
Profits per Region (in Millions USD)
Regional Segments Since 2018
The European Union Region is headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland, and covers all the European Union countries and also Switzerland, Norway and Iceland, which are linked to the European Union through trade agreements. 
| European Union
in Millions USD
Eastern Europe Region
The Eastern Europe Region is headquartered in Lausanne and includes Southeast Europe, Central Asia, Ukraine, Israel and Russia. :21
| Eastern Europe Region
in Millions USD
The Middle East & Africa Region
The Middle East & Africa Region is headquartered in Lausanne and covers the African continent, the Middle East, Turkey and our international duty free business.:21
| The Middle East & Africa Region
in Millions USD
The East Asia & Australia Region
The East Asia & Australia Region is headquartered in Hong Kong and includes Australia, Japan, South Korea, the People's Republic of China and other markets in this region, as well as Malaysia and Singapore.:21
| The East Asia & Australia Region
in Millions USD
The Latin America & Canada Region
The Latin America & Canada Region is headquartered in New York and covers the South American continent, Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean and Canada.
| The Latin America & Canada Region
in Millions USD
Regional Segments Before 2018
| European Union
in Millions USD
|2017 ||2016 ||2015 ||2014 |
|Excise taxes on products||19,262||18,967||18,495||21,370|
|Net Revenues, excluding excise taxes on products||8,318||8,162||8,068||9,147|
|Operating companies income||3,775||3,994||3,576||3,815|
Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
| Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa
in Millions USD
|2017 ||2016 ||2015 ||2014 |
|Excise taxes on products||11,346||11,286||10,964||11,855|
|Net Revenues, excluding excise taxes on products||6,669||7,000||7,364||8,614|
|Operating companies income||3,775||3,016||3,425||4,033|
in Millions USD
|2017 ||2016 ||2015 ||2014 |
|Excise taxes on products||11,845||11,850||11,266||10,527|
|Net Revenues, excluding excise taxes on products||10,790||8,681||8,203||8,728|
|Operating companies income||4,149||3,196||2,886||3,187|
Latin America & Canada
| Latin America and Canada
in Millions USD
|2017 ||2016 ||2015 ||2014 |
|Excise taxes on products||6,897||6,165||6,389||6,587|
|Net Revenues, excluding excise taxes on products||2,944||2,842||3,159||3,278|
|Operating companies income||1,002||938||1,085||1,030|
|Recent acquisitions||Acquired Organization Name||Acquiring Organization Name||Announced Date||Value (in USD)|
|Papastratos Cigarette Manufacturing Company acquired by Philip Morris International||Papastratos Cigarette Manufacturing Company||Philip Morris International||9/15/2003||0.00|
|DIN Fabrika Duvana AD acquired by Philip Morris International||DIN Fabrika Duvana AD||Philip Morris International||12/18/2003||0.00|
|Compania Colombiana de Tabaco S.A.S. acquired by Philip Morris International||Compania Colombiana de Tabaco S.A.S.||Philip Morris International||8/31/2004||310,000,000.00|
|Rocker Production AB acquired by Philip Morris International||Rocker Production AB||Philip Morris International||9/3/2006||0.00|
|Lakson Tobacco Company acquired by Philip Morris International||Lakson Tobacco Company||Philip Morris International||1/19/2007||0.00|
|Rothmans acquired by Philip Morris International||Rothmans||Philip Morris International||8/1/2008||0.00|
|Swedish Match (South Africa) acquired by Philip Morris International||Swedish Match (South Africa)||Philip Morris International||7/2/2009||222,000,000.00|
|Productora Tabacalera de Colombia acquired by Philip Morris International||Productora Tabacalera de Colombia||Philip Morris International||7/10/2009||452,000,000.00|
|Organization||Funding Type||Amount Raised (in USD)||Date Announced|
|Syqe Medical||Funding Round||20,000,000.00||1/19/2016|
Philip Morris International has expressed an interest in becoming the strategic investor of Vietnam National Tobacco Corporation (Vinataba) 
In August 2018, The Guardian reported that more than GBP 1.7 billion had "been directly invested in tobacco company stocks by healthcare providers, fire authorities and schools via UK council pension funds[...] Council retirement schemes in the UK are major investors in firms including British American Tobacco, Imperial Brands and Philip Morris, according to data compiled from more than 100 freedom of information requests." 
Analysis by Post suggests that "institutional investors currently hold around $100.15 billion or 74 percent in PM [Philip Morris] stock". 
The company moved ownership of its Australian operations to Hong Kong to take advantage of ISDS in an Australia-Hong Kong investment treaty. 
|Name||Number of ordinary shares||percentage of market cap|
|Vanguard Group Inc||114,749,469 ||7.38 |
|BlackRock, Inc.||94,653,613 ||6.1 |
|Capital World Investors||73,630,703 ||4.7 |
Investments in Unconsolidated Subsidiaries
An unconsolidated subsidiary is a company that is owned by a parent company, but whose individual financial statements are not included in the consolidated or combined financial statements of the parent company to which it belongs. Instead, this type of company appears in the combined financial statement as an investment.
|Subsidiary Name||Country||Interest amount (percentage)||Interest Type||Notes|
|Emirati Investors-TA (FZC)||United Arab Emirates||49||Equity|
|Société des Tabacs Algéro-Émiratie ("STAEM")||Algiers||25||Economic||Algerian joint venture 51 percent owned by EITA and 49 percent owned by Algerian state-owned enterprise Société Nationale des Tabacs et Allumettes SpA.Manufactures and distributes under license some of Philip Morris International's brands.|
|Megapolis Distribution BV||Russia||23||Equity||Holding company of CJSC TK Megapolis, Philip Morris International's distributor in Russia|
Tobacco companies have received more than GBP 45 million investment from the United Kingdom's Lincolnshire County Council’s pension fund. The current (as of January 2019) investment for Philip Mo sits at GBP 11.1 million. 
Billionaire George Soros bought 590,000 Philip Morris International shares worth over USD 39 million in Q4 of 2018. 
Other Notable Investors
|Name||Number of ordinary shares||percentage of market cap|
|Franklin Resources Inc.||6,103,206 ||0.39%|
According to Philip Morris International's 2017 Annual report, the total international market share, excluding China and the U.S., declined by 0.1 percentage point to 28.0 percent, mainly due to mid- and low price segments cigarette brands in the Asia and EEMA Regions. Market share of Philip Morris International's premium brands increased, driven by the strong performance of the heated tobacco portfolio. Philip Morris International recorded growing or stable total market share in 16 of the top 30 operating companies income markets.
Philip Morris International is hoping to sell IQOS in Mexico. The company is already in talks with Mexican authorities, such as the Federal Commission for the Protection against Sanitary Risks. 
Philip Morris International opened a flagship store in Johannesburg, South Africa, in a bid to stoke demand in Africa for IQOS.  Research shows that tobacco companies specifically target and market to lower socio-economic groups, and those countries with a more favourable regulatory landscape.  It’s clear that their marketing strategy focuses on two main demographics. Aggressively pursuing larger volumes of combustibles, mainly cigarettes, to lower socio-economic groups around the world, particularly EMMA and Asia Pacific. And convincing those in developed economies to switch from combustibles to heated tobacco products at a much higher price-point, whilst touting ‘reduced risks’ to lure over more educated and health conscious consumers. According to Euromonitor International, in 2008, Philip Morris International had a market share of over 50 percent in 13 markets and a market share of over 30 percent in 36 markets. 21 of the 35 markets are emerging markets. Philip Morris International also had a share of over 20 percent in 12 additional markets including Russia and Japan. 
According to Euromonitor International, Philip Morris International has increased its cigarette market share in the Middle East and Africa region more than any of its competitors over the last five years, from about 10 percent to 13 percent by retail volume sales. 
Philip Morris has also targeted India and its 1.3 billion people as a major growth opportunity, stating in a 2014 internal company document that “India remains a high potential market with huge upside with cigarette market still in infancy,” according to a July 2017 Reuters report. 
Factory Openings and Closures
In 2019, Philip Morris Pakistan, an affiliate of Philip Morris International, announced shutting down one of its cigarettes manufacturing facilities.  The company is also closing down its cigarette manufacturing plants in Medellín and Barranquilla, Colombia.  As a result of these actions, the Pielroja cigarette will be taken off the market. 
Russian Daily Kommersant.ru reported Philip Morris International will invest RUB 13 billion at the Philip Morris Izhora plant in the Leningrad Region of Russia.  In May 2018, the factory of Philip Morris International's Greek affiliate (Papastratos) in Aspropyrgos ceased cigarette production and is now exclusively producing HEETS, the tobacco units used with IQOS, the company’s most advanced smoke-free product.
The 2017 annual report states that at on 31st December 2017 Philip Morris International owned and operated 46 manufacturing facilities. 
On October 10, 2014, Philip Morris opened it's first pilot plant in the EU for producing Reduced Risk Products (RRPs) near Bologna. Italy, after an announced investment of up to €500 million.  Later the company announced a doubling of the Bologna facility backed by another €500 million.
In 2014, Philip Morris International ceased the production of cigarettes at its factory in Moorabbin (Australia) after nearly 60 years in operation. All production for the Australian market was moved to South Korea.  The tobacco company also closed down its Dutch factory in Bergen op Zoom. 1,230 jobs were lost. 
|Ex/Eff Date||Type||Cash Amount||Declaration Date||Record Date||Payment Date|
Philip Morris International cigarettes are sold in more than 180 markets, and in many of these markets they hold the number one or number two market share position. Philip Morris International have a wide range of premium, mid-price and low-price brands. Philip Morris International portfolio comprises both international and local brands and is led by Marlboro, the world’s highest-selling international cigarette, which accounted for approximately 35 percent of the company's total 2017 cigarette shipment volume. Marlboro is complemented in the premium-price category by Parliament. Other leading international cigarette brands are Bond Street, Chesterfield, L&M, Lark and Philip Morris International. These seven international cigarette brands contributed approximately 75 percent of cigarette shipment volume in 2017. :1
“If we stop selling cigarettes, somebody else is going to sell them because people buy them." Andre Calantzopoulos, Sky News Interview 
In 2017, Marlboro’s international cigarette share increased slightly to 9.7 percent . The brand’s cigarette share increased in the Asia and EEMA Regions, reflecting robust growth in the Philippines and across markets in North Africa. :1
In 2017 Philip Morris International's cigarette shipment volume of the following brands decreased: L&M, mainly due to Russia, Saudi Arabia and Turkey, partly offset by Algeria, Argentina, Colombia and Kazakhstan; Parliament, mainly due to Japan, Russia and Saudi Arabia, partly offset by Kazakhstan; Bond Street, mainly due to Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine; Lark, principally due to Japan; and "Others," mainly due to low-price brands in Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Russia and Ukraine.:25
In 2017 Philip Morris International's cigarette shipment volume of the following brands increased: Chesterfield, notably driven by Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Venezuela, partly offset by Italy and Russia; and Philip Morris, mainly driven by Russia and Ukraine, notably reflecting successful portfolio consolidation of local, low-price brands in "Others," partly offset by Argentina and Italy.:25
The Philip Morris brand is PMI’s fourth-largest international brand with a volume of 50 billion cigarettes in 2018, and is sold in over 40 countries.
Parliament is the fifth-largest international brand, and the twelfth-largest cigarette brand in the world. In 2018, Parliament volume was 42 billion cigarettes, sold in more than 30 countries, with a strong presence in Russia, Korea, Japan, Turkey, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine.
Bond Street is Philip Morris International's sixth-largest international brand with a volume of 32 billion cigarettes in 2018.
Local Heritage Brands
Philip Morris International own a number of local cigarette brands, including: Dji Sam Soe, Sampoerna A and Sampoerna U in Indonesia; Fortune and Jackpot in the Philippines; Belmont and Canadian Classics in Canada; and Delicados in Mexico.
Solaris is the first of our e-vapor products licensed from Altria. Solaris is a battery-powered device that produces a nicotine-containing vapor. In 2015, we launched Solaris in Spain and Israel.
Heated Tobacco Products
According to Philip Morris International's website, the company is engaged in the development and commercialization of smoke-free alternatives to cigarettes. Reduced Risk Products (RRPs) is the term Philip Morris International use to refer to products that present, are likely to present, or have the potential to present less risk of harm to smokers who switch to these products versus continued smoking.
Philip Morris International market heated tobacco units under the brand names HEETS, HEETS Marlboro and HEETS FROM MARLBORO, defined collectively as HEETS, as well as Marlboro HeatSticks and Parliament HeatSticks. IQOS was first introduced in Nagoya, Japan in 2014. PMI increased IQOS availability from 41 to 44 countries.  Japan is the most developed IQOS launch market in terms of geographic coverage. Heated Tobacco Products accounted for USD 823 million of PMI's revenue during the third quarter, or 11 percent of its USD 7.5 billion total revenue.  On 23 October 2018, Philip Morris International introduced two new IQOS devices — the IQOS 3 and the IQOS 3 Multi — in the markets where IQOS products are already available, Japan and South Korea.  In November 2018, Philip Morris International paid journalist to attend the global IQOS 3 and IQOS 3 Multi launch in Tokyo.  Earlier in the year, the company flew a group of African journalists from Malawi, Tanzania, Senegal and Zimbabwe to Johannesburg for a day-long media workshop to promote IQOS.  Philip Morris International is considering a launch of IQOS in India , the Philippines  and the UAE 
Philip Morris has 70 IQOS shops in 23 countries,  including a flagship IQOS store in Johannesburg, South Africa.  The company's salesmen have been previously caught offering potentially illegal incentives to smokers in UK bars. 
“We are building our future on smoke-free products… they are not harmless, they are a much better choice than continued smoking.” Gabriela Wurcel, VP/Corporate Affairs for Latin America and Canada 
Philip Morris International warns it may close its Hong Kong research centre, as a result of the government’s proposal to ban e-cigarettes. Tobacco giant Philip Morris warns it may close HK$78 million Hong Kong research centre in light of government proposal to ban e-cigarettes and other new smoking products, South China Morning Herald, 21 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019 </ref>
At the 2018 Consumer Analyst Group of New York Conference, Philip Morris International, CEO André Calantzopoulos read out a statement which said:
“Nearly five million adult consumers around the world have already stopped smoking and switched to IQOS… Regulators must differentiate supply and demand measures – for example, product, communication and fiscal policies – based on product attributes and risk profiles. This is of critical importance for the people who smoke and who deserve policy choices that respect them, and their ability to decide. And policies should be sensible, and based on principled pragmatism rather than influenced by ideology. 1.1 billion men and women who smoke cannot be held hostage to, and misled by, absolutism that foments nihilistic rhetoric. Otherwise the vision of a smoke-free world will be harder and take longer to materialize, to their detriment.” .
At the Philip Morris International 2017 Full-Year Results and launch webcast overview, CEO Calantzopoulos stated the company expects the price of IQOS to be reduced in upcoming years. Calantzopoulos also explained Philip Morris International's ongoing efforts to have IQOS classified as not a 'tobacco product'. According to Calantzopoulos, a recently released report by the U.K. government had endorsed IQOS as “healthier” option and suggested that other governments are joining “a movement” at a faster than expected rate. 
Co-opting and pushing the “quit” message in the media in recent marketing shows how they are strategically aligning their new product segment to work with the more difficult market conditions (regulation/education/social stigma) of more advanced economies. The use of passive language to point out statistics suggesting the number of tobacco consumers will remain stagnant is both non-committal to the traditional message of quitting and subtly absolving themselves of responsibility. Philip Morris International also points out that in cases where a smoker doesn't quit tobacco, Reduced Risk Products (RRPs) offer “a viable alternative” for them to continue consuming tobacco as a ‘mid-way point’ or ‘third option’ to quitting. In the 2015 annual report, CEO André Calantzopoulos and Chairman of the Board, Louis C. Camilleri outlined the organizations goals to:
“lead a full-scale effort to ensure that Reduced Risk Products (RRPs) ultimately replace cigarettes to the benefit of adult smokers, society, our company and our shareholders.”  :1
The same message was also presented across the 2016 annual report. Philip Morris International keeps on using bold and broad statements:
"2016 was a pivotal year for Philip Morris International, reflecting exciting progress in our transformation from a cigarette company to one that is focused on RRPs. While our cigarette portfolio continued to drive our income growth, we began to see clear signs of the enormous potential for our RRP portfolio.”
In february 2019, Philip Morris International said the technology in its new "vaping" products could be used to offer users activity-tracking services and even life insurance rebates.  Two months later, the company setup a life insurance venture "Reviti" in the United Kingdom which will see it offer "significant discounts to smokers who quit or switch to one of its alternative products."  Reviti will offer cheaper monthly premiums to policy holders who start using its e-cigarettes, or quit entirely. 
Sales of Heated Tobacco products in Japan
|Price||Number of Tobacco Brands Available||Available Areas|
|Ploom Tech ||4,000||5||Tokyo, Osaka, Sapporo,Sendai, Yokohama, Nagoya, Hiroshima, Fukuoka|
Volume of Cigarettes by Region
|Region||2018 ||2017 ||2016 ||2015 ||2014 |
|Middle East & Africa||136,605||136,759||NA||NA||NA|
|South & Southeast Asia||178,469||171,600||NA||NA||NA|
|East Asia & Australia||56,163||62,653||NA||NA||NA|
|Latin America & Canada||80,738||84,223||87,938||91,920||94,706|
Product Unit Volumes
|Product Category||2018 ||2017 ||2016 ||2015 ||2014 |
|Tobacco Units (in millions)||740,315||761,962||812,946||847,270||855.9|
|Heated tobacco (in billions)||41,372||36,226||7,394||396||0.0|
Marketing and External Relations
Foundation for a Smoke-Free World
In September 2017, Philip Morris International announced a pledge of USD 80 million dollars a year for 12 years beginning in 2018 for the creation of its latest “independent” research effort, the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World.  According to the Foundation's website, it has four focus areas and works to reduce health impacts and deaths from smoking, with the ultimate goal of eliminating smoking worldwide. In October 2018, a statement by a number of anti-tobacco organisations and universities called for the Conrad Foundation to severe its ties with the Philip Morris International-funded Foundation for a Smoke-Free World on an initiative working with high school students in the United States.  The Foundation published a report that encourages tobacco company ‘rebranding’ and offers examples of how other companies, including IBM, GE or Ford, redefined and in some cases (like Ford) rebranded themselves to secure future customers.  The report included the following call to action:
"We invite stakeholders in the business and financial communities, researchers, NGOs, regulators, smokers, and tobacco farmers to join the discussion of the transformational possibilities available to the tobacco industry. We believe the case studies presented in this report will help frame and promote the conversation."  As of May 2019, the Foundation is still funded solely by Philip Morris International but is “seeking and expects to receive funding from other sources”. 
India’s health ministry revised its guidelines for ‘Tobacco-free Educational Institutions’ to ensure that schools and students should not accept awards from tobacco manufacturers after a team from Delhi Public School in R.K. Puram participated in a competition sponsored by the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World. 
Complete profile on the Philip Morris International-funded Foundation for a Smoke-Free World can be found here.
In April 2019, Philip Morris International launched “The Year of Unsmoke” marketing campaign. The campaign was branded as “an urgent call to action to smokers, nonsmokers, regulators and agents of change across the world to drive a better future for the world’s 1.1 billion smokers and their families, loved ones and communities.” 
In February 2019, Campaign For Tobacco Free Kids and Netnografica LLC published the results of a two-year investigation into how the big tobacco companies, including Philip Morris, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco, and Imperial Brands used social media influencers to promote their products online. In October 2018, Philip Morris International hired Aaron Sherinian as VP of global communications transformation, reporting to Marian Salzman — who became global communications SVP earlier this year. 
Philip Morris International has launched an initiative called “Mission Winnow” to get around tobacco marketing ban laws and to endorse innovation "driving towards a better future". . It is tied closely with Formula 1 racing, but there are numerous images of Philip Morris International scientists, and the website openly mentions Philip Morris International and its "goal" of reducing smoking.  Philip Morris International claimed “Mission Winnow” fully complied with tobacco advertising laws, despite an investigation being launched in Australia over the matter.  Ferrari was later forced to remove the branding from its vehicles and racing uniforms. The team's official race entry was listed as "Scuderia Ferrari Mission Winnow".  Philip Morris International has both actively and subliminally advertised its Marlboro brand in F1 since the 1970’s. Several host countries gradually implemented advertising bans, however at many of these venues, Marlboro-backed teams and drivers raced with chevrons, and chevron-themed track signage were also visible. 
In October 2018, Philip Morris International set up a “PMI Science Engagement Hub” during the World Health Organization’s tobacco treaty conference in Geneva to explain the company’s transformation from maker of Marlboro cigarettes to maker of Marlboro HeatSticks, and watch a machine compare cigarette smoke and heatstick vapor. New York Times reported that a group of people stood outside the convention hall handing out a report titled No Fire, No Smoke: Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction. It was written by Knowledge-Action-Change, an organization that receives funding from the Philip Morris Foundation for a Smoke-Free World. Its message was 'There is “a third way beyond quit or die.'  In 2019, PMI Science released new data that claims that “clinical studies provide human data on the use and acceptance of our smoke-free products as well as their potential to reduce exposure to harmful chemicals and the potential to reduce the risk of smoking-related diseases as compared to continued smoking." 
According to Marketing Week, Philip Morris is launching a new campaign to encourage smokers to give up cigarettes. The Hold My Light campaign aims to persuade smokers to go smoke-free by encouraging friends and family to offer rewards in the first 30 days of quitting. The campaign suggests four ways to give up cigarettes, including going cold turkey, using nicotine patches, vaping and using heated tobacco products.  The campaign was labelled as PR stunt by a number of British anti-smoking charities, including Cancer Research UK and Action on Smoking and Health.  In an interview with Campaign, Corporate Affairs Director for Philip Morris International Mark MacGregor said:
"It’s very naïve of people to think we’re just going to shut down our business... And if we’re not going to do that, it feels like the action we’ve taken is proof [of our intentions], whether people want to believe it or not." 
A profile on Philip Morris International in a German daily Spiegel revealed Philip Morris International is hoping governmental requirements for its new products will be loosened. For instance, they'd like to be rid of the compulsory "smoking kills" banners that adorn their every advertisement. And once they've completed all the necessary studies and long-term investigations, they would like the regulatory watchdogs to allow the tobacco companies to advertise their new products as "safer." 
An investigative report published by Reuters in July 2017 revealed a large-scale secret campaign by Philip Morris International to undermine the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control , depicting “a company that has focused its vast global resources on bringing to heel the world’s tobacco control treaty.” 
In July 2017, The Guardian published a series of stories which detailed large tobacco companies, including Philip Morris International, have fought tobacco control efforts throughout Africa. 
To help mark NHS 70th birthday, Philip Morris International wanted to mark this anniversary by helping "the NHS staff quit smoking." MPs and advocacy groups branded this campaign as "entirely inappropriate". 
“If we stop selling cigarettes, someone else is going to sell them because people buy them… So I don’t think that will have any impact on public health or the health of people.” Andre Calantzopoulos Phillip Morris CEO 
During the 2019 World Economic Forum gathering in Davos, Wall Street Journal supported a twitter Q&A with Marian Salzman, Senior Vice President Global Communications at Phillip Morris International. 
“You can have all kinds of playbooks and legal guidelines but at the end of the day it comes down to how you engage with people. It’s important that we understand some people are really against cigarettes but they still love people who smoke. So we need to hear that and incorporate it into real time messaging and real-time conversation on Twitter.” Marian Salzman, Senior Vice President Global Communications, Phillip Morris International 
During a fireside chat with Richard James, Philip Morris International’s VP of corporate affairs, North and Northeast Asia, Morris said:
"These days it is very difficult to separate the corporate brand from the individual product. People will see through anything that isn’t genuine. So what became very important for us was to commit to the conversation about a smoke-free future, and share our aspiration and company vision. This naturally led to consumers, who were smokers, being interested in the new types of products that would help them." 
"In a heavily-regulated environment you have some help from lawyers, so a lot of your message comes from guidelines. But the gutsy part is deciding how far you are going to push it. We’ve re-entered civilised society, but the one thing that we can’t change is that – whether we sell cigarettes or somebody else does – people are going to buy cigarettes." Marian Salzman, Senior Vice President Global Communications, Phillip Morris International 
Sampoerna (a Phillip Morris International subsidiary in Indonesia) held the Expo 2018 Sampoerna Entrepreneur Training Center in Denpasar, Bali, in December 2018 to help SMEs respond to disruptive conditions in the digital era to open opportunities while expanding the marketing range of their products. 
Philip Morris International Duty Free launched a 2014 limited-edition pack edition at Doha International airport to celebrate the 2014 Chinese New Year of the Horse. 
In Japan, Philip Morris International is shifting a large majority of its 1,000-employee sales force to target elderly smokers (Japan’s largest demographic that’s more price sensitive and less responsive to social media) with direct appeals, discounts and money-back guarantees. 
In July 2018, the UK Government threatened to take Philip Morris International to court unless it stops illegally targeting UK consumers with tobacco adverts for "healthier" tobacco products from shops around the UK. 
Philip Morris International, through its parent company Philip Morris Fortune Tobacco Corp Inc., organises Bright Leaf Award for journalists in the Philippines, specifically for agriculture journalism from which the comapny gets its stock of feature stories and photos on tobacco growing to promote in the media all year round. 
Philip Morris International presented IQOS World exhibition at Milan Design Week in 2019. 
Corporate Social Responsibility
Guardian reported Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco and Imperial Brands are allegedly buying tobacco leaves that could have been picked by exploited African migrants working in Italy. 
In a disclosure to CDP, a nonprofit that asks companies about their environmental impact, Phillip Morris International said it could save USD10 million from heavy rains and USD 1 million per year from warmer temperatures. The report submission was reported as “Phillip Morris International has identified a way to profit from climate change. ”  In 2014, Philip Morris International announced that it will begin buying U.S.-grown tobacco exclusively through third-party leaf supply companies. This policy required the world’s largest tobacco leaf suppliers – Alliance One International and Universal Corporation – to implement Philip Morris International’s detailed child labor policy on all U.S. farms from which they purchase tobacco. 
Philip Morris International was recognised as a Global Top Employer for the second year in a row. The certification for 2018 from Top Employer Institute was awarded to PMI teams in 44 countries. 
In 2016, Philip Morris International launched Philip Morris International IMPACT, a private fund aiming to support third-party projects dedicated to fighting illegal trade and related crimes such as corruption, organized criminal networks and money laundering which continues to be a major risk to their business. The organization has pledged to donate USD 100 million to fund individual projects.  The World Health Organization released an official statement:
"... Strengthening implementation of the WHO FCTC for all tobacco products remains the most effective approach to tobacco control. Policies such as tobacco taxes, graphic warning labels, comprehensive bans on advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and offering help to quit tobacco use have been proven to reduce demand for tobacco products. These policies focus not just on helping existing users to quit, but on preventing initiation."
List of organisations funded under PMI Impact can be found on the Global Center for Good Governance in Tobacco Control website and here.
Belgian authorities are investigating whether a sponsorship deal between British American Tobacco (BAT) and media outlet Politico violated existing tobacco advertising laws. 
In 2015, Phillip Morris International has removed its name as a sponsor of the Rock Nation concert in Bangladesh, following media and NGO pressure. 
According to Financial Times, Philip Morris International has agreed a GBP 5 million deal with Vice where the online medium will produce sponsored content endorsing e-cigarettes. 
An Australian political party The Nationals received AUD 56,500 from tobacco giant Phillip Morris International, while the Liberal Democrats were given almost AUD 100,000. 
In October 2018, Guardian reported that Philip Morris International has been lobbying the members of Australian federal government to overturn Australia’s ban on vaping, but its efforts remain hidden from the public as Philip Morris International was not required to register as lobbyist because it uses own staff rather than third-party consultants. Guardian Australia reported Philip Morris International has been seeking meetings with Coalition MPs as part of its bid to overturn the vaping ban. Some within government have refused to meet with the company. Philip Morris International has also placed prominent ads on page three of both the Australian and the Australian Financial Review, calling for staff to help it achieve a “future without cigarettes” and a “smoke-free Australia”. Tobacco advertisements are banned under Australian law, but Philip Morris appears to have relied on an exemption allowing job ads.
Philip Morris International is pushing for Hong Kong health authorities re-consider their intention to to ban e-cigarettes and other new tobacco products. Philip Morris International used the latest findings from the Royal College of Physicians in the U.K. The report reads: "“E-cigarettes are not a gateway to smoking – in the UK, use of e-cigarettes is limited almost entirely to those who are already using, or have used, tobacco... " 
Philip Morris International is behind #futurosinhumo website, requesting the Mexican public to sign a petition that would allow the sale of reduced-risk products in the country.  As of November 2018, the same website is now available in Colombia, promoting e-cigarrettes and IQOS as “healthier” choices. 
Tobacco Tactics reported a number of tobacco companies, including British American Tobacco were a donors to the Atlas Network in 2015 and 2016. According to the organisation's Wiki "internal tobacco industry documents show the Atlas Network has had a longstanding funding relationship with the tobacco industry." . Full profile on the organisation can be found here.
In 2013, Philip Morris International spent EUR 5.25 million to lobby members of European Parliament. The amount was the highest for any company in the European Union that year. 
|Name||Contract Status||Start Date||End Date|
|Kacper Chmielewski ||Active||20 June 2019||30 June 2020|
|Kristof Doms ||Active||21 June 2019||30 June 2020|
|Mario Mueller ||Active||20 June 2019||30 June 2020|
|Stefano Santi ||Active||19 June 2019||30 June 2020|
|Mauro Scotto D' Abusco||Active||20 June 2019||30 June 2020|
|Bert Van Gossum||Active||20 June 2019||30 June 2020|
|Robert Wassenaar||Active||20 June 2019||30 June 2020|
Corporate Europe Observatory published an analysis of leaked documents outlining the lobbying strategy of tobacco giant Philip Morris International , highlighting top 10 Members of European Parliament with the strongest relationship with Philip Morris. The we highlighted a top-10 of MEPs with the strongest relations to Philip Morris, including Othmar Karas, Christofer Fjellner and Wim van de Camp. 
Lobbying expenses reported by subsidiary PMI Global Services in 2018:
|Firms Hired||Total Reported by Filer Reported Contract Expenses
(in USD) 
|Lobbyists hired in 2019 |
|PMI Global Services||6,230,000||Davis, Brandie
Huenemann, Jon Jacobs, Stephen Paulsen, Zach Reif, Kristin
|Akin, Gump et al||540,000||Fazio, Vic
Friedman, Francine Pagano, Ed Tucker, James R Jr White, Valerie
|Capitol Tax Partners||240,000||NA|
|Cogent Strategies||230,000||Adams, David S
Gerard, RandallR Kauders, Andrew Purvis, Shellie
|FTI Government Affairs||230,000||Cormney, Kyle
Murray, Jefferies Styles, Scott B
|Hogan Lovells||150,000||Cutler, Aaron S|
|Ingram Group||60,000||Bunning, Amanda
|Mathis Harple Group||45,000||Harple, Charles
Mathis, Michael E
|Ogilvy Government Relations||100,000||Buchanan, Dee
Giblin, Chris Lass, Conrad A Novascone, Todd Shumack, Tucker
List of issues lobbied on in 2019 :
|Issue||Specific Issues||No. of Reports (Center for Responsive Politics)|
|Fed Budget & Appropriations||1||1|
Marketing to Kids
Reuters investigation has revealed that Philip Morris International used young social media influencers to promote IQS, including a 21-year-old woman in Russia. 
For a list of youth-related marketing click here.
The company’s youth-oriented marketing efforts in recent years include: 
- A new global campaign found to target youth: In 2011, Philip Morris launched a new global marketing campaign for its best-selling Marlboro cigarettes, called “Be Marlboro,” that used themes and images appealing to youth. With the slogan “Don’t be a Maybe. Be Marlboro,” the campaign’s ads featured young people partying, falling in love, playing music and engaging in risky behavior. The campaign expanded to more than 60 countries despite being banned by German authorities for targeting youth. 
- Introducing and marketing new flavored cigarettes that attract kids: Philip Morris has introduced and promoted new flavored cigarettes in countries across the globe, products which have been banned in the United States precisely because they have been found to attract youth and other new smokers. Research conducted in five Latin American countries found that flavored cigarettes – including Marlboro and other Philip Morris brands – were observed at over two-thirds of retail locations visited. Examples of Philip Morris brands using menthol and other flavor descriptors include Marlboro Fusion Blast, Marlboro Double Fusion, Chesterfield Fresh Capsule, Marlboro Ice Blast and Marlboro Blue Ice. The introduction of new Marlboro brands that appeal to youth isn’t limited to Latin American. Philip Morris also touts the introduction of brands such as Marlboro Double Ice and Marlboro Touch Slim as “innovations delivering strong growth” in countries such as Turkey and the UAE. 
- Marketing near schools: In its Code of Conduct, Philip Morris International promises not to market tobacco products to minors. However, research in more than 22 countries found cigarettes are being sold and promoted near schools, exposing children on a daily basis. Previous research has found that advertising and promotions for Marlboro and other Philip Morris brands were prominently visible around primary (elementary) and secondary schools. This research has been conducted in several African countries, Indonesia and other low and middle-income countries.  
- Violating India’s tobacco marketing laws: According to a July 2017 report by Reuters, Philip Morris marketed Marlboro cigarettes by placing colorful ads at kiosks and handing out free cigarettes at parties frequented by young adults, in apparent violation of India’s tobacco control laws. 
Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids investigation into over 100 social media campaigns by Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Imperial Brands revealed tobacco companies pay social media influencers on platforms like Instagram, Facebook and Twitter to advertise their products. 
Response from Philip Morris International:
"Philip Morris International does not market or sell any tobacco or nicotine-containing products in the United States. We agree that youth should not have access to or use tobacco or nicotine in any form. PMI’s products are only for, and our marketing and sales activities are tailored to, adult smokers, in compliance with applicable laws in countries outside of the U.S. None of our international activities are directed toward U.S. consumers or youth. 
For a list of political contributions in the United States look here.
Research and Development
PMI Science offers a 2-year Postdoctoral fellowship at the company's R&D Center in Neuchâtel, Switzerland for researchers from a variety of backgrounds. 
Sky News reported that IQOS would potentially reduce the number of noxious chemicals by 95 per cent, though research is still being carried out.  Swiss Sonntags Zeitung reported that highly dangerous toxins escape from the filters of IQOS when polymer filters are heated to 100 degrees Celsius. 
Phillip Morris International published a white paper: 'Public Health —Much Harder than Rocket Science'. The document was presented to guests at the 2019 World Economic Forum gathering in Davos, Switzerland. The paper called for a ‘collaborative approach to ending smoking.’ 
According to Guardian, Philip Morris International funded and supervised research on the impact of plain packaging in Australia and insisted on seeing it before it was published. The study was "widely disseminated in the media and used by the tobacco lobby to make the case that the health initiative had no discernible effect on smoking rates among the young in Australia, and therefore should not be introduced in the UK." 
Philip Morris Korea Inc. strongly refuted the finding by the South Korean government that underscored health risks in the heat-not-burn cigarettes. If found guilty, the company could face punitive action. 
Portal Chemical & Engineering News reported that representatives from British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International, Philip Morris International, and Reynolds American attended the annual meeting of the American Society for Cellular & Computational Toxicology focused on non-animal toxicology testing. The website cited the ultimate goal to:
"to convince officials at the U.S. Food & Drug Administration’s Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) that in vitro methods for predicting respiratory toxicology in humans are ready for prime time." 
A study conducted by Philip Morris International claims that smoking IQOs resulted in a “significant reduction” in lung-tumor formation in mice compared with traditional burnt tobacco. According to Bloomberg, the company studied the effects in mice of different levels of aerosol from heated tobacco, cigarette smoke and fresh air over 18 months. 
In 2017, Philip Morris International published 46 peer-reviewed papers in leading scientific journals. In 2017, Philip Morris International filled over 170 new patent applications. Philip Morris International currently have more than 2,900 Reduced Risk Products related patents granted worldwide and over 4,600 such patent applications pending.
Reporting and Regulation
The US Food and Drug Administration authorized Philip Morris Products S.A. to sell IQOS and three types of Heatsticks in the United States. The agency made it clear that it does not mean the products are safe or “FDA approved.” 
Philip Morris urged the Indian government to create a regulatory environment for “scientifically substantiated smoke-free alternatives” after the US FDA authorised the sale of the product in the United States. 
According to the Independent, British American Tobacco, Imperial Brands, Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris International have all shifted their corporate structures to minimise their tax bills in the United Kingdom, researchers from the University of Bath found. Despite being headquartered in Britain, Imperial Brands paid an effective rate of just 13 per cent over the past seven years, during which corporation tax has varied between 20 per cent and 28 per cent. British American Tobacco is also based in the UK but paid “virtually no” corporation tax over the same period, including four consecutive years (2011-14) where it paid nothing at all, the paper found. 
India's main financial crime-fighting agency is investigating Philip Morris International’s Indian partner Godfrey Phillips for alleged violation of the country's nine-year-old government ban on foreign direct investment in the industry.  Members of the Egyptian Parliament are preparing to launch a thorough investigation into the activities of Philip Morris Misr LLC after several allegations are made of the tobacco company attempts to sack Egypt’s national industry of Cigarettes. 
As of September 2018, U.S. national securities law firm Faruqi & Faruqi is investigating potential claims against Philip Morris International, encourages investors who suffered losses exceeding USD 100,000 investing in the company to contact them. 
Brazil's solicitor general's office is suing British American Tobacco Plc and Philip Morris International to recover the public health treatment costs of tobacco-related diseases over the last five years.  This move had been praised by the World Health Organisation. 
A Canadian court has upheld the bulk of a decision that ordered three tobacco companies to pay billions in damages. The judgment involves class action suits that were consolidated against Imperial Tobacco Canada, Rothmans Benson & Hedges and JTI-MacDonald. 
Philip Morris (New Zealand) is suing British American Tobacco (New Zealand), alleging its larger rival is breaching competition law by locking retailers into contracts designed to preserve its dominance in a NZD 2.5 billion market. 
The Constitutional Court in Kampala has thrown out a petition by the British American Tobacco Uganda against government over the Tobacco Control Act 2015. BAT Uganda dragged government to court challenging the constitutionality of the act that came into force on May 18, 2016 six months after the president had assented to it. 
A full list of tobacco industry litigation cases can be found here.
In recent years, Philip Morris has also filed numerous legal challenges, both in national and international courts, to strong measures designed to reduce smoking adopted by Australia, Canada, France, Norway, Panama, Uruguay and the United Kingdom. One of the company’s favorite tactics has been to challenge tobacco control laws as violations of international trade and investment agreements. Examples of the company’s legal challenges include:
- Philip Morris International challenged Australia’s pioneering law requiring plain cigarette packaging both in Australia’s courts and in an international tribunal as a violation of a bilateral investment treaty between Australia and Hong Kong. The company lost both cases. According to media reports, Philip Morris has also helped finance an ongoing World Trade Organization challenge that several countries filed against Australia’s plan packaging law (Australia has reportedly won the case, but the World Trade Organization has not officially released its ruling).
- Philip Morris challenged Uruguay’s strong cigarette warning and labeling laws as violations of a bilateral investment treaty between Uruguay and Switzerland. In a landmark ruling, an arbitration panel of the World Bank ruled for Uruguay and ordered Philip Morris to pay Uruguay’s legal costs. 
- In Thailand, Philip Morris’ ongoing legal challenge temporarily stopped the Ministry of Health from increasing the size of pictorial health warnings on cigarette packs. 
- In Colombia, a Philip Morris subsidiary is suing a local government for protecting kids and vulnerable populations by banning sales of cigarette and other tobacco products around schools and health facilities, among other sales restrictions.
In 2015, a Canadian court has ordered units of British American Tobacco, Philip Morris International and Japan Tobacco Inc. to pay CAD 15.6 billion in damages to Quebec smokers after a 17-year legal battle. 
Philip Morris Korea Inc., which refuted the finding by the South Korean government that underscored health risks in the heat-not-burn cigarettes, presenting its own clinical study in a press briefing to defend its original argument that "smokeless tobacco can reduce health risks". The Korean Ministry of Food and Drug Safety announced earlier this month that IQOS emits 9.3 mg of tar, a level higher than that of conventional cigarettes (0.1-8.0 mg). 
Philip Morris executives Andre Calantzopoulos (CEO), Martin G. King (CFO) and Jacek Olczak (COO) sold off millions of dollars stock while withholding information about the company’s stagnant sales, investors claim in a class action. 
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled in July 2018 that British Columbia does not have to grant access to the personal health data of Canadian citizens to Philip Morris International to determine "whether government claims about the cost of treating smokers were accurate". In the current case, Philip Morris sought, in the words of the government:
“electronic health care databases which contain health care information of every person in British Columbia who has received health care benefits. These databases include individual-level records of every hospital, medical and other health care attendance, diagnosis and treatment provided during the past 25 years to each insured person.” 
Partners and Allies
Banking, Auditing and Accounting
|PricewaterhouseCoopers (2018)||Active||PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) are Philip Morris International's current auditors. Appointed at the 2017 annual shareholder meeting. In 2017 PWC were selected by the office of the Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety, European Parliament, to perform an implementation study on ‘track and trace’ solutions in the tobacco industry. A question was raised if there would be a conflict of interest since PricewaterhouseCoopers offers it's own "track and trace" solution already and would potentially be in a position to audit themselves.|
|EY U.S. (2019)||Active||The Foundation for a Smoke-Free World used EY U.S. as the Foundation auditor in 2019. |
|Morgan Stanley (2018)||Active|| Philip Morris International presented at the Morgan Stanley Global Consumer & Retail Conference in New York, November 2018. 
In May 2019, Philip Morris International Chief Financial Officer Martin King addressed investors at the Goldman Sachs Global Staples Forum in New York. 
|KPMG (2014)||NA|| A KPMG conducted a study for British American Tobacco, Imperial Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris International that revealed one in every ten cigarettes consumed in the European Union in 2013 were illicit. 
Philip Morris International has commissioned KPMG to produce the report again in 2019. 
Think-tanks & International Organizations
|American Enterprise Institute||2011-2017||According to a Guardian report, in 2017, the AEI wrote a letter to the US FDA, encouraging the agency to approve Philip Morris International's IQOS product for sale in the US. The letter said: "It is imperative that current US smokers have access to and be properly informed about safer options. |
|American Legislative Exchange Council (Alec)||2010-2017||In 2017, the group wrote to the US Food and Drug Administration in support of IQOS, a product Philip Morris hopes to sell in the US market as less risky than cigarettes. PR Watch reported in 2014 that “tobacco conglomerate Philip Morris/Altria gave Alec $1,426,700 between 1995 and 2010 – significantly more than the approximately $50,000 a year it was previously reported to have given Alec." |
|Americans for Tax Reform||2015-2017||In 2017, Americans for Tax Reform wrote to the US Food and Drug Administration in support of IQOS, a Philip Morris International product. |
|Cato Institute||2010, 2012, 2013||As far back as 2000, internal Philip Morris documents made public through litigation show the Cato Institute listed as one of the company’s "national allies". |
|Fraser Institute||2011-2012||Between 2012, the Fraser Institute accepted $100,000 from Philip Morris International, for “publishing research studies", according to Philip Morris' charitable disclosures. |
|Goldwater Institute||2011-2017||The Goldwater Institute has opposed tobacco taxes and supported Philip Morris International’s applications to sell new tobacco products in the US. In 2018, the Goldwater Institute's director of healthcare policy testified in favor of FDA approval for IQOS. |
|Heritage Foundation||2011-2016||The group has also opposed increase regulation on vaping. In 2017, the FDA was reviewing whether to allow Philip Morris International to sell a new product which heats but does not burn tobacco, called IQOS. That year, Heritage called on Congress to “stop blocking alternatives" to smoking. In 2018, the Heritage Foundation called on Congress and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to loosen e-cigarette regulations. The same year, a Heritage scholar testified to the FDA that IQOS had an “impressive record" and should be approved.|
|Independent Women's Forum||2016-2017||In 2017, an Independent Women’s Forum scholar testified to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that it should approve a new Philip Morris International product called IQOS, which heats but does not burn tobacco, so it does not unintentionally “punish women" by making it more difficult for them to quit smoking. An FDA advisory panel rejected Philip Morris's claims that the stick would be safer than smoking.|
|Institute for Policy Innovation||NA||The Institute for Policy Innovation argued the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should approve a new Philip Morris International product called IQOS for sale in the US. The product heats tobacco but does not burn it. In its comments, the Institute argued tobacco control "has partially morphed into a movement that is simply in opposition to tobacco companies". |
|James Madison Institute||2012-2016||In 2018, the James Madison Institute testified the US Food and Drug Administration should approve the new Philip Morris International product, IQOS, which heats but does not burn tobacco. |
|John Locke Foundation||NA||The John Locke Foundation has argued in support of selling new Philip Morris products in the United States. In 2017, the group joined several other free-market think-tanks to argue the US Food and Drug Administration should approve the PMI product the IQOS. |
|Maryland Public Policy Institute||NA||The Maryland Public Policy Institute has repeatedly opposed tobacco taxes and supported the sale of new Philip Morris products. In 2017, the Maryland Public Policy Institute and several other free market thinktanks urged the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to approve a new Philip Morris International product called IQOS for sale in the US. |
|R Street Institute||2014-2017||The R Street Institute has argued against regulating vaping products, while accepting donations from tobacco companies. In 2013, a physician identified as R Street Institute's "senior fellow in tobacco policy" argued for less regulation of e-cigarettes in a written comment to US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rulemaking. As well, in 2017, the group testified to regulators that Philip Morris International “did a great job" in it application to sell its new IQOS product in the United States. An FDA advisory panel rejected Philip Morris's claims that the stick would be safer than smoking. |
|State Policy Network||2011-2016||Affiliated thinktanks, such as the Public Policy Foundation of West Virginia, have also lobbied the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to approve a new Philip Morris product called IQOS, which heats tobacco but does not burn it, for sale in the US. An FDA advisory panel rejected Philip Morris's claims that the stick would be safer than smoking. The group has accepted multiple donations from tobacco makers in the last 10 years.|
|TechFreedom||2016-2017||TechFreedom has written favorably to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) about a new Philip Morris International product called IQOS, which heats but does not burn tobacco. TechFreedom wrote the agency should “expeditiously" approve the new product. |
|Verite (2016)||NA||Philip Morris International's global program partner, Verité has guided the development of the company’s Agricultural Labor Practices Program Progress Code and the approach to dealing with labor issues in tobacco-growing. |
|International Organization for Migration (2016)||NA||Philip Morris International partnered with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to provide assistance to the most vulnerable migrants and reduce exploitation and other forms of human-rights abuses in Italy's agricultural sector. The collaboration addressed immediate material needs, supports better access to social services, and provides legal and social counseling. The organization also provided emergency support to IOM in Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to build winterproof facilities for migrants at all stages of their journey. |
|Europtimum (2014)||Not Active||The office of former French MEP Dominique Vlasto nurtured a special relationship with Europtimum, a lobby consultancy firm based in Strasbourg. Edouard Debra, the director and founder of Europtimum, is a former parliamentary assistant of Vlasto. Philip Morris International was one of Europtimum's largest clients, generating between EUR 150,000 and 200,000 turnover for Europtimum in 2013. Philip Morris France was another client, generating between EUR 50,000 and EUR100,000 in 2013. |
|Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (2015)||NA||According to Tobacco Watch, the Malaysian libertarian think tank Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs started receiving funds from Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris in 2015. That same year, the organization started publicly opposing to tobacco control measures. |
|Rahmat Lim & Partners, Malaysia (Allen & Gledhill)||NA||Law firm for Philip Morris (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd |
|Bustaman & Co||NA||Law firm for Philip Morris (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd |
|Australian Institute for Progress||NA||The Australian Institute for Progress (AIP) has opposed plain packaging, questions the World Health Organization’s (WHO) capacity to control tobacco use, and criticized renowned tobacco control groups in south-east Asia. In 2016, the group’s former director, Dr Gary Johns, now the Commissioner of Australian Charities, attacked the World Health Organization's proposed international convention on tobacco for lacking transparency and excluding debate. The Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA) said Johns’ letter was "riddled with false accusations". In 2018, the Australian Institute for Progress also signed onto a letter to the WHO opposing plain packaging, which removes branding from cigarette packs. Johns also consulted for the the International Tax and Investment Center, which at the time received funding from Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Imperial Brands tobacco. In his role at the ITIC, Johns attacked SEATCA as an “instrument of the World Health Organization".|
|Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (Ideas)||2015-2017||It received funding from a Philip Morris International affiliate in 2015, and from a second in 2016 and 2017. It also received funds from Japan Tobacco International in 2015 and 2017. In response to questions from the Guardian, British American Tobacco said it donated to Ideas, but did not disclose which years.|
|Ukrainian Economic Freedoms Foundation||2017||Philip Morris donated $150,000 to the Ukrainian Economic Freedoms Foundation in 2017. In response to questions from the Guardian, Japan Tobacco disclosed it donated to the Foundation, though did not disclose which years. British American Tobacco said it currently supports this organization.|
|Oxford Economics||2018||Philip Morris International Management, one of PMI’s affiliates in Switzerland paid for a report prepared by Oxford Economics that found 52.3 percent of Malaysian cigarettes were illicit. |
|American European Community Association||Active||Philip Morris International is listed amongst members of the organization. |
|American Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong||Active||Philip Morris Asia Limited has been a member of the Organization since January 2015  and sponsored a number of events.  </ref>|
|Kantar||2018||According to Tobacco Tactics, in 2018 Kantar undertook a USD 466,212 ‘State of Smoking Survey' on behalf of the Foundation for a Smoke-Free world. |
Marketing, Conferences and PR
In 2018, number of Romanian social media influencers and IQOS brand ambassadors, including @Christina_ich  and @Mirela.Bucovicean  posted about IQOS products. They often use IQOS-related posts with #ad. Some also have included the hashtags: #promisiuneaiqos (IQOS promise), #iqosisnotriskfree, and #exclusivfumatoriloradulti (only adult smokers).  
In October 2018, Philip Morris International won Gold Stevie Award in the Marketing Campaign of the Year - Corporate Reputation/ Professional Services category for the Philip Morris Makes a New Year's Resolution to Give Up Cigarettes. 
|Pantarhei Advisors Europe (2018)||Active||According to Politico, among the lobbyists on the EU Transparency Register, representing Philip Morris International is lobby firm Pantarhei Advisors Europe.  Think-tanks from multiple countries received funding from British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International and Philip Morris International, alongside governments as they argued against tobacco controls (James to enter individual countries).  Philip Morris has previously donated to one of Australia’s most prominent right-wing think tank, the Institute of Public Affairs (IPA). |
|Politico (2019)||Active||British American Tobacco and Philip Morris International advertised with Politico in June 2019. |
|TBMEvolution (2019)||Active||Philip Morris International's VP of Digital Capability Development & Training talked at TBMEvolution's 3rd Annual eCommerce & Digital Engagement summit |
|IsoNTech Conference (2019)||Active||Developers, manufactures and distributors of eCigsar invited to demonstrate new products and discuss their design and development at IsoNTech Conference. Representatives from British American Tobacco (Chris Proctor), Philip Morris International (Gizelle Baker) and Juul (Erik Augustson) were present. |
|Globsec (2019)||Active||The PMI IMPACT Conference It Takes a Network to Combat Illicit Trade. Achievements, Challenges, Opportunities, and Solutions is one of the three conferences leading up to the annual GLOBSEC 2019 Bratislava Forum alongside Forbes’ Under 30 Summit Global Retreat and Central European Think Tank Forum, and is scheduled to take place on June 5-6, 2019 in the Sheraton Hotel in Bratislava, Slovakia. The agenda can be found here.|
|Concordia Summit (2018)||TBC||Philip Morris International sponsored the 2018 Concordia Summit in New York. |
|Thirteen (McCann World Group Holdings) (2018)||Active||Philip Morris International appointed Thirteen on a project basis for an undisclosed IQOS product launch. |
|Halogen (2018)||Active||According to a Public Interest Investigation website, Powerbase, Halogen Communications has been working with Philip Morris International to undermine the Scottish government's plan packaging laws. |
|Klive (2018)||Active||Philip Morris International, along with several other brands and startups, have signed on to work with Klive – a new agency founded by a cohort of ex-Omnicom and WPP marketers. |
|Instinctif Partners (2015)||NA||The UK Public Aīairs and Lobbying Register from June-August 2016 lists Philip Morris UK as one of Instinctif Partners clients. |
|Other Creative London (2018)||Active||In October 2018, Philip Morris launched "Hold my light" with a campaign website and a film in which a woman navigates a maze of lasers to relinquish her cigarette lighter to a group of friends. The film was created by Trigger, while content is by Other Creative. Biddable media and programmatic video display was handled by Merkle Periscopix and Amplifi. 
The company was also responsible for Philip Morris'imagery behind the 2018 New Year's resolution announcement. 
|Merkle Periscopix (2018)||Active||In October 2018, Philip Morris launched "Hold my light" with a campaign website and a film in which a woman navigates a maze of lasers to relinquish her cigarette lighter to a group of friends. The film was created by Trigger, while content is by Other Creative. Biddable media and programmatic video display was handled by Merkle Periscopix and Amplifi. |
|Amplifi(2018)||Active||In October 2018, Philip Morris launched "Hold my light" with a campaign website and a film in which a woman navigates a maze of lasers to relinquish her cigarette lighter to a group of friends. The film was created by Trigger, while content is by Other Creative. Biddable media and programmatic video display was handled by Merkle Periscopix and Amplifi. |
|Trigger (2018)||Active||In October 2018, Philip Morris launched "Hold my light" with a campaign website and a film in which a woman navigates a maze of lasers to relinquish her cigarette lighter to a group of friends. The film was created by Trigger, while content is by Other Creative. Biddable media and programmatic video display was handled by Merkle Periscopix and Amplifi. |
|Pagefield Communications (2017)||Active||
Official statement on working with the tobacco industry: "Working for a tobacco company is always a contentious decision for agencies like ours, especially when the role involves reputation management. Too many consultancies – if they take on that work – are only too happy to conceal the work they are doing.
We did the opposite from day one of our three-year partnership with Philip Morris’s Reduced Risk business.
Up on our website went the Philip Morris logo. Three years later and as recently as last night, we won an international PR industry award for our work launching the groundbreaking IQOS – a reduced risk, heat-not-burn product which is 95 percent less harmful than standard cigarettes. Getting shortlisted against far less contentious brands was a victory in itself. Winning for work with a tobacco brand was a massive achievement and a pleasant but not complete surprise.
We were in a fortunate situation. First and foremost, we had already made the decision that if we were to work Philip Morris, it would be because it was creating viable, safer and scientifically-proven alternatives to traditional tobacco products.
When they approached us to help lay the groundwork for the launch of IQOS, it was an easy decision. This – alongside the business’ move towards reinventing itself – made for a worthwhile and fascinating brief.
So, what lessons have we learnt from this campaign that are applicable to other distrusted companies planning to launch a significant, transformative new product or business model?
Firstly, the work we all do for our clients is essentially about developing a robust argument. This does not need to be in the confrontational sense. It can be a strident view, a case or perhaps just a story. But central to all of these there is usually a position which is designed to convey or convince, with evidence in support. Essentially, this is all about putting across the position of our clients in the most interesting and convincing way – but most crucially, always remaining loyal to facts and values.
Second, equally important is the purpose (or values) behind the transformation. For the first time Philip Morris was prepared to commit to a smoke-free future. Purpose was put ahead of product and that made for a more captivating story.
Third is the power of transparency. In a highly regulated market where advertising of tobacco products is illegal, it was crucial for Philip Morris to open up as much as possible. Historically, tobacco businesses have been evasive and reluctant to do this. We therefore made an early decision to push to be as transparent as possible. What better way to do this than giving The Today programme full access to the story and Philip Morris’ headquarters and research and development centre in Switzerland.
Tobacco businesses, like other businesses in controversial sectors, will never fully escape their past and earn the halo that less contentious businesses can earn. But if they are finally trying to change and are investing billions in creating products and scientific solutions that will eventually consign cigarettes to the past, then why shouldn’t people know about it?"
2017 SABRE awards winners for launching IQOS and Helping the Tobacco Giant Quit Smoking 
|Feinstein Kean Healthcare (2017)||Active||Feinstein Kean Healthcare, wholly owned subsidiary of Ogilvy PR, provides an array of communications and consulting services to biotechnology, pharmaceutical and other healthcare companies. As of March 2018, Lynn Blenkhorn is listed as a media contact for the Philip Morris-funded Foundation for a Smoke-Free World. |
|CNC Communications, now KEKST CNC (2014)||TBC||Kekst CNC's clients include a broad range of public and private companies, institutions, alternative investment firms, and non-profit organizations.  Tobacco Tactics reposrts CNC listed Philip Morris as a client in the 2014 EU Transparency Register. |
|Mercury Public Affairs||NA||Altria's key lobbying firm in Washington DC, Mercury was also hired by the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World.  In 2018, the Foundation spent USD 665 000 with Mercury Public Affairs. |
|FIM Moto GP (1992)||Active||The two organisations have collaborated for 26 years. As of 2019, PMI claims the partnership will focus on “advancing the cause of a smoke-free world”. |
|One Young World||Active||Anti-Illicit Trade Intelligence Manager for Philip Morris International, Mustapha Ramli was one of the delegates for the 2018 One Young World Conference.  One Young World is a UK-based charity that gathers together young leaders from around the world. |
|Cross My Heart Productions LLC (2018)||Active||USD 770,073 Media and Production contract with the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, according to Form 990 PF (2018). |
- Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, p.15, Accessed 23 July 2019
- Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, p. 1, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris International Website, Our Leadership team, 2018, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris International Strengthens Organizational Capabilities to Realize Its Vision for a Smoke-Free Future, Yahoo, 22 May 2019, Accessed 22 May 2019
- Philip Morris International Bolsters Washington, D.C., Presence with Key Staff Appointments, Financial Post, 2 April 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Ferrari Enlists Philip Morris Veteran Camilleri as Next CEO, Bloomberg, July 2018, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris International Website, Board of Directors, 2018, Accessed September 2018
- U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. List of Significant Subsidiaries, 2018, Accessed September 2018
- Fourth-Quarter Earnings Results, PMI website, p. 2, February 2019, Accessed February 2019
- Are E-Cigs Fizzling Out for Philip Morris International?, The Motley Fool, July 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris International Getting Burned by Slowing iQOS Sales, The Motley Fool, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Wells Fargo Securities, November 14, 2018 Equity Research newsletter, November 2018, Accessed November 2018
- How Much Will iQOS Contribute To Philip Morris' Revenue In FY 2018?, Forbes, September 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris International tries risky move of making cigarettes extinct, Yahoo, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, Accessed September 2018
- Pricing boost helps Philip Morris quarterly results to beat estimates, ‘’Reuters’’, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris International, Press Releases Overview, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris International website, Philip Morris International 2018 Annual Report,p.1, Accessed 23 July 2019
- Philip Morris International 2015 Annual Report, p.25
- Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, pp.22-24
- Philip Morris International 2015 Annual Report, P.31
- Crunchbase, Philip Morris International, Accessed May 2018
- Philip Morris interested in becoming strategic investor of vintaba, Vir, November 2018, Accessed December 2018
- Council pension funds are major investors in tobacco companies, The Guardian, August 2018, Accessed November 2018
- 146 Institutional Investors Exited Positions In Philip Morris International Inc., Mason, Amelie, October 30, 2018, Accessed November 2018
- [https://theconversation.com/when-even-winning-is-losing-the-surprising-cost-of-defeating-philip-morris-over-plain-packaging-114279 When even winning is losing. The surprising cost of defeating Philip Morris over plain packaging], The Conversation, 26 March 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION website, SC 13G/A Filed 02/13/2018 SC 13G/A 1 philipmorrisinternationalinc.htm, Accessed November 2018
- SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION website, SC 13G/A Filed 02/13/2018, Accessed November 2018
- SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION website, SC 13G/A Filed 02/13/2017, Accessed November 2018
- Investopedia, Unconsolidated Subsidiary,2018, Accessed September 2018
- Lincolnshire County Council invests £45 million from pension fund in tobacco companies, Grantham Reporter, January 5, 2019, Accessed January 2019
- Billionaire George Soros Added These Dividend Stocks to His Portfolio, Yahoo, 16 April 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Franklin Resources Has $497mn Holdings in Philip Morris International, "Focus Washington", November 2018, Accessed December 2018
- Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, Accessed September 2018
- MARLBORO PODRÍA DEJAR DE PRODUCIR CIGARROS PARA VENDER PRODUCTOS LIBRES DE HUMO EN MÉXICO, Reporte Indigo, 28 May 2019, 13 June 2019
- Philip Morris opens first Africa store to stoke demand for alternative cigarettes, Fin 24, November 2018, Accessed November 2018
- Euromonitor International [database on the Internet]. Philip Morris International Inc, in Tobacco. Euromonitor International. c 2009.
- Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Industry Watch THE PHILIP MORRIS-FUNDED FOUNDATION FOR A SMOKE-FREE WORLD, 2018, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morrisshuts down manufacturing facility, The News, 5 March 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Cigarette smuggling forces Philip Morris to close two tobacco plants in Colombia, 6 June 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- Colombia loses iconic cigarette as Philip Morris packs up and goes, Colombia Reports, 9 June 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- Philip Morris вложит 13 млрд рублей в развитие производства табачных стиков, Kommersant.ru, October 2018, Accessed November 2018
- Philip Morris International Shifts Entire Capacity of Its Cigarette Factory in Greece to Smoke-Free Products, Yahoo! Finance, March 2018, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, p. 11, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, P.4, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris doubles its investments in the Emilia region, rocketing to €1 billion, Italy24, July 2017, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris to close Australia cigarette factory, BBC, 2 April 2018, Accessed December 2018
- 1,230 jobs to go as Philip Morris International shuts Dutch factory, DutchNews.nl, 4 April 2014, Accessed December 2018
- https://www.nasdaq.com/symbol/pm/dividend-history, Nasdaq, 19 July 2019, Accessed 22 July 2019
- SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION website, PHILIP MORRIS INTERNATIONAL INC. 2017 10-K form, Accessed August 2018
- Marlboro vows to phase out cigarettes smoke-free vapes, The Sun, 9 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris International website, Building leading brands, Accessed 23 July 2019
- News, Philip Morris International website, 20 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Philip Morris unveils new smokeless cigarettes in a bid to rev up sales, CNBC, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- What happened when I tried IQOS heatsticks in Tokto, The Federalist, November 2018, Accessed December 2018
- Professionals co-opted to back tobacco giants, Daily Maverick, 19 August 2018, Accessed January 2019
- Juul Labs Inc Plans India E-Cigarette Entry With New Hires Subsidiary, Business World, 31 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- PM sell heat-not-burn tobacco product, Philstar, 18 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Big tobacco firms plans launched vaping products in UAE, The National, 25 April 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Philip Morris opens first Africa store to stoke demand for alternative cigarettes, Fin 24, November 2018, Accessed December 2018
- Tobacco sales reps using 'illegal' tactics to sell their products in pubs, The Telegraph, 15 October 2018, Accessed January 2019
- PM seeks major transformation, Warc, 7 January 2019, Accessed 12 April 2019
- Seeking Alpha,  Philip Morris International (PM) on Q1 2018 Results - Earnings Call Transcript], March 2018, Accessed September 2018
- The Motley Fool Philip Morris International Inc. (PM) Q4 2017 Earnings Conference Call Transcript, February 2018, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris International, 2016 Annual Report, 2016, Accessed August 2018
- PM eyes tea gadgets smoke-are market, Yahoo News, 14 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Tobacco firm Philip Morris launches life insurance company offering discounts to ex-smokers, Independent, 26 April 2019, Accessed April 2019
- [https://www.cnbc.com/2019/04/23/tobacco-company-philip-morris-launches-life-insurance-company-reviti.html Tobacco company Philip Morris starts life insurance firm that offers discounts to smokers who quit], CNBC, 23 April 2019, 13 June 2019
- New rules in Japan take aim at heated tobacco, Reuters, February 2018, Accessed October 2018
- 2018 FOURTH QUARTER & FULL YEAR RESULTS, PMI website, p. 5, February 2019, Accessed March 2019
- Philip Morris International, Annual Report 2018, P.29, Accessed December 2018
- Philip Morris Pledges Almost $1 Billion to Anti-Smoking Fight, Fortune, September 2017, Accessed September 2018
- Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, Our areas of focus, Accessed September 2018
- Cision, Conrad Foundation Should Sever Ties with Philip Morris-Funded Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Foundation For A Smoke-Free World, BUSINESS TRANSFORMATION An Analysis of Case Studies Relevant to Achieving a Smoke-Free World, November 2018, Accessed November 2018
- The Lancet, The Philip Morris-funded Foundation for a Smoke-Free World: tax return sheds light on funding activities, 6 June 2019, Accessed 21 July 2019
- Exclusive: A Tobacco Company-Funded Foundation Is Using a Contest to Target School Children, The Wire, 12 June 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019
- Philip Morris International Enters the ‘Year of Unsmoke’—Calls on All Those Who Can Empower a Smoke-Free Future, AP News, 8 April 2019, Accessed April 2019
- How the tobacco industry targets young people with social media influencers, Dazed & Confused, 13 February 2019, Accessed 7 May 2019
- Philip Morris Hires Aaron Sherinian As Agency Revamp Takes Shape, The Holmes Report, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris International, Mission Winnow, November 2018, Accessed November 2018
- Ferrari Mission Winnow investigation in Australia, Motor 1, 10 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- [ https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/ferrari-drops-big-tobacco-branding-from-name-ahead-of-grand-prix-20190305-p511s1.html Ferrari drops big tobacco branding from name ahead of Grand Prix], The Age, 5 March 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Hefler M, Worldwide news and comment, Tobacco Control, 2019;28:241-244, Accessed 5 July 2019
- Flashy Science Hub and Vaping Parties Fail to Win Friends at W.H.O. Tobacco Talks, The New York Times, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- PMI Science website, Clinical Assessment, 19 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Netflix, Philip Morris, Ryanair: Everything that matters this morning, Marketing Week, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris stop-smoking campaign attacked as PR stunt, Reuters, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris exec defends quit-smoking campaign, Campaign, November 2018, Accessed November 2018
- Big Tobacco's Dubious Health-Conscious Makeover, Spiegel, September 2018, Accessed September 2018
- Inside Philip Morris’ campaign to subvert the global anti-smoking treaty, Reuters, July 2017, Accessed September 2018
- Campaign For Tobacco-Free Kids, The Facts about Philip Morris International:Company Is Cause of the Tobacco Problem, Not the Solution, November 2017, Accessed September 2018
- Threats, bullying, lawsuits: tobacco industry's dirty war for the African market, The Guardian, July 2017, Accessed September 2018
- World's biggest tobacco firm under fire over 'disgraceful' PR stunt, The Guardian, 19 July 2018, Accessed January 2019
- Marlboro parent company stop making cigarettes, Simple Most, 19 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Twitter, Wall Street Journal, 23 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- CMOS at Davos the challenges of a communications pivot, The Holmes Report, 23 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Philip Morris International How PR works for a brand that cannot be marketed, Marketing Interactive, November 2018, Accessed December 2018
- CMOS at Davos the challenges of a communications pivot, The Holmes Report, 23 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Dukung Transformasi Digital UMKM SAmpoerna Komit Bakal Gelar Pameran & Pelatihan Tahunan, Rakyat Merdeka, 15 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Philip Morris launches Marlboro limited-edition pack in Qatar, DFNI Frontier, 27 March 2017, Accessed December 2018
- Philip Morris Hits Streets to Sell Old Smokers New Devices, Bloomberg, 26 September 2019, Accessed January 2019
- Government orders Phillip Morris to stop advertising "healthier" tobacco products or face legal action, The Telegraph, 18 July 2018, Accessed January 2019
- Tobacco Watch, Philippines: Philip Morris enlists DOA, journalists for Bright Leaf Award, 4 August 2018, Accessed January 2019
- Philip Morris International presents IQOS World revealed by Alex Chinneck at Milan Design Week 2019, Antara News, 4 April 2019, Accessed 30 April 2019
- 'I had pain all over my body': Italy’s tainted tobacco industry, The Guardian, 31 May 2019, Acessed 13 June 2019
- PM thinks climate change is good for tobacco, Business Insider, 21 January 2019, Accessed 20 April 2019
- Human Rights Watch, US: Tobacco Giant’s Move Could Reduce Child Labor, 5 November 2015, Accessed December 2018
- Philip Morris International again recognised as a Global Top Employer, International Business Times, 19 February 2018, Accessed December 2018
- Philip Morris International Impact,  About, Accessed September 2018
- World Health Organization, WHO Statement on Philip Morris funded Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, September 2017, Accessed September 2018.
- Belgium prepares probe into Politico tobacco sponsorship, EU Observer, 27 June 2019, Accessed 9 July 2019
- Critic SNP government anti drugs strategy in row over tobacco industry funding, Herald Scotland, 31 March 2019, Accessed April 2019
- LinkedIn Mehedi Hasan, PMI removes its name as sponsor, 15 March 2015, Accessed January 2019
- Marlboro maker teams up with Vice for vaping push, Financial Times, April 2019, Accessed April 2019 (paywall)
- Aussie politics a billion dollar business, Braidwood Times, 1 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Philip Morris lobbying on e-cigarettes hidden from Australian public, The Guardian, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- PM keen less harmful alternatives smoking hk not much, Harbour Times, 2 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Futuro Sin Humo, COMPLETA LOS SIGUIENTES CAMPOS, Accessed October 2018
- Futuro Sin Humo, CONOCE EL MOVIMIENTO, Accessed December 2018
- Free Market Foundation, Members, Accessed October 2018
- Tobacco Tactics, Atlas Network, Accessed November 2018
- Why Did Philip Morris Spend More Than Anyone Else Lobbying The E.U.?, Forbes, October 2014, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris International Inc., Accessed 2 May 2019
- Corporate Europe Observatory, Mediapart exposes unhealthy liaisons between French MEP and the tobacco industry, June 2014, Accessed November 2018
- Open Secrets website, Tobacco, 19 March 2019, Accessed 20 July 2019
- Open Secrets website, Lobbyists representing Philip Morris International, 2019:, Accessed 23 July 2019
- Open Secrets website, Issues, 2019, Accessed 23 July 2019
- Philip Morris suspends 'influencer' marketing for IQOS, Reuters, 13 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, THE PHILIP MORRIS-FUNDED FOUNDATION FOR A SMOKE-FREE WORLD, Accessed September 2018
- Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Press Release, March 2014, Accessed September 2018
- Institute for Global Tobacco Control, Technical Report on Flavored Cigarettes at the Point-of-Sale in Latin America: Availability and Marketing around Primary and Secondary Schools in Five Countries, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; June 2017, Accessed September 2018
- How children around the world are exposed to cigarette advertising, The Guardian, March 2018, Accessed September 2018
- ATCA, http://atca-africa.org/en/big-tobacco-tiny-targets-tobacco-industry-targets-schools-in-africa AFRICA : BIG TOBACCO TARGETS SCHOOLS, Accessed September 2018
- Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance, Press release New Report Shows Extensive Cigarette Advertising Near Schools in Five Cities June 2015, Accessed September 2018
- PART 2 Philip Morris takes aim at young people in India, and health officials are fuming, Reuters, July 2017, Accessed September 2018
- Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, PRESS RELEASE New Investigation Exposes How Tobacco Companies Market Cigarettes on Social Media in the U.S. and Around the World,August 2018, Accessed October 2018
- How Big Tobacco is using social media to lure teens, CBS 8, 6 November 2018, Accessed November 2018
- PMI Postdoctoral Fellowship Program, Philip Morris International website, Accessed May 2019
- World leading cigarette manufacturer Philip Morris International begins to phase out cigs in favour, Standard, 5 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Swiss lab finds toxic substances in Philip Morris e-cigarette, Swissinfo.com, 7 April 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019.
- News, Philip Morris International website, 22 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Row over Marlboro-funded research that undermined plain cigarette packs, The Guardian, 15 February 2015, Accessed January 2019
- Philip Morris defends IQOS safety vs regular cigarettes, Pulse, Accessed December 2018
- Big tobacco embraces in vitro toxicology, Chemical & Engineering News, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris's iQos Device Causes Fewer Lung Tumors in Mice, Bloomberg, November 2018, Accessed November 2018
- Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International 2017 Annual Report, Accessed September 2018
- FDA permits sale of IQOS Tobacco Heating System through premarket tobacco product application pathway, FDA website, 30 April 2019, 13 June 2019
- Philip Morris urges govt to create regulatory environment for smoke-free alternatives, The Times of India, 15 May 2019, 13 June 2019
- Tobacco companies uk corporation tax profits university bath study, Independent, 16 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- India investigating Philip Morris, Godfrey Phillips Nasdaq, 8 March 2019, Accessed April 2019
- PM ugly face unveiled Egypt Parliament to probe into, Egypt Today, 26 February 2019, Accessed April 2019
- PR Newswire, PHILIP MORRIS INVESTOR ALERT, September 2018, Accessed September 2018
- Philip Morris Influencer Tobacco Ads on Social Media Under Fire, Bloomberg, 22 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- [ https://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-7068245/WHO-praises-Brazil-lawsuit-against-tobacco-giants.html WHO praises Brazil lawsuit against tobacco giants], Mail Online, 24 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- Canada appeals court orders tobacco firms to pay billions in damages, BBC, 1 March 2019, Accessed 23 April 2019
- BIG TOBACCO FIRMS CLASH IN NZ AS PHILIP MORRIS SUES BAT FOR ANTI-COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOUR, Sharechat, 22 March 2018, Accessed 2 September 2018
- Court blasts BAT Uganda as petition against Tobacco Control Act is thrown out, Nile Post, 28 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- Tobacco Logo Ban Said to Get WTO Backing in Landmark Case, Bloomberg, May 2017 Accessed September 2018
- Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR SETTLEMENT OF INVESTMENT DISPUTES WASHINGTON, D.C., July 2016, Accessed September 2018
- Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, LITIGATION BY COUNTRY THAILAND, August 2013, Accessed September 2018
- Coltabaco, contra norma de Alcaldía de Popayán, El Tiempo, March 2015, Accessed September 2018
- Tobacco Firms Ordered to Pay $12.5 Billion to Smokers in Canada, The Wall Street Journal, 2 June 2015, Accessed December 2018
- Philip Morris defends IQOS safety vs regular cigarettes, Pulse, 19 June 2018, Accessed December 2018
- Class Claims ‘Rosy Statements’ Preceded Massive Philip Morris Stock Price Drop, Courthouse News, 10 September 2018, Accessed January 2019
- The long, long fight against Big Tobacco, The Globe and Mail, 13 July 2018, Accessed January 2019
- Phillip Morris International, CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Corporate Audit & Our Auditors, Accessed September 2018
- European Parliament, Subject: Conflict of interest between PwC and tobacco industry, December 2016, Accessed September 2018
- Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, Return of Private Foundation, April 2019, p. 16, Accessed 9 July 2019
- Philip Morris International Inc. Presents at the Morgan Stanley Global Consumer & Retail Conference; Reaffirms 2018 Full-Year Reported Diluted EPS Guidance, Business Wire, November 2018, Accessed November 2018
- Business Wire website, Philip Morris International Inc. Presents at Goldman Sachs Global Staples Forum, 14 May 2019, Accessed 8 June 2019
- Japan Tobacco International, One in Ten Cigarettes Consumed in the EU in 2013 Were Illegal; Dramatic Rise in Consumption of ‘Illicit Whites’, June 2014, Accessed October 2018
- Philip Morris International website, Philip Morris International: New Report Exposes Continued Impact of Illicit Tobacco Trade in the European Union, 6 June 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- Free-market groups and the tobacco industry - full database, The Guardian, April 2019, Accessed 10 July 2019
- Philip Morris International website, Philip Morris International marks progress in addressing labor issues in tobacco-growing, March 2016, Accessed November 2018
- Philip Morris International website, Protecting Migrant Workers, March 2016, Accessed November 2018
- Corporate Europe Observatory, Mediapart exposes unhealthy liaisons between French MEP and the tobacco industry, June 2014, Accessed November 2018
- Tobacco Watch website, Research Institutions and Researchers, Accessed November 2018
- Tobacco Industry Watch website, Lawyers and Law Firms, Accessed December 2018
- How tobacco industry donations cloud debates over cigarette controls, The Guardian, 23 January 2019, Accessed 24 July 2019
- American European Community Association, Membership, Accessed 24 July 2019
- Amcham Hong kong website, [https://www.amcham.org.hk/membership/membership-directory/company/18885 Philip Morris Asia Limited], Accessed 24 July 2019
- Amcham Hong kong website, Joint Chamber Executive Research Briefing on Illicit Tobacco Trade, Accessed 24 July 2019
- Tobacco Tactics website, Kantar, Accessed 24 July 2019
- Instagram, @Christina_ich, 24 August 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Instagram, @Mirela.Bucivicean, 6 August 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Stevie Awards, Marketing Awards Category Winners, October 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Tobacco lobbyists demand say in EU debate on … tobacco lobbying, Politico, April 2016, Accessed September 2018
- Tobacco industry free market thinktanks cigarette controls, The Guardian, 23 January 2019, Accessed April 2019
- Institute of Public Affairs growing but think tank remains tight-lipped about donors, The New Daily, July 2018, Accessed October 2018
- Big Tobacco moves back into advertising, Politico, 3 July 2019, Accessed 9 July 2019
- Philip Morris International twitter, Interested in how heavily regulated industries can be successful in the digital world?, 24 May 2019, Accessed 13 June 2019
- IsoNTech Conference website, ISoNTech Programme, 13 June 2019
- Globsec website, PMI IMPACT Conference, 8 July 2019
- Big tobacco, global health, and the limits of shared value, Devex, 25 May 2019, 13 June 2019
- Campaign Asia, Philip Morris reaches out to new agency for IQOS brand, 3 August 2018, Accessed 5 January 2019
- Powerbase website, Halogen Communications, Accessed 12 November 2018
- Creative martech agency Klive launches with EY and Philip Morris as clients, The Drum, 8 November 2018, Accessed 12 November 2018
- Public Aīairs and Lobbying Register website, Instinctif Partners, Accessed 12 November 2018
- Philip Morris spoofs Mission Impossible with GBP 2 million campaign calling on smokers to quit, PR Week, 30 October 2018, Accessed 3- October 2018
- 'We're trying to give up cigarettes', says Philip Morris ad, Campaign Live,1 January 2018, Accessed 12 October 2018
- Pagefield, Helping distrusted companies gain acceptance, Accessed 30 September 2018
- Holmes Report, 2017 SABRE Awards EMEA Winners, Accessed 30 September 2018
- Businesswire, New Global Survey Points to Key Issues, Needs and Gaps in Fight to End Smoking, Accessed 30 September 2018
- Kekst and CNC Join Forces to Create Premier Global Strategic Communications Consultancy, PR Newswire, October 2018, Accessed November 2018
- Tobacco Tactics website, Communications & Network Consulting AG, Accessed 30 November 2018
- Mercury, Tobacco Tactics, Accessed 30 April 2019
- Phillip Morris International Dorna Switch Gears Quest, Business Wire, November 2018, Accessed December 2018
- One Young World website, Mustapha Ramli, Accessed November 2018
- One Young World website, About Us, Accessed November 2018
- Foundation for a Smoke-Free World website, Form 990 PF, 2018, pp. 30-42, Accessed 23 July 2019